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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 341 matches for " Sadanori Okamura "
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An Unbiased Estimate of the Global Hubble Constant in the Region of Pisces-Perseus
Masaru Watanabe,Takashi Ichikawa,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/306009
Abstract: We obtain an unbiased estimate of the global Hubble constant H0 in the volume of cz<12000km/s in the region of Pisces-Perseus. The Tully-Fisher (TF) relation is applied to a magnitude limited sample of 441 spirals selected from the Arecibo 21cm catalog. The photometry data were calibrated with CCD observations and we achieve 0.13mag for the photometric internal error. We use a maximum likelihood method for the TF analysis. Monte-Carlo simulations demonstrate that our method reproduces a given H0 at the 95% confidence level. By applying the method to our sample galaxies, we obtain the unbiased global Hubble constant H0=65+-2(+20,-14) km/s/Mpc; the first and the second terms represent the internal random error and the external errors, respectively. We also find a good agreement for our H0 with those recently obtained via Cepheid observation, the TF relation and supernovae. Hubble velocities of the spirals inferred from our H0 show no significant systematic difference from those given in the Mark III catalog. The same analysis for H0 is carried out using r-band photometry data of the Pisces-Perseus region given by Willick et al.(1997). We obtain a global H0 which is consistent with that obtained from our B-band analysis. A bulk motion in the Pisces-Perseus region is briefly discussed, based on our calibration of H0. Our r-band TF analysis supports the notion of a coherent streaming motion of the Pisces-Perseus ridge with -200km/s with respect to the CMB, in agreement with most modern studies.
Isolated Star Formation: A Compact HII Region in the Virgo Cluster
Ortwin Gerhard,Magda Arnaboldi,Kenneth C. Freeman,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1086/345657
Abstract: We report on the discovery of an isolated, compact HII region in the Virgo cluster. The object is located in the diffuse outer halo of NGC 4388, or could possibly be in intracluster space. Star formation can thus take place far outside the main star forming regions of galaxies. This object is powered by a small starburst with an estimated mass of $\sim 400\msun$ and age of $\sim 3\myr$. From a total sample of 17 HII region candidates, the present rate of isolated star formation estimated in our Virgo field is small, $\sim 10^{-6} Msun arcmin}^{-2} yr^{-1}$. However, this mode of star formation might have been more important at higher redshifts and be responsible for a fraction of the observed intracluster stars and total cluster metal production. This object is relevant also for distance determinations with the planetary nebula luminosity function from emission line surveys, for high-velocity clouds and the in situ origin of B stars in the Galactic halo, and for local enrichment of the intracluster gas by Type II supernovae.
New Improved Photometric Redshifts of Galaxies in the HDF
Hisanori Furusawa,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Mamoru Doi,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1086/308794
Abstract: We report new improved photometric redshifts of 1048 galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field (HDF). A standard chi^2 minimizing method is applied to seven-color UBVIJHK photometry by Fernandez-Soto, Lanzetta, & Yahil (1999). We use 187 template SEDs representing a wide variety of morphology and age of observed galaxies based on a population synthesis model by Kodama & Arimoto (1997). We introduce two new recipes. First, the amount of the internal absorption is changed as a free parameter in the range of E(B-V)=0.0 to 0.5 with an interval of 0.1. Second, the absorption due to intergalactic HI clouds is also changed by a factor of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 around the opacity given by Madau (1995). The total number of template SEDs is thus 187x6x3=3,366, except for the redshift grid. The dispersion sigma_z of our photometric redshifts with respect to spectroscopic redshifts is sigma_z=0.08 and 0.24 for z<2 and z>2, respectively, which are smaller than the corresponding values (sigma_z=0.09 and 0.45) by Fernandez-Soto et al. Improvement is significant, especially in z>2. This is due to smaller systematic errors which are largely reduced mainly by including three opacities due to intergalactic HI clouds. We discuss redshift distribution N(z) and cosmic star formation rate based on our new photometric redshifts.
An Objective and Automatic Cluster Finder: An Improvement of the Matched-Filter Method
Wataru Kawasaki,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Mamoru Doi,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1051/aas:1998245
Abstract: We describe an objective and automated method for detecting clusters of galaxies from optical imaging data. This method is a variant of the so-called `matched-filter' technique pioneered by Postman et al. (1996). With simultaneous use of positions and apparent magnitudes of galaxies, this method can, not only find cluster candidates, but also estimate their redshifts and richnesses as byproducts of detection. We examine errors in the estimation of cluster's position, redshift, and richness with a number of Monte Carlo simulations. No systematic discrepancies between the true and estimated values are seen for either redshift or richness. Spurious detection rate of the method is about less than 10% of those of conventional ones which use only surface density of galaxies. A cluster survey in the North Galactic Pole is executed to verify the performance characteristics of the method with real data. Two known real clusters are successfully detected. We expect these methods based on `matched-filter' technique to be essential tools for compiling large and homogeneous optically-selected cluster catalogs.
Red Star Forming Galaxies and Their Environment at z=0.4 Revealed by Panoramic H-alpha Imaging
Yusei Koyama,Tadayuki Kodama,Fumiaki Nakata,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/734/1/66
Abstract: We present a wide-field H-alpha imaging survey of the rich cluster CL0939+4713 (Abell 851) at z=0.41 with Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope, using the narrow-band filter NB921. The survey is sensitive to active galaxies with star formation rates down to ~0.3Msun/yr throughout the 27'x27' field, and we identified 445 H-alpha emitters along the large-scale structures around the cluster. Using this sample, we find that (1) the fraction of H-alpha emitters is a strong function of environment and shows a clear decline toward the cluster central region. We also find that (2) the color of H-alpha emitters is clearly dependent on environment. The majority of the H-alpha emitters have blue colors with B-I<2, but we find H-alpha emitters with red colors as well. Such red emitters are very rare in the cluster center or its immediate surrounding regions, while they are most frequently found in groups located far away from the cluster center. These groups coincide with the environment where a sharp transition in galaxy color distribution is seen. This may suggest that dusty star formation activity tends to be involved in galaxy truncation processes that are effective in groups, and it is probably related to the "pre-processing" that generates present-day cluster S0 galaxies. Finally, we confirm that (3) the mass-normalized integrated star formation rate in clusters (i.e. the total star formation rate within 0.5xR200 from the cluster center divided by the cluster dynamical mass) rapidly increases with look-back time following approximately ~(1+z)^6, and it is also correlated with the cluster mass.
Proper motions with Subaru II. A sample in the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Survey field
Michael W. Richmond,Tomoki Morokuma,Mamoru Doi,Yutaka Komiyama,Naoki Yasuda,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1093/pasj/62.1.91
Abstract: We search for stars with proper motions in a set of deep Subaru images, covering about 0.48 square degrees to a depth of $i' \simeq 26$, taken over a span of five and a half years. We follow the methods described in \citet{Richmond2009} to reduce and analyze this dataset. We present a sample of 69 stars with motions of high significance, and discuss briefly the populations from which they are likely drawn. Based on photometry and motions alone, we expect that 14 of the candidates may be white dwarfs. Our candidate with the largest proper motion is surprisingly faint and likely to prove interesting: its colors and motions suggest that it might be an M dwarf moving at over 500 km/sec or an L dwarf in the halo.
High star formation activity in the central region of a distant cluster at z=1.46
Masao Hayashi,Tadayuki Kodama,Yusei Koyama,Ichi Tanaka,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16026.x
Abstract: We present an unbiased deep [OII] emission survey of a cluster XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 at z=1.46, the most distant cluster to date with a detection of extended X-ray emission. With wide-field optical and near-infrared cameras (Suprime-Cam and MOIRCS, respectively) on Subaru telescope, we performed deep imaging with a narrow-band filter NB912 (lambda_c=9139A, Delta_lambda=134A) as well as broad-band filters (B, z', J and Ks). From the photometric catalogues, we have identified 44 [OII] emitters in the cluster central region of 6'x6' down to a dust-free star formation rate of 2.6 Msun/yr (3 sigma). Interestingly, it is found that there are many [OII] emitters even in the central high density region. In fact, the fraction of [OII] emitters to the cluster members as well as their star formation rates and equivalent widths stay almost constant with decreasing cluster-centric distance up to the cluster core. Unlike clusters at lower redshifts (z<1) where star formation activity is mostly quenched in their central regions, this higher redshift 2215 cluster shows its high star formation activity even at its centre, suggesting that we are beginning to enter the formation epoch of some galaxies in the cluster core eventually. Moreover, we find a deficit of galaxies on the red sequence at magnitudes fainter than ~M*+0.5 on the colour-magnitude diagram. This break magnitude is brighter than that of lower redshift clusters, and it is likely that we are seeing the formation phase of more massive red galaxies in the cluster core at z~1. These results may indicate inside-out and down-sizing propagation of star formation activity in the course of cluster evolution.
Stellar Populations of Lyman Alpha Emitters at z~6-7: Constraints on the Escape Fraction of Ionizing Photons from Galaxy Building Blocks
Yoshiaki Ono,Masami Ouchi,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,James Dunlop,Duncan Farrah,Ross McLure,Sadanori Okamura
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/724/2/1524
Abstract: We investigate the stellar populations of Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) at z=5.7 and 6.6 in a 0.65 deg^2 sky of the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Survey (SXDS) Field, using deep images taken with Subaru/Suprime-Cam, UKIRT/WFCAM, and Spitzer/IRAC. We produce stacked multiband images at each redshift from 165 (z=5.7) and 91 (z=6.6) IRAC-undetected objects, to derive typical spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of z~6-7 LAEs for the first time. The stacked LAEs have as blue UV continua as the HST/WFC3 z-dropout galaxies of similar Muv, with a spectral slope beta ~ -3, but at the same time they have red UV-to-optical colors with detection in the 3.6um band. Using SED fitting we find that the stacked LAEs have low stellar masses of ~(3-10)*10^7 Msun, very young ages of ~1-3 Myr, negligible dust extinction, and strong nebular emission from the ionized interstellar medium, although the z=6.6 object is fitted similarly well with high-mass models without nebular emission; inclusion of nebular emission reproduces the red UV-to-optical color while keeping the UV color sufficiently blue. We infer that typical LAEs at z~6-7 are building blocks of galaxies seen at lower redshifts. We find a tentative decrease in the Lyman alpha escape fraction from z=5.7 to 6.6, which may imply an increase in the intergalactic medium neutral fraction. From the minimum contribution of nebular emission required to fit the observed SEDs, we place an upper limit on the escape fraction of ionizing photons to be f_esc^ion~0.6 at z=5.7 and ~0.9 at z=6.6. We also compare the stellar populations of our LAEs with that of stacked HST/WFC3 z-dropout galaxies.
Panoramic H-alpha and mid-infrared mapping of star formation in a z=0.8 cluster
Yusei Koyama,Tadayuki Kodama,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Masao Hayashi,Sadanori Okamura,Ichi Tanaka,Chihiro Tokoku
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16226.x
Abstract: We present the first wide-field H-alpha imaging survey around the distant cluster RXJ1716.4+6708 at z=0.81 with a narrow-band filter on MOIRCS/Subaru, down to SFR(Ha)~1Msun/yr. Combining with a wide-field MIR imaging survey with AKARI, we compare the unobscured and obscured star formation activities in the cluster. We find that both H-alpha emitters and MIR galaxies avoid the cluster centre and their spatial distribution is quite similar. Most of the H-alpha emitters show blue colours, but we find some H-alpha emitters on the red sequence. The MIR galaxies tend to be systematically redder than the H-alpha emitters probably due to heavy dust extinction. Interestingly, the red H-alpha emitters and the red MIR galaxies (i.e. dusty red galaxies) are most commonly seen in the medium-density environment such as cluster outskirts, groups and filaments, where optical colours of galaxies change. We also find that A(Ha) exceeds ~3 in extreme cases and that such very dusty galaxies are also located in the medium-density environment. These findings suggest that dusty star formation is triggered in the in-fall region of the cluster, implying a probable link between galaxy transition and dusty star formation. We finally calculate the cluster total SFR and find that the cluster total SFR based on H-alpha alone can be underestimated more than factor ~2 even after 1 mag extinction correction. We suggest that the mass-normalized cluster SFR rapidly declines since z~1 following ~(1+z)^6, although the uncertainty is still large.
Retrieving Bulge and Disk Parameters and Asymptotic Magnitudes from the Growth Curves of Galaxies
Sadanori Okamura,Naoki Yasuda,Kazuhiro Shimasaku,Masafumi Yagi,David H. Weinberg
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/316298
Abstract: We show that the growth curves of galaxies can be used to determine their bulge and disk parameters and bulge-to-total luminosity ratios, in addition to their conventional asymptotic magnitudes, provided that the point spread function is accurately known and signal-to-noise ratio is modest (S/N$\gtrsim30$). The growth curve is a fundamental quantity that most future large galaxy imaging surveys will measure. Bulge and disk parameters retrieved from the growth curve will enable us to perform statistical studies of luminosity structure for a large number of galaxies.
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