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Assessment of the
socio-demographic factors associated with the satisfaction is related to the
childbirth experience. Objective: A mother’s satisfaction with the childbirth
experience may have instant and lasting effects on her wellbeing, and on the
bonding with her infant. The main aim of the study was to assess which
socio-demographic factors are associated with this satisfaction. Most factors
that authors agree on are: Pain intensity, personal control, self-efficacy,
length of labor, method of delivery and numerous other demographic factors.
Design: A cross-sectional study. Data was collected using a self-reported survey.
Settings: The sample consisted of 100 women, selected from St Georges Hospital
and CHU-NDS, who had to speak Arabic and had given birth in the past three days
prior to interview. Methods: The multiple linear regressions and the mean test
were used to assess which factors were associated with a positive childbirth
experience. The Mackey childbirth satisfaction scale, three items from the
Wijma delivery Expectancy/Experience questionnaire, a seven item mastery scale
developed by Pearlin and Schooler and a background questionnaire were filled by
women. Findings: Factors that were linked to a positive birth experience were:
Higher age, multiparous women, higher education, high monthly income,
unemployment, childbirth preparation, high personal control and self-efficacy,
high childbirth and labor pain, fulfilled expectations, shorter period of labor
and instrumented delivery. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that
satisfaction with the childbirth experience is multi-dimensional with diverse
factors foreseeing diverse dimensions of satisfaction.
The goal of this study is to investigate the possibility of using the Irbid city clayey soil as compacted clay liner. The geotechnical properties and the permeability characteristics of compacted clayey soil sample obtained from the eastern part of Irbid city were determined to evaluate their suitability as compacted clay liner. Falling head permeability test, unconfined compressive strength and volumetric shrinkage test were conducted on soil samples that were compacted at about 0% and 3% wet of its optimum water content. The leakage rates expected through clay-only and composite geomembrane-clay liners were determined. It could be concluded based on the results of the geotechnical tests and leachate rate calculations that Irbid clay is appropriate to be used as compacted landfill liner material.