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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 92 matches for " Salmy Edawati Yaacob "
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History and Chronology of Changes of the World Monetary System
Salmy Edawati Yaacob,Sanep Ahmad,Wan Kamal Mujani,Rohimi Shapiee,Hailani Muji Tahir
International Business Management , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ibm.2012.150.157
Abstract: The world monetary system has undergone changes based on the needs and economic demands of the time. The state of panic is a situation of desperation which is the main cause of changes in the world monetary system. Questions arise here: What are the panic situations causing these changes and whether the global economic crisis today is the panic situation that permits the world to change to gold system? Hence, the purpose of this study is to analyze the history of the development of world monetary system and to identify the chronological chain of currency changes as well as to detect the panic situations that are causing changes in the system. This is a qualitative study going by the strategic approach of historical studies and library research. The results revealed that the chronological changes in the monetary system occurred intermittently between gold and paper money system (float) due to several situations referred to as panic situations. The panic situations identified were the war, the world recession and the problem of excessive inflation and deflation. Therefore, it is not possible if a panic situation occurs in dealing with global economic crisis today prompting for a switch in the currency system today to return to gold standard system.
Some Methods of Preponderance in Resolving Issues of Modern Biotechnology
Abdul Basir Mohamad,Anwar Fakhri Omar,Shofian Ahmad,Amir Husin Mohd Noor,Zaini Nasohah,Zuliza Mohd Kusrin,Ibnor Azli Ibrahim,Ahmad Muhammad Husni,Hayatullah Laluddin,Muhammad Adib Samsudin,Abdel Wadoud Moustafa Moursi,Mohd Al-Adib Samuri,Salmy Edawati Yaacob,Mat Noor Mat Zain,Zamzuri Zakaria,Muhammad Nazir Alias,Md Yazid Ahmad,Mohd Zamro Muda,Mohd Nasran Mohamad,Siti Fairuz Binti Sujak
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2012.4086.4093
Abstract: The development of modern biotechnological plants through genetic engineering techniques is a method to improve the quality of crops in terms of quality and quantity. However, the debate among scientists and Muslim scholars in regarding with public interest and public corruption as to plant products that produced by modern biotechnology which is well-known now a days as Genetically Modified (GM) food is never stop. Thus, in the Islamic law there are a few methods of preponderance or predominance which could be used in order to find out the best way out of confusion in certain cases for legal rulings, especially in the cases relating to GM food. The objectives of this study are to examine the considerations of maslahah and mafsadah in purposes of Islamic law in relating to issues of modern biotechnology and to elucidate the methods of preponderance as well. It is important to understand here is everything that existed on this earth whether it occurs naturally or is present through the efforts of research and human expertise, all have benefits or advantages and risks or disadvantages. In the view of Islamic law if a biotechnological product is produced by hybrid efforts of using unlawful genes it is certainly clear can be categorized as illegal to be consumed then it becomes forbidden. But however, there are many products that are produced through biotechnological processes are unclearly able to decide easily whether they are lawful or unlawful for consumption by consumers. As such, a few methods laid down in this study are the first attempt to give a way out of difficulties for easily making legal rulings in this issue. So, it is hoped that the substance of this study will give an initial guidance for Muslim scholars to make legal judgment if they are facing the issues of GM food.
Kesan pengurusan kualiti terhadap prestasi perkhidmatan pihak berkuasa tempatan
Zulnaidi Yaacob
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2008,
Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan menguji kesan amalan pengurusan kualiti terhadap prestasi perkhidmatan dalam kalangan pihak berkuasa tempatan (PBT) di Semenanjung Malaysia. Kajian ini didorong oleh hasil penelitian literatur yang mendedahkan bahawa isu prestasi perkhidmatan PBT masihsering diperkatakan walaupun inisiatif pengurusan kualiti di PBT telah bermula hampir 20 tahun yang lalu. Kajian ini memberi sumbangan kepada pengayaan khazanah ilmu terutama bidang kajian pengurusan kualiti untuk PBT. Bukti empirik lepas tentang hubungan antara kedua-duapembolehubah ini banyak berasaskan praktis sektor perniagaan, yang mengakibatkan isu sama berkait dengan PBT belum diselidiki sepenuhnya. Penemuan kajian mendapati komitmen pengurusan, tumpuan pelanggan, penambahbaikan berterusan dan sistem maklumat kualiti mempunyai hubungan yang siginifikan dengan prestasi perkhidmatan. Sebaliknya, hubungan antara pengurusan sumber manusia dan prestasi perkhidmatan didapati tidak signifikan.
Komitmen kakitangan sebagai pemoderat hubungan antara amalan pengurusan kualiti dan kepuasan pelanggan
Zulnaidi Yaacob
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2009,
Abstract: Kajian ini bertujuan menguji kesan komitmen kakitangan sebagai pembolehubah pemoderat untuk menjelaskan hubungan antara amalan pengurusan kualiti (APK) dan kepuasan pelanggan. Pembolehubah kontigensi yang diuji dalam kajian ini ialah komitmen kakitangan.Berdasarkan data yang dikutip menggunakan soal selidik daripada 205 responden dari Pihak Berkuasa Tempatan (PBT) di Malaysia, kajian ini mendapati bahawa komitmen kakitangan terhadap APK mempengaruhi hubungan antara APK dan kepuasan pelanggan. Hasil kajian ini memberi sumbangan signifikan kepada literatur pengurusan kualiti dengan membuktikan bahawa hubungan antara APK dan prestasi adalah turut dipengaruhi oleh faktor kontigensi dalaman sesebuah organisasi. Justeru, walaupun APK telah dipersetujui oleh banyak pengkajisebagai strategi pengurusan yang universal, pelaksanaannya perlu mengambilkira keunikan faktor kontigensi sesebuah organisasi.
Zulnaidi Yaacob
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2010,
Abstract: This paper reports the customer satisfaction effect of continuous improvement at different intensity levels. The intensity levels were grouped into two, namely highly extensive and less extensive. Data for this study were collected from 205 departmental heads attached to local authorities in West Malaysia by using a questionnaire. Stratified random sampling was applied to select the samples. The findings indicated that there exists a significant difference in customer satisfaction between highly extensive and less extensive implementers. The highly extensive implementers scored a higher mean of customer satisfaction than less intensive implementers. This study contributes significantly to the literature by presenting evidence that the intensity of continuous improvement being practised can contribute to higher levels of customer satisfaction.
Theoretical construct of strategic control systems
Zulnaidi Yaacob
Management Science Letters , 2012,
Abstract: This paper presents the development of an instrument for measuring strategic control systems (SCS). Although SCS has received considerable attention in the literature, most of the discussions, on the elements that constitute SCS, are limited to descriptive statements. Thus, the theoretical construct of SCS suffers from lack of extensive statistical validation procedures. However, there are a few authors that had initiated the development of an instrument to measure the SCS. Their small effort had also been criticized due to the inconsistency among authors in defining SCS, which would likely affect the validity of the instrument being developed. Given this lacuna, this paper has developed and validated an instrument for conceptualizing SCS, specifically under the environment of Quality Management strategy. Based on a careful and systematic process of instrument development, this paper revealed that SCS consists of two important dimensions, namely strategy implementation and strategic resource allocation. In developing this instrument, a total number of 205 respondents were involved. The findings reported in this paper would benefit future researchers in measuring SCS, particularly for survey-based research.
Analysis of a Dengue Disease Transmission Model without Immunity
Yusof Yaacob
Matematika , 2007,
Abstract: A dengue disease transmission model by Esteva & Vargas assumes that once a person recovers from the disease he or she will not be reinfected by the disease. However recovering from one of the four types of virus will not guarantee that a person is immuned to the other types. Hence it is reasonable to assume that the immune subpopulation is negligible. Consequently the model is reduced to a two-dimensional planar system. In this model, the endemic state is stable if the basic reproductive number of the disease is greater than one, and this result is similar to the result of the transmission model with immunity. For a relatively small series of outbreaks of the disease in population sufficiently large for the number of susceptible to remain effectively constant, the model is reduced to a population model for the group of infectives. Taking the incubation period into consideration, the model without immunity gives rise to a two-dimensional delay differential equations. The presence of the delay seems to destabilise the dynamics.
Zulnaidi Yaacob
Serbian Journal of Management , 2012,
Classification of human emotion from EEG using discrete wavelet transform  [PDF]
Murugappan Murugappan, Nagarajan Ramachandran, Yaacob Sazali
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.34054
Abstract: In this paper, we summarize the human emotion recognition using different set of electroencephalogram (EEG) channels using discrete wavelet transform. An audio-visual induction based protocol has been designed with more dynamic emotional content for inducing discrete emotions (disgust, happy, surprise, fear and neutral). EEG signals are collected using 64 electrodes from 20 subjects and are placed over the entire scalp using International 10-10 system. The raw EEG signals are preprocessed using Surface Laplacian (SL) filtering method and decomposed into three different frequency bands (alpha, beta and gamma) using Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). We have used “db4” wavelet function for deriving a set of conventional and modified energy based features from the EEG signals for classifying emotions. Two simple pattern classification methods, K Nearest Neighbor (KNN) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) methods are used and their performances are compared for emotional states classification. The experimental results indicate that, one of the proposed features (ALREE) gives the maximum average classification rate of 83.26% using KNN and 75.21% using LDA compared to those of conventional features. Finally, we present the average classification rate and subsets of emotions classification rate of these two different classifiers for justifying the performance of our emotion recognition system.
A New Fourth-Order Embedded Method Based on the Harmonic Mean
Nazeeruddin Yaacob,Bahrom Sanugi
Matematika , 1998,
Abstract: In this paper we formulate an embedded method based on harmonic and arithmetic means of order 4. This method together with RK-Harmonic scheme may be used to estimate the solutions of initial value problems. The absolute stability region of this scheme is also studied and we conclude with a numerical example to justify the effectiveness of the method.
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