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Monitoring and conservation of bats in the Kathmandu valley, Nepal
Sanjan Thapa,Suchita Shrestha,Sagar Dahal,B. A. Daniel
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2012,
Abstract: The Kathmandu Valley has been a centre for bat study since the 19th century. Twenty five species of bats have been documented from Kathmandu Valley including two species of fruit bats until 1997. Opportunistic and sporadic survey was continued then after. There was a gap of more than a decade for monitoring. A recent preliminary survey in 2008 re-recorded only three species which revealed the need for detailed monitoring. Bats conservation is a rare practice in Nepal which lags behind neighboring countries. The negative perception of the bats and lack of awareness is the primary factor for the lack of conservation. This project is designed to redress this at twenty sites within the Kathmandu Valley where mist and scoop nettings together with roost survey were carried out. Lectures to schoolchildren were the primary conservation action along with radio-awareness programmes. Twelve species was re-recorded excluding fruit bats and two unidentified species (Pipistrellus sp. and Myotis sp.). Specific roost sites and foraging habitats were discovered and documented in the study area. A new site of occurrence of vulnerable species Mandelli’s Mouse-eared Myotis Myotis sicarius was identified. A special trend of seasonal variation in species at few study sites was observed while in few the species were found resident. Thirteen half hour radio programmes about bats were successfully broadcast throughout Nepal from Radio Kantipur. Lectures of 45 minutes were delivered to in an average 75 schoolchildren per school at twenty schools in fifteen project sites. Post project effectiveness evaluation should be carried out.
Urban Poverty: A Study of Income Patterns and Processes of the Poor Families in Kathmandu
Kedar Dahal
Banking Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/bj.v1i1.5142
Abstract: The poor are highly migrate from the surrounding districts of Kathmandu valley and largely dependent on direct cash income from the informal activities. Casual wage labor, petty trade and private and professional services are common livelihood activities. However, availability of income generation activities remains largely irregular and depends on the season, gender, age of person, ethnic and education background. Foreign employment, skill-based activities and petty trade fetch the highest return. It is also found that the level of family income is determined not only by ethnic background; but there are other factors, for example family structure, working hours, nature of work and seasonality. There is a significant impact of education and working hour in household income. Poor are assets of urban economy. We could not neglect them. They are hard working and decent people. But poor policy and attitude makes them highly vulnerable in the urban environment. However, all people living in the squatter or slum are not only poor but some of them are economically well-off, though they have poor accessed of modern banking and financial institutions, in many cases, banking policies discouraged them for providing credit facilities. Key Words: Poverty Pockets; Communities; Urban; Livelihood DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/bj.v1i1.5142 Banking Journal Vol.1(1) 2011: 29-45
Umanath Shastri Sindhuliye and his “Makawani Bala” Epic
Balaram Dahal
Academic Voices: A Multidisciplinary Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/av.v3i1.9995
Abstract: No abstract
Measuring Decentralisation in Reforms Era: A Case of Kalyan-Dombivli, India  [PDF]
Vidya Sagar Pancholi
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.22012
Abstract:

Since last couple of decades, there is an emerging trend of decentralisation and India is no exception to such a trend. Studies that measure decentralisation in India, however, are mostly comparative and target a limited set of parameters. This paper, attempts at a comprehensive examination of a case of Kalyan-Dombivli (KD), a fringe subcity to Mumbai. The analysis brings out that over the past seven years (since the beginning of the centrally sponsored urban renewal program), even though the local body in KD had higher resources for local development, its functional authority, fiscal autonomy, and accountability has been significantly re-centralised towards higher level governments. The case analysis brings out key lessons in terms of need for focusing on the empowerment (functional and fiscal) of local bodies and creating accountability structures that are effective and responsive to the local citizenry.

Evaluation of surgical outcome in open globe injuries in a tertiary ophthalmological centre
Polina Dahal,RN Byenju
Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/jcmsn.v9i2.9678
Abstract: Aims:? To evaluate the clinical presentations and surgical outcome in patients with open globe injuries in a tertiary ophthalmological centre in Bharatpur Eye Hospital, Bharatpur. Methods:? Seventy nine patients with ocular injury who underwent surgery were included in the study. The type of injury, surgical interventions and final visual outcome were recorded. The period of study was from 2012 May to 2013 May. Results:? Injury was mild in 48 (60.8 %), moderate in 17 (21.5 %) & severe in 14 (17.7 %) cases (International Ocular Trauma Classification). Forty six (58.2 %) cases had only primary repair, 27 (34.2 %) had associated lens extraction, 12(15.2 % )had vitrectomy, 2 (2.5 %) had retinal detachment surgery, one (1.3 %) had intra-ocular foreign body removal, one (1.3 %) evisceration. Thirteen 16.5 %) cases underwent secondary procedures. Final vision was 6\18 or better in 20 (25.3 %), 6\18-6\60 in 14 (17.7 %) and <6\60 in 15 (18.9 %) cases. 10 (12.7 %) cases developed phthisical changes. Conclusion:? Present analysis reveals that open globe injuries can present in varying severity &though the overall prognosis is grave, prompt surgical intervention can result in better visual outcome. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 2013, Vol-9, No-2, 9-14 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v9i2.9678
Identifying Associations Between Soil And Production Variables Using Linear Multiple Regression Models
Hari Dahal,JK Routray
Journal of Agriculture and Environment , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/aej.v12i0.7560
Abstract: In agriculture, soil variables are known to be important factors that determine the level of crop productivity in a given situation. To assess which soil variables are important to crop production, soil samples were tested and the test data were correlated with crop yields. A total of six soil variables- soil reaction, organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, potassium and soil texture were put into Pearson’s correlation with crop yield data. Some of the soil variables were found to be highly correlated. To evaluate the apparent strength of the relationship and to explain the variations on dependent variable (crop yield) multiple regression models were developed. In conclusion, it was found that the most important variables explaining the variations in the yield of paddy were total nitrogen, organic matter and phosphorus.
Nepalese Journalists’ Democracy Building Roles and News Coverage Practices
Sudarshan Prasad Dahal
Bodhi: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/bodhi.v6i0.9246
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/bodhi.v6i0.9246 Bodhi Vol.6 2013: 65-108
The Enlightenment Tradition of Nepal: Can the Civil Society Grasp it?
Dev Raj Dahal
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v8i0.10720
Abstract: Nepal’s history of enlightenment reflects three traditions—Vedic, Videha Janak and Buddhist. Each of these traditions searches the meaning of life, actual human condition, links with nature and ways of emancipation. The cardinal features of its native civil society are rooted into niskam karma (selfless service) to others, enlightened thinking and action. Modern civil society troubled by the turmoil of post-modernity needs to capture this ancient wisdom that sees human life in the interconnection with other species rather than isolated fragments and requires to perform many other tasks to move the this post-conflict nation from violence to stable peace. Nourishing the civic virtues of freedom, justice, solidarity, reconciliation and peace are vital nutrients.
Effect of gender gap in education on district level GDP per capital of Nepal
Madhav Prasad Dahal
Economic Journal of Development Issues , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/ejdi.v13i0.7211
Abstract: Growth theories developed in the 1980s and 1990s incorporate education centered human capital to explain the cross-country and country specific variations in the per capita gross domestic product. This article examines the effect of gender inequality in education on the per capita GDP of the districts of Nepal. Gender inequality in education is more pronounced in less developed countries than in developed countries. Utilizing the data pertaining to the year 2001 taken from Nepal Human Development Report 2004 published by United Nations Development Program (UNDP) country office Nepal, we find that gender gap in education has obvious negative impact on district level GDP per capita of Nepal. This bears implication in policy formulation to minimize the gender disparity in education.
Impact of irrigation in the command area of Bagmati Irrigation Project
Ananta Raj Dahal
Economic Journal of Development Issues , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/ejdi.v15i1-2.11854
Abstract: As an agrarian economy Nepal, irrigation is most important to achieve economic development. This research analyzes the impact of Bagmati irrigation project (BIP) in the command area. A comparative study of the output, employment, income and other variables related to the irrigated and un-irrigated agricultural land within and outside the Bagmati irrigation project area has led to positive result. This study found that agricultural productivity increases from 19.32 percent to 102.78 percent in different crops. Likewise irrigation seems to have contributed to increase employment, investment, net income. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ejdi.v15i1-2.11854 Economic Journal of Development Issues Vol. 15 & 16 No. 1-2, pp. 1-14
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