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Arabinoxylans are the major non-starch polysaccharides in wheat and are reported to influence quality of bakery products. Arabinoxylans were isolated from good and poor chapati making varieties, added them at different levels (0.25 and 0.5 g/100g) to the same flour, interchanged with other varieties and determined the effect of arabinoxylans on rheological properties of dough and chapati making quality. Rheological properties were improved upon adding isolated arabinoxylans of good chapati making varieties to flours. Interestingly, addition of isolated arabinoxylans of good chapati making varieties to poor chapati making varieties had significantly improved the chapati quality. Sensory studies showed that chapatis prepared from flour added with arabinoxylans of good chapati varieties had soft texture and high overall quality scores. These changes are attributed to differences in their arabinose/xylose ratio. Thus, results indicated that addition of isolated arabinoxylans of good chapati making flour improved the chapati quality of poor chapati making flour.
Tuberculosis is a
communicable disease manifesting as pulmonary and extra pulmonary infection.
Extra pulmonary tuberculosis involving pharynx is usually secondary to active
pulmonary tuberculosis. Primary oropharyngeal tuberculosis is rare and has been
reported in association with immunocompromised states like HIV-AIDS and chronic
alcoholism. It has very unusual clinical presentation and sometimes mimics
malignancy. We report herewith two cases of primary oropharyngeal tuberculosis,
clinically mimicking a malignancy, in immunocompetent adult patients. A high
index of suspicion is required to diagnose pharyngeal tuberculosis in patients
presenting with ulceroproliferative mass in oropharynx. Histopathological
findings of characteristic tuberculous granuloma are confirmatory.
Anti-tuberculous therapy gives excellent results within two months of
commencing the treatment.