Abstract:
the three-dimensional spectral elasticity problem is studied in an anisotropic and inhomogeneous solid with small defects, i.e., inclusions, voids, and microcracks. asymptotics of eigenfrequencies and the corresponding elastic eigenmodes are constructed and justified. new technicalities of the asymptotic analysis are related to variable coefficients of differential operators, vectorial setting of the problem, and usage of intrinsic integral characteristics of defects. the asymptotic formulae are developed in a form convenient for application in shape optimization and inverse problems.

Abstract:
We study the essential spectra of formally self-adjoint elliptic systems on doubly periodic planar domains perturbed by a semi-infinite periodic row of foreign inclusions. We show that the essential spectrum of the problem consists of the essential spectrum of the purely periodic problem and another component, which is the union of the discrete spectra of model problems in the infinite perturbation strip; these model problems arise by an application of the partial Floquet-Bloch-Gelfand transform.

Abstract:
We consider the spectral Neumann problem for the Laplace operator in an acoustic waveguide $\Pi_{l}^{\varepsilon}$ obtained from a straight unit strip by a low box-shaped perturbation of size $2l\times\varepsilon,$ where $\varepsilon>0$ is a small parameter. We prove the existence of the length parameter $l_{k}^{\varepsilon}=\pi k+O\left( \varepsilon\right) $ with any $k=1,2,3,...$ such that the waveguide $\Pi_{l_{k}^{\varepsilon}}^{\varepsilon }$ supports a trapped mode with an eigenvalue $\lambda_{k}^{\varepsilon}% =\pi^{2}-4\pi^{4}l^{2}\varepsilon^{2}+O\left( \varepsilon^{3}\right) $ embedded into the continuous spectrum. This eigenvalue is unique in the segment $\left[ 0,\pi^{2}\right] $ and is absent in the case $l\neq l_{k}^{\varepsilon}.$ The detection of this embedded eigenvalue is based on a criterion for trapped modes involving an artificial object, the augmented scattering matrix. The main technical difficulty is caused by corner points of the perturbed wall $\partial\Pi_{l}^{\varepsilon}$ and we discuss available generalizations for other piecewise smooth boundaries.

Abstract:
Asymptotic formulae for the mechanical and electric fields in a piezoelectric body with a small void are derived and justified. Such results are new and useful for applications in the field of design of smart materials. In this way the topological derivatives of shape functionals are obtained for piezoelectricity. The asymptotic formulae are given in terms of the so-called polarization tensors (matrices) which are determined by the integral characteristics of voids. The distinguished feature of the piezoelectricity boundary value problems under considerations is the absence of positive definiteness of an differential operator which is non self-adjoint. Two specific Gibbs' functionals of the problem are defined by the energy and the electric enthalpy. The topological derivatives are defined in different manners for each of the governing functionals. Actually, the topological derivative of the enthalpy functional is local i.e., defined by the pointwise values of the governing fields, in contrary to the energy functional and some other suitable shape functionals which admit non-local topological derivatives, i.e., depending on the whole problem data. An example with the weak interaction between mechanical and electric fields provides the explicit asymptotic expansions and can be directly used in numerical procedures of optimal design for smart materials.

Abstract:
A simple sufficient condition on curved end of a straight cylinder is found that provides a localization of the principal eigenfunction of the mixed boundary value for the Laplace operator with the Dirichlet conditions on the lateral side. Namely, the eigenfunction concentrates in the vicinity of the ends and decays exponentially in the interior. Similar effects are observed in the Dirichlet and Neumann problems, too.

Abstract:
The problem about a body in a three dimensional infinite channel is considered in the framework of the theory of linear water-waves. The body has a rough surface characterized by a small parameter $\epsilon>0$ while the distance of the body to the water surface is also of order $\epsilon$. Under a certain symmetry assumption, the accumulation effect for trapped mode frequencies is established, namely, it is proved that, for any given $d>0$ and integer $N>0$, there exists $\epsilon(d,N)>0$ such that the problem has at least $N$ eigenvalues in the interval $(0,d)$ of the continuous spectrum in the case $\epsilon\in(0,\epsilon(d,N)) $. The corresponding eigenfunctions decay exponentially at infinity, have finite energy, and imply trapped modes.

Abstract:
It is proved that small periodic singular perturbation of a cylindrical waveguide surface may open a gap in the continuous spectrum of the Dirichlet problem for the Laplace operator. If the perturbation period is long and the caverns in the cylinder are small, the gap certainly opens.

Abstract:
We derive asymptotic formulas for the solutions of the mixed boundary value problem for the Poisson equation on the union of a thin cylindrical plate and several thin cylindrical rods. One of the ends of each rod is set into a hole in the plate and the other one is supplied with the Dirichlet condition. The Neumann conditions are imposed on the whole remaining part of the boundary. Elements of the junction are assumed to have contrasting properties so that the small parameter, i.e. the relative thickness, appears in the differential equation, too, while the asymptotic structures crucially depend on the contrastness ratio. Asymptotic error estimates are derived in anisotropic weighted Sobolev norms.

Abstract:
This article was written in 1999, and was posted as a preprint in CRM (Barcelona) preprint series $n^0\, 519$ in 2000. However, recently CRM erased all preprints dated before 2006 from its site, and this paper became inacessible. It has certain importance though, as the reader shall see. Formally this paper is a proof of the (qualitative version of the) Vitushkin conjecture. The last section is concerned with the quantitative version. This quantitative version turns out to be very important. It allowed Xavier Tolsa to close the subject concerning Vtushkin's conjectures: namely, using the quantitative nonhomogeneous $Tb$ theorem proved in the present paper, he proved the semiadditivity of analytic capacity. Another "theorem", which is implicitly contained in this paper, is the statement that any non-vanishing $L^2$-function is accretive in the sense that if one has a finite measure $\mu$ on the complex plane ${\mathbb C}$ that is Ahlfors at almost every point (i.e. for $\mu$-almost every $x\in {\mathbb C}$ there exists a constant $M>0$ such that $\mu(B(x,r))\le Mr$ for every $r>0$) then any one-dimensional antisymmetric Calder\'on-Zygmund operator $K$ (e.g. a Cauchy integral type operator) satisfies the following "all-or-nothing" princple: if there exists at least one function $\phi\in L^2(\mu)$ such that $\phi(x)\ne 0$ for $\mu$-almost every $x\in {\mathbb C}$ and such that {\it the maximal singular operator} $K^*\phi\in L^2(\mu)$, then there exists an everywhere positive weight $w(x)$, such that $K$ acts from $L^2(\mu)$ to $L^2(wd\mu)$.

Abstract:
A thin anisotropic elastic plate clamped along its lateral side and also supported at a small area $\theta_{h}$ of one base is considered; the diameter of $\theta_{h}$ is of the same order as the plate relative thickness $h\ll1$. In addition to the standard Kirchhoff model with the Sobolev point condition, a three-dimensional boundary layer is investigated in the vicinity of the support $\theta_{h}$, which with the help of the derived weighted inequality of Korn's type, will provide an error estimate with the bound $ch^{1/2}|\ln h|$. Ignoring this boundary layer effect reduces the precision order down to $|\ln h|^{-1/2}$.