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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 325298 matches for " S. Cormon "
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Improved Predictions of Reactor Antineutrino Spectra
Th. A. Mueller,D. Lhuillier,M. Fallot,A. Letourneau,S. Cormon,M. Fechner,L. Giot,T. Lasserre,J. Martino,G. Mention,A. Porta,F. Yermia
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.054615
Abstract: We report new calculations of reactor antineutrino spectra including the latest information from nuclear databases and a detailed error budget. The first part of this work is the so-called ab initio approach where the total antineutrino spectrum is built from the sum of all beta-branches of all fission products predicted by an evolution code. Systematic effects and missing information in nuclear databases lead to final relative uncertainties in the 10 to 20% range. A prediction of the antineutrino spectrum associated with the fission of 238U is given based on this ab initio method. For the dominant isotopes 235U and 239Pu, we developed a more accurate approach combining information from nuclear databases and reference electron spectra associated with the fission of 235U, 239Pu and 241Pu, measured at ILL in the 80's. We show how the anchor point of the measured total beta-spectra can be used to suppress the uncertainty in nuclear databases while taking advantage of all the information they contain. We provide new reference antineutrino spectra for 235U, 239Pu and 241Pu isotopes in the 2-8 MeV range. While the shapes of the spectra and their uncertainties are comparable to that of the previous analysis of the ILL data, the normalization is shifted by about +3% on average. In the perspective of the re-analysis of past experiments and direct use of these results by upcoming oscillation experiments, we discuss the various sources of errors and their correlations as well as the corrections induced by off equilibrium effects.
New antineutrino energy spectra predictions from the summation of beta decay branches of the fission products
M. Fallot,S. Cormon,M. Estienne,A. Algora,V. M. Bui,A. Cucoanes,M. Elnimr,L. Giot,D. Jordan,J. Martino,A. Onillon,A. Porta,G. Pronost,A. Remoto,J. L. Taín,F. Yermia,A. -A. Zakari-Issoufou
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.202504
Abstract: In this paper, we study the impact of the inclusion of the recently measured beta decay properties of the $^{102;104;105;106;107}$Tc, $^{105}$Mo, and $^{101}$Nb nuclei in an updated calculation of the antineutrino energy spectra of the four fissible isotopes $^{235, 238}$U, and $^{239,241}$Pu. These actinides are the main contributors to the fission processes in Pressurized Water Reactors. The beta feeding probabilities of the above-mentioned Tc, Mo and Nb isotopes have been found to play a major role in the $\gamma$ component of the decay heat of $^{239}$Pu, solving a large part of the $\gamma$ discrepancy in the 4 to 3000\,s range. They have been measured using the Total Absorption Technique (TAS), avoiding the Pandemonium effect. The calculations are performed using the information available nowadays in the nuclear databases, summing all the contributions of the beta decay branches of the fission products. Our results provide a new prediction of the antineutrino energy spectra of $^{235}$U, $^{239,241}$Pu and in particular of $^{238}$U for which no measurement has been published yet. We conclude that new TAS measurements are mandatory to improve the reliability of the predicted spectra.
Total Absorption Spectroscopy Study of $^{92}$Rb Decay: A Major Contributor to Reactor Antineutrino Spectrum Shape
A. -A. Zakari-Issoufou,M. Fallot,A. Porta,A. Algora,J. L. Tain,E. Valencia,S. Rice,V. M Bui,S. Cormon,M. Estienne,J. Agramunt,J. ?yst?,M. Bowry,J. A. Briz,R. Caballero-Folch,D. Cano-Ott,A. Cucoanes,V. -V. Elomaa,T. Eronen,E. Estévez,G. F. Farrelly,A. R. Garcia,W. Gelletly,M. B Gomez-Hornillos,V. Gorlychev,J. Hakala,A. Jokinen,M. D. Jordan,A. Kankainen,P. Karvonen,V. S. Kolhinen,F. G Kondev,T. Martinez,E. Mendoza,F. Molina,I. Moore,A. B. Perez-Cerdán,Zs. Podolyák,H. Penttil?,P. H. Regan,M. Reponen,J. Rissanen,B. Rubio,T. Shiba,A. A. Sonzogni,C. Weber,IGISOL collaboration
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.102503
Abstract: The antineutrino spectra measured in recent experiments at reactors are inconsistent with calculations based on the conversion of integral beta spectra recorded at the ILL reactor. $^{92}$Rb makes the dominant contribution to the reactor spectrum in the 5-8 MeV range but its decay properties are in question. We have studied $^{92}$Rb decay with total absorption spectroscopy. Previously unobserved beta feeding was seen in the 4.5-5.5 region and the GS to GS feeding was found to be 87.5(25)%. The impact on the reactor antineutrino spectra calculated with the summation method is shown and discussed.
Indication for the disappearance of reactor electron antineutrinos in the Double Chooz experiment
Y. Abe,C. Aberle,T. Akiri,J. C. dos Anjos,F. Ardellier,A. F. Barbosa,A. Baxter,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,M. Bongrand,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,S. Cormon,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,M. Cribier,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,M. Dierckxsens,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,Y. Endo,A. Etenko,E. Falk,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,B. Guillon,N. Haag,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Hartnell,T. Haruna,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,Y. Kibe,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,C. Langbrandtner,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,Y. Liu,J. M. López-Castan?,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Milzstajn,H. Miyata,D. Motta,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy
Statistics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.131801
Abstract: The Double Chooz Experiment presents an indication of reactor electron antineutrino disappearance consistent with neutrino oscillations. A ratio of 0.944 $\pm$ 0.016 (stat) $\pm$ 0.040 (syst) observed to predicted events was obtained in 101 days of running at the Chooz Nuclear Power Plant in France, with two 4.25 GW$_{th}$ reactors. The results were obtained from a single 10 m$^3$ fiducial volume detector located 1050 m from the two reactor cores. The reactor antineutrino flux prediction used the Bugey4 measurement as an anchor point. The deficit can be interpreted as an indication of a non-zero value of the still unmeasured neutrino mixing parameter \sang. Analyzing both the rate of the prompt positrons and their energy spectrum we find \sang = 0.086 $\pm$ 0.041 (stat) $\pm$ 0.030 (syst), or, at 90% CL, 0.015 $<$ \sang $\ <$ 0.16.
Study of the Structural and Electrical Properties of Cr-Doped BiFeO3 Ceramic  [PDF]
S. S. Arafat, S. Ibrahim
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2017.810051
Abstract: Multiferroic BiFe1-xCrxO3 (x = 0.2 and 0.4) ceramics were synthesized in a single phase. The effects of Cr3+ substitution on the crystal structure, dielectric permittivity and leakage current were investigated. Preliminary X-ray structural studies revealed that the samples had a rhombohedral perovskite crystal structure. The dielectric constant ε' significantly increased while the dielectric loss tanδ was substantially decreased with the increase in Cr3+ substitution. The temperature effect on the dielectric properties exhibited an anomaly corresponding to magneto-electric coupling in the samples and was shifted to lower temperatures with the increase in Cr3+ substitution. The leakage current density also reduced in magnitude with the increase in the Cr3+ substitution.
Degree Splitting of Root Square Mean Graphs  [PDF]
S. S. Sandhya, S. Somasundaram, S. Anusa
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.66086
Abstract: Let \"\" be an injective function. For a vertex labeling f, the induced edge labeling \"\" is defined by, \"\" or \"\"; then, the edge labels are distinct and are from \"\". Then f is called a root square mean labeling of G. In this paper, we prove root square mean labeling of some degree splitting graphs.
A Parameter Estimation Model of G-CSF: Mathematical Model of Cyclical Neutropenia  [PDF]
S. Balamuralitharan, S. Rajasekaran
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2012.21002
Abstract: We investigate the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) model and G-CSF (granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) treatment of CN (Cyclical Neutropenia). We collect grey collies and normal dog’s data from CN and analyze the G-CSF treatment. The model develops the dynamics of circulating blood cells before and after the G-CSF treatment. This is quite natural and useful for the collection of laboratory data for investigation. The proposed interventions are practical. This reduces the quantity of G-CSF required for potential maintenance. This model gives us good result in treatment. The changes would be practical and reduce the risk side as well as the cost of treatment in G-CSF.
Synthesis, Thermal Behaviour, XRD, and Luminescent Properties of Lighter Lanthanidethiodipropionate Hydrates Containing Aminogunidine as Neutral Ligand  [PDF]
S. Packiaraj, S. Govindarajan
Open Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (OJIC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojic.2014.43006
Aminoguanidine lanthanide thiodipropionate hydrates of composition [Ln(Agun)2(tdp)3·nH2O], Agun = Aminoguanidine, tdp = thiodipropionic acid, where Ln = La, Pr, Nd and Sm if n = 2, have been prepared and characterized by physic-chemical techniques.
Fuzzy Based Intelligent Monitoring of Critical Lines in the Restructured Power Market  [PDF]
S. Rajasekaran, S. Sathiyamoorthy
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.79191
Abstract: Restructured electric market environment allows the power wheeling transactions between the power producers and customers to meet the growing load demand. This will lead to the possible of congestion in the transmission lines. The possible contingencies of power components further worsen the scenario. This paper describes the methodology for the identification of critical transmission line by computing the real power and reactive power performance indices. It also demonstrates the importance of fuzzy logic technique used to rank the transmission lines according to the severity and demonstrated on IEEE-30 bus system.
Error Correction Circuit for Single-Event Hardening of Delay Locked Loops  [PDF]
S. Balaji, S. Ramasamy
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.79210
Abstract: In scaled CMOS processes, the single-event effects generate missing output pulses in Delay-Locked Loop (DLL). Due to its effective sequence detection of the missing pulses in the proposed Error Correction Circuit (ECC) and its portability to be applied to any DLL type, the ECC mitigates the impact of single-event effects and completes its operation with less design complexity without any concern about losing the information. The ECC has been implemented in 180 nm CMOS process and measured the accuracy of mitigation on simulations at LETs up to 100 MeV-cm2/mg. The robustness and portability of the mitigation technique are validated through the results obtained by implementing proposed ECC in XilinxArtix 7 FPGA.
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