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Search Results: 1 - 9 of 9 matches for " Ruxanda Berlinschi "
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Voter Beliefs, Electoral Concerns and Undocumented Migration  [PDF]
Ruxanda Berlinschi, Mara Pasquamaria Squicciarini
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.34020
Abstract:

If voters underestimate the benefits that immigrants bring to their country, policy makers need to campaign for suboptimal migration levels in order to win elections. Once in power, they face a trade-off between keeping electoral promises by restricting immigration and stimulating the economy by favoring immigration. One solution to this trade-off may be maintaining high barriers to legal migration, while keeping a blind eye on undocumented migration.

EU's Influence on Romania's Judicial System: A Step Towards Democratic Consolidation?
Mihaela Ruxanda
Sfera Politicii , 2012,
Abstract: This article explores the general theme of how international actors, such as European Union, influence new democracies from Central and Eastern Europe. The contention that as long as the EU requirements regarding domestic aspects of the post communist member states are high, the reform and change at the national level are low, demands evidence and explanation. Therefore, a major task of this study is to provide a clear and detailed account of the impact of membership requirements on the process of democratization in Romania. In order to establish a link between the two variables, the status of the judicial system was addressed in depth. Thus, we have concluded that the implementation of EU’s requirements in Romania has only succeeded slightly and partially. Though some progress has been recorded in terms of structural aspects, when it came to substantive change, a certain reluctance to commit to the full implementation of reforms has led to numerous failures in complying with the EU requirements.
Innovative digital learning
Ion SMEUREANU,Gheorghe RUXANDA
Informatica Economica Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The new programming technologies allow for the creation of components which can be automatically or manually assembled to reach a new experience in knowledge understanding and mastering or in getting skills for a specific knowledge area. A Visual C# .NET implementation under development is discussed.
Sustainable Development of South-West Oltenia Region in the Current Economic Crisis
Camelia MARIN,Isabella SIMA,Mihaela RUXANDA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: The present article advances the concept of sustainable development at the regional level. A brief review of the literature on sustainable development, be it from primary or secondary sources, reveals that there is a relatively small number of studies in this area at the national level. Therefore, we considered it appropriate to carry out an analysis regarding macroeconomic indicators in one of the development regions of our country, namely South-West Oltenia. Sustainable development involves a combination of economic, social, political and environmental policies to ensure effective management of the planet. Nevertheless, all these must be accomplished taking into consideration the implications of the current economic crisis.
ASSESSMENT OF TOXICITY OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES USING CROP PLANT ASSAYS
Carmen Alice Teac?,Ruxanda Bod?rl?u
BioResources , 2008,
Abstract: Environmental pollution has a harmful action on bioresources, including agricultural crops. It is generated through many industrial activities such as mining, coal burning, chemical technology, cement production, pulp and paper industry, etc. The toxicity of different industrial wastes and heavy metals excess was evaluated using crop plant assays (germination and hydroponics seedlings growth tests). Experimental data regarding the germination process of wheat (from two cultivars) and rye seeds in the presence of industrial wastes (thermal power station ash, effluents from a pre-bleaching stage performed on a Kraft cellulose – chlorinated lignin products or chlorolignin), along with use of an excess of some heavy metals (Zn and Cu) are presented here. Relative seed germination, relative root elongation, and germination index (a factor of relative seed germination and relative root elongation) were determined. Relative root elongation and germination index were more sensitive indicators of toxicity than seed germination. The toxic effects were also evaluated in hydroponics experiments, the sensitivity of three crop plant species, namely Triticum aestivum L. (wheat), Secale cereale (rye), and Zea mays (corn) being compared. Physiological aspects, evidenced both by visual observation and biometric measurements (mean root, aerial part and plant length), as well as the cellulose and lignin content were examined.
STRUCTURAL CHANGES EVIDENCED BY FTIR SPECTROSCOPY IN CELLULOSE MATERIALS AFTER PRE-TREATMENT WITH IONIC LIQUID AND ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS
Iuliana Spiridon,Carmen Alice Teaca,Ruxanda Bod?rl?u
BioResources , 2011,
Abstract: Attempts were made to enhance the hydrolysis of Asclepias syriaca (As) seed floss and poplar seed floss (PSF) by cellulase after pre-treatment with ionic liquids. Two ionic liquids, namely 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride [BMIM]Cl and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrachloroaluminate [EMIM]Cl-AlCl3, were used. In comparison with conventional cellulose pretreatment processes, the ionic liquids were used under a milder condition corresponding to the optimum activity of cellulase. Hydrolysis kinetics of the IL-treated cellulose materials was significantly enhanced. The initial hydrolysis rates for IL-treated cellulose materials were greater than those of non-treated ones. The structural modifications of hydrolyzed cellulose materials were analyzed using FTIR spectroscopy.
CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF BEECH WOOD: EFFECT ON THERMAL STABILITY
Ruxanda Bod?rl?u,Carmen Alice Teac?,Iuliana Spiridon
BioResources , 2008,
Abstract: Beech sawdust was reacted with phthalic (PA) and maleic (MA) anhydrides for chemical modification. The influence of reaction time and anhydride amount was investigated. IR spectra gave evidence of wood esterification. Thermogravimetric investigation of chemically modified wood indicated a better thermal stability (mainly for wood treated with phthalic anhydride) in comparison with the untreated wood.
PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPOSITES COMPRISING MODIFIED HARDWOOD AND WOOD POLYMERS/POLY(VINYL CHLORIDE)
Ruxanda Bod?rl?u,Carmen Alice Teac?,Iuliana Spiridon
BioResources , 2000,
Abstract: Chemical modification of hardwood sawdust from ash-tree species was carried out with a solution of maleic anhydride in acetone. Wood polymers, lignin, and cellulose were isolated from the wood sawdust and modified by the same method. Samples were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), providing evidence that maleic anhydride esterifies the free hydroxyl groups of the wood polymer components. Composites comprising chemically modified wood sawdust and wood polymers (cellulose, lignin)-as variable weight percentages-, and poly (vinyl chloride) were obtained and further characterized by using FTIR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The thermal behavior of composites was investigated by using the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In all cases, thermal properties were affected by fillers addition.
TYPE III MIXT HIATAL HERNIA, A RARE VARIANT WITH SEVERE COMPLICATIONS
A.C. Munteanu 1 ,,M. Munteanu,Anca Ruxanda,V. Surlin
Jurnalul de Chirurgie , 2012,
Abstract: Type III – mixt hiatal hernia is a rare variant, resulting from combination of both type I and II, with gastroesophgeal junction situated above the diaphragm and the upper part of the stomach herniated in the posterior mediastinum. The patient present typical gastroesophageal reflux symptoms but also retrosternal pain, dysphagia and respiratory symptoms. Up to one third of the patients may also present complications such as bleeding, obstruction, gastric volvulus,strangulation or perforation. We present the case of a type III hiatal hernia with clinical signs of high intestinal obstruction. Upper digestive endoscopy and imagery identified a mixt hiatal herniaincarcerated, complicated with axial gastric volvulus, a diagnosis that was confirmed during the emergency surgery. The objective of the intervention was repositioning of the stomach in the abdominal cavity without resection of the hernia sac, suturing the diaphragmatic defect associated with an antireflux procedure or gastropexy. Laparoscopic surgical cure of the type III hiatal herniapresents all the benefices of the minimally-invasive surgery.
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