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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4356 matches for " SI Ouedraogo "
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Incisional Hernias: Risk Factors and Treatment in a Context of Limited Resources  [PDF]
Souleymane Ouedraogo, Salam Ouedraogo, Jean-Luc Kambire, Mamadou Windsouri, Mamadou T. Traore, Maurice Zida, , Si Simon Traore
Surgical Science (SS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2017.810050
Abstract: Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the etiologic factors and therapeutic modalities of incisional hernias in the department of surgery at the regional hospital of Tenkodogo, in Burkina Faso. Methods: It is a cross sectional study covering the period from 2010 to 2012. Sampling was comprehensive, including all the patients operated for incisional hernias during this period. Results: Fifty-four patients were included. Their average age was 22.3 years. There were 35 (64.8%) males and 19 (35.2%) female patients. We counted 28 large-size incisional hernias, 14 medium-size incisional hernias and 12 incisional hernias of small size. The average time from the first surgery to the diagnosis of incisional hernias was 8 months. Generalized acute peritonitis (44.4%) and acute intestinal obstructions (22.2%) were the main indications of initial surgical interventions. Vertical midline incisions have been involved in 37 cases (68.5%). Therapeutically, two surgical techniques have been used: open suture repair and open mesh repair. Forty-two patients (77.8%) were treated by open suture repair. Twelve patients (22.2%) benefited from open mesh repair. Post-operative complications were noted in 2 patients. Nine patients (16.7%) presented a recurrence after 12 months. Conclusion: In the rural area of Burkina Faso, incisional hernias occur in young patients. Emergencies with abdominal Infections are the main operative indications. Prostheses are relatively high cost and less accessible. The recidivism rate is high.
Acute Intussusception of the Adult in Burkina Faso, a Tropical Area: Our Experience about 30 Cases  [PDF]
Zida Maurice, Ouangré Edgar, Ouedraogo Souleymane, Doamba Rodrigue, Kafando Roch Justin, Zan Abdoulaye, Traoré Si Simon
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.96022
Abstract: Objective: To describe the etiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of adults’ intussusception at Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital in Ouagadougou (CHU-YO), Burkina Faso. Patients and method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2011 and April 2016 at CHU-YO. All patients with 16 years of age and older operated on for intussusception were included. Results: Thirty patients were identified, 15 men and as many women. Their average age was 37.3 years. A higher frequency was noted between 30 and 39 years. The installation of the symptomatology was insidious in 22 cases and brutal in 8 cases. The reasons for consultation were abdominal pain (30 cases), vomiting (19 cases), intestinal transit stop (18 cases) and rectorrhagia (9 cases). Physical examination noted an abdominal mass in 11 cases and a localized abdominal tenderness in 7 cases. An intussusception coil was identified on ultrasound in 9 cases. All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia and the approach was laparotomy. Intraoperatively, the intussusception was ileocolic in 15 cases; a right hemi-colectomy was performed. It was colo-colic intussusception in 10 cases and the treatment thus consisted of a left hemi-colectomy. In other 5 cases, intussusception was ileal, requiring ileal resection. The average hospital stay was 11.7 days. Pathologically, the examination was normal
Effects of State Expenditure on the Primary Completion Rate in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Sayouba Ouedraogo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.92019
Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to identify and analyze the effects of budget expenditures (operation, salary, and investment) on the completion rate of primary education. The annual education budgetary data from 1970 to 2013 collected in Burkina Faso were used to estimate a parametric education production function. The results show a positive effect of unitary investment expenditure and a negative effect of unit staff salaries and budgetary instabilities. Pay mechanisms in public administration should be redesigned to reward proven performance and skills. Moreover, the control of budget programming would lead to better results in the education sector.
Etude de la résistance au flérien de ligneées inter-et intraspécifiques de riz de bas-fonds en conditions d'infestation artificielles
SI Ouedraogo, I Somda, I Wonni, Y Sere
African Crop Science Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Le riz (Oryza sativa) est une nourriture de base importante au Burkina Faso. Cependant, la productivité de riz au Burkina Faso est affectée par l’infestation bactérienne de flanche menant à l’échec total de récolte dans beaucoup des cas. Il y a donc urgence d’évaluer et par la suite introduire des cultivars résistants pour toutes les zones écologiques du Burkina faso. Dans cette étude, cette évaluation de la résistance à la flanche bactérienne a été faite en utilisant soixante- neuf lignées de riz des basses terres, dont huit lignées intra spécifiques et soixante et interspécifiques. Une variante de Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae du Burkina Faso a été utilisé pour tester les lignées candidates. Une variante de référence (NCPPB 1150) a été obtenue au Danemark et de l’eau distillée a été utilisée respectivement comme le contr le positif et négatif. La variété susceptible à la bactérie flanche, la variété chinoise TCS 10 et la résistante FKR19 ont été aussi utilisées comme contr le. L’expérience a été conduite en serre à la température de 28-30°C et 12 heures de cycle de lumière. La conception expérimentale était du type split plot avec trois réplications. Apres quinze jours les vieilles plantes de riz ont été vaccinées et les sympt mes de maladie ont été observés quatorze jours après l’inoculation. Les résultats ont indiqué que 55.07 % des lignées sont résistantes, 23.20 % modérément résistant, 5.80 % modérément susceptible, 7.24 % susceptible et 8.69 % extrêmement susceptible. Il a été aussi observé que 78.68 % de lignées interspécifiques étaient plus résistantes en comparaison avec 75 % d’intra spécifiques. La variante bactérienne de Bagre (Burkina Faso) était plus virulente que le NCPPB de référence 1150. Les lignées inter spécifiques et intra spécifiques doivent être essayé dans les conditions de champ avant la recommandation pour l’adoption dans les zones infestées par Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.
Stability Analysis for a Discrete SIR Epidemic Model with Delay and General Nonlinear Incidence Function  [PDF]
Aboudramane Guiro, Dramane Ouedraogo, Harouna Ouedraogo
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/am.2018.99070
In this paper, we construct a backward difference scheme for a class of SIR epidemic model with general incidence f . The step sizeτ used in our discretization is one. The dynamical properties are investigated (positivity and the boundedness of solution). By constructing the Lyapunov function, the general incidence function f must satisfy certain assumptions, under which, we establish the global stability of endemic equilibrium when R0 >1. The global stability of diseases-free equilibrium is also established when R0 ≤1. In addition we present numerical results of the continuous and discrete model of the different class according to the value of basic reproduction number R0.
Dynamics of Integration and Economic Growth of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)  [PDF]
Sayouba Ouedraogo, Désiré Drabo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.104076
Abstract: The objective of the study is to determine the effect of the dynamics of regional integration on economic growth in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). The autoregressive vector analysis using the Cholesky decomposition used data from the Central Bank of West African States, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development statistics, and world development indicators. The results show that the overall contribution of a WAEMU country to integration accounts for 0.5% of the variation in growth in the community area over the long term. The effects of the free trade area and the customs union are respectively higher on economic growth than economic union and economic and monetary union. The establishment of an effective free trade area would lead to better economic growth. In addition, taking the common market into account would more than capture the contribution of the integration process to economic growth and would be a prospect for future research.
Maxillary Osteitis in the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital: Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects  [PDF]
T. Konsem, M. Millogo, V. Ili, A. Coulibaly, R. W. L. Ouedraogo, L. Ouedraogo, D. Ouedraogo
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2018.84009
Abstract: Purpose: Report the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of maxillary osteitis. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional retrospective study carried out in the Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Yalgado OUEDRAOGO Teaching Hospital, covering a period of 7 years. Results: We registered 68 cases of maxillary osteitis with an annual hospital frequency of 9.71 cases. The mean age was 27.5 years +/-4.02 with extremes of 4 years and 72 years. Farmers/herders were the most concerned in 67.65% of the cases. Reasons for consultation were dominated by swelling of the cheek in 79.41% of cases. The average time to consultation was 7 months. Tooth decays and dental avulsions were mostly implicated in etiologies in 79.41% of the cases. Treatment provided was medical and surgical. All patients received antibiotic therapy. Surgical treatment involved 51.47% of patients. The evolution was favorable in 89.70% of the patients. Sequelae were found in 58.82% of the patients. Conclusion: Maxillary osteitis is common in our regions. Treatment is medical and surgical. It is marked by many difficulties, especially the delay in consultation.
Maxillary Ameloblastoma, Epidemiological Aspects and Treatment at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
T. Konsem, M. Millogo, R. W. L. Ouedraogo, V. Ili, L. Ouedraogo, A. Coulibaly, D. Ouedraogo
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2018.85014
Abstract: Purpose: To report any epidemiological, anatomo-clinical and therapeutic aspects of maxillary ameloblastoma at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital (CHU-YO). Materials and Method: This was a descriptive and retrospective study covering the period ranging from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016. All patients received in the stomatology department for maxillary ameloblastoma with histological confirmation were included in the study. Consultation registers were used as the basis for data collection. Results: In our study, 50 cases were reported, i.e. an incidence of 7.14 cases per year. The mean age was 30.16 years with a sex ratio of 0.56. Housewives were the most affected and the average time to consultation was 2.5 years. The site of the tumor was in the majority of cases the mandible 82%, with swelling as the main reason for consultation. X-rays showed a predominance of monogeodic images in 56% of the cases. Conservative surgery was performed in 56% of the cases. Conclusion: Ameloblastoma is common in our area, characterized by delayed consultation. Strengthening of the technical facilities and awareness campaigns for the populations for early consultation are required.
L’enseignement de la culture arabe et islamique dans le département de Soaw, province de Bulkiemde, Burkina Faso
Adama Ouedraogo
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6040
Abstract: Arab and Islamic culture is made available to students in several venues. In the Soaw district, there are, on the one hand, the Coranic school which was introduced back in the 16th century by Yarse Muslims, and, on the other hand, the medersa which was founded as late as 2001. Both systems teach Arab and Islamic culture. The difference between the two, however, is that the objective of the former is not to teach Arabic, but to transmit religious knowledge; it does not help learners to find jobs after the completion of their studies. The medersa, on the other hand, teaches how to read and write Arabic with a view to engage in a professional activity. In other words, the Coranic school teaches only religion, and Arabic is translated into and explained in the vernacular teaching language. The medersa teaches religion, Arabic, French and a number of scientific disciplines, which are explained either in Arabic or in French. L’enseignement de la culture arabo-musulmane est dispensé au Burkina Faso dans plusieurs lieux. Dans la région étudiée (le département de Soaw), on ne trouve que l’école coranique et la medersa. Les premières écoles coraniques ont été créées au XVIe siècle par des Yarse musulmans alors que la première medersa n’a été fondée qu’en 2001. Ces deux systèmes dispensent des enseignements centrés sur la culture arabo-musulmane, mais ne remplissent pas les mêmes fonctions. L’objectif de l’école coranique n’est pas d’enseigner la pratique de la langue arabe ni de donner une formation professionnelle mais de transmettre un savoir religieux. á l’inverse, la medersa vise à une bonne pratique de l’arabe afin de permettre aux élèves d’accéder à une activité rémunératrice. Ainsi, l’école coranique enseigne les matières religieuses et l’arabe en recourant à la traduction dans les langues locales, alors que la medersa dispense ses enseignements religieux, scientifiques et sociaux en arabe ou en fran ais.
La demande de bois-énergie à Ouagadougou : esquisse d’évaluation de l’impact physique et des échecs des politiques de prix
Boukary Ouedraogo
Développement Durable et Territoires , 2006,
Abstract: Cet article vise à évaluer non seulement la demande de bois-énergie de la ville de Ouagadougou, l’impact de cette demande sur le patrimoine forestier de l’aire d’approvisionnement de cette ville, mais aussi l’esquisse d’une évaluation des échecs des politiques de prix du bois-énergie. Les méthodes d’évaluation de la consommation de cette source d’énergie sont passées en revue au regard des conditions d’offre de la ressource et des données existantes sur la demande de cette ressource. Les données sur les inventaires forestiers de l’aire d’approvisionnement de Ouagadougou en bois-énergie, ainsi que des enquêtes sur les ménages et les artisans ont permis d’estimer la consommation de Ouagadougou en bois-énergie et son impact sur l’épuisement des ressources forestières du pays. This paper aims at evaluating not only the wood-energy demand of Ouagadougou, the physic impact of this city wood energy consumption on the forest of its provisioning area, together with the causes of wood-energy price policy failures. The evaluation’s methods of wood energy consumption are reviewed in comparison with the resource supply conditions and the availability on data of wood resource demand. The data on the forest inventories of the wood-energy provisioning surface of Ouagadougou, as well as investigations into the households and the craftsmen allows estimating the consumption of Ouagadougou in wood-energy and its impact on the forest resources’ depletion. some complementary analysis have been done on the main causes of wood energy price policy failures.
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