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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 404480 matches for " S. I. AL-Sultan "
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Sorghum Halepenses and its Cyanide Content
S. I. AL-Sultan
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2003,
Abstract: Thirty six samples of fresh green Sorghum at various stages of growth up to 180 cm length were examined for estimation of its cyanide content. The samples were collected from different farms. Results obtained revealed that the concentration increases gradually starting from the 46 cm length of the plant (about 0.698 mg/100g plant) to reach its maximum at the 80 cm length about 2.54 mg/100g plant). It then decreases gradually till it reaches 0.042 mg/100g plant at the 180 cm length.
The Effect of Curcuma longa (Tumeric) on Overall Performance of Broiler Chickens
S. I. AL-Sultan
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2003,
Abstract: The effect of Curcuma longa (tumeric) feed additive on overall performance of broiler chickens was investigated. The implication of different diet inclusion levels (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0%) of tumeric on body weight gain, feed conversion, carcass analysis, lymphoid organ weight index and blood cell count of broilers were tested comparing to untreated control birds. It had been found that the higher body weight gain (1344.5 g) was observed in birds fed diet contained tumeric at level of 0.5% followed by birds received o.25% (1329.8), 1% (1306) and control (1268.2). Moreover, the feed conversion of birds received 0.5% tumeric in their diets were the best (2.08) as compared to controls (2.47) and other treated groups (2.27 and 2.31). Regarding carcass analysis, the protein percent of breast and thigh muscles of birds in different treated and control groups were found nearly the same. The lower fat percentage (1.0%) were recorded in carcasses of birds received 1.0% tumeric followed by 0.5, control and 0.25%. On the other hand, the higher bursa and thymus weight indices were detected in birds received diet containing 0.5% tumeric, while the higher spleen weight index was observed in birds received feed contained 1.0% tumeric. The results of organo-leptic test revealed that tumeric did not induce any abnormal flavor, color or smell. The higher levels of tumeric inclusion (0.5 and 1.0%) increased both erythrocytic and total leukocytic count. It could be concluded that the use of tumeric as feed additive at level of 0.5% enhance overall performance of broiler chickens and cost effectiveness study should be conducted.
Influence of Feeding Different Concentration of Fish Oil on Milk Composition of Awasi Goats
S.I. AL-Sultan
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: Five Awasi goats (18-24 month old) during their first lactation were used in this study. All goats were fed a partial basal diet for one week, before supplementation with fish oil at 1 and 2% rates was commenced. Milk samples were collected and analysed for their protein, lactose and milk fat contents. The results of this study disclosed no significant changes in protein and lactose content for both treatments. While, there was a 7-4 and 14.8 % decrease in milk fat content for the 1 and 2% treatments, respectively. The fatty acid composition of milk fat showed a small inctease about 7.9% in total n-3-fatty acids with the 2% supplementation rate.
Studies on Haematological and Certain Serum Biochemeical Values in Young Magaheim Dromedary Camels at Al-Ahsa Province
S.I. Al-Sultan
Veterinary Research , 2012,
Abstract: Haematlogical measurements and certain biochemical parameters were estimated in 50 samples of blood collected at slaughter from young (3-4 months old) Magaheim dromedary camels. Mean values for Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Red Cells Count (RBC) were 9.3±0.3 g dL-1, 0.33±0.3 L L-1 and 7.4±0.3x1012 L-1, respectively. Values for Mean Cell Volume (MCV), Mean Cell Haemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) were reported. Total and deferential leuckocyte counts were estimated. The neutrophil was found to be the predominant white cell (49.1±0.15). Mean values for total protein, albumin, blood glucose, calcium and phosphorus were 52.0±0.3 and 24.0±0.3 g L-1; 6.6±0.4, 2.6±0.3 and 1.4±0.2 mmoL L-1, respectively. Results of all these parameters were tabulated and discussed in relation to other findings reported in camels.
Effect of Dietary Fish Oil on Production Traits and Lipid Composition of Laying Hens
S.I. Al-Sultan
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2005,
Abstract: Feeding of fish oil at a concentration of 1.5 and 3% in a basal diet to laying hens for one month produced no significant effect on production traits except in the egg number and food conversion parameters. Fish oil had significantly reduced plasma total lipids, triglycerides, cholesterol and low and very low density lipoproteins. It`s suggested that fish oil may divert lipids metabolism to phospholipids formation, a mechanism explaining elevation in phospholipids observed in this study.
Aspects of the Serum Biochemistry, Carcass Quality and Organoleptic Characteristics of Broilers Fed Alkali-Treated Date Pits
M. Al-Bowait,S.I. Al-Sultan
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2006,
Abstract: The effects of feeding alkaline treated date pits (TDP) on serum biochemistry, carcass quality and organoleptic characteristics were investigated in 396 commercial broiler chicks of the Hybro strain. The values of glucose, albumin, protein, calcium, pH and GPT and GOT showed no significant difference when compared with the values obtained from the control broilers (feed on corn). Similarly no significant difference was obtained in the values of the meat composition, carcass quality, visceral and abdominal fat between the treated and control broiler. Sensory evaluation parameters of cooked meat were highly accepted to panelists. Replacement corn with alkaline treated date pits as high as 62.4% in broilers diets did not produce serous adverse affects on performance, serum biochemistry, carcass and eating quality of broilers.
Toxicity of Anagallis arvensis Plant
S. I. AL-Sultan,Y. A. Hussein,A. Hegazy
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2003,
Abstract: Sixty adult rats of both sexes were used for determination of LD50 of Anagallis arvensis. Other eighteen rats were used for repeated successive dose for determination of blood picture, kidney function and histopathological changes associated with A. arvensis toxicosis (1/5 and 1/10 LD50) IP for 15 days. The LD50 was 10.718 mg/kg.b.wt. of alcoholic extract of A. arvensis. The clinical signs included anorexia, restlessness, diarrhea, thirst, difficult breathing, tremors and ended by coma and death. Hematologically, there were a significant reduction in PCV%, Hb concentration and RBCs count of the intoxiced rats. Concerning kidney function tests, there were a significant increase in urea and creatinine level of the intoxicated rats. Pathologically, the lesions were primarily confined to the urinary system.
Acute Toxicity of Euphorbia heliscopia in Rats
S.I. AL-Sultan,Yehia A. Hussein
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2006,
Abstract: Fifty two Wistar albino rats of both sexes were used for determination of the LD50 and some toxicological studies of the active principles of Euphorbia heliscopia (sun spourge). The oral LD50 was 1211.7 mg/kg. b.wt. of crude ethyl alcohol extracts under our environmental conditions. The symptoms appear on the intoxicated animals were included increase activity and irritability, salivation, itching the nose and mouth on the cage floor, and diarrhea. The animals were tried to make tunnels under the bed and they were reluctant to stand at the cage corners. Finally the animals closed its eyes and become calm. The animals administered high dose were died after a latent period (3 hours) and some of the animals in other groups were died within 24 hours. Concerning the haematological changes, there were no significant changes of PCV, Hb concentration, RBCs count, while there were significant increase of WBCs, and monocytes. Also there were highly significant increase and decrease of neutrophilis and lymphocytes respectively. The biochemical changes were reveled significant increase in creatinine, urea, uric acid, AST, ALP, cholesterol, T. protein and globulin. PM examination showed alveolar hemorrhages, proliferation of Kuppfer cells, necrosis infiltrated by lymphocytes in lung, liver and spleen. Hyaline deposits and pinkish staining proteineous deposits were seen in Bowman`s space of some glomeruli. It is concluded that E. heliscopia was a moderate toxic materials and must be avoided to introduce in the animal feed.
Histopathological Changes in the Livers of Broiler Chicken Supplemented with Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
S.I. AL-Sultan,A.A. Gameel
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2004,
Abstract: Four groups of broiler chicken (A, B, C and D) of 50 birds each , received dietary supplement of turmeric (Curcuma longa) at concentrations of 0.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10% respectively. Liver sections from birds of all groups showed parenchymal and portal infiltration of mononuclear cells and hyperaemia of portal vessels. Dilatation of bile ducts, mild proliferation of biliary epithelium and periportal hepatocyte degeneration was noticed only in groups B, C and D particularly group B birds killed three weeks after treatment. These changes were related to feeding of Turmeric (Curcuma longa).
Use of Habek Mint (Mentha longifolia) in Broiler Chicken Diets
A.S. Al-Ankari,M.M. Zaki,S.I. Al-Sultan
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2004,
Abstract: An attempt has been conducted to evaluate the effect of habek on performance and immunity of broiler chickens. Five levels of whole habek, 0, 25, 100, 150 and 200 g/kg were incorporated into basal diet of 125 broilers for 5 weeks. The results of the study showed that including 150 g/kg habek into broiler diet make a significant improvement in the mean body weight, daily average gain, feed intake and food conversion ratio. However, in another experiment, habek had no effect on the immune response of the birds against Newcastle disease virus live vaccine when a group of 25 birds was given basal diet supplemented with 150 g/kg habek compare to that fed basal diet only.
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