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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 468184 matches for " S. P. Malace "
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A precise extraction of the induced polarization in the 4He(e,e'p)3H reaction
S. P. Malace,M. Paolone,S. Strauch
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.052501
Abstract: We measured with unprecedented precision the induced polarization Py in 4He(e,e'p)3H at Q^2 = 0.8 (GeV/c)^2 and 1.3 (GeV/c)^2. The induced polarization is indicative of reaction-mechanism effects beyond the impulse approximation. Our results are in agreement with a relativistic distorted-wave impulse approximation calculation but are over-estimated by a calculation with strong charge-exchange effects. Our data are used to constrain the strength of the spin independent charge-exchange term in the latter calculation.
Observation of quark-hadron duality in gamma*-p helicity cross sections
S. P. Malace,W. Melnitchouk,A. Psaker
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.035203
Abstract: Combining data on unpolarized and polarized inclusive proton structure functions, we perform the first detailed study of quark-hadron duality in individual helicity-1/2 and 3/2 virtual photoproduction cross sections. We find that duality is realized more clearly in the helicity-1/2 channel, with duality violating corrections < 10% over the entire nucleon resonance region, while larger, < 20% corrections are found in the helicity-3/2 sector. The results are in general agreement with quark model expectations, and suggest that data above the Delta resonance region may be used to constrain both spin-averaged and spin-dependent parton distributions.
Confirmation of quark-hadron duality in the neutron F_2 structure function
S. P. Malace,Y. Kahn,W. Melnitchouk,C. E. Keppel
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.102001
Abstract: We apply a recently developed technique to extract for the first time the neutron F_2^n structure function from inclusive proton and deuteron data in the nucleon resonance region, and test the validity of quark-hadron duality in the neutron. We establish the accuracy of duality in the low-lying neutron resonance regions over a range of Q^2, and compare with the corresponding results on the proton and with theoretical expectations. The confirmation of duality in both the neutron and proton opens the possibility of using resonance region data to constrain parton distributions at large x.
Studies of single-photoelectron response and of performance in magnetic field of a H8500C-03 photomultiplier tube
S. P. Malace,B. D. Sawatzky,H. Gao
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/09/P09004
Abstract: We studied the single-photoelectron detection capabilities of a multianode photomultiplier tube H8500C-03 and its performance in high magnetic field. Our results show that the device can readily resolve signals at the single photoelectron level making it suitable for photon detection in both threshold and ring imaging Cerenkov detectors. We also found that a large longitudinal magnetic field, up to 300 Gauss, induces a change in the relative output of at most 55% for an edge pixel, and of at most 15% for a central pixel. The H8500C-03 signal loss in transverse magnetic fields it is significantly more pronounced than for the longitudinal case. Our studies of single photoelectron reduction in magnetic fields point to the field induced misfocusing of the photoelectron extracted from the photocathode as primary cause of signal loss. With appropriate shielding this PMT could function in high magnetic field environments.
Applications of quark-hadron duality in F2 structure function
The Jefferson Lab E00-116 Collaboration,:,S. P. Malace
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.80.035207
Abstract: Inclusive electron-proton and electron-deuteron inelastic cross sections have been measured at Jefferson Lab (JLab) in the resonance region, at large Bjorken x, up to 0.92, and four-momentum transfer squared Q2 up to 7.5 GeV2 in the experiment E00-116. These measurements are used to extend to larger x and Q2 precision, quantitative, studies of the phenomenon of quark-hadron duality. Our analysis confirms, both globally and locally, the apparent violation of quark-hadron duality previously observed at a Q2 of 3.5 GeV2 when resonance data are compared to structure function data created from CTEQ6M and MRST2004 parton distribution functions (PDFs). More importantly, our new data show that this discrepancy saturates by Q2 ~ 4 Gev2, becoming Q2 independent. This suggests only small violations of Q2 evolution by contributions from the higher-twist terms in the resonance region which is confirmed by our comparisons to ALEKHIN and ALLM97.We conclude that the unconstrained strength of the CTEQ6M and MRST2004 PDFs at large x is the major source of the disagreement between data and these parameterizations in the kinematic regime we study and that, in view of quark-hadron duality, properly averaged resonance region data could be used in global QCD fits to reduce PDF uncertainties at large x.
Hadrons in the Nuclear Medium
S. Strauch,S. Malace,M. Paolone
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Nucleon properties are modified in the nuclear medium. To understand these modifications and their origin is a central issue in nuclear physics. For example, a wide variety of QCD-based models, including quark-meson coupling and chiral-quark soliton models, predict that the nuclear constituents change properties with increasing density. These changes are predicted to lead to observable changes in the nucleon structure functions and electromagnetic form factors. We present results from a series of recent experiments at MAMI and Jefferson Lab, which measured the proton recoil polarization in the 4He(e,e'p)3H reaction to test these predictions. These results, with the most precise data at Q^2 = 0.8 (GeV/c)^2 and at 1.3 (GeV/c)^2 from E03-104, put strong constraints on available model calculations, such that below Q^2 = 1.3 (GeV/c)^2 the measured ratios of polarization-transfer are successfully described in a fully relativistic calculation when including a medium modification of the proton form factors or, alternatively, by strong charge-exchange final-state interactions. We also discuss possible extensions of these studies with measurements of the 4He(e,e'p)3H and 2H(e,e'p)n reactions as well as with the neutron knockout in 4He(e,e'n)3He.
Quasielastic electron-deuteron scattering in the weak binding approximation
J. J. Ethier,N. Doshi,S. Malace,W. Melnitchouk
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.89.065203
Abstract: We perform a global analysis of all available electron-deuteron quasielastic scattering data using Q^2-dependent smearing functions that describe inclusive inelastic e-d scattering within the weak binding approximation. We study the dependence of the cross sections on the deuteron wave function and the off-shell extrapolation of the elastic electron-nucleon cross sections, which show particular sensitivity at x >> 1. The excellent overall agreement with data over a large range of Q^2 and x suggests a limited need for effects beyond the impulse approximation, with the possible exception of the very high-x or very low-Q^2 regions, where short-distance effects or scattering from non-nucleonic constituents in the deuteron become more relevant.
The lead-glass electromagnetic calorimeters for the magnetic spectrometers in Hall C at Jefferson Lab
H. Mkrtchyan,R. Carlini,V. Tadevosyan,J. Arrington,A. Asaturyan,M. E. Christy,D. Dutta,R. Ent,H. C. Fenker,D. Gaskell,T. Horn,M. K. Jones,C. E. Keppel,D. J. Mack,S. P. Malace,A. Mkrtchyan,M. I. Niculescu,J. Seely,V. Tvaskis,S. A. Wood,S. Zhamkochyan
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.03.070
Abstract: The electromagnetic calorimeters of the various magnetic spectrometers in Hall C at Jefferson Lab are presented. For the existing HMS and SOS spectrometers design considerations, relevant construction information, and comparisons of simulated and experimental results are included. The energy resolution of the HMS and SOS calorimeters is better than $\sigma/E \sim 6%/\sqrt E $, and pion/electron ($\pi/e$) separation of about 100:1 has been achieved in energy range 1 -- 5 GeV. Good agreement has been observed between the experimental and simulated energy resolutions, but simulations systematically exceed experimentally determined $\pi^-$ suppression factors by close to a factor of two. For the SHMS spectrometer presently under construction details on the design and accompanying GEANT4 simulation efforts are given. The anticipated performance of the new calorimeter is predicted over the full momentum range of the SHMS. Good electron/hadron separation is anticipated by combining the energy deposited in an initial (preshower) calorimeter layer with the total energy deposited in the calorimeter.
Proton Medium Modifications from 4He(e,e'p)3H
S. Strauch,S. Malace,M. Paolone,for the Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Polarization transfer in quasi-elastic nucleon knockout is sensitive to the properties of the nucleon in the nuclear medium. In experiment E03-104 at Jefferson Lab we measured the proton recoil polarization in the 4He(e,e'p)3H reaction at a Q^2 of 0.8 (GeV/c)^2 and 1.3 (GeV/c)^2 with unprecedented precision. The measured polarization-transfer coefficients transverse and longitudinal to the momentum-transfer direction are well described by a fully relativistic calculation when a density-dependent medium modification of the nucleon form factors is included in the model. Results of an alternative model show that the ratio of these observables is also well described through strong charge-exchange final-state interactions. The induced polarization in the (e,e'p) reaction is sensitive to the final-state interactions and the data from E03-104 will further constrain these models.
Medium Modifications from 4He(e,e'p)3H
S. Malace,M. Paolone,S. Strauch,for the Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1063/1.3013033
Abstract: Polarization transfer in quasi-elastic nucleon knockout is sensitive to the properties of the nucleon in the nuclear medium, including possible modification of the nucleon form factor and/or spinor. In our recently completed experiment E03-104 at Jefferson Lab we measured the proton recoil polarization in the 4He(e,e'p)3H reaction at a Q^2 of 0.8 (GeV/c)^2 and 1.3 (GeV/c)^2 with unprecedented precision. These data complement earlier data between 0.4 and 2.6 (GeV/c)^2 from both Mainz and Jefferson Lab. The measured ratio of polarization-transfer coefficients differs from a fully relativistic calculation, favoring either the inclusion of a medium modification of the proton form factors predicted by a quark-meson coupling model or strong charge-exchange final-state interactions. The measured induced polarizations agree well with the fully relativistic calculation and indicate that these strong final-state interactions may not be applicable.
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