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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 342894 matches for " S. Gao "
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Computational Analysis of Gas Phase Mixing in a Co-Fired Burner with Two Different Designs  [PDF]
J. Iqbal, S. Gao
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.34025

The study of swirling jet combustor for biomass coal co-firing is of great interest for energy industry. The biomass co-firing can serve as a NOx reduction method as well as the better use of renewable energy source. Large eddy simulation (LES) and RANS modelling have been performed with two different burner designs. Usually pulverized coal-biomass mixture enters the furnace along with primary air through primary pipe, and the secondary pipe provides necessary air and mixing for combustion. The improved model has three passages including primary, secondary and middle passage for swirling. The simulations on two geometries have been compared, and the aim is to design a better and improved burner model for better pre-combustion mixing in the biomass co- fired furnace. The results from two-way and three-way geometry have been compared with each other as well as with the results from the furnace model used by Apte and Mahesh [8].

Chinese Ischemic Stroke Subclassification
S. Gao
Frontiers in Neurology , 2011, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2011.00006
Abstract: Accurate classification of stroke has significant impact on patient care and conduction of stroke clinical trials. The current systems such as TOAST, SSS-TOAST, Korean TOAST, and A–S–C–O have limitations. With the advent of new imaging technology, there is a need to have a more accurate stroke subclassification system. Chinese ischemic stroke subclassification (CISS) system is a new two step system aims at the etiology and then underlying mechanism of a stroke. The first step classify stroke into five categories: large artery atherosclerosis (LAA), including atherosclerosis of aortic arch and intra-/extracranial large arteries, cardiogenic stroke, penetrating artery disease, other etiology, and undetermined etiology. The second step is to further classify the underlying mechanism of ischemic stroke from the intracranial and extracranial LAA into the parent artery (plaque or thrombosis) occluding penetrating artery, artery-to-artery embolism, hypoperfusion/impaired emboli clearance, and multiple mechanisms. Although clinical validation of CISS is being planned, CISS is an innovative system that offers much more detailed information on the pathophysiology of a stroke.
Simon S. Gao
Serbian Journal of Management , 2012,
Design of Wideband Microstrip Filters with Non-Equiripple Responses and Low Sensitivity
S. S. Gao,Sheng Sun
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: This paper presents a novel design procedure for wideband microstrip bandpass filters with non-equiripple filtering frequency responses and low sensitivity. Different from the traditional Chebyshev transfer function filters, the return loss zeros of the proposed non-equiripple filters can be redistributed within the operating passband. For the industrial applications, the proposed filters have a reduced sensitivity to manufacturing errors and exhibit good tolerance control for both specified bandwidth and maximum in-band reflection loss. By deriving the transfer functions, a synthesis approach with a set of non-linear equations can be established according to the specifications such as the bandwidth and predetermined reflection lobes. Without performing any post optimization in the full-wave simulation, the non-equiripple synthesized results have less sensitivity and fractional bandwidth (delta) error in comparison with those obtained from traditional Chebyshev transfer functions with equiripple frequency responses. As design examples, a four-pole bandpass filter with delta=60% and a five-pole bandpass filter with delta=82.5% are designed and fabricated. Measured results show a good agreement with those obtained from the prediction, without any tuning or adjustments.
Multi-Sensor Ensemble Classifier for Activity Recognition  [PDF]
Lingfei Mo, Shaopeng Liu, Robert X. Gao, Patty S. Freedson
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2012.512B022
Abstract: This paper presents a multi-sensor ensemble classifier (MSEC) for physical activity (PA) pattern recognition of human subjects. The MSEC, developed for a wearable multi-sensor integrate measurement system (IMS),combines multiple classifiers based on different sensor feature sets to improve the accuracy of PA type identification.Experimental evaluation of 56 subjects has shown that the MSECis more effectivein assessing activities of varying intensitiesthan the traditional homogeneous classifiers. It is able to correctly recognize 6 PA types with an accuracy of 93.50%, which is 7% higher than the non-ensemble support vector machine method. Furthermore, the MSECis effective in reducing the subject-to-subject variabilityin activity recognition.
Focusing of Azimuthally Polarized Hyperbolic-Cosine-Gaussian Beam  [PDF]
X.M. Gao, M.Y Gao, S. Hu, H.M. Guo, J. Wang, S.L. Zhuang
Engineering (ENG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.22018
Abstract: The focusing properties of azimuthally polarized hyperbolic-cosine-Gaussian (ChG) beam are investigated theoretically by vector diffraction theory. Results show that the intensity distribution in focal region of azimuthally polarized ChG beam can be altered considerably by decentered parameters, and some novel focal patterns may occur for certain case. On increasing decentered parameters, ring shape of focal pattern can evolve into four-peak focal pattern, and azimuthal field component affects focal pattern more significantly than radial field component. Optical gradient force is also calculated to show that the focusing properties may be used in optical tweezers technique.
Phylogenomic analysis of proteins that are distinctive of Archaea and its main subgroups and the origin of methanogenesis
Beile Gao, Radhey S Gupta
BMC Genomics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-8-86
Abstract: We have carried out comprehensive analyses on each open reading frame (ORFs) in the genomes of 11 archaea (3 Crenarchaeota – Aeropyrum pernix, Pyrobaculum aerophilum and Sulfolobus acidocaldarius; 8 Euryarchaeota – Pyrococcus abyssi, Methanococcus maripaludis, Methanopyrus kandleri, Methanococcoides burtonii, Halobacterium sp. NCR-1, Haloquadratum walsbyi, Thermoplasma acidophilum and Picrophilus torridus) to search for proteins that are unique to either all Archaea or for its main subgroups. These studies have identified 1448 proteins or ORFs that are distinctive characteristics of Archaea and its various subgroups and whose homologues are not found in other organisms. Six of these proteins are unique to all Archaea, 10 others are only missing in Nanoarchaeum equitans and a large number of other proteins are specific for various main groups within the Archaea (e.g. Crenarchaeota, Euryarchaeota, Sulfolobales and Desulfurococcales, Halobacteriales, Thermococci, Thermoplasmata, all methanogenic archaea or particular groups of methanogens). Of particular importance is the observation that 31 proteins are uniquely present in virtually all methanogens (including M. kandleri) and 10 additional proteins are only found in different methanogens as well as A. fulgidus. In contrast, no protein was exclusively shared by various methanogen and any of the Halobacteriales or Thermoplasmatales. These results strongly indicate that all methanogenic archaea form a monophyletic group exclusive of other archaea and that this lineage likely evolved from Archaeoglobus. In addition, 15 proteins that are uniquely shared by M. kandleri and Methanobacteriales suggest a close evolutionary relationship between them. In contrast to the phylogenomics studies, a monophyletic grouping of archaea is not supported by phylogenetic analyses based on protein sequences.The identified archaea-specific proteins provide novel molecular markers or signature proteins that are distinctive characteristics of A
Compact Elliptically Tapered Slot Antenna with Non-uniform Corrugations for Ultra-wideband Applications
F. G. Zhu,S. Gao
Radioengineering , 2013,
Abstract: A small size elliptically tapered slot antenna (ETSA) fed by coplanar waveguide (CPW) for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications is proposed. It is printed on an FR4 substrate and occupies a size of 37×34×0.8 mm3. A pair of quarter circular shapes is etched on the radiator to reduce the size. To overcome the limitation of uniform corrugation, non-uniform corrugation is utilized to reduce the cross-polarization level. A parametric study is carried out to investigate the effects of circular cut and corrugations. In order to validate the design, a prototype is fabricated and measured. Both simulated and measured results confirm that the proposed antenna achieves a good performance of a reflection coefficient below -10 dB from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz, including a maximum antenna gain of 8.1dBi, directional patterns in the end-fire direction, low cross-polarization level below -20 dB and linear phase response. The antenna is promising for applications in UWB impulse radar imaging.
Nonsensitive nonlinear homotopy approach
Yuan Gao,S. Y. Lou
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0256-307X/26/11/110201
Abstract: Generally, natural scientific problems are so complicated that one has to establish some effective perturbation or nonperturbation theories with respect to some associated ideal models. In this Letter, a new theory that combines perturbation and nonperturbation is constructed. An artificial nonlinear homotopy parameter plays the role of a perturbation parameter, while other artificial nonlinear parameters, of which the original problems are independent, introduced in the nonlinear homotopy models are nonperturbatively determined by means of a principle minimal sensitivity. The method is demonstrated through several quantum anharmonic oscillators and a non-hermitian parity-time symmetric Hamiltonian system. In fact, the framework of the theory is rather general that can be applied to a broad range of natural phenomena. Possible applications to condensed matter physics, matter wave systems, and nonlinear optics are briefly discussed.
Simple Theoretical Models for Resonant Cold Atom Interactions
Paul S. Julienne,Bo Gao
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1063/1.2400656
Abstract: Magnetically tunable scattering resonances have been used with great success for precise control of s-wave scattering lengths in ultracold atomic collisions. We describe relatively simple yet quite powerful analytic treatments of such resonances based on the analytic properties of the van der Waals long range potential. This theory can be used to characterize a number of properties of specific resonances that have been used successfully in various experiments with $^{87}$Rb, $^{85}$Rb, $^{40}$K, and $^{6}$Li. Optical Feshbach resonances are also possible and may be practical with narrow intercombination line photoassociative transitions in species like Sr and Yb.
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