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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16033 matches for " Saleh Mohammad Abu Jado "
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The Level of Multiple Intelligences in Arabic Language Textbooks for Grades from (1 - 4) in Jordan in Light of Gardner’s Theory  [PDF]
Saleh Mohammad Abu Jado
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.614156
Abstract: This study aims to investigate the level of inclusion and balance of multiple intelligences in the Arabic Language textbooks in light of Gardner’s Theory using the analytical descriptive approach. Eight textbooks in grades (1 - 4) for the first and second semesters were taught in schools in the Jordanian educational system in 2013/2014. The selected textbooks were analyzed using Multiple Intelligences (MI) checklist devised by the researcher based on the framework of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences to examine them in relation to different intelligences as reflected through various activities, questions and tasks. The study sample consisted of all Arabic Language textbooks for the grades from 1 - 4. Results of the study showed that the verbal/linguistic intelligence in the textbooks in general scored the highest frequency amongst all types of intelligence; meanwhile the musical intelligence in the textbooks scored the lowest frequency among all types of intelligence. The study concluded with a recommendation to consider the necessity of employing all types of intelligence in designing Arabic language textbooks for young learners.
A Study on Pubmed Search Tag Usage Pattern: Association Rule Mining of a Full-day Pubmed Query Log
Mosa Abu Saleh Mohammad,Yoo Illhoi
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-13-8
Abstract: Background The practice of evidence-based medicine requires efficient biomedical literature search such as PubMed/MEDLINE. Retrieval performance relies highly on the efficient use of search field tags. The purpose of this study was to analyze PubMed log data in order to understand the usage pattern of search tags by the end user in PubMed/MEDLINE search. Methods A PubMed query log file was obtained from the National Library of Medicine containing anonymous user identification, timestamp, and query text. Inconsistent records were removed from the dataset and the search tags were extracted from the query texts. A total of 2,917,159 queries were selected for this study issued by a total of 613,061 users. The analysis of frequent co-occurrences and usage patterns of the search tags was conducted using an association mining algorithm. Results The percentage of search tag usage was low (11.38% of the total queries) and only 2.95% of queries contained two or more tags. Three out of four users used no search tag and about two-third of them issued less than four queries. Among the queries containing at least one tagged search term, the average number of search tags was almost half of the number of total search terms. Navigational search tags are more frequently used than informational search tags. While no strong association was observed between informational and navigational tags, six (out of 19) informational tags and six (out of 29) navigational tags showed strong associations in PubMed searches. Conclusions The low percentage of search tag usage implies that PubMed/MEDLINE users do not utilize the features of PubMed/MEDLINE widely or they are not aware of such features or solely depend on the high recall focused query translation by the PubMed’s Automatic Term Mapping. The users need further education and interactive search application for effective use of the search tags in order to fulfill their biomedical information needs from PubMed/MEDLINE.
A Systematic Review of Healthcare Applications for Smartphones
Abu Saleh Mohammad Mosa, Illhoi Yoo, Lincoln Sheets
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-12-67
Abstract: In April 2011, MEDLINE was searched to identify articles that discussed the design, development, evaluation, or use of smartphone-based software for healthcare professionals, medical or nursing students, or patients. A total of 55 articles discussing 83 applications were selected for this study from 2,894 articles initially obtained from the MEDLINE searches.A total of 83 applications were documented: 57 applications for healthcare professionals focusing on disease diagnosis (21), drug reference (6), medical calculators (8), literature search (6), clinical communication (3), Hospital Information System (HIS) client applications (4), medical training (2) and general healthcare applications (7); 11 applications for medical or nursing students focusing on medical education; and 15 applications for patients focusing on disease management with chronic illness (6), ENT-related (4), fall-related (3), and two other conditions (2). The disease diagnosis, drug reference, and medical calculator applications were reported as most useful by healthcare professionals and medical or nursing students.Many medical applications for smartphones have been developed and widely used by health professionals and patients. The use of smartphones is getting more attention in healthcare day by day. Medical applications make smartphones useful tools in the practice of evidence-based medicine at the point of care, in addition to their use in mobile clinical communication. Also, smartphones can play a very important role in patient education, disease self-management, and remote monitoring of patients.
Electronic Health Records Implementation Readiness: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Mohammad Alsadi, Ali Saleh
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.92014
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this review was to discuss the status of evidence related to the assessment of readiness of healthcare facilities for e-health initiatives implementation, specifically the common Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems. Methods: An integrative review approach was utilized. The databases of Google Scholar, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Ovid, ProQuest, and EBSCO host were searched for related evidence published between 2000 and 2018. Results: Seventeen studies were included in the current review. In terms of methodological approach, the included studies were 7 correlational studies, 5 review papers, 4 qualitative papers, and one mixed methods study. At the current integrative review, the themes of complex healthcare change, and the main theme of e-health readiness assessment were identified. Conclusion: Assessing and reporting the levels of readiness for EHRs implementation are highly recommended as it has a high impact on the critically-needed adoption and usage of the implemented system. Selecting the right tool for the right audience to address readiness is essential in the assessment process which is recommended to be conducted early at the road map of the project implementation. Future research is recommended to address readiness for e-health initiatives at the different settings and different target populations including communities where the healthcare facilities functions and service receivers’ readiness.
The Influence of Infants’ Characteristics on Breastfeeding Attitudes among Jordanian Mothers  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.54032
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is the desired nutritional method for infants. Some infants’ characteristics were found influential to mothers’ point of views toward breastfeeding. However, the relationship between infants’ characteristics and mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess infants’ characteristics and their impact on Jordanian mothers’ attitudes toward breastfeeding. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used. A sample of 130 mothers was selected conveniently from mothers attending four major governmental maternal-child health centers at Zarqa city in Jordan. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale along with infants’ characteristics data sheet were used for data collection. Results: A more positive attitude toward breastfeeding was manifest (mean 63.5, SD: 4.67). Positive attitudes toward breastfeeding were higher among women who delivered normally than women who delivered by cesarean section (p = 0.040). In addition, women who had healthy infants were more likely to have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding compared to women with ill infants (p = 0.021). However, women with preterm deliveries were less likely to have positive attitudes compared to women with full-term deliveries (p = 0.013). Likewise, women whose infants admitted to neonatal intensive care unit recorded less positive attitudes toward breastfeeding than women with healthy neonates (p = 0.043). Gestational age, admission to neonatal intensive care unit, infant’s health status, and type of delivery, were factors influencing mothers’ attitudes towards breastfeeding. Conclusions: Jordanian mothers have positive attitudes toward breastfeeding. However, positive attitudes are subject to different infants’ characteristics that should be considered while undertaking heath education programs for promoting breastfeeding. More focusing is recommended for women who delivered preterm infants, women who have ill infants, and women who delivered by cesarean section.
Keep on Striving: The Impact of Psychosocial Support on Jordanian Adolescents with Cancer  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.810095
Abstract: Having cancer during adolescence stage causes stressors in patients’ lives. They are responsible for dealing with many new situations and stressors. Coping with such stressors can be influenced by psychosocial factors. This study aimed to explore the impact of psychosocial support on adolescents with cancer. A qualitative exploratory design was used to understand the experience of psychosocial support from the perspectives of the patients. Twenty adolescents with cancer were selected purposefully from two major cancer treatment centers in Jordan. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were used to obtain the participants’ perspectives. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis approach. Findings revealed three major themes: “supportive structure”, “precious aspects of psychosocial support”, and “cancer could be defeated”. Participants expressed their satisfaction with the psychosocial support provided to them. However, they asked for further improvement in hospital facilities, playrooms and leisure activities. In conclusion, having a strong psychosocial support system will help adolescents to cope with cancer. Family, friends, and the surrounding environment are the key elements in installing hope and helping adolescents to go through cancer experience. Nurses are advised to adopt these psychosocial keys in order to create age-related activities that would improve the patients’ coping with cancer.
Beliefs of Jordanian Children with Thalassemia toward Using Iron Chelation Therapy  [PDF]
Ghada Mohammad Abu Shosha
Open Journal of Blood Diseases (OJBD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojbd.2016.63005
Abstract: Adherence to thalassemia treatment including chelation drugs is influenced by numerous factors. This study aims to explore beliefs about iron chelation therapy and adherence to this medication in Jordanian children with thalassemia major. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, seventy three patients were selected conveniently to complete the study instruments. Participants reported high adherence to their chelation therapy (88.1%). The majority (87.6%) expressed necessity for chelation therapy. However, 42.18% of the participants expressed their concerns about the therapy in which 57.9% of them showed concerns about dependency on medicine and 46.4% of them revealed concerns about the long-term effect of medicine. Overall, about 12.9% of the participants recorded correct and complete answers about thalassemia and its treatment. Knowledge about thalassemia and concerns about chelation were not significantly associated with adherence to the chelation therapy (r = 0.32, p = 0.19; r = 0.29, p = 0.25, respectively). However, there was a significant positive relationship between beliefs about the necessity of the therapy and adherence to it (r = 0.38, p = 0.03). In conclusion, Jordanian children showed proper adherence to their chelation therapy. Health care professionals should discuss patients’ concerns about chelation therapy which might increase patients’ adherence to their therapy.
Solar Panels Cleaning Frequency for Maximum Financial Profit  [PDF]
Mohammad Abu-Naser
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2017.63006
Abstract: Allowing the dust to accumulate on solar panels without adequate cleaning leads to huge monetary losses. Proper judgment of when to call for washing of solar panels is a compromise between gross costs of cleaning the panels and how much reduction in efficiency of solar panels can be tolerated. In this paper, we derive a formula for the optimal number of days between cleaning cycles of a solar array by minimizing the cost of cleaning the array and the lost revenue from the unclean panels. The formula will aid in deciding cleaning periods based on the environment in which the solar panels are installed and cost incurred from undertaking the washing process.
The Impact of Organizational Culture on Employee’s Satisfaction at the Jordanian Company of Investments “Safeway”  [PDF]
Bassam Mohammad Abu Khadar
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.81002
Abstract: This paper mainly studies a Safeway store” as a field study. Generally, job satisfaction is the main engine for all operations implemented in any business organization. In addition, communication among all the employees encourages on achieving cooperation and the planned aims highly and efficiently. So, organizations are interested in achieving the satisfaction of the employees in a way gains in growth, benefits, maintaining a good competitive position and achieving excellence in its performance. The Jordanian companies for investment and supply must pay attention to the elements and factors of organizational culture in which they coordinate all activities and procedures to execute all needs and requirements of the employees. Therefore, the problem of the study is to identify role playing by the organizational culture and its impact on job satisfaction in the Jordanian companies of investment and supplies.
Efficient Image Recognition Technique Using Invariant Moments and Principle Component Analysis  [PDF]
Mohammad Arafah, Qusay Abu Moghli
Journal of Data Analysis and Information Processing (JDAIP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jdaip.2017.51001
Abstract: Image recognition is widely used in different application areas such as shape recognition, gesture recognition and eye recognition. In this research, we introduced image recognition using efficient invariant moments and Principle Component Analysis (PCA) for gray and color images using different number of invariant moments. We used twelve moments for each image of gray images and Hu’s seven moments for color images to decrease dimensionality of the problem to 6 PCA’s for gray and 5 PCA’s for color images and hence the recognition time. PCA is then employed to decrease dimensionality of the problem and hence the recognition time and this is our main objective. The PCA is derived from Karhunen-Loeve’s transformation. Given an N-dimensional vector representation of each image, PCA tends to find a K-dimensional subspace whose basis vectors correspond to the maximum variance direction in the original image space. This new subspace is normally lower dimensional (K \"\" N). Three known datasets are used. The first set is the known Flower dataset. The second is the Africans dataset, and the third is the Shapes dataset. All these datasets were used by many researchers.
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