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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1129 matches for " Sami Noponen "
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Network Traffic Features for Anomaly Detection in Specific Industrial Control System Network
Matti Mantere,Mirko Sailio,Sami Noponen
Future Internet , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/fi5040460
Abstract: The deterministic and restricted nature of industrial control system networks sets them apart from more open networks, such as local area networks in office environments. This improves the usability of network security, monitoring approaches that would be less feasible in more open environments. One of such approaches is machine learning based anomaly detection. Without proper customization for the special requirements of the industrial control system network environment, many existing anomaly or misuse detection systems will perform sub-optimally. A machine learning based approach could reduce the amount of manual customization required for different industrial control system networks. In this paper we analyze a possible set of features to be used in a machine learning based anomaly detection system in the real world industrial control system network environment under investigation. The network under investigation is represented by architectural drawing and results derived from network trace analysis. The network trace is captured from a live running industrial process control network and includes both control data and the data flowing between the control network and the office network. We limit the investigation to the IP traffic in the traces.
Performance of Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete in Sea and Dead Sea Water  [PDF]
Sami Masadeh
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.35006
Abstract: Steel reinforcements of 8 mm diameter and 24 cm length were cut from steel and after pickling treatment of all specimens. Steel reinforcements then were galvanized by hot dipping method. The measured coating thickness by thickness gage meter of zinc coat was in the range 8 - 11 μm. Bare steel samples were also used for comparison reasons. Each steel bar was inserted in a middle of a plastic tube with 4.5 cm diameter into which concrete was cast. After proper curing, specimens were immersed into 3.5% NaCl and Dead Sea water separately. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were performed at different time intervals. Results showed that galvanized steel was corrosion resistant in sea water, and Dead Sea water over the test period.
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Of Epoxy-Coated Steel Exposed To Dead Sea Water  [PDF]
Sami Masadeh
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2005, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2005.42007
Abstract: Electrochemical impedance tests were applied to steel specimens which were coated by epoxy and tested after immersion in Dead Sea water for different periods at room temperature and at 50C. Results taken from Nyquist and Bode plots and as were analyzed by means of software provided with the instrument. Results were presented as the values of capacitance and resistance (Cdl and Rct). Results show that degradation occurred after immersion in the test solution, and were more severe at higher temperature. Specimens were examined under scanning electron microscope, and micrographs showed clear rupture and degradation in epoxy coatings.
The Effect of Added Carbon Black to Concrete Mix on Corrosion of Steel in Concrete  [PDF]
Sami Masadeh
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2015.34029
Abstract: The effect of added carbon black to concrete mix on corrosion of steel reinforcement was studied. This was achieved by inserting steel bars in different concrete mixes containing 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5, carbon black/cement. Samples were cured, immersed in 3.5% chloride solution for 6 months. Chloride permeability and corrosion rates were measured. Tests showed that corrosion rate and chloride ions penetration decreased with increased carbon black content. This was expressed due to filling effect of very fine particles of carbon black and was in the order less than 250 nm.
Phono-spectrographic analysis of heart murmur in children
Anna-Leena Noponen, Sakari Lukkarinen, Anna Angerla, Raimo Sepponen
BMC Pediatrics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-7-23
Abstract: The system consisting of an electronic stethoscope and a multimedia laptop computer was used for the recording, monitoring and analysis of auscultation findings. The recorded sounds were examined graphically and numerically using combined phono-spectrograms. The data consisted of heart sound recordings from 807 pediatric patients, including 88 normal cases without any murmur, 447 innocent murmurs and 272 pathological murmurs. The phono-spectrographic features of heart murmurs were examined visually and numerically. From this database, 50 innocent vibratory murmurs, 25 innocent ejection murmurs and 50 easily confusable, mildly pathological systolic murmurs were selected to test whether quantitative phono-spectrographic analysis could be used as an accurate screening tool for systolic heart murmurs in children.The phono-spectrograms of the most common innocent and pathological murmurs were presented as examples of the whole data set. Typically, innocent murmurs had lower frequencies (below 200 Hz) and a frequency spectrum with a more harmonic structure than pathological cases. Quantitative analysis revealed no significant differences in the duration of S1 and S2 or loudness of systolic murmurs between the pathological and physiological systolic murmurs. However, the pathological murmurs included both lower and higher frequencies than the physiological ones (p < 0.001 for both low and high frequency limits). If the systolic murmur contained intensive frequency components of over 200 Hz, or its length accounted for over 80 % of the whole systolic duration, it was considered pathological. Using these criteria, 90 % specificity and 91 % sensitivity in screening were achieved.Phono-spectrographic analysis improves the accuracy of primary heart murmur evaluation and educates inexperienced listener. Using simple quantitative criterias a level of pediatric cardiologist is easily achieved in screening heart murmurs in children.Although Dr. Laennec's invention, the stethoscope,
Radio Wave Propagation Characteristics in FMCW Radar  [PDF]
Ghada M. SAMI
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2009.14042
Abstract: FMCW Radar (Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Radar) is used for various purposes, such as atmospheric Remote Sensing, inter-vehicle ranging, etc. FMCW radar systems are usually very compact, relatively cheap in purchase as well as in daily use, and consume little power. In this paper, FMCW radar determines a target range by measuring the beat frequency between a transmitted signal and the received signal from the target, and Combines between PO and radar single. The approach based on frequency domain physical optics for the scattering estimation and the linear system modeling for the estimation of time domain response, and FMCW Radar signal processing.
Multidimensional electrostatic energy and classical renormalization  [PDF]
Sami M. ALJaber
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.27095
Abstract: Recent interest in problems in higher space di mensions is becoming increasingly important and attracted the attention of many investigators in variety of fields in physics. In this paper, the electrostatic energy of two geometries (a charged spherical shell and a nonconducting sphere) is calculated in higher space dimension, N. It is shown that as the space dimension increases, up to N = 9, the electrostatic energy of the two geometries decreases and beyond N = 9 it increases. Furthermore, we discuss a simple example which illustrates classical renormalization in electrostatics in higher dimensions.
Energy and Momentum Considerations in an Ideal Solenoid  [PDF]
Sami Mohammad AL- Jaber
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.23024
Abstract: The electromagnetic linear momentum and the energy balance in an infinite solenoid with a time-dependant current are examined. We show that the electromagnetic linear momentum density and its associated force density are balanced by the hidden momentum density and its associated hidden force density respectively. We also show that exactly half the energy delivered by the power supply appears as stored magnetic energy inside the solenoid. The other half is lost against the induced electromotive force that appears in the windings of the solenoid during the time through which the current is building up towards its final value. This energy loss, which is found in other analogue situations, is necessary to transfer the system from an initial non-equilibrium state to a final equilibrium one.
Bonding Characteristics of TiC and TiN  [PDF]
Kuiying Chen, Sami Kamran
Modeling and Numerical Simulation of Material Science (MNSMS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mnsms.2013.31002

Using ab initio density functional theory calculations, the electron localization function (ELF) of typical transition metal carbide TiC and nitride TiN were computed and analyzed to reveal their nature of the chemical bonds. The ELF approach was initially validated through typical examples of covalent-bonding Diamond (C) and ionic-bonding sodium chloride NaCl. Our results clearly demonstrate the dominantly ionic bonding characteristics of TiC and TiN. It is also suggested that the high mechanical hardness of TiC and TiN can be explained without evoking strong covalence.

Inexpensive Pipelines Health Evaluation Techniques Based on Resonance Determination, Numerical Simulation and Experimental Testing  [PDF]
Waheed Sami Abushanab
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.54046
In this paper, a non-destructive, reliable, and inexpensive vibration-based technique for evaluating Carbon steel pipes structure integrity. The proposed techniques allow a quick assessment of pipes structures at final pipe manufacturing stages and/or just before installation. A finite element modelling (FEM) using ABAQUS software was developed to determine the resonance mode of healthy Carbon steel pipe and a series of experiments were conducted to verify the outcomes of the modelling work. Consequently, the effects of quantified seeded faults, i.e., a 1 mm, 2 mm, 3 mm, and 4 mm diameter holes in the pipe wall on these resonance modes were determined using modelling work. A number of common used vibration analysis techniques were applied to detect and to evaluate the severity of those quantified faults. The amplitudes and frequencies of vibration signals were measured and compared. There were found to be in good agreement with the modelling work and provide important information on pipe construction condition and fault severity.
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