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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325495 matches for " S. Shaheen "
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Health-Promoting Behaviours of University Nursing Students in Jordan  [PDF]
Omayyah S. Nassar, Abeer M. Shaheen
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.619315
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine health-promoting behaviours of university nursing students in Jordan. This descriptive cross-sectional study used convenient sampling technique to recruit 167 undergraduate nursing students in Jordan. Data were collected by using an Arabic version of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. The study results revealed that the mean item score for total Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II was (127.24 ± 21.03). The students obtained highest scores in spiritual growth (25.04 ± 4.70) and lowest in physical activity subscales (16.27 ± 5.21). Significant difference was found between Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II subscales (stress management, health responsibility, and interpersonal relations) and students’ age and gender.
ARM Based 3-in-1 Device for People with Disabilities
S. Shaheen,A. Umamakeswari
Journal of Artificial Intelligence , 2013,
Abstract: Now-a-days to lead our life we had to run with our fast materialistic world. To express our thoughts, we communicate with different people in different languages and in different ways. But, it is difficult for the dumb, blind and people who are affected by paralysis to convey what they think. The dumb people and the paralysis affected people, feel extremely difficult to express their ideas. The blind people face difficulties in writing their exams. Hence, there is a need to develop a platform for those people who are physically challengeable. An Embedded device shall address the above said problems. (1) The paralysis affected people by wearing a glove made up of flex sensors can convey their ideas; (2) By pressing the keypad (buttons) in the device, dumb people can express their basic needs with the text-to-speech IC. (3) When the blind people speak, speech-to-text module converts it and viewed in a display. All of these techniques work in a single embedded device by the control of an ARM7 Processor. By using this device, PWD (People With Disabilities) can easily communicate their basic needs with the society and they can lead their life independently in a peaceful way.
Creativity and Education  [PDF]
Robina Shaheen
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.13026
Abstract: This paper starts with a brief background of the link between creativity and education, including the beginning of the most recent interest in the two. There is a short summary of the reasons for this renewed interest. This is followed by a discussion into the dissatisfactions over current education and its changing role in the light of increasing importance being accorded to creativity. Lastly, evidence in educational policy documents from around the world is presented to show the steps being taken for implementation of creativity in education.
On the Signed Domination Number of the Cartesian Product of Two Directed Cycles  [PDF]
Ramy Shaheen
Open Journal of Discrete Mathematics (OJDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojdm.2015.53005
Abstract: Let D be a finite simple directed graph with vertex set V(D) and arc set A(D). A function \"\"?is called a signed dominating function (SDF) if \"\"?for each vertex \"\". The weight \"\"?of f is defined by \"\". The signed domination number of a digraph D is \"\". Let Cm × Cn denotes the cartesian product of directed cycles of length m and n. In this paper, we determine the exact values of gs(Cm × Cn) for m = 8, 9, 10 and arbitrary n. Also, we give the exact value of gs(Cm × Cn) when m, \"\"?(mod 3) and bounds for otherwise.
Association of Hepatitis C Virus Infection and Type 2 Diabetes in Egypt: A Hospital-Based Study  [PDF]
Shaimaa B. Abdelaziz, Yasmine S. Galal, Amal S. Sedrak, Dina S. Shaheen
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2016.61009
Abstract: Background: The relation between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of an association between T2DM and HCV. Methods: A case control study was conducted at the outpatients’ clinics of Kasr El-Aini Hospital (KAH), from October 2013 till March 2014. In this study, 389 HCV patients were selected as cases and 389 healthy controls were also included. Demographic and clinical data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Laboratory investigations including liver function tests (LFT), blood glucose level and radioimmunoblot assay (ELISA) were performed. Results: Out of 389 HCV cases, 219 (56.3%) were diabetic, whereas 145 (37.3%) were diabetic among the healthy controls. Occurrence of diabetes among cirrhotic patients was 1.7 times higher than non-cirrhotic. Logistic regression showed that residence (P < 0.001, OR = 2.7), occupation (P = 0.03, OR = 1.8), and smoking (P = 0.04, OR = 2) were the predictive factors for occurrence of T2DM in HCV patients. Conclusions: In this study, we found a positive association between HCV infection and T2DM. Residence, occupation and smoking were the predictive factors for the association of T2DM in HCV patients, whereas hypertension and BMI were only adjunctive factors.
Fractionation of Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn in floodplain soils from Egypt, Germany and Greece
Shaheen S. M.,Rinklebe J.,Tsadilas C.
E3S Web of Conferences , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20130133003
Abstract: Trace elements are potentially toxic to human life and the environment. Element toxicity depends on chemical associations in soils. Therefore, determining the chemical form of an element in soils is important to evaluate its mobility and bioavailability. Initial soil development in river floodplains influences soil properties, processes and therefore behavior of trace elements. In this study, three different floodplain soils sampled at three rivers (Nile/Egypt, Elbe/Germany and Penios/Greece) were used to link soil development and properties to the geochemical fractions and mobility of some trace elements. Sequential extraction was used to fractionate five trace elements (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) into five operationally defined groups: water soluble + exchangeable, carbonate, Fe-Mn oxide, organic, and residual. German soil showed the highest total concentration of the studied elements (except Ni). The Greek soil had the greatest amount of Ni. The residual fraction was the abundant pool for the studied elements examined in the Egyptian and Greek soils while the non-residual fraction was the dominant pool for all elements in the German soil. A significant amount (71- 94%) of all elements was present in German soil in the potentially available fraction: non-residual fraction, while the amount of this fraction ranged between 9 and 39 % in Greek soil and between 9 and 34 % in Egyptian soil. These suggest that the potential availability of the studied trace elements was extremely high in German soil compared to the Egyptian and Greek soil. In the German soil, most of the non-residual Cd, Ni and Zn were bounded with the Fe-Mn oxide fraction, while Cu and Pb distributed in the organic fraction. While in the Egyptian and Greek soils Fe-Mn oxide fraction was the abundant pool for the studied elements except for Cd, in which the exchangeable and the carbonate fractions had the greatest amount of Cd. Assuming that mobility and bioavailability of these elements are related to their solubility and geochemical forms, and that they decrease in the order of extraction sequence, the apparent mobility and potential bioavailability for the studied elements in the soils were: Cu > Cd > Ni ≥ Pb = Zn in Egyptian soil, Cd > Cu > Pb> Ni = Zn in Greek soil and Cd > Zn> Pb> Cu > Ni in German soil.
International Journal of Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: People make use of different languages to express their thoughts in a different way. But, it is difficult for the people who are affected by paralysis and stroke. Hence, there is a need to develop a platform for those people who are physically challengeable. An Embedded device shall address the above said problems. Based on the ARM processor the operation takes place. The device is designed with an intelligent wheelchair and the People With Disabilities (PWD) can direct it. By pressing the keypad (buttons) in the device, people with disabilities can move the wheelchair. In this process, the line followingalgorithm is implemented. To direct the wheelchair, L298 motor driver is used with the help of an ultrasonic obstacle sensor. By pressing a button, an automatic call to the doctor takes place if the PWDneeds critical help. The GSM modem is used to forward the call. The LCD shows the basic needs of PWD which is already assigned in the buttons. On pressing the button, a text is displayed in the LCD with abuzzer sound. This device provides a unique mobility for the people with disabilities.
S. Shaheen, A. D. Anjum and F. Rizvi
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2005,
Abstract: A survey was conducted to study clinical signs, gross and histopathological lesions in pigeons with naturally occurring Newcastle disease. For this purpose, 30 pigeon lofts were visited. Among these, 14 lofts showed clinical signs of Newcastle disease, including mainly greenish white mucoid diarrhoea and nervous signs with high morbidity and mortality. Postmortem examination of affected birds showed lesions mainly in brain, liver, kidneys and spleen. Amongst various organs, kidneys were more frequently involved. Histopathological changes were also observed in lungs, liver, kidneys, brain and spleen. The results showed that the Newcastle disease virus was widespread in pigeons locally and caused heavy mortality. No preventive measures or vaccination is being adopted by pigeon fanciers to control the disease.
Factors Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors of University Students in Jordan  [PDF]
Abeer M. Shaheen, Omayyah S. Nassar, Huda M. Amre, Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.71001
Abstract: Objectives: To determine health promoting behaviors of university students in Jordan and factors influencing them. Design and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to recruit convenience sample (n = 525) of university students receiving education from two governmental and one private universities in Jordan. Data were collected between September 2013 and January 2014 by using Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. Pender Model provided conceptual framework to guide the study. Results: The mean score of Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile of the student was at (127.87 ± 19.91). Significant differences were found between Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile mean score and the mean score of its subscales and student’s age, gender, employment status, family income, university type, and faculty type. Conclusions: These findings suggest that interventions are needed to enhance the practice of health promoting behaviours. These interventions should focus on demographic variations among university students.
Appearance of a double bubble in achalasia cardia: a case report
Shaheen E Lakhan, S Jeevan Kumar, P Ratnakar Kini
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-383
Abstract: We report the case of a 43-year-old Indian man with achalasia cardia whose chest X-ray at the time of presentation showed an air bubble in the gastric region causing a diagnostic quandary. Successful dilatation of the lower esophageal sphincter resulted in the appearance of another air bubble in the gastric region. Proper analysis showed that the first bubble was actually a colonic air bubble of the splenic flexure and the appearance of the second bubble was the anticipated gastric air bubble.In patients presenting with achalasia cardia, a colonic air bubble may be seen in the gastric region causing diagnostic difficulty. In these patients, a gastric air bubble may appear after pneumatic dilatation. At the end of the procedure, there will be two air bubbles ("double bubble"): a colonic and a gastric air bubble. To our knowledge, this finding has not been reported in the literature thus far.Achalasia cardia is characterized by failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing and by an absence of peristalsis in the esophageal body. Absence of a gastric air bubble is a well known radiological finding in patients with achalasia cardia.A 43-year-old Indian man was referred to our gastroenterology department with complaints of dysphagia for both solids and liquids. The symptom was non-progressive. He also had recurrent vomiting and he regurgitated undigested food. He had considerable weight loss. The physical examination was unremarkable. Ultrasound scan of the abdomen showed normal findings. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a dilated esophageal body and no peristalsis was seen. The lower esophageal sphincter was tightly closed. With gentle pressure, the endoscopist was able to negotiate the endoscope into the stomach. Retroflexion of the endoscope revealed no mass lesion in the esophagogastric junction or in the cardia. All of these features pointed towards the diagnosis of primary achalasia cardia. Chest X-ray of the patient showed an
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