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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 329870 matches for " S. Jagadeeswara Rao "
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Effect of feeding processed sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolour (L) moench) crushed residue based complete ration on growth performance and feeding behavior of murrah buffalo calves
Ch.Venkata Seshaiah,S. Jagadeeswara Rao,Y. Ramana Reddy,D.Nagalakshmi
Veterinary World , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.151-155
Abstract: Aim: The objective of the present study is to know the effect of feeding processed sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolour (L) moench) crushed residue (SSCR) based complete ration on growth, feeding behavior and cost of gain in Murrah buffalo calves in order to compare the feeding value of SSCR with sorghum straw (SS) and also find out the efficient way of utilization of SSCR in the diets of growing buffalo calves. Materials and Methods: Experimental complete rations were formulated with SSCR and concentrate in 50:50 ratio and processed in to SSCR chopped and concentrate (SSCRC), mash (SSCRM) and expander extruder pellets (SSCRP). The control ration was SS based complete feed processed in to mash (SSM). 24 Murrah buffalo calves (Average 137 kg body weight and aged 1 year 2 months) were randomly distributed into 4 experimental groups of 6 animals each in a completely randomized design and the experimental rations were offered to 4 groups randomly for a period of 150 days. A 7 day digestion trial was conducted at the end of 150 day growth trial to find out the nutrient digestibility of experimental rations. Eating and ruminating activities were noted every 5 minutes, and each activity was assumed to persist for the entire 5 minutes. Sorting behavior in the calves was observed physically at the time of feeding. The cost of the rations was calculated on the basis of processing cost and the prevailing market prices of the feed ingredients. Results: The DM intake (g/d), digestibilities of DM, organic matter, crude protein and nitrogen free extract and nitrogen (N) balance were higher (P<0.05) in buffalo calves fed SSCRP ration but, comparable among SSCRC, SSCRM and SSM rations. Higher (P<0.01) average daily gain (g), lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) was observed in calves fed SSCRP ration, while comparable among SSCRC, SSCRM and SSM rations. Eating, rumination and total chewing time (minutes/d,minutes/kg DMI and minutes/kg NDFI) and number of chews for eating, rumination and total chewing (per d, per kg DMI and per kg NDFI) were higher (P<0.01) in calves fed SSCRC ration and lower (P<0.01) in SSCRP ration and comparable among SSCRM and SSM rations. Sorting and selection of ration against large fibrous particles in favour of concentrate portion of the ration was observed in SSCRC ration and was not observed in SSCRP, SSCRM and SSM rations. lower (P<0.05) cost (INR) per kg gain was observed in buffalo calves fed SSCRP ration than those fed SSCRC, SSCRM and SSM rations. Conclusion: The present study indicated that SSCR may be used as roughage source in place of SS in c
Electrochemical Behaviour of Actinides and Fission Products in Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids
K. A. Venkatesan,Ch. Jagadeeswara Rao,K. Nagarajan,P. R. Vasudeva Rao
International Journal of Electrochemistry , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/841456
Abstract: In the recent past, room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are being explored for possible applications in nuclear fuel cycle. RTILs are being studied as an alternative to the diluent, n-dodecane (n-DD), in aqueous reprocessing and as possible substitute to high-temperature molten salts in nonaqueous reprocessing applications. This paper deals with the current status of the electrochemical research aimed at the recovery of actinides and fission products using room-temperature ionic liquid as medium. The dissolution of actinide and lanthanide oxides in ionic liquid media and the electrochemical behavior of the resultant solutions are discussed in this paper. 1. Introduction Nuclear reactors employ natural or enriched uranium as the fuel [1]. The spent nuclear fuel discharged from the nuclear reactor is composed of fissile elements such as plutonium and depleted uranium and several other elements formed by fission reaction, known as fission products. The spent nuclear fuel is, therefore, reprocessed to recover these fissile elements for the fabrication of nuclear fuel for future reactors. There are two different technologically viable methods available for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. The first one is the aqueous-based, industrially well-established, PUREX (plutonium uranium recovery by extraction) process [2] and the other is nonaqueous-based pyrochemical process [3]. The PUREX process involves the dissolution of spent nuclear fuel in nitric acid medium followed by the selective extraction of uranium and plutonium in a solution of tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP) in n-dodecane (DD). However, the undesirable limitation of the PUREX process is the chemical and radiolytic degradation of the solvent system and the generation of large volumes of secondary wastes. The flammability of hydrocarbon employed in the PUREX process is also another disadvantage. In contrast to this method, the nonaqueous pyrochemical method for reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel has several advantages, such as minimum waste generation, low criticality concern and feasibility to reprocess the high burn-up, and short cooled fuels. This method exploits the differences in the thermodynamic stabilities of various actinides and fission products for the dissolution of spent nuclear fuel in the inorganic molten salt media followed by the electrochemical recovery of actinides [4]. Usually, the inorganic molten salt is composed of an eutectic of alkali or alkaline earth chloride. Therefore, the processing temperature in this method is invariably above 800?K depending upon the composition of
Pituitary metastases in carcinoma breast.
Rao S,Rao R
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 2001,
Rao S
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1972,
Properties and uses of antibodies
Rao S
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1972,
Rao S
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1972,
Selection of Suitable Features for Modeling the Durations of Syllables  [PDF]
Krothapalli S. Rao, Shashidhar G. Koolagudi
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.312129
Abstract: Acoustic analysis and synthesis experiments have shown that duration and intonation patterns are the two most important prosodic features responsible for the quality of synthesized speech. In this paper a set of features are proposed which will influence the duration patterns of the sequence of the sound units. These features are derived from the results of the duration analysis. Duration analysis provides a rough estimate of features, which affect the duration patterns of the sequence of the sound units. But, the prediction of durations from these features using either linear models or with a fixed rulebase is not accurate. From the analysis it is observed that there exists a gross trend in durations of syllables with respect to syllable position in the phrase, syllable position in the word, word position in the phrase, syllable identity and the context of the syllable (preceding and the following syllables). These features can be further used to predict the durations of the syllables more accurately by exploring various nonlinear models. For analying the durations of sound units, broadcast news data in Telugu is used as the speech corpus. The prediction accuracy of the duration models developed using rulebases and neural networks is evaluated using the objective measures such as percentage of syllables predicted within the specified deviation, average prediction error (µ), standard deviation (σ) and correlation coefficient (γ).
Software Selection in Manufacturing Industries Using a Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making Method, PROMETHEE  [PDF]
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2009.13023
Abstract: This paper presents an effective decision making framework for software selection in manufacturing industries using a multiple criteria decision making method, Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluations (PROMETHEE). The method is improved in the present work by integrating with analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and the fuzzy logic. Fuzzy logic is introduced to handle the imprecision of the human decision making process. The proposed decision making framework is practical for ranking competing software products in terms of their overall performance with respect to multiple criteria. An example is included to illustrate the approach.
A Novel Method of Using API to Generate Liaison Relationships from an Assembly  [PDF]
Arun Tom Mathew, C. S. P. Rao
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2010.32021
Abstract: A mechanical assembly is a composition of interrelated parts. Assembly data base stores the geometric models of indi-vidual parts, the spatial positions and orientations of the parts in the assembly, and the relationships between parts. An assembly of parts can be represented by its liaison which has a description of its relationships between the various parts in the assembly. The problem is to not only make the information available but also use the relevant information for making decisions, especially determination of the assembly sequence plan. The method described in this paper ex-tracts the feature based assembly information from CAD models of products and build up liaisons to facilitate assembly planning applications. The system works on the assumption that the designer explicitly defines joints and mating condi-tions. Further, a computer representation of mechanical assemblies in the form of liaisons is necessary in order to automate the generation of assembly plans. A novel method of extracting the assembly information and representing them in the form of liaisons is presented in this paper.
Exchange Rate Market Sentiment Analysis of Major Global Currencies  [PDF]
K. S. Madhava Rao, Anjana Ramachandran
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.41006

The paper deals with the analysis of market sentiments in exchange rates which are of great interest to trading individuals and institutional investors. For example, an institutional investor or a trading individual makes better investments and minimizes losses when equipped with an understanding of market sentiments in weekly or monthly exchange returns. In the approach suggested here, a typical market sentiment is defined on the basis of the certain function of the mean and the standard error of the logarithm of the ratio of successive daily exchange rates. Based on this surmise, the market sentiments are classified into various states, whereby states are defined according to the perceptions of the market player. A multinomial probability model is built to capture the uncertainties in market sentiments. Two asymptotically distribution-free tests, namely the chi-square and the likelihood ratio test of goodness of fit for the hypothesis of the symmetry in market sentiments are suggested. Two different measures of market sentiments are proposed. The approach advocated here will be of interest to researchers, exchange rate traders and financial analysts. As an application of the proposed line of approach, we analyze weekly market sentiments that govern exchange rates of the major global currenciesEUR, GBP, SDR, YEN, ZAR, USD, data from 2001-2012. Some interesting conclusions are revealed based on the data analysis.

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