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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6109 matches for " STéPHANIE; "
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Emotion Regulation, Personality and Social Adjustment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  [PDF]
Nathalie Nader-Grosbois, Stéphanie Mazzone
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.515182
Abstract: The study examines how emotion regulation and emotion dysregulation in 3 - 12 years old children with autism spectrum disorders (n = 39) are linked with the five factors of personality and their social adjustment. Children were assessed by means of the Differential Scales of Intellectual Efficiency-Revised edition (EDEI-R). The teachers have completed the CARS-T, the Bipolar Rating Scales based on the Five Factor Model (EBMCF) and the French version of Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC-vf) and a Social Adjustment scale (including items related to Theory of Mind, EASE-ToM, and related to social rules, EASE-Social-Skills). Positive and significant correlations are obtained between emotion regulation scores and verbal developmental age, personality factors of openness, agreeableness, and extraversion. The emotion dysregulation score is negatively and significantly linked with the factor of emotional stability, but positively and significantly linked with extraversion. Moreover, emotion regulation scores are positively and significantly linked with scores in social adjustment. Linear regression by stepwise shows that both extraversion and agreeableness explain 66.5% of the variance of the emotion regulation score; and extraversion, agreeableness and emotional stability explain 68.3% of the variance of the emotion dysregulation score. The openness explains 55.9% of the variance of the EASE-ToM score. Both agreeableness and extraversion explain 61.6% of the variance of the EASE-Social Skills score.
How Are Parental Reactions to Children’s Emotions Related to Their Theory of Mind Abilities?  [PDF]
Stéphanie Mazzone, Nathalie Nader-Grosbois
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.72019
Abstract: In this study, parents’ reactions to their children’s emotions were investigated as correlates of children’s abilities in Theory of Mind (ToM). 175 parents completed questionnaires about their reactions to their children’s emotions. Children’s ToM abilities were assessed by direct measures and a questionnaire completed by mothers. Inter-parental comparisons and intra-parental inter-actions were explored. The maternal model was significant for children’s ToM-emotions and ToM-thinking. The paternal model was significant for children’s ToM-beliefs. Maternal supportive reactions (SR) to positive emotions were related to children’s ToM-emotions and ToM-thinking. Moreover, maternal non-supportive reactions (NSR) to negative emotions were negatively associated with children’s ToM-thinking. The interaction between paternal SR to children’s positive emotions and a low level of NSR to positive emotions was associated with a high level of ToM-beliefs. The results suggest that exploring the parental gender effect and the combined effects of parental reactions is useful for understanding children’s ToM development.
Emotion-Related Socialization Behaviours in Parents of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  [PDF]
Stéphanie Mazzone, Nathalie Nader-Grosbois
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.88074
Abstract: Eisenberg, Cumberland and Spinrad (1998) defined Emotion-Related Socialization Behaviours (ERSBs) as parents’ behaviours that tend to promote their children’s emotional and social abilities. They distinguish three types of ERSBs in parents: their reactions to their children’s emotions, their emotion-related conversations and their emotional expressiveness. The two present studies compare these reactions (Study 1) and conversations (Study 2) in parents of children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and parents of typically developing (TD) children. Moreover, by applying several linear regression analyses by the stepwise method, they examined the extent to which such ERSBs vary according to individual characteristics in children and parents. Study 1 included 39 mothers and 31 fathers of ASD children and 39 mothers and 31 fathers of TD children. In Study 2, 29 mothers and 15 fathers of ASD children and 29 mothers and 15 fathers of TD children participated. For the two studies, children were matched for gender and global developmental age. Parents’ ERSBs, their openness to emotional processes and children’s personality were assessed by means of questionnaires. Children’s developmental age was assessed using the Differential Scales of Intellectual Efficiency. For each study, we considered mothers and fathers independently in our analyses, with a view to adapt parenting programmes for each parent if necessary. Results revealed that there are few differences between the two groups of parents in their ERSBs. Regression analyses showed that the variance in ERSBs in parents of ASD children was explained partially by their openness to emotional processes and by their children’s personality. Our results suggest that, although parents of ASD children are good “socializers of emotions”, intervention programs should take account of the fact that their ERSBs vary according to their own emotional abilities and their children’s personality. These studies emphasize the importance of identifying which individual characteristics are protective or risk factors for parent’s behaviours.
Variability and Predictors of Mothers and Fathers’ Socialization Behaviors and Bidirectional Links with Their Preschoolers Socio-Emotional Competences  [PDF]
Stéphanie Mazzone, Nathalie Nader-Grosbois
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2017.712043
Abstract: In their Parental Socialization of Emotions model, Eisenberg, Cumberland and Spinrad (1998) differentiated parents’ Emotion-Related Socialization Behaviours (ERSBs) that support their child’s socio-emotional development: their reactions to their child’s emotions, their discussions about emotions with the child and the expressions of their own emotions in the family. The cross- sectional study focused on the variability of parents’ ERSBs according to children’s and parents’ characteristics (Study 1) and included 167 mothers and 152 fathers of preschoolers. The short-term longitudinal study examined the interaction between parents’ ERSBs and children’s socio-emotional abilities (Theory of Mind, emotional regulation and social adjustment) (Study 2) in 53 two-parent families and their children, with a 6 months interval. In Study 1, parents’ ERSBs, their emotional competences and children’s personality were assessed by means of questionnaires. In Study 2, we combined direct and indirect measures to assess children’s socio-emotional competences. Results of Study 1 indicated that parental ERSBs were mainly predicted by children’s personality, such as emotional stability and parents’ emotional competences, such as communication about their own emotions. Moreover, we observed a differential sensitivity between mothers and fathers toward children’s personality. Results of Study 2 revealed that both mothers and fathers socialized their children’s socio-emotional competences, particularly by the way of emotion-related conversations with their children. Mothers’ emotion-related conversations predicted children’s Theory of mind abilities and social adjustment, while fathers’ emotion-related conversations predicted children’s emotional regulation. In addition, fathers’ reactions to their children’s emotions were predicted by children’s socio-emotional competences. These studies highlighted bidirectional effects between parents’ behaviours and children’s development. They emphasized also the importance to better identify predictors of parents’ ERSBs in order to know on which target the professionals should intervene.
Theoretical and Methodological Contributions of a Multi-Situated Approach and the Analysis of Migration Routes: The Example of Migration between Morocco and Canada
Garneau, Stéphanie;
Frontera norte , 2010,
Abstract: based on a series of research results on moroccan migration to canada, this paper seeks to prove how focusing on the migration routes of a specific national group of migrants and using a multi-situated methodological approach will not lead to the "ethnisizing", culturalizing or nationalizing of the experienced realities, but rather to the placing of actions within their political, cultural, social and economic structuring contexts. by resorting to an inductive approach, this perspective allows us to identify frontiers (in a symbolic sense) other than cultural or national belonging, reminding us of the internal heterogeneity of the studied national group, allowing us to apprehend other decisive factors in the migration route, and favoring our understanding of the plurality of the space practices and integration strategies developed by social actors when facing the concrete opportunities and limitations found during the whole migration process.
Transnacionalización de la subsistencia familiar: El caso de los refugiados colombianos en Quebec
Arsenault, Stéphanie;
Migraciones internacionales , 2009,
Abstract: the movement of money between the province of quebec and colombia is managed primarily by relatives, usually for the purpose of daily family subsistence. the monetary flows between these places occur within heart of the families, their frequency is highly variable, and the amounts involved are modest. statements gathered from people who send money to relatives in colombia reveal that for most, the frequency and the amount sent diminish once the person has settled in quebec when compared to the situation prior to exile. for many, their role as the family's economic provider has declined considerably, and for some, it has entirely ceased. generally, we can assert that people do not make major changes in their intention to help their families economically once they have left colombia. instead, the changes arise from their specific ability to do so, which declines or disappears altogether.
Las políticas de salud reproductiva en el Perú: reformas sociales y derechos ciudadanos
Rousseau, Stéphanie;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2007000200003
Abstract: the article analyzes the case of reproductive health policy-making in peru in the context of recent social policy reforms. health-sector reforms have only partially redressed peruvian women's unequal access to family planning, reproductive rights and maternal care. the main sources of inequalities are related to the segmented character of the health-care system, with the highest burden placed on the public sector. the majority of women from popular classes, who are not protected by an insurance plan, are dependent upon what and how public services are provided. simultaneously, the continuing role of conservative sectors in public debates about reproductive health policy has a strong impact on public family planning services and other reproductive rights.
Caracterización de un acuífero kárstico por sísmica de reflexión de alta resolución
Revista de la Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad Central de Venezuela , 2006,
Abstract: the present study was carried out in the pyrenean foothills (southwest of france) and shows a good application of high resolution seismic reflection to the knowledge of the first hundred meters of the subsurface. we have clearly characterized a karstic aquifer localized in the old glacial valley of ossau. all measurements were registered with a 24 channels seismograph, a sledgehammer stroked on a metallic plate or a shotgun and 24 vertical geophones. the processing of the seismic reflection data follows a traditional sequence: the signals were initially processed with frequency filters, fk filters and deconvolution; finally, a depth seismic migrated section was created. the subsurface coverage of the acquisition scheme and the complete processing sequence allowed us to produce seismic sections of high quality which show reflexions down to 200m depth. the geometric and geological context where the oasis springs emerge is now clearly defined. the springs are encountered in this part of the ossau valley because of the near outcrop of the upper aptien limestones. additionally, the lock of the glacial formed by the north pyrenean fault, represents an insuperable border that allow the oasis springs to emerge.
L’étranger d’ici venu d’ailleurs et ses langues face à la politique d’accueil des étrangers en France : l’exemple du Contrat d’Accueil et d’Intégration
Stéphanie Galligani
Synergies France , 2005,
Mobilités étudiantes et socialisations professionnelles en France et au Québec
Stéphanie Garneau
SociologieS , 2006,
Abstract: Cet article décrit le processus de construction d’une comparaison menée selon l’approche sociétale en recourant à une recherche ayant porté sur la mobilité internationale d’étudiants fran ais et québécois. Après avoir présenté les traits que prend le phénomène dans les deux contextes sociétaux, ce qui permet de mieux situer les choix théoriques et méthodologiques qui se sont imposés au fur et à mesure que l’enquête progressait, les résultats exposés ont pour vocation d’illustrer les modalités de construction d’une typologie en tant qu’instrument d’analyse comparative. On voit alors en quoi la démarche typologique permet d’identifier les paramètres qui interviennent dans la construction des pratiques de mobilité et des socialisations professionnelles dans deux sociétés. Student Exchange Programs and Career Strategies in France and Quebec. Construction of a Typology as a Tool for International ComparisonThis article describes the process of elaboration of a comparative study which follows the social approach, focusing on the international mobility of French and Quebecois exchange students. After presenting the different characteristics of this phenomenon within the two social contexts, which allows us to better situate the theoretical and methodological choices of this study, the results illustrate the different conditions and terms for the construction of a typology as an instrument of comparative analysis. This typological approach enables us to identify the parameters which come into play in the construction of practices of mobility and for selecting and obtaining a job in the two societies. La movilidad del mundo estudiantil y las socializaciones profesionales en Francia y en Canadá. La construcción de una tipología como instrumento de comparación internacionalEl artículo narra el proceso de elaboración de un estudio comparativo desarrollado a partir de la aproximación relativa a lo social, focalizado sobre la movilidad internacional de los estudiantes franceses y los canadienses de Québec. Después de haber presentado los diferentes aspectos del fenómeno en los dos contextos geográficos que permiten situar con precisión los elementos teóricos y metodológicos impuestos por el estudio, los resultados expuestos tienen como objetivo la ilustración de las modalidades de construcción de una tipología en tanto que instrumento de análisis comparativo. La aproximación tipológica hace posible la identificación de los parámetros que intervienen en la construcción de la movilidad y de la socialización en los dos países.
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