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Purpose: Sexual activity among adolescents in the United States remains high. Nearly 46% of students grades 9-12 have engaged in sexual intercourse. One of the more recent statistical tools employed in evaluation efforts includes factor analysis. The objective of this study was to investigate the underlying dimensions of a survey instrument that assesses a youth character development program, which focuses on avoiding high-risk behaviors. Method: The 76-item survey instrument was administered to adolescents (age 12-18). During the 2009-2010 school year, 652 participants in the intervention group and 1110 participants in the comparison group completed the pre-, post-, and 6-month follow-up survey. Results: Using Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior groupings, 27 survey items were selected. Through iterative principal axis factoring, four factors were extracted and rotated. A visual scree plot was generated to determine the number of acceptable factors. The extracted factors accounted for 52.53% of the total variance. Factors were subjected to Equimax rotation with Kaiser normalization and converged after six iterations. Variables with patterned weights less than 0.44 were excluded. A reliability analysis demonstrated internal consistency. Conclusions: Identified factors included: 1) Teenagers’ attitudes toward sexual health behaviors; 2) Teenagers’ perceptions of the consequences of sexual health behaviors; 3) Parental or guardian expectations; and 4) Teenagers’ relationships with parents or guardians. This study’s results indicated that all factors can be described within Ajzen’s theoretical framework consistent with previous research findings. Results may be used to enhance delivery of the intervention.
On April 15, 2008, six students (aged 16 years) and one teacher (aged 29
years) from a New Zealand school lost their lives in a river canyoning tragedy.
The present study investigated the school principal’s perspective of how he led
his school through the tragedy, and the role of faith in the school’s coping.
The school principal was interviewed two years after the event. The school’s
Christian foundation was the fundamental source of strength and guidance for
the principal, as well as for students, staff, teachers, and families in the
immediate aftermath of the tragedy and in the two years following (i.e., to the
time of the present study), the Christian culture of the school guiding
decision-making. Support from outside the school (e.g. critical incident
support; teaching support from other schools; social support from community
agencies and civic leaders) also played an important role in assisting the
school through the tragedy, particularly in the immediate aftermath of the
event. Further studies are required that allow the voices of children, families
and school staff to be heard regarding leadership strategies that impact on
them through a disaster.
This article presents a study
of configural reasoning and written discourse developed by students of the
National Polytechnic School of Ecuador when performing geometrical exercises of
Men who attended a Bavarian General Medicine Practice were
confidentially invented here. Two male study groups were enrolled to characterize
adiposity or hypertriglyceridemia showing that these men were at baseline risk
for hypertension . Adverse alcohol consumption mediated dysfunction of
renal endothelium as shown here and before . This study found that alcohol
use aggravated dyslipidemia, fatty liver disease and critical fasting blood
glucose of obese men predicting then late hepatorenal disorders. Overall, two
male study groups showed a relevant proportion of men who reported alcohol consumption showing then critical morning urines indicating dysfunction of renal
endothelium. The present report looked also at healthy men who reported
positive lifestyle behaviour and at men with
nonalcohol adiposity and nonalcohol hypertriglyceridemia who then
showed normal morning urines indicating functional renal endothelium.
Relatively young men at risk were motivated to replace adverse alcohol use by
healthy liquids without alcohol and by higher quality of food.