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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325042 matches for " S. Kandasamy "
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Reinforced Concrete Beams with Rural Composites under Cyclic Loading
M. Sivaraja,S. Kandasamy
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Concrete composites are increasingly becoming important structural materials as they overcome many of the shortcoming of conventional reinforced concrete like weakness in tension, brittle response and less post-yield energy absorption. Recent innovations in the development of concrete composites are in the use of locally available organic and waste materials making them technologically easier to fabricate and at the same time make them eco-friendly. Typical materials are fibres from organic materials like coir and synthetic ones like plastic and nylon. This study reports the response of reinforced concrete beams with the local fibre composites with 0.5 and 1% volume fractions under cyclic loading which simulates the seismic excitation. The seismic aspects of conventional reinforced composite beams like ductility and energy absorption capacity are compared with fibre reinforced composites through hysteric load-deflection and moment -rotation curves. And also the critical parameters like first crack strength, yield and maximum strength are compared. The results indicate 20 to 40% performance enhancement in fibre reinforced composite concrete over the conventional one.
Indirect effects of lightning discharges
Punekar Gururaj S.,Kandasamy Chandrasekaran
Serbian Journal of Electrical Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/sjee1103245p
Abstract: The occurrence of lightning strokes due to indirect effect of lightning discharges, has assumed a lot of importance in the recent times. This is due to the sensitive, vital electronic equipment which are highly vulnerable to such indirect effects. In this article, attempts are made to bring out the salient features and related parameters of lightning discharges (with specific reference to indirect effects). Glimpses of the experimental research efforts to understand the phenomenon are described based on the published scientific work, along with some of the typical simulation results of the authors. These simulation results (computed electromagnetic fields) are validated by some of the important results described in the literature. This being a review article, the vital electrical and electronic systems/components which have been researched with reference to indirect effects have been enumerated, and the present understandings have been discussed.
Spirituality, distress, depression, anxiety, and quality of life in patients with advanced cancer
Kandasamy A,Chaturvedi S,Desai G
Indian Journal of Cancer , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To study the influence of spiritual well being (Sp WB) on symptoms of distress, depression, and other dimensions of quality of life in advanced cancer patients receiving palliative care. Materials and Methods: The study was cross-sectional in nature. Fifty patients with advanced cancer from a hospice were assessed with the following instruments: the visual analog scale for pain (VAP), M.D. Anderson symptom inventory (MDASI), Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), Functional assessment of cancer therapy - Palliative Care (FACT-pal), and Functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-spiritual well-being (FACIT-sp). We studied the correlations between spirituality and other variables on these scales. Results: Depression and anxiety were negatively correlated with spiritual well-being (Sp WB). Sp WB was significantly correlated with fatigue (r = -0.423, P = 0.002), symptom distress (r = -0.717, P < 0.001), memory disturbance (r = -0.520, P < 0.001), loss of appetite (r = -0.399, P = 0.004), drowsiness (r = -0.400, P = 0.004), dry mouth (r = -0.381, P = 0.006), and sadness (r = -0.720, P < 0.001). Sp WB was positively correlated with all the other aspects of QOL measures. Predictors such as palliative care well-being (t = 2.840, P = 0.008), distress (t = -2.582, P = 0.015), sadness (t = -2.765, P = 0.010), mood (t = 2.440, P = 0.021), and enjoyment in life (t = -3.586, P = 0.001) were significantly correlated with Sp WB, after regression analysis. Conclusions: This study suggests that spiritual well being is an important component of the quality of life of advanced cancer patients, and is closely related to the physical and psychological symptoms of distress. It should be addressed appropriately and adequately in palliative care settings.
Regulating Response Time in an Autonomic Computing System: A Comparison of Proportional Control and Fuzzy Control Approaches
Harish S. Venkatarama,Kandasamy Chandra Sekaran
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Applications , 2010,
Abstract: Ecommerce is an area where an Autonomic Computing system could be very effectively deployed.Ecommerce has created demand for high quality information technology services and businesses areseeking quality of service guarantees from their service providers. These guarantees are expressed aspart of service level agreements. Properly adjusting tuning parameters for enforcement of the servicelevel agreement is time-consuming and skills-intensive. Moreover, in case of changes to the workload, thesetting of the parameters may no longer be optimum. In an ecommerce system, where the workloadchanges frequently, there is a need to update the parameters at regular intervals. This paper describestwo approaches, one, using a proportional controller and two, using a fuzzy controller, to automate thetuning of MaxClients parameter of Apache web server based on the required response time and thecurrent workload. This is an illustration of the self-optimizing characteristic of an autonomic computingsystem.
Behaviour of steel tubular stub and slender columns filled with concrete using recycled aggregates
E K Mohanraj,S Kandasamy,R Malathy
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: This paper is based on a study that was done by utilising construction and demolition debris that had been effectively recycled, in structural members. The steel tubular columns were filled with different types of waste material, as well as recycled aggregate concrete, instead of normal conventional concrete. The results were subsequently analysed. The behaviour of circular and square concrete-filled steel tubular sections (CFSTs) under axial load, in which coarse aggregate had been partially replaced by recycled aggregates, is presented. The effects of steel tube dimensions, shapes and the confinement of concrete are also examined. Measured column strengths are compared with the values predicted by Eurocode 4, Australian Standards and American Codes. Twelve specimens were tested with 20 MPa concrete and steel sections with diameter-to-thickness ratios of 18,5, 25,3 and 36,0. The columns were of two different shapes - a circular-shaped set with diameters of 76 mm and 89 mm, and a square-shaped set with sizes 72 mm and 91 mm. The circular-shaped columns of 76 mm diameter and the square-shaped columns with 72 mm diameter are 900 mm long. The circular columns with a diameter of 89 mm and the square columns of 91 mm diameter are 350 mm long. Eurocode 4 (EC4) gives the best estimation for both conventional and recycled aggregate concrete. However, the American Concrete Institute (ACI) / Australian Standards (AS) equation predicted lower values than measured during the experiments. Hence the ACI/AS equation has been modified by introducing a multiplying factor 'k' to predict good results for columns of L/D < 12. The values of k factor for L/D ratio varying from 4 to 12 are suggested in this study. From the results it has been noted that square columns save 30% of steel when compared with circular columns. It was also observed that the ultimate load of steel tubular columns filled with recycled aggregate concrete is higher than that of conventional concrete and columns filled with recycled aggregate concrete, and can result in a 10% saving in the cost of concrete. This research therefore proposes a solution for effective solid waste management, which will also prove to be cost effective.
Dosimetric Impact of Inter-Fraction Variation in Interstitial HDR Brachytherapy  [PDF]
Saravanan Kandasamy, K. S. Reddy, Vivekanandan Nagarajan, Parthasarathy Vedasoundaram, Gunaseelan Karunanidhi
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2013.24015

Background: Patient setup errors in External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) are minimized to a great extent, due to recent technological developments but in contrary brachytherapy received least attention in inter-fraction catheter movement and its impact in dose delivery. This article deals with inter-fraction interstitial catheter movement and its impact in dose delivery to the target. An attempt is made to study the dosimetric impact of this variation. Objectives: The objective of the study is to evaluate the inter-fraction variation in the position of implanted interstitial applicators and to assess the dosimetric impact in interstitial High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy. Materials and Methods: 55 patients treated for carcinoma tongue, breast, buccal mucosa, cervix, floor of mouth and soft tissue sarcoma over a period of 2 years (December 2011-May 2013) were considered. All the patients underwent CT scan on the next day of the implant and 3D planning was done either by Eclipse or Oncentra Master plan Treatment Planning System (TPS). Patients were treated by HDR brachytherapy remote after-loading units, either by Gamma Med iX plus or Microselectron. At the end of the last fraction, CT scan was repeated and re-planning done. The variation in position of the implanted applicators/catheters and its impact on dosimetric parameters were evaluated and analyzed. Results: The range of positional displacement of the interstitial catheters ranges from 4.5 mm to 6.8 mm. The maximum variation in prescribed dose to D90 of Clinical Target Volume was 10.88%. Conclusions: If the total duration of interstitial implant

Will High Dose Rate Interstitial Brachytherapy Be a Surrogate to Surgery in Early Mobile Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Tongue—An Indian Experience  [PDF]
Parthasarathy Vedasoundaram, K. S. Reddy, Gangotri Selvarajan, Saravanan Kandasamy, Mourougan Sinnathambi, Muzamil Asif, Vivekanandam Singhavajhala
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2014.33020

The study was intended to highlight functional outcome and survival advantage when High Dose Rate (HDR) interstitial implant was used for anterior 2/3rd tongue, either as a primary or as boost depending upon stage of disease. Materials and Methods: Fifty-one patients with squamous cell carcinoma of anterior 2/3rd tongue received interstitial brachytherapy either as primary or as boost with Iridium 192 remote after loading high dose rate (Microselectron or Gamma MediX) machines from November 2008 to September 2013. Age group ranged from 32 to 73 years, mean 52.1. Of these 51, 37 were males and 14 were females. 8 patients belonged to Stage I, 18 from Stage II and 28 patients were Stage III. Stage I patients received primary brachytherapy alone of dose 38.50 Gy to 40 Gy and fraction dose ranged from 250 cGy to 350 cGy. Stage II and Stage III patients received external beam radiation of dose 44 Gy/200cGy per fraction for 22 fractions followed by spinal cord sparing for 6 Gy/200cGy per fraction for 3 fractions. Brachytherapy boost of dose 21 Gy was delivered after external beam radiation. Stage III patients received concurrent chemotherapy with Injection Cisplatin along with external beam radiotherapy 44 Gy/200cGy per fraction for 22 fractions followed by spinal cord sparing for 6 Gy/200cGy per fraction for 3 fractions. Brachytherapy boost of dose 21 Gy was delivered after external beam radiation. 55% of patients were habituated to tobacco and alcohol in one form or the other or both. Surprisingly 45% of patients were nonsmokers and non-alcoholic. Results: Follow-up period ranged from eight months to sixty months. 42 patients had complete response. 9 patients had residual disease. 2 patients died due to non-cancerous cause though they had excellent local control, one with pulmonary tuberculosis and the other with massive Myocardial Infarction. 2 patients died due to disease progression.

Overall complete response rate was 82.35%. Those patients who had good coverage index and conformal index had good

A comparison of methods for smoothing and gap filling time series of remote sensing observations: application to MODIS LAI products
S. Kandasamy,F. Baret,A. Verger,P. Neveux
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-9-17053-2012
Abstract: Moderate resolution satellite sensors including MODIS already provide more than 10 yr of observations well suited to describe and understand the dynamics of the Earth surface. However, these time series are incomplete because of cloud cover and associated with significant uncertainties. This study compares eight methods designed to improve the continuity by filling gaps and the consistency by smoothing the time course. It includes methods exploiting the time series as a whole (Iterative caterpillar singular spectrum analysis (ICSSA), empirical mode decomposition (EMD), low pass filtering (LPF) and Whittaker smoother (Whit)) as well as methods working on limited temporal windows of few weeks to few months (Adaptive Savitzky-Golay filter (SGF), temporal smoothing and gap filling (TSGF) and asymmetric Gaussian function (AGF)) in addition to the simple climatological LAI yearly profile (Clim). Methods were applied to MODIS leaf area index product for the period 2000–2008 over 25 sites showing a large range of seasonal patterns. Performances were discussed with emphasis on the balance achieved by each method between accuracy and roughness depending on the fraction of missing observations and the length of the gaps. Results demonstrate that EMD, LPF and AGF methods were failing in case of significant fraction of gaps (%Gap > 20%), while ICSSA, Whit and SGF were always providing estimates for dates with missing data. TSGF (respectively Clim) was able to fill more than 50% of the gaps for sites with more than 60% (resp. 80%) fraction of gaps. However, investigation of the accuracy of the reconstructed values shows that it degrades rapidly for sites with more than 20% missing data, particularly for ICSSA, Whit and SGF. In these conditions, TSGF provides the best performances significantly better than the simple Clim for gaps shorter than about 100 days. The roughness of the reconstructed temporal profiles shows large differences between the several methods, with a decrease of the roughness with the fraction of missing data, except for ICSSA. TSGF provides the smoothest temporal profiles for sites with %Gap > 30%. Conversely, ICSSA, LPF, Whit, AGF and Clim provide smoother profiles than TSGF for sites with %Gap < 30%. Impact of the accuracy and smoothness of the reconstructed time series were evaluated on the timing of phenological stages. The dates of start, maximum and end of the season are estimated with an accuracy of about 10 days for the sites with %Gap < 10% and increases rapidly with %Gap. TSGF provides the more accurate estimates of phenological timing u
A simple method of electrocardiogram: Controlled central venous catheterization
Raviraj R,Korula Grace,Subramani Kandasamy,Shalinicynthia S
Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia , 2011,
C.S. Kandasamy,Suman Nath,P. Arulraj,V. Gopal
International Journal of Pharma Sciences and Research , 2011,
Abstract: Antimicrobial study of crude drugs (Ajowan, Cardamom, Cumin, Mace, Clove, and Nutmeg) and the Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 was assayed by standardized cup and plate method by using bacterial andfungal culture. The microorganisms used are Aspergillus niger (fungus), Streptococcus aureus (G+ve bacteria) and Escherchia coli (G-ve bacteria). These microbes were cultured in a suitable nutritional media for their growth. The extractions of crude drugs were achieved by dissolving their powdered drugs in the suitable solvent. The solvents used for extracting crude drugs were alcohol and water, the solvent used for the preparation of the Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 was red tender coconut water. These extracted crude drugs and the Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 were then transferred to the pits on the solidified agar media, previously incubated with the different micro-organism separately. Then the plates were streaked with bacterial cultures and kept in an incubator at 37oC for 24hrs for growth of bacterial cultures, and plates streaked with fungal culture were incubated at 25°C for 24hrs. After the incubation period the growth of microbes and their zone of inhibition surrounding the extracts of the crude drugs and the Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 were observed and measured. All the crude drugs and the Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 were found to bespecifically effective against bacterial and fungal strain. Ajowan, Cardamom, Clove, Cumin, and Mace is highly active against Aspergillus niger. Nutmeg is highly active against Streptococcus, Polyherbal formulation RVSPHF567 is highly active against all the three organisms namely Aspergillus niger, Streptococcus aureus, Escherchia coli.
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