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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23198 matches for " SHI Peijun "
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On the role of government in integrated disaster risk governance—Based on practices in China
Peijun Shi
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s13753-012-0014-2
Abstract: This article outlines the roles of government in ensuring integrated disaster risk governance in China. In general, government plays important political, economic, cultural, and social roles in risk governance systems that include resource assurance, technical support, and disaster risk management. Three key aspects of governance relate to those roles: (1) Overall leadership. Politically, the government has a leading role for the overall rule and system design, including legislation, decision-making processes, and policy implementation mechanisms. Economically, the government’s primary responsibility is to strengthen resource assurance, including coordinating development and disaster reduction, and providing support for disaster reduction activities. Culturally, the government must increase risk awareness through disaster reduction education, training, and practice of emergency response skills, disaster risk research, and technical development. Socially, the government is vital to the improvement of integrated management, including disaster, risk, and emergency management systems. (2) Engaging civil society. Politically, the government is charged with the responsibility to engage and collaborate with civil society, such as NGOs. Economically, it is the role of the government to consolidate governmental and community resources. Culturally, the government needs to give the same importance to the functions of majority and minority cultures alike. Socially, it is the duty of the government to coordinate advantaged and disadvantaged social groups. (3) International cooperation. The government has an international humanitarian role politically to carry out disaster reduction diplomacy; economically to strengthen the catastrophe financial assurance system; culturally to improve the world safety culture, disaster reduction education, and technology assurance systems; and socially to increase the capacity for international disaster relief and assistance and volunteer services.
Palynological records of environmental changes in the middle part of Inner Mongolia, China
Peijun Shi,Changqing Song
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2003, DOI: 10.1360/02wd0259
Abstract: A 2.4-m-long core was extracted from Diaojiao Lake (41° 18′’ N, 112° 2l′’ E) at the foot of the northern part of Daqingshan Mts. High-resolution pollen analysis results of two sites showed 10 arboreal genera, including Pinus, Betula, Picea, Abies, Carpinus, Quercus, Ulmus and more than 20 non-arboreal genera, mainly of Artemisia, Labiatae, Nitraria, Polygonaceae, Ranunculus, Thalictrum, Umbelliferae, Caryophyllaceae and Cyperaceae dominating the record. Fern spores, aquatic pollen and algae were also observed in some sections of the cores. The sequence was divided stratigraphically into six pollen assemblage zones by a stratigraphically-constrained cluster analysis using an facremental sum of squares method. The vegetation underwent the following stage changes: steppe with sparse trees, steppe, forest, and steppe. During the middle Holocene, a mixed forest of Pinus, Betula and Quercus occurred on the mountainous areas, and Pinus forest dominated the frontal plains. Six climatic stages were inferred from total pollen flux and pollen percentage from the two sites using a transfer function: humid-cool (10000—7800 aBP), arid-cold (9200—7800 aBP), arid-warm (7800—7100 aBP), humid-warm (7100—4400 aBP), arid-warm (4400—3000 aBP), arid-cold (3000—2100 aBP) phases were identified.
A new goal for playing global climate change game
Qian Ye,Peijun Shi
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2010, DOI: 10.3974/j.issn.2095-0055.2010.02.005
Abstract: From an integrated risk governance point of view, we propose a new goal in order to solve the current dilemma in the international global climate change negotiations. We demonstrate that for global climate change issues, identifying a common interest so that all players are willing to play the game with the same rule is the key. Green economy could be that key.
Haiti 2010 earthquake—How to explain such huge losses?
Laurent Hou,Peijun Shi
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13753-011-0003-x
Abstract: This article provides an overview of the 7.0 magnitude earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010, with emphasis on the disaster losses. This catastrophic event has entered world history as one of the most destructive earthquakes on record. Yet, we only have a very incomplete idea of the losses it caused. Conflicting estimates have been published by different institutions, organizations, and individuals. The article tries to present the reasons why this event, which was a strong but not an exceptional earthquake, has caused so much devastation.
Response to a high-altitude earthquake: The Yushu Earthquake example
Jifu Liu,Yida Fan,Peijun Shi
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13753-011-0005-8
Abstract: At 07:49, 14 April 2010, the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Qinghai Province on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China was struck by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake, with the epicenter located at 33.1° N and 96.7° E and at an altitude of 4300 m, and an epicentral intensity of Modified Mercalli scale IX. It was the first strong earthquake that struck the high-altitude, hypoxia-prone Tibetan plateau primarily inhabited by ethnic minorities since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, which has caused a huge loss of lives and property and adversely impacted the economic and social development of the area. The 2010 Yushu Earthquake was an earthquake disaster with the greatest destruction, widest spatial extent, and greatest difficulty for relief efforts in the history of Yushu, involving 19 townships in six counties of the prefecture. As verified by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and the Yushu Prefecture Government, the earthquake killed 2698 people and caused government agencies to list 270 missing persons, who were mostly in Jiegu Town of Yushu County. The earthquake also caused a direct economic loss of RMB 44 billion Yuan. The severe environmental conditions in Yushu and limited infrastructural support for disaster relief to remediate the impacts on the earthquake victims were also rare in the history of earthquake disaster relief. This article focuses on the characteristics of the high-altitude Yushu Earthquake assessment and response, and summarizes the experiences and lessons of government and society in responding to this earthquake. The assessment of and response to the Yushu Earthquake will provide helpful references for high plateau earthquake response in the future.
THE NATURAL DISASTERS,CONSTRUCTIONS WORKS FOR DISASTER REDUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF CHINA
中国自然灾害,减灾建设与可持续发展

Shi Peijun,
史培军

自然资源学报 , 1995,
Abstract: 本文依据国家减灾委减灾办所收集到的有关我国自然灾害的资料,以及国家基金委"中国自然灾害区域规律"研究所收集到的资料,分析了中国自然灾害的基本状况、危险性程度以及中国可持续发展与减灾建设。结论是中国可持续发展必须对减轻自然灾害给予高度重视,把减灾作为国家的基本国策。
The Relationship between Urban Sprawl and Farmland Displacement in the Pearl River Delta, China
Shiqiang Du,Peijun Shi,Anton Van Rompaey
Land , 2014, DOI: 10.3390/land3010034
Abstract: China is rapidly urbanizing and will inevitably face trade-offs between promoting economic growth through further urbanization and protecting fertile farmland against accelerated urban expansion. This paper presents how this dilemma is being addressed in one of the most rapidly urbanizing regions in China, the Pearl River Delta (PRD), by means of assessing urban growth and farmland dynamic, as well as their complex relationships. Land use maps derived from Landsat imagery for 1990, 2000 and 2010 show a process of accelerated urban sprawl whereby built-up lands have more than quadrupled and scattered centers have merged into megacities. Nonetheless, the land use efficiency is considerably low and is declining relative to Hong Kong and Macau with respect to urban population density. On the other hand, the spreading of urban areas on farmlands causes new farmland reclamation and accelerated deforestation in the hilly surroundings. In addition, the displaced farmlands do not ensure food production because of both reclaiming farmlands on infertile lands and diversifying farming activities from grain production to market-oriented ones. The accelerated urbanization and farmland displacement are driven by profit-oriented development strategy and ineffective land use planning. Our findings demonstrate how spatial analysis can help to investigate the integrated effects of land policies on landscape.
Spatial patterns in temperature sensitivity of soil respiration in China: Estimation with inverse modeling
Tao Zhou,PeiJun Shi,DaFeng Hui,YiQi Luo
Science China Life Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.1007/s11427-009-0125-1
Abstract: Temperature sensitivity of soil respiration (Q 10) is an important parameter in modeling the effects of global warming on ecosystem carbon release. Experimental studies of soil respiration have ubiquitously indicated that Q 10 has high spatial heterogeneity. However, most biogeochemical models still use a constant Q 10 in projecting future climate change and no spatial pattern of Q 10 values at large scales has been derived. In this study, we conducted an inverse modeling analysis to retrieve the spatial pattern of Q 10 in China at 8 km spatial resolution by assimilating data of soil organic carbon into a process-based terrestrial carbon model (CASA model). The results indicate that the optimized Q 10 values are spatially heterogeneous and consistent to the values derived from soil respiration observations. The mean Q 10 values of different soil types range from 1.09 to 2.38, with the highest value in volcanic soil, and the lowest value in cold brown calcic soil. The spatial pattern of Q 10 is related to environmental factors, especially precipitation and top soil organic carbon content. This study demonstrates that inverse modeling is a useful tool in deriving the spatial pattern of Q 10 at large scales, with which being incorporated into biogeochemical models, uncertainty in the projection of future carbon dynamics could be potentially reduced.
Agriculture insurance in China: History, experience, and lessons learned
Ming Wang,Peijun Shi,Tao Ye,Min Liu,Meiqin Zhou
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13753-011-0007-6
Abstract: The development of agriculture and the rural economy play a crucial role in China’s socioeconomic system. Agriculture insurance has become key in ensuring the growth of agriculture and stabilizing farmers’ income when faced with natural disasters. The focus of this article is the history of the development of Chinese agriculture insurance since the 1980s and the trial of a new agriculture insurance launched in 2007, the policy details implemented in selected provinces, and the operation models. Using results from an investigation and field survey conducted since 2007 in Hunan Province, this article analyzes the performance and effects of this agriculture insurance trial run from the perspectives of different participating stakeholders, and with an emphasis on the program’s four principles. The experience and lessons learned are summarized, followed by recommendations on how to ensure the smooth operation and sustainable development of this new agriculture insurance program.
Study on large-scale disaster risk assessment and risk transfer models
Peijun Shi,Jiabing Shuai,Wenfang Chen,Lili Lu
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science , 2010, DOI: 10.3974/j.issn.2095-0055.2010.02.001
Abstract: This article analyzes the risk assessment and risk transfer models of large-scale disasters in line with the characteristics of such disasters. A large-scale disaster risk assessment model based on the Regional Disaster System concept is developed: large-scale disaster risk (R L ) is a function of the disaster triggering hazard (H), the vulnerability of the concerned objects (V), and the stability of the contextual hazard-formative environment (E), or R L = f(H, V, E). Based on our discussions, we propose that large-scale disaster risk transfer in China should be supported by governments at all levels, operated by insurance companies, and the responsibilities should be shared by all stakeholders. At the global level, large-scale disaster risk transfer should employ a uniform definition and be characterized by government support, market operation, public participation, disaster mitigation, and risk sharing.
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