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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 225 matches for " SOZA-AMIGO "
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ANáLISIS COMPARATIVO PARA LA ECONOMíA MAGALLáNICA DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA SENSIBILIDAD DE COEFICIENTES TéCNICOS
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442009000100010
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to show how changes in sectoral activities affect the output of some of the chilean regions. the magellan region is compared to other three regions: libertador bernando o′higgins, bío bío and los lagos to assess similarities and differences among them. using the field of influence techniques, and the chilean regional input-output tables (ine and mideplan), according to schintke y st?glin (1988) to identify the key sectors and treating the results with tools from graph theory (aroche, 1996; 2002 y 2005). finally, it can be it concluded that, when a major interaction of the activities exists, they increase the alternatives that they allow to accede to an economic successful development, since the degree of spatial interaction to the interior of a region associates with a range of possibilities that allow a growth of the economy.
Determinación del impacto de la Universidad de Magallanes en la comuna de Punta Arenas
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442012000200005
Abstract: this study quantifies the economic impacts that universidad de magallanes (umag) generates in the economy of punta arenas district. in order to determine what is proposed above, the input-output (io) methodology is used. based on the static analysis proposed, the economic effects of a certain expense and economic contributions related to umag for a specific given year are determined, considering their presence and absence in the economy of punta arenas district. the results indicate that even if the above mentioned university has small participation in terms of gdp in the local area, its effects with regard to the average are high and influential, which contributes in an important way to local development.
LA IDENTIDAD MAGALLáNICA DADOS LOS PRINCIPALES CAMBIOS ECONóMICOS Y ESTRUCTURALES OCURRIDOS EN CHILE ENTRE 1960 Y 2008
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442010000100007
Abstract: the present work consists in identifying the economic activity or activities that have contributed to the development of the magellan region. for this we recognize two variables, the internal gross product (pibr) and employment by branch of economic activity (pea). in this intention, we consider two time horizons, one from 1960 to year 2006 for the first variable and, from 1986 to 2008, for the second. results help us establish the most representative economic activities in the functioning regional production. also, some repercussions are advanced in relation to a possible economic shock, which in this economy can happen as soon as these are implemented, in a caeteris paribus scene. nowadays the magellan region, on the basis of its pea, is identified with branches linked to services, where as the pibr focuses on mining and manufacturing industry. on the other hand, we perceive that magellan has specialized itself in activities of rapid regional growth, but slow in a national level.
ENCADENAMIENTOS Y SIMILITUDES ESTRUCTURALES PARA LAS REGIONES DE CHILE
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO;
Revista de análisis económico , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-88702011000200004
Abstract: many authors stress the importance of relationships between sectors for the economic growth. therefore the concept of linkage appears in the definition of two of the most traditional concepts in the input-output analysis: the "key sector" and cluster. in this paper, key products and activities are identified for the chilean regions, the clusters that form and the structural similarity that exists between them. for this, we use a combination of so-called important coefficients and fields of influence. the results indicate that the regions that are most similar are: tarapacá and antofagasta, biobío and los lagos. besides the "developed" regions concept that is associated with a high division of labor and coordination between sectors, they have similar production structures and are very different from those that have "less development".
ANáLISIS COMPARATIVO PARA LA ECONOMíA MAGALLáNICA DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA SENSIBILIDAD DE COEFICIENTES TéCNICOS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS FOR THE ECONOMY MAGALLANES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE SENSIBILITY OF TECHNICAL COEFFICIENTS
SERGIO SOZA-AMIGO
Magallania , 2009,
Abstract: Este trabajo compara diferentes medidas basadas en sensibilidades estructurales de la Región de Magallanes con las Regiones de Tarapacá, del Libertador Bernardo O`Higgins Riquelme, del Bío-Bío, y de Los Lagos. El objetivo es mostrar cuales son los cambios en las actividades que afectan significativamente la producción de las regiones estudiadas, de manera de poder establecer las similitudes en las respuestas a cambios externos de las regiones estudiadas. Utilizando la técnica de límites tolerables, y las tablas de insumo- producto, desarrolladas por el INE-Chile y posteriormente modificadas por MIDEPLAN, primero se presenta un análisis de sensibilidad de las etapas productivas empleando la propuesta de Schintke y St glin (1988) para identificar la importancia de cada actividad o rama. Luego, se obtienen los campos de influencia a través del uso de la teoría de Grafos (Aroche, 1996; 2002 y 2005). Finalmente, se concluye que, al existir una mayor interacción de las actividades, aumentan las alternativas que permiten acceder a un desarrollo económico exitoso, ya que el grado de interacción espacial al interior de una región, se asocia a un abanico de posibilidades que permiten un crecimiento de la economía. The aim of this paper is to show how changes in sectoral activities affect the output of some of the Chilean regions. The Magellan region is compared to other three regions: Libertador Bernando O′Higgins, Bío Bío and Los Lagos to assess similarities and differences among them. Using the field of influence techniques, and the Chilean regional Input-Output tables (INE and MIDEPLAN), according to Schintke y St glin (1988) to identify the key sectors and treating the results with tools from graph theory (Aroche, 1996; 2002 y 2005). Finally, it can be it concluded that, when a major interaction of the activities exists, they increase the alternatives that they allow to accede to an economic successful development, since the degree of spatial interaction to the interior of a region associates with a range of possibilities that allow a growth of the economy.
LA IDENTIDAD MAGALLáNICA DADOS LOS PRINCIPALES CAMBIOS ECONóMICOS Y ESTRUCTURALES OCURRIDOS EN CHILE ENTRE 1960 Y 2008 MAGELIAN IDENTITY GIVEN THE PRINCIPAL ECONOMIC AND STRUCTURAL CHANGES OCURRED IN CHILE BETWEEN 1960 AND 2008
SERGIO SOZA-AMIGO
Magallania , 2010,
Abstract: El presente trabajo1-2consiste en identificar a la o las actividades económicas que han contribuido al desarrollo de la región de Magallanes, para ello se recurre a dos variables, al Producto Interno Bruto Regionalizado (PIBr) y Empleo por Rama de Actividad Económica (PEA). En este propósito, se consideran dos horizontes de tiempo, uno que va desde 1960 al a o 2006 para la primera variable y, desde 1986 a 2008, para la segunda. Los resultados, ayudan a establecer qué actividades económicas son las más representativas del funcionamiento productivo regional. De igual forma, se desprenden las repercusiones de posibles shock económicos que pueden acaecer en esta economía una vez que estos son implementados, ello en un escenario caeteris paribus. Actualmente Magallanes en base a su PEA se identifica con ramas vinculadas a los servicios, mientras que el PIBr se ala a la minería e industria manufacturera. Por otra parte, se aprecia que en Magallanes hay una tendencia a especializarse en actividades de rápido crecimiento regional, pero lentas a nivel nacional. The present work consists in identifying the economic activity or activities that have contributed to the development of the Magellan region. For this we recognize two variables, the Internal Gross Product (PIBr) and Employment by Branch of Economic Activity (PEA). In this intention, we consider two time horizons, one from 1960 to year 2006 for the first variable and, from 1986 to 2008, for the second. Results help us establish the most representative economic activities in the functioning regional production. Also, some repercussions are advanced in relation to a possible economic shock, which in this economy can happen as soon as these are implemented, in a caeteris paribus scene. Nowadays the Magellan region, on the basis of its PEA, is identified with branches linked to services, where as the PIBr focuses on mining and manufacturing industry. On the other hand, we perceive that Magellan has specialized itself in activities of rapid regional growth, but slow in a national level.
Determinación del impacto de la Universidad de Magallanes en la comuna de Punta Arenas Determination of the impact of Magellan University in Punta Arenas district
SERGIO SOZA-AMIGO
Magallania , 2012,
Abstract: En este estudio se cuantifican los impactos económicos que la Universidad de Magallanes (UMAG) genera en la economía de la comuna de Punta Arenas, para determinar lo propuesto se utiliza la metodología input-output (io). Basados en el análisis estático que se propone, se capturan los efectos económicos de un determinado gasto y aportes económicos vinculados a la UMAG para un a o concreto considerando su presencia y ausencia en la economía de la comuna de Punta Arenas. Los resultados indican que aun cuando dicha Universidad en el ámbito local tiene poca participación en términos de PIB, sus efectos respecto a la media son altos e influyentes, los que contribuyen en forma importante al desarrollo local. This study quantifies the economic impacts that Universidad de Magallanes (UMAG) generates in the economy of Punta Arenas district. In order to determine what is proposed above, the input-output (io) methodology is used. Based on the static analysis proposed, the economic effects of a certain expense and economic contributions related to UMAG for a specific given year are determined, considering their presence and absence in the economy of Punta Arenas district. The results indicate that even if the above mentioned University has small participation in terms of GDP in the local area, its effects with regard to the average are high and influential, which contributes in an important way to local development.
Economías aisladas, peque?as y dependientes de commodities: el caso del petróleo y metanol en la comuna de Punta Arenas, Chile
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO; AROCA,PATRICIO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442011000200009
Abstract: punta arenas is a county in the chilean extreme south which economy is driven by the production of two commodities: oil and methanol. in this context, the main aim of this paper is to estimate the impact of these commodities on output, income and employment of the county, where the relative significance of the commodities production has been changing from oil to methanol. using an input-output framework, we show that, the linkages and the impact of these commodities in this small and isolated economy in output and income. while in employment their linkages are large, the level of the employment on this industry is very low compare with the punta arenas total employees.
Análisis y simulaciones en base a las matrices insumo-producto de la comuna de Punta Arenas para los a?os 2003 y 2007
SOZA-AMIGO,SERGIO; AROCA,PATRICIO;
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442012000200007
Abstract: an input-output matrix is like an x-ray of the productive system of an economy that shows the health of the fundamentals and survey the economic activity developed during a year. soza-amigo et al (2010 and 2012) estimated punta arenas county input-output matrices for the years 2003 and 2007. based on that estimation, this paper presents the economic characteristics of the county for both years and the main structural changes occurred during the fve years under study. the results show that while some primary activities are very important on the regional gross domestic product, they are a set of services that is increasing their share in the production. also a significant increment in the output multipliers is taking place; the change in multipliers has been significantly lower than those occurred in income, which is suggesting that the changes might be associated to significant capital increase in punta arenas economy.
Economías aisladas, peque as y dependientes de commodities: el caso del petróleo y metanol en la comuna de Punta Arenas, Chile Small, isolated and commodities dependent economies: the case of the oil and methanol in the county of Punta Arenas, Chile
SERGIO SOZA-AMIGO,PATRICIO AROCA
Magallania , 2011,
Abstract: Punta Arenas es una comuna ubicada en el extremo sur de Chile, cuya economía se basa en la producción de dos materias primas (commodities): petróleo y metanol. En este contexto, el objetivo principal de este artículo es estimar el impacto de estas materias primas sobre la producción, el ingreso y el empleo de la comuna, en donde la importancia relativa de la producción de estas materias primas ha estado cambiando del petróleo al metanol. Usando una matriz input-ouput, demostramos que, los encadenamientos de estas materias primas, en economías que son peque as y aisladas generan un bajo impacto en la producción e ingreso. Adicionalmente, se detecta que mientras los encadenamientos de empleo son grandes, se observa que el nivel del mismo en estas industrias es muy bajo respecto al total de empleados de Punta Arenas. Punta Arenas is a county in the Chilean extreme south which economy is driven by the production of two commodities: oil and methanol. In this context, the main aim of this paper is to estimate the impact of these commodities on output, income and employment of the county, where the relative significance of the commodities production has been changing from oil to methanol. Using an input-output framework, we show that, the linkages and the impact of these commodities in this small and isolated economy in output and income. While in employment their linkages are large, the level of the employment on this industry is very low compare with the Punta Arenas total employees.
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