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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2678 matches for " Salim Said Alkiyumi "
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Ipomoea aquatica Extract Shows Protective Action Against Thioacetamide-Induced Hepatotoxicity
Salim Said Alkiyumi,Mahmood Ameen Abdullah,Ahmed Salim Alrashdi,Suzy Munir Salama,Siddig Ibrahim Abdelwahab,A. Hamid A. Hadi
Molecules , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/molecules17056146
Abstract: In the Indian system of traditional medicine (Ayurveda) it is recommended to consume Ipomoea aquatica to mitigate disorders like jaundice. In this study, the protective effects of ethanol extract of I. aquatica against liver damage were evaluated in thioacetamide (TAA)-induced chronic hepatotoxicity in rats. There was no sign of toxicity in the acute toxicity study, in which Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were orally fed with I. aquatica (250 and 500 mg/kg) for two months along with administration of TAA (i.p injection 200 mg/kg three times a week for two months). The results showed that the treatment of I. aquatica significantly lowered the TAA-induced serum levels of hepatic enzyme markers (ALP, ALT, AST, protein, albumin, bilirubin and prothrombin time). The hepatic content of activities and expressions SOD and CAT that were reduced by TAA were brought back to control levels by the plant extract supplement. Meanwhile, the rise in MDA level in the TAA receiving groups also were significantly reduced by I. aquatica treatment. Histopathology of hepatic tissues by H&E and Masson trichrome stains displayed that I. aquatica has reduced the incidence of liver lesions, including hepatic cells cloudy swelling, infiltration, hepatic necrosis, and fibrous connective tissue proliferation induced by TAA in rats. Therefore, the results of this study show that the protective effect of I. aquatica in TAA-induced liver damage might be contributed to its modulation on detoxification enzymes and its antioxidant and free radical scavenger effects. Moreover, it confirms a scientific basis for the traditional use of I. aquatica for the treatment of liver disorders.
A nonlocal mixed semilinear problem for second-order hyperbolic equations
Said Mesloub,Salim A. Messaoudi
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2003,
Abstract: In this work we study a nonlinear hyperbolic one-dimensional problem with a nonlocal condition. We establish a blow up result for large initial data and a decay result for small initial data.
A three-point boundary-value problem for a hyperbolic equation with a non-local condition
Said Mesloub,Salim A. Messaoudi
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2002,
Abstract: We use an energy method to solve a three-point boundary-value problem for a hyperbolic equation with a Bessel operator and an integral condition. The proof is based on an energy inequality and on the fact that the range of the operator generated is dense.
Blowup of solutions with positive energy in nonlinear thermoelasticity with second sound
Salim A. Messaoudi,Belkacem Said-Houari
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2004, DOI: 10.1155/s1110757x04311022
Abstract: This work is concerned with a semilinear thermoelastic system, where the heat flux is given by Cattaneo's law instead of the usual Fourier's law. We will improve our earlier result by showing that the blowup can be obtained for solutions with “relatively” positive initial energy. Our technique of proof is based on a method used by Vitillaro with the necessary modifications imposed by the nature of our problem.
Mechanisms of Gastroprotective Effects of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Jasminum sambac against HCl/Ethanol-Induced Gastric Mucosal Injury in Rats
Ahmed S. AlRashdi,Suzy M. Salama,Salim S. Alkiyumi,Mahmood A. Abdulla,A. Hamid A. Hadi,Siddig I. Abdelwahab,Manal M. Taha,Jamal Hussiani,Nur Asykin
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/786426
Abstract: Jasminum sambac is used in folk medicine as the treatment of many diseases. The aim of the present investigation is to evaluate the gastroprotective effects of ethanolic extracts of J. sambac leaves against acidified ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Seven groups of rats were orally pre-treated with carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) as normal group, CMC as ulcer group, 20 mg/kg of omeprazole as positive group, 62.5, 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg of extract as the experimental groups, respectively. An hour later, CMC was given orally to normal group and acidified ethanol solution was given orally to the ulcer control, positive control, and the experimental groups. The rats were sacrificed after an hour later. Acidity of gastric content, the gastric wall mucus, ulcer areas, and histology and immunohistochemistry of the gastric wall were assessed. Gastric homogenates were determined for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), superoxide dismutase (SOD), andmalondialdehyde (MDA) content. Ulcer group exhibited significantly severe mucosal injury as compared with omeprazole or extract which shows significant protection towards gastric mucosal injury the plant promotes ulcer protection as it shows significant reduction of ulcer area grossly, and histology showed marked reduction of edema and leucocytes infiltration of submucosal layer compared with ulcer group. Immunohistochemistry showed overexpression of Hsp70 protein and downexpression of Bax protein in rats pretreated with extract. Significant increased in the pH, mucus of gastric content and high levels of PGE2, SOD and reduced amount of MDA was observed.
Clinical Features and Outcome of 65 Laboratory Confirmed Cases of H1N1 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
Sumant Pajankar,Salim Said Al Qassabi,Saud Mohamed Al Harthi
Oman Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Objectives: Responding to Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) virus alert in 2009, Ministry of Health (MoH), Sultanate Of Oman arranged task force to deal with the emergency. MOH published articles in newspapers, prepared guidelines and hospitals were assigned to admit patients of H1N1. All the patients suspected of H1N1 were admitted and isolated as per the guidelines. This report describes clinical features and outcomes of 65 laboratory confirmed cases of H1N1 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.Methods: From July to October 2009, 101 cases suspected of suffering from Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) virus were admitted and isolated in Al Nahdha Hospital in Muscat. All the patients on admission were tested for H1N1, by real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Immediately on admission, all of them were treated with Oseltamivir and antibiotics.Results: Of the 65 confirmed cases of H1N1, 53.84% were males. Age of patients varied from 14 to 60 years, while 53.7% were aged between 31 to 55 years. Results showed that 70.8% had underlying co-morbidity; among which diabetes mellitus and respiratory illness were common. The most common presenting symptoms were fever (95%) and cough (94%). Also, 20% of the patients had leucopenia and 10.8% leucocytosis. Deranged LFT was observed in 26 (42.6%) of cases while 14 (21.5%) had hypokalemia. One patient (0.01%) with underlying severe co-morbidity died. Two patients (3.1%) had ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome); both recovered. Radiological infiltration was documented in 84.6% of cases, with lower zone involvement as the common finding. Hospital stay was between 1 to 12 days, 49.2% of patients were discharged within 3 days.Conclusion: Mainly adult population was affected during this epidemic. H1N1 infection can lead to severe illness. Incidence of H1N1 was higher in patients with underlying co-morbidity. Timely intervention and administration of Oseltamivir may need to be modified.
Performance of an Axial Cascade  [PDF]
Basharat Salim
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2013.33024
Abstract:

A cascade is defined as an infinite row of equidistant similarly aerofoil bodies. The cascade is used to divert a flow stream with a minimal loss. The flow over an axial cascade presents a complicated intra blade fluid dynamic interaction that causes the flow to behave differently than the flow over a single aerofoil blade. A cascade tunnel in which different shapes of cascades could be tested for performance evaluation has been build. An axial flat plate cascade of 70 mm chord, 215 mm span and 0.55 pitch chord ratio has been tested in this tunnel for evaluating its aerodynamic performance. The results depict that the Reynolds number, incidence and blade angle of the cascade control the aerodynamic performance of the axial cascade.

Personality Traits and Performance: The Mediating Role of Adaptive Behavior in Call Centers  [PDF]
Said Echchakoui
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.31003
Abstract:

Personality traits and adaptive behavior are central issues in research on call center performance. However, the current literature offers little guidance on the relationship between personality traits and adaptive behavior and how they work together to enhance employee performance. This study investigates the mediating role of adaptive behavior between Five-Factor traits and employee performance with customers. Empirical evidence from a Canadian call center supports this proposition for three Five-Factor traits. Managerial implications are discussed.

Dealing with Model Mis-Specification in the Analysis of Morale in Old Age  [PDF]
Said Shahtahmasebi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.21008
Abstract:

A major challenge for analysis of data from observational and survey studies is dealing with model mis-specification. A common reason for model mis-specification is the violation of the independence assumption. Model mis-specification is frequently due to the inclusion of variables that are correlated with the error terms (serial correlation) or due to variables omitted from the study. The application of standard regression models to such data could lead to over inflated results, i.e. erroneous results, and misleading conclusions. Longitudinally designed studies make substantial improvements and provide an additional handle to control omitted variables. However, even with longitudinal data, model mis-specification could occur because of the nature of observations, i.e. surveys often include objectively as well as subjectively measured variables. Subjective variables are respon

An Efficient Space-Time Coding Scheme for Time Dispersive MIMO Channels  [PDF]
Salim Abdelkareem Alkhawaldeh
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.54028
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce an efficient space-time coding scheme for time dispersive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) channels. Channel layering and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technique are used in the proposed scheme. The proposed scheme is based on maximizing the distance between any two codewords. This is done by inserting an optimized phase shifts between the symbols in the same layer and between different layers. This way leads to the increase of the achieved diversity and coding gains. As a result, the performance of the system will be improved. Simulation results show the efficiency of the proposed scheme compared to the conventional schemes.
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