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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 434046 matches for " S. H. Naqib "
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The effect of Zn substitution on the state of oxygen deficiency and hole concentration in Y1-xCaxBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-d
S. H. Naqib
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2006.04.101
Abstract: We have investigated the effect of Zn substitution on the hole content, p, and the oxygen deficiency, d, for a series of high-quality crystalline c-axis oriented thin films and polycrystalline Y1-xCaxBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-delta compounds over a wide range of composition (x, y, and delta). p was determined from the room-temperature thermopower, S[290K]. When annealed at a given temperature and oxygen partial pressure, a small but systematic variation in S[290K] was observed with Zn, for all the samples. From the analysis of the temperature derivative of resistivity, drho/dT, at 300K, which varies almost linearly with p, irrespective of the composition of the sample, and the thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), we have found that annealing under identical conditions makes the Zn-substituted compounds somewhat more oxygen deficient compared to the Zn-free ones.
Effect of Zn substitution on the suppression of Tc of Y1-xCaxBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-delta superconductors: pseudogap and the systematic shift of the optimum hole content
S. H. Naqib
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/20/10/012
Abstract: The effect of Zn substitution on the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, was investigated for the sintered Y1-xCaxBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-delta compounds over a wide range of hole concentration per CuO2 plane, p. Ca substitution enabled us to study the deeply overdoped region. p was changed by changing the oxygen deficiency (delta). A strongly p-dependent rate of suppression of Tc with Zn (dTc/dy) was found. From the analysis of the dTc(p)/dy and Tc(p,y) data, we found that the optimum hole content, popt, shifts to higher values with increasing Zn and superconductivity is at its strongest when p = 0.185 +/- 0.005. Various complementary experiments have identified this as the hole content where the pseudogap vanishes quite abruptly. We have discussed the possible relevance to these ideas with our findings.
Low-temperature critical current of Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O7-delta thin films as a function of hole content and oxygen deficiency
S. H. Naqib,Anita Semwal
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2005.05.012
Abstract: The effects of hole content (p) and oxygen deficiency (delta) on the zero-field critical current density, Jc0, were investigated for high-quality c-axis oriented Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O7-delta (x = 0, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20) thin films. Ca was used to introduce hole carriers in the CuO2 planes, independent of the oxygen deficiency in the CuO1-delta chains. Low-temperature Jc0(16K) of these films above the optimum doping were found to be high (> 10^7 Amp/cm^2) and were primarily determined by the hole concentration, reaching a maximum at p ~ 0.185+/-0.005, irrespective of oxygen deficiency. This implies that oxygen disorder plays only a secondary role and the intrinsic Jc0 is mainly governed by the carrier concentration and consequently by the superconducting condensation energy which also peaks at p ~ 0.19 where the pseudogap correlation vanishes.
Effects of Zn substitution in La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4: interplay among superconductivity, pseudogap, and stripe order
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: The effect of Zn substitution on the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, was investigated for the La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 (Zn-LSCO) compounds over a wide range of hole concentration, p (= x), and Zn content (y) in the CuO2 plane. Zn induced rate of suppression of Tc, dTc/dy, was found to be strongly p-dependent and showed a systematic variation with hole concentration, except in the vicinity of p ~ 0.12, i.e., near the so-called 1/8th anomaly where the charge/spin stripe correlations are at its strongest in La2-xSrxCuO4. Near p ~ 0.12, the static striped charge ordering is widely believed to dominate the T-p phase diagram. dTc/dy decreased strongly around this hole concentration i.e., Zn became less effective in degrading Tc near p ~ 0.12. This observation is indicative of an intricate and competing interplay among the superconducting, pseudogap, and stripe correlations in Zn-LSCO.
Interplay among superconductivity, pseudogap, and stripe correlations in different high-Tc cuprates
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The effect of Zn substitution in the CuO2 plane on the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, was studied for the La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 and YBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-d compounds over a wide range of hole concentration, p, and Zn content (y). Zn induced rate of suppression of Tc, dTc(p)/dy, was found to be strongly p-dependent and showed a monotonic variation with p, except in the vicinity of p ~ 0.125, i.e., near the so-called 1/8th anomaly where the charge/spin stripe correlations are at their strongest in hole doped cuprates. The magnitude of dTc(p)/dy decreased significantly around this hole concentration implying that Zn suddenly became less effective in degrading Tc near the 1/8th anomaly for La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4. The same feature, somewhat at a reduced scale, was also observed for YBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-d compounds. This is counterintuitive since static stripe order itself degrades superconducting order. We have discussed the possible scenarios that can give rise to such a non-monotonic dTc(p)/dy near p ~ 0.125. We have also looked at the p-dependent characteristic pseudogap energy scale, {\epsilon}g(p), which shows a nearly linear decrease with increasing p without any noticeable feature at p ~ 0.125. Moreover, there is no significant effect of Zn content on the value of {\epsilon}g(p). All these observations are indicative of a complex and possibly competing interplay among the superconducting, pseudogap, and stripe correlations in the hole doped cuprates.
Effects of non-magnetic defects in hole doped cuprates: exploration of the roles of the underlying electronic correlations
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: The effects of non-magnetic iso-valent defects inside the CuO2 plane(s) on superconducting transition temperature, Tc, dc charge transport, and the bulk magnetic susceptibility, \c{hi}(T), were investigated for the YBa2(Cu1-yZny)3O7-d (Zn-YBCO) and La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 (Zn-LSCO) superconductors over a wide range of hole concentrations, p, and Zn contents (y) in the CuO2 plane(s). From the analysis of the \c{hi}(T, y) data, the pseudogap energy scale, {\epsilon}g, was found to be almost independent of the defect content at a given value of p. The Zn induced rate of suppression of Tc, dTc(p)/dy, was found to be strongly p-dependent and showed a systematic variation with hole concentration, except in the vicinity of p ~ 0.125, i.e., near the so-called 1/8th anomaly where the charge and spin stripe orderings are at their strongest in various families of hole doped cuprates. Near p ~ 0.125, the static striped charge ordering is largely believed to dominate the T-p electronic phase diagram. dTc(p)/dy decreased strongly around this composition, i.e., Zn abruptly became less effective in degrading Tc when p ~ 0.125. This observation, together with the facts that (i) Zn suppresses Tc most effectively and (ii) the characteristic pseudogap energy scale remains insensitive to the level of Zn substitution, provide us with important clues regarding the nature and interplay of the underlying electronic correlations present in high-Tc cuprates. We have discussed the possible connections among the stripe ordering, superconducting correlations and the pseudogap phenomenon in details in view of the above findings.
An investigation of the in-plane dc fluctuation conductivity of optimally doped and overdoped cuprates: implication and origin of the pseudogap
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: In conventional superconductors the magnitude of the pairing fluctuation is primarily determined by Tc and the superconducting (SC) coherence length, {\xi}. In systems with strong structural and electronic anisotropies, the interlayer separation, s, plays a significant role. In cuprates, the pseudogap (PG) correlation induces a downturn in the temperature dependent resistivity. As Tc is approached from above, this downturn in the resistivity is supposed to either i) add to or ii) join smoothly to that due to paraconductivity caused by short-lived Cooper pairs. It is important to differentiate between these two possibilities since they are closely linked to the origin of the PG. It would be reasonable to assume that if the first scenario is correct then the PG has a non-SC origin, while the second scenario, if found to hold, would relate precursor pairing to the PG correlations. We have studied the in-plane fluctuation conductivity of two c-axis oriented thin films of Y0.95Ca0.05Ba2Cu3O7-d with similar hole contents (p), p = 0.165 (optimally doped) and p = 0.184 (slightly overdoped). The hole contents are fixed at these values so that the PG affects the resistivity data only at temperatures close to Tc. Analysis of paraconductivity, {\Delta}{\sigma}ab(T), within the mean-field Gaussian Ginzburg-Landau (MFGGL) framework reveals different features for the optimally doped (OPD) and the slightly overdoped (SOD) compounds. The excess conductivity due to Cooper pair fluctuations of the SOD sample can be described reasonably well by the MFGGL formalism. The excess conductivity of the OPD compound, on the other hand, cannot be accounted for by the MFGGL formalism with reasonable set of parameters. There is a significant added contribution to {\Delta}{\sigma}ab(T) for the OPD sample which appears to come from the presence of a PG. These findings point towards a non-pairing origin of the PG.
Effects of Zn on the grain boundary properties of La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 superconductors
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2010.09.008
Abstract: The properties of the grain boundaries (GBs) are of significant importance in high-Tc cuprates. Most large scale applications of cuprate superconductors involve usage of sintered compounds. The critical current density and the ability to trap high magnetic flux inside the sample depend largely on the quality of the GBs. Zn has the ability to pin vortices but it also degrades superconductivity. In this study we have investigated the effect of Zn impurity on the intergrain coupling properties in high-quality La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 sintered samples with different hole concentrations, p (\equiv x), over a wide range of Zn contents (y) using field-dependent ac susceptibility (ACS) measurements. The ACS results enabled us to determine the superconducting transition temperature Tc, and the temperature Tgcp, at which the randomly oriented superconducting grains become coupled as a function of hole and disorder contents. We have analyzed the behavior of the GBs from the systematic evolution of the values of Tgcp(p, y), Tc(p, y), and from the contribution to the field-dependent ACS signal coming from the intergrain shielding current. Zn suppresses both Tc and Tgcp in a similar fashion. The hole content and the carrier localization due to Zn substitution seem to have significant effect on the coupling properties of the GBs. We have discussed the possible implications of these findings in detail in this article. PACS: 74.72.Dn; 74.62.Dh; 74.25.Sv Keywords: Zn doped La214; Critical current density; Grain boundary
Isotope exponent in disordered underdoped and overdoped La214
S H Naqib,R S Islam
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: The effect of oxygen isotope substitution on Tc has been analyzed for heavily underdoped and overdoped La2-xSrxCu1-yZnyO4 compounds with different Zn contents in the CuO2 plane. The effect of Zn on the isotope exponent, {\alpha}, was more pronounced in the case of the underdoped (x = 0.09) compounds compared to the overdoped (x = 0.22) ones. The variation of {\alpha} with in-plane disorder can be described quite well within a model based solely on impurity induced Cooper pair-breaking in the case of the underdoped compounds. This model, on the other hand, fails to describe the behavior of {\alpha}(y) for the overdoped samples, even though Zn still breaks pairs very effectively at this hole (Sr) content. We discuss the implications of these finding in details by considering the Zn induced magnetism, stripe correlations, and possible changes in the superconducting order parameter as number of charge carriers in the CuO2 plane, p (\equiv x), is varied.
On possible reconciliation of anomalous isotope effect and non-phononic pairing mechanism in high-Tc cuprates
S. H. Naqib,R. S. Islam
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Superconductivity in high-Tc cuprates is unconventional and there is a growing acceptance that carrier pairing in these strongly correlated electronic materials is mediated mainly by bosons of electronic origin rather than the phonons. Still, a significant isotope exponent (IE) (in certain cases, much larger than 0.5, the canonical BCS value) is observed experimentally. This has led to the assumption that phonons are also involved up to a certain extent. The magnitude of the IE in cuprates depends strongly on the number of doped holes, p, in the CuO2 planes and therefore, may indicate that phonons play different quantitative roles as the mediating boson at different regions of the Tc-p phase diagram. Based on recent experiments on Fermi-surface reconstruction from the thermoelectric transport measurements (Nature Commun. 2:432 doi: 10.1038/ncomms1440 (2011)) and on magnetic field induced charge order in YBa2Cu3O7-delta (Nature 477, 191 (2011)), we propose a very simple scenario where isotope substitutions affect the stripe state via the coupling to the lattice and thereby change the superconducting Tc. In this picture significant part of the observed IE, over an extended p-range, originates from the isotope induced stripe modulation and is not directly related to the characteristic energy scale of the pairing phonons as is the case in the BCS framework. This simple proposal qualitatively explains all the p-dependent anomalous features of the IE observed experimentally in hole doped high-Tc cuprates.
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