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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 429074 matches for " S. B. Cenko "
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Discovery of the Very Red Near-Infrared and Optical Afterglow of the Short-Duration GRB 070724A
E. Berger,S. B. Cenko,D. B. Fox,A. Cucchiara
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/704/1/877
Abstract: [Abridged] We report the discovery of the near-infrared and optical afterglow of the short-duration gamma-ray burst GRB070724A. The afterglow is detected in i,J,H,K observations starting 2.3 hr after the burst with K=19.59+/-0.16 mag and i=23.79+/-0.07 mag, but is absent in images obtained 1.3 years later. Fading is also detected in the K-band between 2.8 and 3.7 hr at a 4-sigma significance level. The optical/near-IR spectral index, beta_{O,NIR}=-2, is much redder than expected in the standard afterglow model, pointing to either significant dust extinction, A_{V,host}~2 mag, or a non-afterglow origin for the near-IR emission. The case for extinction is supported by a shallow optical to X-ray spectral index, consistent with the definition for ``dark bursts'', and a normal near-IR to X-ray spectral index. Moreover, a comparison to the optical discovery magnitudes of all short GRBs with optical afterglows indicates that the near-IR counterpart of GRB070724A is one of the brightest to date, while its observed optical emission is one of the faintest. In the context of a non-afterglow origin, the near-IR emission may be dominated by a mini-supernova, leading to an estimated ejected mass of M~10^-4 Msun and a radioactive energy release efficiency of f~0.005 (for v~0.3c). However, the mini-SN model predicts a spectral peak in the UV rather than near-IR, suggesting that this is either not the correct interpretation or that the mini-SN models need to be revised. Finally, the afterglow coincides with a star forming galaxy at z=0.457, previously identified as the host based on its coincidence with the X-ray afterglow position (~2" radius). Our discovery of the optical/near-IR afterglow makes this association secure.
Probing the distance and morphology of the Large Magellanic Cloud with RR Lyrae stars
Christopher R. Klein,S. B. Cenko,Adam A. Miller,Dara J. Norman,Joshua S. Bloom
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: We present a Bayesian analysis of the distances to 15,040 Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) RR Lyrae stars using $V$- and $I$-band light curves from the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment, in combination with new $z$-band observations from the Dark Energy Camera. Our median individual RR Lyrae distance statistical error is 1.89 kpc (fractional distance error of 3.76 per cent). We present three-dimensional contour plots of the number density of LMC RR Lyrae stars and measure a distance to the core LMC RR Lyrae centre of ${50.2482\pm0.0546 {\rm(statistical)} \pm0.4628 {\rm(systematic)} {\rm kpc}}$, equivalently ${\mu_{\rm LMC}=18.5056\pm0.0024 {\rm(statistical)} \pm0.02 {\rm(systematic)}}$. This finding is statistically consistent with and four times more precise than the canonical value determined by a recent meta-analysis of 233 separate LMC distance determinations. We also measure a maximum tilt angle of $11.84^{\circ}\pm0.80^{\circ}$ at a position angle of $62^\circ$, and report highly precise constraints on the $V$, $I$, and $z$ RR Lyrae period--magnitude relations. The full dataset of observed mean-flux magnitudes, derived colour excess ${E(V-I)}$ values, and fitted distances for the 15,040 RR Lyrae stars produced through this work is made available through the publication's associated online data.
Discovery of SN 2009nz Associated with GRB 091127
B. E. Cobb,J. S. Bloom,D. A. Perley,A. N. Morgan,S. B. Cenko,A. V. Filippenko
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/718/2/L150
Abstract: We report SMARTS, Gemini and Swift-UVOT observations of the optical transient (OT) associated with gamma-ray burst (GRB) 091127, at redshift 0.49, taken between 0.9 hr and 102 days following the Swift trigger. In our early-time observations, the OT fades in a manner consistent with previously observed GRB afterglows. However, after 9 days post-burst, the OT is observed to brighten for a period of ~2 weeks, after which the source resumes fading. A comparison of this late-time "bump" to SN 1998bw (the broad-lined Type Ic supernova associated with GRB 980425), and several other GRB supernovae (SNe), indicates that the most straightforward explanation is that GRB 091127 was accompanied by a contemporaneous SN (SN 2009nz) that peaked at a magnitude of M_V=-19.0+/-0.2. SN 2009nz is globally similar to other GRB supernovae, but evolves slightly faster than SN 1998bw and reaches a slightly dimmer peak magnitude. We also analyze the early-time UV-optical-IR spectral energy distribution of the afterglow of GRB 091127 and find that there is little to no reddening in the host galaxy along the line-of-slight to this burst.
Stellar Astrophysics with a Dispersed Fourier Transform Spectrograph. I. Instrument Description and Orbits of Single-lined Spectroscopic Binaries
Bradford B. Behr,Arsen R. Hajian,Andrew T. Cenko,Marc Murison,Robert S. McMillan,Robert Hindsley,Jeff Meade
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/705/1/543
Abstract: We have designed and constructed a second-generation version of the Dispersed Fourier Transform Spectrograph, or dFTS. This instrument combines a spectral interferometer with a dispersive spectrograph to provide high-accuracy, high-resolution optical spectra of stellar targets. The new version, dFTS2, is based upon the design of our prototype, with several modifications to improve the system throughput and performance. We deployed dFTS2 to the Steward Observatory 2.3-meter Bok Telescope from June 2007 to June 2008, and undertook an observing program on spectroscopic binary stars, with the goal of constraining the velocity amplitude K of the binary orbits with 0.1% accuracy, a significant improvement over most of the orbits reported in the literature. We present results for radial velocity reference stars and orbit solutions for single-lined spectroscopic binaries.
Stellar Astrophysics with a Dispersed Fourier Transform Spectrograph. II. Orbits of Double-lined Spectroscopic Binaries
Bradford B. Behr,Andrew T. Cenko,Arsen R. Hajian,Robert S. McMillan,Marc Murison,Jeff Meade,Robert Hindsley
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-6256/142/1/6
Abstract: We present orbital parameters for six double-lined spectroscopic binaries (iota Pegasi, omega Draconis, 12 Bootis, V1143 Cygni, beta Aurigae, and Mizar A) and two double-lined triple star systems (kappa Pegasi and eta Virginis). The orbital fits are based upon high-precision radial velocity observations made with a dispersed Fourier Transform Spectrograph, or dFTS, a new instrument which combines interferometric and dispersive elements. For some of the double-lined binaries with known inclination angles, the quality of our RV data permits us to determine the masses M_1 and M_2 of the stellar components with relative errors as small as 0.2%.
Gemini Spectroscopy of the Short GRB 130603B Afterglow and Host
A. Cucchiara,J. X. Prochaska,D. A. Perley,S. B. Cenko,J. Werk,Y. Cao,J. S. Bloom,B. E. Cobb
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/777/2/94
Abstract: We present early optical photometry and spectroscopy of the afterglow and host galaxy of the bright short-duration gamma-ray burst GRB 130603B discovered by the Swift satellite. Using the Gemini South telescope, our prompt optical spectra reveal a strong trace from the afterglow superimposed on continuum and emission lines from the $z = 0.3568 \pm 0.0005$ host galaxy. The combination of a relatively bright optical afterglow (r' = 21.52 at $\Delta_t $= 8.4hr), together with an observed offset of 0\farcs9 from the host nucleus (4.8kpc projected distance at z=0.3568), allow us to extract a relatively clean spectrum dominated by afterglow light . The spatially resolved spectrum allows us to constrain the properties of the explosion site directly, and compare these with the host galaxy nucleus, as well as other short-duration GRB host galaxies. We find that while the host is a relatively luminous ($L \approx 0.8 L^{*}_{B}$), star-forming galaxy with solar metallicity, the spectrum of the afterglow exhibits weak CaII absorption features but negligible emission features. The explosion site therefore lacks evidence of recent star formation, consistent with the relatively long delay time distribution expected in a compact binary merger scenario. The star formation rate (both in an absolute sense and normalized to the luminosity) and metallicity of the host are both consistent with the known sample of short-duration GRB hosts and with recent results which suggest GRB130603B emission to be the product of the decay of radioactive species produced during the merging process of a NS-NS binary ("kilonova"). Ultimately, the discovery of more events similar to GRB130603B and their rapid follow-up from 8-m class telescopes will open new opportunities for our understanding of the final stages of compact-objects binary systems.
The Quasar SDSS J1536+0441: An Unusual Double-Peaked Emitter
Ryan Chornock,J. S. Bloom,S. B. Cenko,A. V. Filippenko,J. M. Silverman,M. D. Hicks,K. J. Lawrence,A. J. Mendez,M. Rafelski,A. M. Wolfe,;
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/709/1/L39
Abstract: The quasar SDSS J153636.22+044127.0, exhibiting peculiar broad emission-line profiles with multiple components, was proposed as a candidate sub-parsec binary supermassive black hole system. More recently, imaging revealed two spatially distinct sources, leading some to suggest the system to be a quasar pair separated by ~5 kpc. We present Palomar and Keck optical spectra of this system from which we identify a third velocity component to the emission lines. We argue that the system is more likely an unusual member of the class of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) known as "double-peaked emitters" than a sub-parsec black hole binary or quasar pair. We find no significant velocity evolution of the two main peaks over the course of 0.95 yr, with a 3-sigma upper limit on any secular change of 70 km/s/yr. We also find that the three velocity components of the emission lines are spatially coincident to within 0.015" along the slit, apparently ruling out the double-quasar hypothesis.
Discovery of a new photometric sub-class of faint and fast classical novae
M. M. Kasliwal,S. B. Cenko,S. R. Kulkarni,E. O. Ofek,R. Quimby,A. Rau,Caltech,UC Berkeley,MPE Garching
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/735/2/94
Abstract: We present photometric and spectroscopic follow-up of a sample of extragalactic novae discovered by the Palomar 60-inch telescope during a search for "Fast Transients In Nearest Galaxies" (P60-FasTING). Designed as a fast cadence (1-day) and deep (g < 21 mag) survey, P60-FasTING was particularly sensitive to short-lived and faint optical transients. The P60-FasTING nova sample includes 10 novae in M31, 6 in M81, 3 in M82, 1 in NGC2403 and 1 in NGC891. This significantly expands the known sample of extragalactic novae beyond the Local Group, including the first discoveries in a starburst environment. Surprisingly, our photometry shows that this sample is quite inconsistent with the canonical Maximum Magnitude Rate of Decline (MMRD) relation for classical novae. Furthermore, the spectra of the P60-FasTING sample are indistinguishable from classical novae. We suggest that we have uncovered a sub-class of faint and fast classical novae in a new phase space in luminosity-timescale of optical transients. Thus, novae span two orders of magnitude in both luminosity and time. Perhaps, the MMRD, which is characterized only by the white dwarf mass, was an over-simplification. Nova physics appears to be characterized by quite a rich four-dimensional parameter space in white dwarf mass, temperature, composition and accretion rate.
Discovery of Bright Galactic R Coronae Borealis and DY Persei Variables: Rare Gems Mined from ACVS
A. A. Miller,J. W. Richards,J. S. Bloom,S. B. Cenko,J. M. Silverman,D. L. Starr,K. G. Stassun
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/755/2/98
Abstract: We present the results of a machine-learning (ML) based search for new R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars and DY Persei-like stars (DYPers) in the Galaxy using cataloged light curves from the All-Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) Catalog of Variable Stars (ACVS). RCB stars - a rare class of hydrogen-deficient carbon-rich supergiants - are of great interest owing to the insights they can provide on the late stages of stellar evolution. DYPers are possibly the low-temperature, low-luminosity analogs to the RCB phenomenon, though additional examples are needed to fully establish this connection. While RCB stars and DYPers are traditionally identified by epochs of extreme dimming that occur without regularity, the ML search framework more fully captures the richness and diversity of their photometric behavior. We demonstrate that our ML method can use newly discovered RCB stars to identify additional candidates within the same data set. Our search yields 15 candidates that we consider likely RCB stars/DYPers: new spectroscopic observations confirm that four of these candidates are RCB stars and four are DYPers. Our discovery of four new DYPers increases the number of known Galactic DYPers from two to six; noteworthy is that one of the new DYPers has a measured parallax and is m ~ 7 mag, making it the brightest known DYPer to date. Future observations of these new DYPers should prove instrumental in establishing the RCB connection. We consider these results, derived from a machine-learned probabilistic classification catalog, as an important proof-of-concept for the efficient discovery of rare sources with time-domain surveys.
The Luminous Infrared Host Galaxy of Short-Duration GRB 100206A
Daniel A. Perley,M. Modjaz,A. N. Morgan,S. B. Cenko,J. S. Bloom,N. R. Butler,A. V. Filippenko,A. A. Miller
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/758/2/122
Abstract: The known host galaxies of short-hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) to date are characterized by low to moderate star-formation rates and a broad range of stellar masses. In this paper, we positionally associate the recent unambiguously short-hard Swift GRB 100206A with a disk galaxy at redshift z=0.4068 that is rapidly forming stars at a rate of ~30 M_sun/yr, almost an order of magnitude higher than any previously identified short GRB host. Using photometry from Gemini, Keck, PAIRITEL, and WISE, we show that the galaxy is very red (g-K = 4.3 AB mag), heavily obscured (A_V ~ 2 mag), and has the highest metallicity of any GRB host to date (12 + log[O/H]_KD02 = 9.2): it is a classical luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG), with L_IR ~ 4 x 10^11 L_sun. While these properties could be interpreted to support an association of this GRB with very recent star formation, modeling of the broadband spectral energy distribution also indicates that a substantial stellar mass of mostly older stars is present. The current specific star-formation rate is modest (specific SFR ~ 0.5 Gyr^-1), the current star-formation rate is not substantially elevated above its long-term average, and the host morphology shows no sign of recent merger activity. Our observations are therefore equally consistent with an older progenitor, similar to what is inferred for other short-hard GRBs. Given the precedent established by previous short GRB hosts and the significant fraction of the Universe's stellar mass in LIRG-like systems at z >~0.3, an older progenitor represents the most likely origin of this event.
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