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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3324 matches for " Salazar Schettino "
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Spreading Newtonian Philosophy with Instruments: The Case of Atwood’s Machine  [PDF]
Salvatore Esposito, Edvige Schettino
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2014.31007
Abstract: We study how the paradigm of Newton’s science, based on the organization of scientific knowledge as a series of mathematical laws, was definitively accepted in science courses—in the last decades of the XVIII century, in England as well as in the Continent—by means of the “universal” dynamical machine invented by George Atwood in late 1770s just for this purpose. The spreading of such machine, occurring well before the appearance of Atwood’s treatise where he described the novel machine and the experiments to be performed with it, is a quite interesting historical case, which we consider in some detail. In particular, we focus on the “improvement” introduced by the Italian Giuseppe Saverio Poli and the subsequent “simplifications” of the machine, underlying the ongoing change of perspective after the definitive success of Newtonianism. The case studied here allows recognizing the relevant role played by a properly devised instrument in the acceptance of a new paradigm by nonerudite scholars, in addition to the traditional ways involving erudite scientists, and thus the complementary role of machine philosophy with respect to mathematical, philosophical or even physical reasoning.
Tres especies de triatominos y su importancia como vectores de Trypanosoma Cruzi en México
Salazar Schettino,Paz M.; de Haro Arteaga,Irene; Cabrera Bravo,Margarita;
Medicina (Buenos Aires) , 2005,
Abstract: observations made in the field and in the laboratory on three vectors of trypanosoma cruzi: triatoma barberi, t. pallidipennis and t. dimidiata are here presented. results are compared in relation with their ecotopes, vectorial capacity, biological characteristic, entomological indexes and capture places. in relation with their ecotopos t. barberi has preference for the interior of the human home, in walls, directly in contact with beds; t. pallidipennis, when it is inside the houses, prefers floors and among clothes, although their main ecotope is wild; t. dimidiata has localization in floors, specially under the beds, in the angle between wall and floor; t. barberi and t. dimidiata are attracted by the light. the cycles of life were of 523, 171 and 510 days, respectively for triatoma barberi, t. pallidipennis and t. dimidiata. the vectorial capacity was determined according to the time taken in defecating during or after its sucking blood: t. barberi defecates during its feeding, while t. pallidipennis and t. dimidiata make it from 10 to 20 and of 20 to 30 minutes after starting the process, respectively. the indexes of natural infection were of 56.6 for t.barberi, 29 for t.pallidipennis and 15.6 for t. dimidiata, the metacyclogenics indexes that indicate percentages of metacyclics trypomastigotes in later intestine of vectors was in t. barberi 76.6, t. pallidipennis 15 and t. dimidiata 26, with what it can be concluded that the first species is the best transmitter of t. cruzi in mexico.
Cuticular hydrocarbons of Chagas disease vectors in Mexico
Juárez, M Patricia;Carlson, David A;Salazar Schettino, Paz María;Mijailovsky, Sergio;Rojas, Gloria;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762002000600012
Abstract: capillary gas-liquid chromatography was used to analyse the cuticular hydrocarbons of three triatomine species, triatoma dimidiata, t. barberi and dipetalogaster maxima, domestic vectors of chagas disease in mexico. mixtures of saturated hydrocarbons of straight and methyl-branched chains were characteristic of the three species, but quantitatively different. major methylbranched components mostly corresponded to different saturated isomers of monomethyl, dimethyl and trimethyl branched hydrocarbons ranging from 29 to 39 carbon backbones. sex-dependant, quantitative differences in certain hydrocarbons were apparent in t. dimidiata.
Comportamiento biológico de Triatoma pallidipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) en el estado de Morelos, México
Bautista,Norma; Rojas,Gloria; De Haro,Irene; Bucio,Martha; Salazar Schettino,Paz María;
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0365-94022001000200004
Abstract: t. pallidipennis was found naturally infected in localities of domestic, peridomestic and wild areas in the state of morelos, méxico. in agreement with the triatomines high potentiality like vectors of t. cruzi, protozoan that causes chagas' disease and the knowledge of these bugs in méxico, the aim of the present research was to collect triatomines for assessment of t. cruzi infection, to characterize and compare life cycles, identification of feeding preferences and observe indexes of experimental infectivity. seven isolates of t. cruzi were obtained, from differents localities which curves of parasites showed different behaviors. histopathological study, carried out by counting of amastigotes nests, which affected the gastrocnemius muscle and heard was observed. the life cycles of t. pallidipennis was completed in 131 days. the feeding preferences were rats, cats and pigs.
Iniciativa México: Propuesta para el control y vigilancia epidemiológica de la enfermedad de Chagas en México
Salazar Schettino,Paz María; Cravioto Q,Alejandro; Tapia Conver,Roberto;
Boletín chileno de parasitología , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0365-94022001000200008
Abstract: it is showed the programme for the knowledge, control and epidemiological surveillance of chagas disease in mexico.
Analysis of Variability of Clones and Subclones of Trypanosoma cruzi Derived from Mexican Strains by the Behavior in Mice and Culture Cells
Marco Antonio Becerril Flores,Salazar Schettino Paz Maria,Ramirez Zamudio Lina
Research Journal of Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: To better understand the biological heterogeneity of behavior of Trypanosoma cruzi strains isolated from Mexico, 6 strains of T. cruzi were cloned by the Miles method (drops of suspension with parasites were diluted in phosphate-buffered saline solution and inoculated to mice).Virulence and infectivity of 10 or 11 clones derived from each strain were determined in female Balb/c mice and Vero culture cells, respectively. Variability of clones was determined by Tukey F statistic test. Only 1 strain, T5, showed interclonal variability and its clones were subcloned by the same method; they showed similar behavior as their parental clones. Clones increased the virulence or had the same behavior after maintaining them for 1 year in mice. Seven clones were eliminated and the virulence of the 4 remaining clones was attenuated when they were maintained in LIT axenic culture for 1 year. The study showed that the strains of T. cruzi in Mexico are either monoclonal or polyclonal and the clones could be eliminated or selected from the environment along time; therefore it is possible to observe that the behavior of T. cruzi strains can change when they are maintained in laboratory for several years.
Distribución Espacial de Vectores de la Enfermedad de Chagas en el Estado de Guanajuato 1998-2000 Distribución Espacial de Vectores de la Enfermedad de Chagas en el Estado de Guanajuato 1998-2000
Jorge López Cárdenas,Francisco Ernesto González Bravo,Paz María Salazar Schettino
Acta Universitaria , 2012,
Abstract: This study has been perfomed in order to verify the existence and location of vectors of Chagas disease in the entities of Guanajuato state to limit the territories and risk areas. Determining the infection of Trypanosoma cruzi in the vectors, evaluates the risk to human population. This research has been conducted evaluating the information of the labeled triatominos obtained by the field personnel of the Secretaria de Salud del estado de Guanajuato, and classified by the Laboratorio Estatal de Salud del Estado de Guanajuato. The information was obtained from 1998 to 2000 in the entities where work brigades are located and the reported abscence of vectors probably is due the absence of search on them. The index of infestation was not performed due the different search intensity across the territory and the sample method. Just the location of every studied specie to the collecting area was established. Triatoma mexicana, T. barberi, T. longipennis, T. pallidipennis y T. dimidiata, was present in 162 places of 25 entities of the states; at heighs of 870 to 2200 meters above sea level. Inside the house is the site where T. mexicana was present in a major frecuency, for T. barberi was the yard, for T. longipennis inside the house, as well as the T. pallidipennis and the ninphs, T. dimidiata which was collected once, did not reported collect site. El presente estudio se realizó con la finalidad de llevar a cabo la verificación de la existencia y la ubicación de los vectores de la enfermedad de Chagas en los municipios del Estado de Guanajuato y a través de esto, delimitar áreas de distribución espacial de las especies dentro de este territorio, contribuyendo así, a establecer zonas de riesgo y al determinar la infección del Trypanosoma cruzi en los vectores, se conocerá el riesgo para la población humana. Esta investigación se realizó a través de la información del envío etiquetado de triatominos obtenidos por personal de campo de la Secretaría de Salud de Guanajuato y enviados para su clasificación taxonómica al Laboratorio Estatal de Salud Pública del mismo estado. Se recabó información de tres a os (1998 - 2000) de los municipios donde se encuentran brigadas de trabajo y la ausencia reportada de vectores en algunos de ellos, probablemente se debe a la falta de búsqueda en los mismos. No se realizó el índice de infestación de vectores debido a que el método de búsqueda no tuvo la misma intensidad en todo el territorio, ni el método de muestreo lo permitió; sólo se estableció la localización de cada una de las especies según el área de donde fue colectada.
Cuticular hydrocarbons of Chagas disease vectors in Mexico
Juárez M Patricia,Carlson David A,Salazar Schettino Paz María,Mijailovsky Sergio
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002,
Abstract: Capillary gas-liquid chromatography was used to analyse the cuticular hydrocarbons of three triatomine species, Triatoma dimidiata, T. barberi and Dipetalogaster maxima, domestic vectors of Chagas disease in Mexico. Mixtures of saturated hydrocarbons of straight and methyl-branched chains were characteristic of the three species, but quantitatively different. Major methylbranched components mostly corresponded to different saturated isomers of monomethyl, dimethyl and trimethyl branched hydrocarbons ranging from 29 to 39 carbon backbones. Sex-dependant, quantitative differences in certain hydrocarbons were apparent in T. dimidiata.
First Case of Natural Infection in Pigs: Review of Trypanosoma cruzi Reservoirs in Mexico
Salazar-Schettino Paz María,Bucio Martha Irene,Cabrera Margarita,Bautista Jacobo
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1997,
Abstract: An epidemiological research project was performed in the State of Morelos including collection of samples for blood smears and culture, serological tests, and xenodiagnoses from a total of 76 domestic and peridomestic mammals. Two strains of Trypanosoma cruzi were isolated by haemocultures; one from a pig (Sus scrofa), the first case of natural infection reported in Mexico, and the other from a dog (Canis familiaris). This study summarizes current information in Mexico concerning confirmed reservoirs of T. cruzi
Tres especies de triatominos y su importancia como vectores de Trypanosoma Cruzi en México Importance of three vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi in Mexico
Paz M. Salazar Schettino,Irene de Haro Arteaga,Margarita Cabrera Bravo
Medicina (Buenos Aires) , 2005,
Abstract: Se presentan observaciones hechas en el campo y en el laboratorio sobre tres vectores de Trypanosoma cruzi: Triatoma barberi, T. pallidipennis y T. dimidiata. Se comparan resultados en relación con sus ecotopos, capacidad vectorial, características biológicas, índices entomológicos y sitios de captura. En relación con sus ecotopos, T. barberi tiene preferencia por el interior del domicilio humano, en paredes, directamente en contacto con las camas; T. pallidipennis, cuando se encuentra dentro de las casas, prefiere pisos y entre la ropa, aunque su principal ecotopo es silvestre; T. dimidiata tiene localización en pisos, especialmente bajo las camas, en el ángulo entre pared y piso; T. barberi y T. dimidiata son atraídas por la luz. Los ciclos de vida fueron de 523, 171 y 510 días, respectivamente para Triatoma barberi, T. pallidipennis y T. dimidiata. La capacidad vectorial se determinó según el tiempo que tarda en defecar durante o después de su ingesta de sangre: T. barberi defeca durante su alimentación, mientras que T. pallidipennis y T. dimidiata lo hacen de 10 a 20 y de 20 a 30 minutos después de iniciado el proceso, respectivamente. Los índices de infección natural fueron de 56.6 para T.barberi, 29 para T. pallidipennis y 15.6 para T. dimidiata. Los índices metaciclogénicos, que indican porcentajes de tripomastigotes metacíclicos en intestino posterior de los vectores fueron en T. barberi 76.6, T. pallidipennis 15 y T. dimidiata 26, con lo que se concluye que la primera especie es el mejor transmisor de T. cruzi en México. Observations made in the field and in the laboratory on three vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi: Triatoma barberi, T. pallidipennis and T. dimidiata are here presented. Results are compared in relation with their ecotopes, vectorial capacity, biological characteristic, entomological indexes and capture places. In relation with their ecotopos T. barberi has preference for the interior of the human home, in walls, directly in contact with beds; T. pallidipennis, when it is inside the houses, prefers floors and among clothes, although their main ecotope is wild; T. dimidiata has localization in floors, specially under the beds, in the angle between wall and floor; T. barberi and T. dimidiata are attracted by the light. The cycles of life were of 523, 171 and 510 days, respectively for Triatoma barberi, T. pallidipennis and T. dimidiata. The vectorial capacity was determined according to the time taken in defecating during or after its sucking blood: T. barberi defecates during its feeding, while T. pallidipennis and T. dimidiata make i
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