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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325553 matches for " S. Tsuda "
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Topology of Boundary Surfaces in 3D Simplicial Gravity
H. S. Egawa,N. Tsuda
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00889-X
Abstract: A model of simplicial quantum gravity in three dimensions(3D) was investigated numerically based on the technique of dynamical triangulation (DT). We are concerned with the genus of surfaces appearing on boundaries (i.e., sections) of a 3D DT manifold with $S^{3}$ topology. Evidence of a scaling behavior of the genus distributions of boundary surfaces has been found.
Random Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Simplicial Gravity
H. S. Egawa,N. Tsuda
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(98)00515-2
Abstract: A model of simplicial quantum gravity in three dimensions is investigated numerically based on the technique of the dynamical triangulation (DT). We are concerned with the surfaces appearing on boundaries (i.e., sections) of three-dimensional DT manifold with $S^{3}$ topology. A new scaling behavior of genus distributions of boundary surfaces is found.Furthermore, these surfaces are compared with the random surfaces generated by the two-dimensional DT method which are well known as a correct discretized method of the two-dimensional quantum gravity.
Associations of oxidative stress and inflammation and their role in the regulation of membrane fluidity of red blood cells in hypertensive and normotensive men: An electron spin resonance investigation  [PDF]
Kazushi Tsuda
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2012.327124
Abstract: There is evidence showing that increased levels of oxidative stress and C-reactive protein (CRP) might be associated with obesity, hypertension, atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases. This study was undertaken to investigate possible relationships among plasma 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PG F2α: an index of oxidative stress), high-sensitivity (hs)-CRP and membrane fluidity (a reciprocal value of microviscosity) in hypertensive and normotensive men using an electron spin resonance (ESR)-method. The order parameter (S) for the spin-label agents (5-nitroxide stearate) of red blood cell (RBC) membranes in the ESR spectra was significantly higher in hypertensive men than in normotensive men, indicating that membrane fluidity was decreased in hypertensive men. Both plasma 8-iso-PG F2α and hs-CRP levels were significantly increased in hypertensive men compared with normotensive men. In addition, plasma plasma 8-iso-PG F2α levels were correlated with plasma hs-CRP levels. In contrast, plasma nitric oxide (NO)-metabolites were lower in hypertensive men than in normotensive men, and inversely correlated with plasma 8-iso-PG F2α and hs-CRP. The order parameter(S) of RBCs was correlated with plasma 8-iso-PG F2α and plasma hs-CRP, and inversely correlated with plasma NO-metabolites, suggesting that reduced membrane fluidity of RBCs might be associated with increased oxidative stress, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Multivariate regression analysis also showed that, after adjusting for general risk factors, both plasma 8-iso-PG F2α and hs-CRP were significant determinants of membrane fluidity of RBCs. The ESR suggests that associations of oxidative stress and inflammation might have a close correlation with impaired rheologic behavior of RBCs and microcirculatory dysfunction in hypertensive men.
Hyperhomocysteinemia and Increased Oxidative Stress Levels Are Associated with Impaired Membrane Fluidity of Red Blood Cells in Hypertensive and Normotensive Men: An Electron Spin Resonance Investigation  [PDF]
Kazushi Tsuda
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.41012
Abstract: Hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress may be strongly linked to hypertension, atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases. The present study was performed to investigate possible relationships among plasma total homocysteine, plasma 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-isoPG F2α: an index of oxidative stress), and membrane fluidity (a reciprocal value of membrane microviscosity) in hypertension. We measured the membrane fluidity of red blood cells (RBCs) in hypertensive and normotensive men using an electron spin resonance (ESR) and spin-labeling method. Membrane fluidity of RBCs was significantly decreased in hypertensive men compared with normotensive men. Plasma total homocysteine levels were significantly higher in hypertensive men than in normotensive men, and correlated with plasma 8-isoPG F2α. In contrast, plasma nitric oxide (NO)-metabolites (an index of endothelial function) were lower in hypertensive men than in normotensive men. The reduced membrane fluidity of RBCs was associated with increased total homocysteine and plasma 8-isoPG F2α levels and decreased plasma NO-metabolite levels. Multivariate regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for general risk factors, plasma total homocysteine and 8-isoPG F2α were significant determinants of membrane fluidity of RBCs, respectively. These results suggest that hyperhomocysteinemia and oxidative stress with endothelial dysfunction might have a close correlation with impaired rheologic behavior of RBCs and circulatory disorders in hypertensive men.
An improvement of wind velocity estimation from radar Doppler spectra in the upper mesosphere
S. Takeda,T. Nakamura,T. Tsuda
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2003,
Abstract: We have developed a new parameter estimation method for Doppler wind spectra in the mesosphere observed with an MST radar such as the MU radar in the DBS (Doppler Beam Swinging) mode. Off-line incoherent integration of the Doppler spectra is carried out with a new algorithm excluding contamination by strong meteor echoes. At the same time, initial values on a least square fitting of the Gaussian function are derived using a larger number of integration of the spectra for a longer time and for multiple heights. As a result, a significant improvement has been achieved with the probability of a successful fitting and parameter estimation above 80 km. The top height for the wind estimation has been improved to around 95 km. A comparison between the MU radar and the High Resolution Doppler Imager (HRDI) on the UARS satellite is shown and the capability of the new method for a validation of a future satellite mission is suggested. Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (middle atmosphere dynamics) – Radio science (remote sensing; signal processing)
Classical Solution of Two Dimensional $R^2$-Gravity and Cross-Over Phenomenon
S. ICHINOSE,N. TSUDA,T. YUKAWA
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(95)00133-D
Abstract: Two dimensional quantum R$^2$-gravity and its phase structure are examined in the semiclassical approach and compared with the results of the numerical simulation. Three phases are succinctly characterized by the effective action. A classical solution of R$^2$-Liouville equation is obtained by use of the solution of the ordinary Liouville equation. The partition function is obtained analytically. A toatal derivative term (surface term) plays an important role there. It is shown that the classical solution can sufficiently account for the cross-over transition of the surface property seen in the numerical simulation.
MINBU Distribution of Two Dimensional Quantum Gravity: Simulation Result and Semiclassical Analysis
S. Ichinose,N. Tsuda,T. Yukawa
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X9700061X
Abstract: We analyse MINBU distribution of 2 dimensional quantum gravity. New data of R$^2$-gravity by the Monte Carlo simulation and its theoretical analysis by the semiclassical approach are presented. The cross-over phenomenon takes place at some size of the baby universe where the randomness competes with the smoothing force of $R^2$-term. The dependence on the central charge $c_m$\ and on the $R^2$-coupling are explained for the ordinary 2d quantum gravity and for $R^2$-gravity. The $R^2$-Liouville solution plays the central role in the semiclassical analysis. A total derivative term (surface term) and the infrared regularization play important roles . The surface topology is that of a sphere.
Common Structures in 2,3 and 4D Simplicial Quantum Gravity
H. S. Egawa,N. Tsuda,T. Yukawa
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00888-8
Abstract: Two kinds of statistical properties of dynamical-triangulated manifolds (DT mfds) have been investigated. First, the surfaces appearing on the boundaries of 3D DT mfds were investigated. The string-susceptibility exponent of the boundary surfaces ($\tilde{\gamma}_{st}$) of 3D DT mfds with $S^{3}$ topology near to the critical point was obtained by means of a MINBU (minimum neck baby universes) analysis; actually, we obtained $\tilde{\gamma}_{st} \approx -0.5$. Second, 3 and 4D DT mfds were also investigated by determining the string-susceptibility exponent near to the critical point from measuring the MINBU distributions. As a result, we found a similar behavior of the MINBU distributions in 3 and 4D DT mfds, and obtained $\gamma_{st}^{(3)} \approx \gamma_{st}^{(4)} \approx 0$. The existence of common structures in simplicial quantum gravity is also discussed.
Grand-canonical simulation of two-dimensional simplicial gravity
S. Oda,N. Tsuda,T. Yukawa
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.99.875
Abstract: The string susceptibility exponents of dynamically triangulated 2-dimensional surfaces with various topologies, such as a sphere, torus and double-torus, were calculated by the grand-canonical Monte Carlo method. These simulations were made for surfaces coupled to $d$-Ising spins ($d$=0,1,2,3,5). In each simulation the area of surface was constrained to within 1000 to 3000 of triangles, while maintaining the detailed-balance condition. The numerical results show excellent agreement with theoretical predictions as long as $d \leq 2$.
Two-Dimensional Dynamical Triangulation using the Grand-canonical Ensemble
S. Oda,N. Tsuda,T. Yukawa
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(97)00887-6
Abstract: The string susceptibility exponents of dynamically triangulated two dimensional surfaces with sphere and torus topology were calculated using the grand-canonical Monte Carlo method. We also simulated the model coupled to d-Ising spins (d=1,2,3,5).
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