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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13594 matches for " Sa?udo Adriana "
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Differences in the pattern of drug use between male and female adolescents in treatment
Giusti, Jackeline S;Saudo, Adriana;Scivoletto, Sandra;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462002000200008
Abstract: introduction/objectives: the pattern of drug use among adolescents is not well known. epidemiologic studies have reported no difference in the prevalence of drug use between genders. the present study wanted to assess the difference in drug use between genders in adolescents. the following variables were assessed: gender ratio of those looking for treatment; age they looked for treatment; age of the first drug use; substances used; with whom they first used drugs; pattern of drug use; possibly-related behavior (illegal acts, problems with the police and school delay). methods: medical records of adolescents treated between 1993 and 2000 in a public medical center of the city s?o paulo were analyzed. results: one-hundred and five medical records of adolescents aged 10 to 17 were reviewed. there were no differences between genders according to: age they looked for treatment; age of the first drug use; substances used; and illegal acts. there was a higher prevalence of male adolescents regarding to problems with the police and school delay. conclusions: data suggest that the behavioral consequences of drug use in female adolescents are less evident than in male adolescents, what could explain the lower frequency in which female adolescents had specialized treatment.
Differences in the pattern of drug use between male and female adolescents in treatment
Giusti Jackeline S,Saudo Adriana,Scivoletto Sandra
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2002,
Abstract: INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: The pattern of drug use among adolescents is not well known. Epidemiologic studies have reported no difference in the prevalence of drug use between genders. The present study wanted to assess the difference in drug use between genders in adolescents. The following variables were assessed: gender ratio of those looking for treatment; age they looked for treatment; age of the first drug use; substances used; with whom they first used drugs; pattern of drug use; possibly-related behavior (illegal acts, problems with the police and school delay). METHODS: Medical records of adolescents treated between 1993 and 2000 in a public medical center of the city S o Paulo were analyzed. RESULTS: One-hundred and five medical records of adolescents aged 10 to 17 were reviewed. There were no differences between genders according to: age they looked for treatment; age of the first drug use; substances used; and illegal acts. There was a higher prevalence of male adolescents regarding to problems with the police and school delay. CONCLUSIONS: Data suggest that the behavioral consequences of drug use in female adolescents are less evident than in male adolescents, what could explain the lower frequency in which female adolescents had specialized treatment.
Avalia o do angulo ano-retal por meio de defecograma em voluntárias assintomáticas nulíparas e multíparas
Santos José Eduardo Mour?o,D'Ippolito Giuseppe,Leme Lígia Maria,Saudo Adriana
Radiologia Brasileira , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Fizemos um protocolo para compararmos as medidas dos angulos ano-retais em três situa es diferentes, em voluntárias assintomáticas nulíparas e multíparas. CASUíSTICA E MéTODOS: Foram realizados defecogramas em 30 mulheres (15 nulíparas e 15 multíparas), de maio de 1997 a dezembro de 1998, e obtidas incidências radiográficas em perfil do reto após introdu o de contraste baritado texturizado: em repouso, durante contra o do músculo puborretal e durante a evacua o. Na análise estatística foi utilizada a análise de medidas repetidas. RESULTADOS: A média do angulo n o apresentou diferen a significante entre as voluntárias nulíparas e multíparas. O angulo mediu, nas nulíparas, 92,9° em repouso, 78,8° durante a contra o do músculo puborretal e 117,9° durante a evacua o, e nas multíparas mediu 94,3° em repouso, 79,7° durante a contra o do músculo puborretal e 121,4° durante a evacua o. Foi observada diferen a significante entre os angulos em repouso, durante a contra o do músculo puborretal e durante a evacua o. CONCLUS O: N o houve diferen a significante entre os dois grupos examinados.
ESTADO HíDRICO Y CAMBIOS ANATóMICOS EN LA CALABACITA (Cucurbita pepo L.) ALMACENADA
Vania Urías Orona,Dolores Muy Rangel,Tomás Osuna Enciso,Adriana Saudo Barajas
Revista fitotecnia mexicana , 2012,
Abstract: El fruto de calabacita (Cucurbita pepo L.) es una hortaliza que presenta elevada actividad metabólica, alta transpiración y sensibilidad a da os mecánicos en postcosecha. En este estudio se evaluó el efecto de la temperatura de almacenamiento en el estado hídrico, la integridad celular y la calidad postcosecha de frutos de calabacita tipo Zucchini cv. 'Raben'. Frutos cosechados en madurez hortícola se almacenaron por 12 d a 10 y 20 °C, y 85 a 87 % de humedad relativa. Se evaluó pérdida de peso, marchitamiento, contenido relativo de agua (CRA), potencial hídrico ( w), potencial osmótico ( s), potencial de presión ( p) e integridad celular mediante un estudio histológico de los frutos. Los primeros síntomas de marchitez del fruto aparecieron cuando hubo 6 % de pérdida de peso. La plasmólisis celular se presentó entre 81 y 82 % de CRA, con un p igual a cero y con w y s iguales a -0.8 MPa. La integridad del tejido se afectó por la pérdida de adhesión de las células de la zona del endocarpio, que luego progresó hacia el epicarpio del fruto.
Assessment of stage T1 (TNM 1997) for renal cell carcinoma: is recommended the subdivision in T1a and T1b?
Dall?Oglio, Marcos;Srougi, Miguel;Mangini, Marcelo;Ribeiro, Eduardo;Ferraz, Márcio;Saudo, Adriana;Leite, Kátia;Nesrallah, Luciano;
International braz j urol , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1677-55382003000200003
Abstract: introduction: classification tnm 1997 defines renal cell carcinoma smaller than 7 cm and confined to the kidney as stage t1. our goal is to discuss if tumors smaller than 4 cm have the same behavior characteristics then tumors between 4 and 7 cm, to compose the same stage of the disease. materials and methods: retrospective assessment of 138 patients in stage t1 (tnm - 97), divided into 2 groups; group-1: composed of 65 patients (47%) with tumors < 4 cm, and group-2: composed of 73 patients (53%) with tumors between 4 and 7 cm. the following prognostic factors were assessed in the recurrence of the disease and survival of patients: nuclear degree, microvascular invasion, sarcomatous degeneration, and involved lymph nodes. statistical evaluation has been accomplished through the log rank test, chi-square test, and fishers exact text. results: average tumor size was 2.5 cm for group-1, and 5.3 cm for group-2. in group-2, there was the predominance of worse prognostic factors, with high-grade tumors (p = 0.01) and presence of microvascular invasion (p = 0.001). sarcomatous tumors and involvement of lymph nodes did only happen in group-2. disease-free survival for group-1, analyzed in the median period of 36 months, was 100%, and for group 2, in the median period of 31 months, was 81% (p = 0.008). conclusion: the results obtained allow the conclusion that the present stage t1 for renal cell carcinoma gathers tumors of different evolution, being therefore recommendable the stratification in t1a for tumors smaller than 4 cm, and t1b for tumors between 4 and 7 cm.
Prostate cancer detection at rebiopsy after an initial benign diagnosis: results using sextant extended prostate biopsy
Leite, Katia Ramos Moreira;Camara-Lopes, Luiz Heraldo;Cury, José;Dall'Oglio, Marcos F.;Saudo, Adriana;Srougi, Miguel;
Clinics , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322008000300009
Abstract: introduction: sextant prostate biopsy remains the standard technique for the detection of prostate cancer. it is well known that after a diagnosis of small acinar proliferation (asap) or high grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (hgpin), the possibility of finding cancer is approximately 40% and 30%, respectively. objective: we aim to analyze follow-up biopsies on patients who initially received a benign diagnosis after exclusion of hgpin and asap. methods: from july 2000 to december 2003, 1177 patients were submitted to sextant extended prostate biopsy in our hospital. the mean patient age was 65.5 years old, and the median number of fragments collected at biopsy was 13. hgpin and asap were excluded from our study. we only considered patients who had a diagnosis of benign at the first biopsy and were subjected to rebiopsies up until may 2005 because of a maintained suspicion of cancer. results: cancer was initially detected in 524 patients (44.5%), and the diagnosis was benign in 415 (35.3%). rebiopsy was indicated for 76 of the latter patients (18.3%) because of a persistent suspicion of cancer. eight cases of adenocarcinoma (10.5%) were detected, six (75%) at the first rebiopsy. six patients were submitted to radical prostatectomy, and all tumors were considered clinically significant. conclusion: our data indicate that in extended prostate biopsy, the first biopsy detects more cancer, and the first, second, and third rebiopsies after an initial benign diagnosis succeed in finding cancer in 7.9% (6/55), 5.9% (1/15) and 20% (1/4) of patients, respectively.
Avalia??o clínica de um cimento de ion?mero de vidro utilizado como selante oclusal: a clinical evaluation
BERNARDO, Pedro Cheque;RODRIGUES, Célia Regina Martins Delgado;SOUZA PAIVA, Joelma Aparecida;SINGER, Julio da Motta;SAUDO, Adriana;
Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-74912000000100010
Abstract: since fluoride?s properties are widely known in the field of preventive dentistry, fluoride-releasing materials have been extensively investigated. among the occlusal sealants, there is great expectation regarding the results that can be achieved with light-curing glass-ionomer cements due to their excellent properties. the aim of this study was to assess the use of one of these cements, vitremer (3m) as an occlusal sealant. the material was applied using two different techniques; either associated or not with an adhesive system. after 6 and 12 months of observation, an evaluation was performed in 159 teeth to verify its retention as well as the presence of caries lesions. the technique that included the adhesive system showed better retention than the conventional one. total retention was 84.9% for the experimental technique and 37.2% for the conventional technique after 12 months. there was no difference between bicuspids and molars regarding retention. caries lesion was observed in a single tooth, for which a total loss of material was observed after one year.
Avalia??o do angulo ano-retal por meio de defecograma em voluntárias assintomáticas nulíparas e multíparas
Santos, José Eduardo Mour?o;D'Ippolito, Giuseppe;Leme, Lígia Maria;Saudo, Adriana;Shigueoka, David Carlos;Szejnfeld, Jacob;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842003000400007
Abstract: objective: we developed a protocol to compare the measurements of the anorectal angle in nulliparous and multiparous asymptomatic volunteers in three different situations. subjects and methods: defecograms were carried out in 30 women (15 nulliparous and 15 multiparous) from may, 1997 to december, 1998. after rectal administration of texturized barium contrast media, lateral radiographic views of the rectum were obtained at rest, during contraction of the puborectal muscle and during defecation. a repeated measures model was used for the statistical analysis. results: there were no significant differences between the mean anorectal angles of nulliparous and multiparous volunteers. measurements were as follows: 92.9° at rest, 78.8° during the contraction of the puborectal muscle and 117.9° during defecation for the nulliparous volunteers; 94.3° at rest, 79.7° during the contraction of the puborectal muscle and 121.4° during defecation for the multiparous volunteers. a significant difference was observed between the anorectal angle measurements at rest, during contraction of the puborectal muscle and during defecation. conclusion: there were no significant differences between the anorectal angle measurements of the two groups of volunteers examined.
APLICACIóN PRECOSECHA DE ETEFóN PARA MEJORAR LA CALIDAD DE MANGOS 'TOMMY ATKINS' PARA PROCESADO INDUSTRIAL
Tomás Osuna-Enciso,J. Adriana Saudo-Barajas,Ma. Dolores Muy-Rangel,José Basilio-Heredia
Revista fitotecnia mexicana , 2012,
Abstract: Se evaluó la aplicación precosecha de Etefón a 0, 200, 400 y 600 L L-1 en mango 'Tommy Atkins' para mejorar la calidad de los frutos utilizados en la industria de procesados. Las diferentes dosis de Etefón fueron asperjadas a los frutos en el árbol con bomba manual de motor y se cosecharon 6 d después de su aplicación. Los frutos cosechados fueron almacenados a 20 ± 2 °C y se les evaluaron características químicas y físicas durante 8 d. Los sólidos solubles totales (SST) fueron significativamente diferentes entre tratamientos, y alcanzaron 7.2 °Brix en los frutos Testigo y 7.8, 9.8 y 10.4 °Brix cuando se aplicó Etefón a 200, 400 y 600 L L-1, respectivamente. La acidez titulable (AT) y la relación SST/ acidez (RSA) fueron diferentes (P 0.0001) cuando se aplicó Etefón a 600 L L-1 (0.5 % y 38.8, respectivamente) al resto de los tratamientos, donde los valores de AT fueron entre 0.8 y 0.9 %, y los de RSA entre10.4 y 20.7. El color de la pulpa medida como ángulo de matiz (H*) fue diferente (P 0.0001) entre los tratamientos con Etefón y el Testigo; el valor más bajo fue de 75.3 H* en Etefón 600 L L-1 y refiere un color naranja, y el más alto 81.4 H* del testigo corresponde a un color amarillo. La firmeza, expresada en newtons (N), fue diferente entre tratamientos (P = 0.0001); los valores para el Testigo y para Etefón a 200, 400 y 600 L L-1 fueron de 189.9, 156.9, 126.0 y 62.5 N, respectivamente. Etefón indujo los siguientes cambios durante la maduración de los frutos de mango 'Tommy Atkins': incrementó los sólidos solubles totales, redujo la acidez, elevó la relación SST/acidez, dio pulpa de color naranja y redujo la firmeza; estos indicadores favorecen la disponibilidad de frutos con calidad para procesamiento industrial.
Improving survival in children with AIDS in Brazil: results of the second national study, 1999-2002
Matida, Luiza Harunari;Ramos Jr., Alberto Novaes;Heukelbach, Jorg;Saudo, Adriana;Succi, Regina Célia de Menezes;Marques, Heloisa Helena de Sousa;Negra, Marinella Della;Hearst, Norman;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011001300010
Abstract: the objective of this study is to characterize survival in children with aids diagnosed in brazil between 1999-2002, compared with the first national study (1983-1998). this national retrospective cohort study examined a representative sample of brazilian children exposed to hiv from mother-to-child transmission and followed through 2007. the survival probability after 60 months was analyzed by sex, year of birth and death, clinical classification, use of antiretroviral therapy (art) and prophylaxis for opportunistic diseases. 920 children were included. the survival probability increased: comparing cases diagnosed before 1988 with those diagnosed from 2001-2002 it increased by 3.5-fold (from 25% to 86.3%). use of art, initial clinical classification, and final classification were significant (p < 0.001) predictors of survival. issues regarding quality of records and care were identified. the results point to the success of the brazilian policy of providing art. the improvement of clinical status contributes to quality of life, while indicating challenges, particularly practices to improve long-term care.
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