Abstract:
Within the Lorentz invariant formalizm for description of neutrino evolution in electromagnetic fields and matter we consider neutrino spin oscillations in the electromagnetic wave with varying amplitude and in "castle wall" magnetic field. It is shown for the first time that the parametric resonances of neutrino oscillations in such systems can occur.

Abstract:
There currently is a large effort to explore spin-orbit effects in semiconductor structures with the ultimate goal of manipulating electron spins with gates. A search for materials with large spin-orbit coupling is therefore important. We report results of a study of spin-orbit effects in a strained InGaAs/InP quantum well. The spin-orbit relaxation time, determined from the weak antilocalization effect, was found to depend non-monotonically on gate voltage. The spin orbit scattering rate had a maximum value of $5\times 10^{10}s^{-1}$ at an electron density of $n=3\times 10^{15} m^{-2}$. The scattering rate decreased from this for both increasing and decreasing densities. The smallest measured value was approximately $10^9 s^{-1}$ at an electron concentration of $n=6\times 10^{15} m^{-2}$. This behavior could not be explained by either the Rashba nor the bulk Dresselhaus mechanisms but is attributed to asymmetry or strain effects at dissimilar quantum well interfaces.

Abstract:
Weak antilocalization (WAL) effect due to the interference corrections to the conductivity has been studied experimentally in a strained InGaAs/InP quantum well structure. From measurements in tilted magnetic filed, it was shown that both weak localization and WAL features depend only on the normal component of the magnetic field for tilt angles less than 84 degrees. Weak antilocalization effect showed non-monotonous dependence on the gate voltage which could not be explained by either Rashba or Dresselhouse mechanisms of the spin-orbit coupling. To describe magnetic field dependence of the conductivity, it was necessary to assume that spin-orbit scattering time depends on the external magnetic field which quenches the spin precession around effective, spin-orbit related, magnetic fields.

Abstract:
In this paper we report on a tuneable few electron lateral triple quantum dot design. The quantum dot potentials are arranged in series. The device is aimed at studies of triple quantum dot properties where knowing the exact number of electrons is important as well as quantum information applications involving electron spin qubits. We demonstrate tuning strategies for achieving required resonant conditions such as quadruple points where all three quantum dots are on resonance. We find that in such a device resonant conditions at specific configurations are accompanied by novel charge transfer behaviour.

Abstract:
We study experimentally the electron transport properties of gated quantum dots formed in InGaAs/InP and InAsP/InP quantum well structures grown by chemical-beam epitaxy. For the case of the InGaAs quantum well, quantum dots form directly underneath narrow gate electrodes due to potential fluctuations. We measure the Coulomb-blockade diamonds in the few-electron regime of a single quantum dot and observe photon-assisted tunneling peaks under microwave irradiation. A singlet-triplet transition at high magnetic field and Coulomb-blockade effects in the quantum Hall regime are also observed. For the InAsP quantum well, an incidental triple quantum dot forms also due to potential fluctuations within a single dot layout. Tunable quadruple points are observed via transport measurements.

Abstract:
This paper reports on the observation and analysis of magnetotransport phenomena in the nonlinear differential resistance $r_{xx}=dV_{xx}/dI$ of high-mobility InGaAs/InP and GaAs/AlGaAs Hall bar samples driven by direct current, $\Idc$. Specifically, it is observed that Shubnikov -de Haas (SdH) oscillations at large filling factors invert their phase at sufficiently large values of $\Idc$. This phase inversion is explained as being due to an electron heating effect. In the quantum Hall effect regime the $r_{xx}$ oscillations transform into diamond-shaped patterns with different slopes corresponding to odd and even filling factors. The diamond-shaped features at odd filling factors can be used as a probe to determine spin energy gaps. A Zero Current Anomaly (ZCA) which manifests itself as a narrow dip in the $r_{xx}(\Idc)$ characteristics at zero current, is also observed. The ZCA effect strongly depends upon temperature, vanishing above 1 K while the transport diamonds persist to higher temperatures. The transport diamonds and ZCA are fully reproduced in a higher mobility GaAs/AlGaAs Hall bar structure confirming that these phenomena reflect intrinsic properties of two-dimensional systems.

Abstract:
A few electron double electrostatic lateral quantum dot can be transformed into a few electron triple quantum dot by applying a different combination of gate voltages. Quadruple points have been achieved at which all three dots are simultaneously on resonance. At these special points in the stability diagram four occupation configurations are possible. Both charge detection and transport experiments have been performed on this device. In this short paper we present data and confirm that transport is coherent by observing a Pi phase shift in magneto-conductance oscillations as one passes through the quadruple point.

Abstract:
Within the recently proposed Lorentz invariant formalism for description of neutrino spin evolution in presence of an arbitrary electromagnetic fields effects of matter motion and polarization are considered.

Abstract:
Microwave absorption by a high mobility 2DEG has been investigated experimentally using sensitive Electron Paramagnetic Resonance cavity technique. It is found that MW absorption spectra are chiefly governed by confined magnetoplasmon excitations in a 2DEG stripe. Spectra of the 2D magnetoplasmons are studied as a function of magnetic field, MW frequency and carrier density. The electron concentration is tuned by illumination and monitored using optical photoluminescence technique.

Abstract:
The magnetoresistance associated with quantum interference corrections in a high mobility, gated InGaAs/InP quantum well structure is studied as a function of temperature, gate voltage, and angle of the tilted magnetic field. Particular attention is paid to the experimental extraction of phase-breaking and spin-orbit scattering times when weak anti- localization effects are prominent. Compared with metals and low mobility semiconductors the characteristic magnetic field $B_{tr} = \hbar/4eD \tau$ in high mobility samples is very small and the experimental dependencies of the interference effects extend to fields several hundreds of times larger. Fitting experimental results under these conditions therefore requires theories valid for arbitrary magnetic field. It was found, however, that such a theory was unable to fit the experimental data without introducing an extra, empirical, scale factor of about 2. Measurements in tilted magnetic fields and as a function of temperature established that both the weak localization and the weak anti-localization effects have the same, orbital origin. Fits to the data confirmed that the width of the low field feature, whether a weak localization or a weak anti-localization peak, is determined by the phase-breaking time and also established that the universal (negative) magnetoresistance observed in the high field limit is associated with a temperature independent spin-orbit scattering time.