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OALib Journal期刊

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IRAK-TüRKMAN EDEB YATINDA YEN R N TAR H NE B R BAKI / REVIEW OF THE NEW STYLE POETRY IN IRAQ – TURKMAN LITERATURE
Sakine QAYBALIYEVA
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Ge en yüzy l n 50’li y llardan ba layarak art k Irak-Türkman edebiyat nda yeni fikir, yeni cereyanlar olu maya ba l yordu. Bu d nemde edebiyat aleminde gerek i erik, gerekse de konu a s ndan zengin yenilik dikkat ekiyordu.Yeni nesil Irak-Türkman airleri aruzdan daha ok hece veznine üstünlük verirler. Bunun sebebi heca vezninin sadeliyi ile halk uslubuna yak n olmas ve halk n i dünyas n kendine zgü tarzda ans tan bir iir türü olmas d rBeginning from early XX. century, new opinion, new lines were improving in Iraq – Turkman literature that has a long history. During this period the new theme and the new style were flourishing in literature. Next generation of Iraq-Turkman poets prefer syllable verse to aruz verse. It is related with the simplicity of syllable verse and folklore style, and syllable verse’s characterizing intends and wishes of the people in a sound way and demonstrating them.
Influence of Tillage Systems on Wheat Yields and Economics in Clay Loam Soil under the Mediterranean Dryland Conditions
Sakine Ozpinar
Journal of Agronomy , 2004,
Abstract: In an effort to increase crop production and conserve the soil from degradation, through mechanical manipulation of the soil, field experiments were conducted in cropping season of 2001-2003 to study the effects of tillage systems on performance of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), weed density, and tillage economics. The tillage methods evaluated were: mouldboard plough (MT), reduced tillage with rototiller (RTR) and disc (RTD). While not statistically significant, the highest wheat grain yield was recorded for RTR the least for RTD according to the average of the two of years. RTR tillage system recorded a mean increase in wheat grain yield of about 6 and 11% over MT and RTD, respectively. Weed density was significantly higher for the RTD and the least for the MT in the two year of study. Mean weed populations recorded for the tillage systems were: RTR, 44 weeds m-2; MT, 39 weeds m-2; RTD, 61 weeds m-2. RTR resulted in the highest gross margin with the least obtained for RTD. Considering the fact that the northwest of Turkey has about 15% of country`s wheat production amount, RTR system can easily be adopted for increasing and economic crop production.
The Assessment Methods and Learning Approaches in Nursing Students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in Iran  [PDF]
Sakine Sabzevari, Abbas Abbaszade, Fariba Borhani
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.42023
Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to gain insight into the relationship between the conventional methods of assessment in medical surgical courses and students’ approaches to learning. In this descriptive correlational study; the sample consisted of 198 undergraduate and postgraduate students studying nursing. Data were obtained using the revised two-factor study process questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F) and the Assessment preference inventory including personal characteristics and assessment methods. The results showed that mean grade for deep learning approaches were a bit higher than surface learning approaches. (Mean ± Standard error [SE] 34.27 ± 5.006 versus Mean ± Standard error [SE] 31.21 ± 5.52). The deep and surface approaches were proposed each with a motive and strategy subscale. In this regard; grades of 16.51 ± 2.73, 17.75 ± 3.28 and 14.6 ± 3.72, 16.61 ± 2.74 were obtained for deep motive and strategy and surface motive and strategy respectively. Regarding the relationship between learning approaches and clinical assessment methods; the results of ANOVA test showed significant differences only on surface learning strategy (p < 0.05) and between clinical, oral and practical group project assessments. In respect to the relationship between learning approaches and written assessment methods; there were also strong and significant correlations between True-False questions and a combination of tests groups in deep motive subscale and between project assessment and a combination of tests groups in surface strategy subscale (p < 0.05). Suggestions are offered for mixed and new assessment methods and techniques in medical education. In case of some new debates on evaluation, workshops and training courses are recommended.

E-BOOK USAGE OF GRADUATE STUDENTS STUDYING EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES IN TURKIYE
Sakine ONGOZ,Adnan BAKI
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2010,
Abstract: Today, we can say that almost everything is having “electronic” prefix and the way to access to information has changed substantially because of the many factors like fast advancements in computer technology and internet which is getting more and more widespread everyday. Although some people stick to printed resources, the fact that electronic resources offer innovation and irresistible options in terms of cost and time is obvious. The aim of this survey study is to detect some data that can be generalized about the graduate students’ state of using printed and electronic resources. A questionnaire, developed by Ebrary, one of the largest e-book suppliers of the world, was used as the data gathering tool. After the studies for improving the reliability and validity of the questionnaire, a questionnaire form with 16 items was obtained. 634 questionnaires were sent to graduate students via e-mail, 130 of them were sent back and 125 questionnaires were evaluated for the study. Concerning all the data, it was concluded that majority of the graduate students are aware of the comfort of the e-resources and prefer to use these resources academically.
Protection Effect of Gold Nanoparticles Coated on Fruit and Vegetables Using PVD Method
Haleh Kangarlou,Sakine Shirvaliloo
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Gold particles can be real jewels, specially at the nano size they are in great demand by scientists. A field that has showed fast growth over the past decades is the use of gold nanoparticles in biology, or life sciences. The aim of this work was to use, physical method to deposit gold nanoparticles as a protection layer on the fruits and vegetables. There is no any report about direct and physical vapor deposition on fruits and vegetables yet. Gold nanolayers of 40 nano meter thickness were coated on one side of apple, cucumber, lettuce and tomato, by Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) method, in high vacuum condition at room temperature. Deposition angle of gold nanoparticles were vertical to all species. After coating we kept them in normal room temperature. Protection of gold nanolayers and time of these protections were investigated. Time length protection of gold nanoparticles has an increasing trend for apple, tomato, lettuce and cucumber.
The Value of Chlamydia Trachomatis Antibody Testing in Prediction of Tubal Factor Infertility
Sakine Moaiedmohseni,Monir Owje
Journal of Family and Reproductive Health , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to assess the value of Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) antibody titer test in prediction of tubal damage. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study we enrolled 50 women with tubal factor infertility (proven by laparoscopy after hysterosalpingography) and 110 women without infertility history. ELISA was performed for all participants, seeking C.trachomatis IgG antibodies. ELISA for IgM was then performed for women with positive test. Statistical package for social science version 11 was used for data entry. Statistical evaluation was performed using student t test, Fisher exact and chi-square tests. Statistical significance was defi ned as P<0.05. Results: In 8(5%) of all women the C.trachomatis IgG antibody was positive .Five (10%) of the infertile patients and 3 (2.7%) of pregnant women had positive tests (P < 0.03). All of them had negative results for IgM antibodies. Twenty five percent of women with normal hysterosalpingography and 5.3% of women with abnormal hysterosalpingography had positive antibody test. There was not any correlation between antibody titer and abnormal HSG. Endometriosis was diagnosed in seven women with negative antibody results. Conclusion: The result of C.trachomatis antibody titer was significantly different in women with and without infertility Laparoscopic. Tubal assessment is recommended in infertile women with a positive result of the C. trachomatis antibody titer.
Effect of LASER Irradiation on the Shear Bond Strength of Zirconia Ceramic Surface to Dentin
Sakine Nikzad,Sakine Nikzad,Abbase Azari,Abbase Azari
Journal of Dental Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aims: Reliable bonding between tooth substrate and zirconia-based ceramic restorations is always of great importance. The laser might be useful for treatment of ceramic surfaces. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of laser irradiation on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramic surface to dentin. Materials and Methods: In this experimental in vitro study, 40 Cercon zirconia ceramic blocks were fabricated. The surface treatment was performed using sandblasting with 50-micrometer Al2O3, CO2 laser, or Nd:YAG laser in each test groups. After that, the specimens were cemented to human dentin with resin cement. The shear bond strength of ceramics to dentin was determined and failure mode of each specimen was analyzed by stereo-microscope and SEM investigations. The data were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey multiple comparisons. The surface morphology of one specimen from each group was investigated under SEM. Results: The mean shear bond strength of zirconia ceramic to dentin was 7.79±3.03, 9.85±4.69, 14.92±4.48 MPa for CO2 irradiated, Nd:YAG irradiated, and sandblasted specimens, respectively. Significant differences were noted between CO2 (P=0.001) and Nd:YAG laser (P=0.017) irradiated specimens with sandblasted specimens. No significant differences were observed between two laser methods (P=0.47). The mode of bond failure was predominantly adhesive in test groups (CO2 irradiated specimens: 75%, Nd:YAG irradiated: 66.7%, and sandblasting: 41.7%). Conclusion: Under the limitations of the present study, surface treatment of zirconia ceramics using CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers was not able to produce adequate bond strength with dentin surfaces in comparison to sandblasting technique. Therefore, the use of lasers with the mentioned parameters may not be recommended for the surface treatment of Cercon ceramics.
Studying the Impacts of Globalization on Iranian Education System
Mitra Abdolahi Chahardahcheriki,Sakine Shahi
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n1p172
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze the degree of globalization of important indicators of education system in Iran including teaching approaches, educational tools and facilities, curriculums and contents, and education management. Findings suggest that the situation of Iranian education system has some distance with the globalized level and post modernism and is more aligned with traditional indicators and is stagnant and somehow modernity. Among these indicators, teaching approaches are closer to the globalized level and educational tools and facilities are further than others relative to the globalized standards. Holding in-service training courses for teachers and encouraging them to obtain higher scientific degrees as well as equipping schools with educational technologies by the help of designating more budget, motivating non-centralized programs, employing graduates of education management fields in order to take charge of management in education system can lead to a reduction in the gap between education system of Iran and the globalized one.
Cervicovaginal Infections During Third Trimester of Pregnancy
Sakine Moaiedmohseni,Laleh Bashardoost,Maryam Abbasi
Journal of Family and Reproductive Health , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted in order to assess the prevalence of different cervicovaginalinfections during pregnancy.Materials and methods:Totally 110 healthy pregnant women with complaints of vaginal symptoms intheir third trimester of pregnancy were checked for vaginal candidiasis,bacterial vaginosis, vaginaltrichomoniasis, streptococcus β hemoliticus,gonorrhea, syphilis, and infection by chlamydia trachomatisand HIV.Results:Among 110 studied women and mostly nullipara, the mean age was 25.2 years. All of them hadat least one symptom including discharge,itching or burning of vagina. Among them 39(35.5%) hadvaginal and endocervical infection identified by laboratory tests including candidiasis 26.4%, bacterialvaginosis 8% and streptococcus β hemoliticus 5.3 %. Gonorrhea and trichomoniasis were not seen.Three of the patients had positive IgG antibody for chlamydia trachomatis. None of them had serologicalpositive test for syphilis and HIV.Conclusion: Symptomatic pregnant women need to be actively searched for infections. Besidesspeculum examination as an easy to carry out clinical test and if needed laboratory exams must be usedto choose the best treatment.
Harlequin Baby (A Case Report)
Mohammad Jafar Golalipour,Sakine Mohamadian,Elham Mobasheri
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: In this article, a full-term male neonate with Harlequin fetus has been reported. It was born from a 20 year old mother by the Caesarean operation. In the clinical examination, broad, thick and hard hyperkeratotic disks were observed all troughs the body with extended gashes among them in the skin. The deformity of the face, the eyes server ectropion, the orbital chemosis and the flattening of the nose and the ears were among other disorders to be observed. The lips were overturned. There were no nails or hairs to be seen. The movements of the joint were limited. Hands and legs, in particular in the extremities were on a state of fixed gangrene and seemed to be ischemic. The patient died in the third day of hospitalization due to indicators of respiratory infections and the sepsis.
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