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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5125 matches for " Ruth Stanley "
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Violencia sexualizada en tiempos de guerra: discursos hegemónicos y orden de género
Stanley,Ruth;
Cuadernos de antropolog?-a social , 2007,
Abstract: sexual violence in war has, in recent years, become a topic widely treated in mainstream media. most feminists have celebrated this as the achievement of feminist scholars and activists whose work, it is alleged, has finally succeeded in drawing attention to this serious problem. against this view, the present article argues that sexual violence in war has always been visible and forms a central topos of wartime propaganda. the important issue is not, therefore, whether such acts are visible, but how they are framed. mainstream feminist discourses in europe , especially those that focussed on sexual violence in the wars in yugoslavia , reveal a striking continuity with earlier discourses that represent the masculinity of the other as a deviant masculinity, in contrast to the "manly", protective masculinity of one's own collective (nation, ethnic group). feminist discourses on sexual violence in war that call for military intervention to protect women's rights fail to reflect on the role of military institutions as the essential locus where hegemonic masculinity is constructed, are directly functional to the politics of intervention, and lack any means of distancing themselves from paternalist militarism.
Transferencia de tecnología a través de la migración científica: ingenieros alemanes en la industria militar de Argentina y Brasil (1947-1963)
Stanley,Ruth;
Revista iberoamericana de ciencia tecnolog?-a y sociedad , 2004,
Abstract: by the end of the second world war, the allied powers attempted to take advantage of the scientific and technical advances achieved by germany. german scientists and engineers were recruited by the victor countries, which also seized plans and prototypes. argentina and brazil also tried to benefit from these scientists'knowledges. this article deals with the recruitment of german military engineers by both countries, executed with the aim of taking advantage of developments already initiated in europe, as well as beginning new ones, specially for the military industry. the article exposes the restrictions faced by the intentions of argentineans and brazilians, deals with the motivations of engineers for emigrating, and, finally, evaluates the contribution of these engineers and technicians for the armaments production at both nations.
Transferencia de tecnología a través de la migración científica: ingenieros alemanes en la industria militar de Argentina y Brasil (1947-1963)
Ruth Stanley
Revista iberoamericana de ciencia tecnolog?-a y sociedad , 2004,
Abstract: A fines de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, las potencias aliadas buscaron capitalizar los avances científicos y tecnológicos alcanzados por Alemania. Científicos e ingenieros alemanes fueron reclutados al servicio de los países vencedores, que a la vez incautaron planos y prototipos. Argentina y Brasil también intentaron beneficiarse con los conocimientos de estos científicos. El presente artículo aborda la cuestión del reclutamiento de ingenieros militares alemanes por parte de estos dos países, llevado a cabo con la intención de aprovechar desarrollos ya iniciados en Europa o de dar comienzo a otros nuevos, sobre todo en el terreno de la industria militar. Se exponen aquí las restricciones que debieron enfrentar las intenciones de argentinos y brasile os, se tratan los motivos de los ingenieros para emigrar a estos países y, por último, se evalúa el aporte de estos ingenieros y técnicos a la producción armamentística de ambas naciones. By the end of the Second World War, the allied powers attempted to take advantage of the scientific and technical advances achieved by Germany. German scientists and engineers were recruited by the victor countries, which also seized plans and prototypes. Argentina and Brazil also tried to benefit from these scientists'knowledges. This article deals with the recruitment of German military engineers by both countries, executed with the aim of taking advantage of developments already initiated in Europe, as well as beginning new ones, specially for the military industry. The article exposes the restrictions faced by the intentions of Argentineans and Brazilians, deals with the motivations of engineers for emigrating, and, finally, evaluates the contribution of these engineers and technicians for the armaments production at both nations.
Burocracias y violencia: Estudios de antropología jurídica
Ruth Stanley
Cuadernos de Antropología Social , 2004,
Abstract:
Violencia sexualizada en tiempos de guerra: discursos hegemónicos y orden de género
Ruth Stanley,Mariana Sirimarco
Cuadernos de Antropología Social , 2007,
Abstract: La violencia sexual durante la guerra se ha vuelto, en a os recientes, un tópico ampliamente tratado en los medios de comunicación dominantes. La mayoría de las feministas han celebrado esto como el éxito de las especialistas y activistas feministas, cuyo trabajo -se alega- ha finalmente logrado atraer la atención sobre este serio problema. Contra esta perspectiva, el presente artículo argumenta que la violencia sexual durante la guerra siempre ha sido visible y forma un topos central de la propaganda en tiempos de guerra. La cuestión importante no es, justamente por esto, si tales actos son visibles sino cómo son enmarcados. Los discursos feministas dominantes en Europa, especialmente aquellos que se centran en la violencia sexual en las guerras de Yugoslavia, revelan una continuidad llamativa con discursos anteriores que representan la masculinidad del Otro como una masculinidad desviada, en contraste con la masculinidad "varonil" y protectora del propio colectivo (nación, grupo étnico). Los discursos feministas sobre la violencia sexual en la guerra que solicitan la intervención militar para proteger los derechos de las mujeres fracasan en reflejar el rol de las instituciones militares como el locus esencial donde la masculinidad hegemónica se construye, son además directamente funcionales a las políticas de intervención y carecen de cualquier medio para distanciarse ellos mismos del militarismo paternalista. A violência sexual durante a guerra tem sido, em tempos recentes, um assunto amplamente tratado pela mídia hegem nica. A maioria das feministas celebra essa visibilidade do tema como se fosse conseqüência do sucesso das especialistas e ativistas feministas, cujo trabalho teria conseguido, finalmente, atrair a aten o para esse sério problema. Contra essa perspectiva, neste artigo argumenta-se que a violência sexual durante a guerra sempre foi visível e conforma um dos topos centrais da propaganda bélica. Porém, o ponto importante n o é se esses atos s o visíveis, mas sim como eles s o apresentados. Os discursos feministas dominantes na Europa, especialmente aqueles que focalizam na violência sexual nas guerras da Iugoslávia, revelam uma continuidade flagrante com discursos anteriores que representam a masculinidade do Outro como uma masculinidade desviada, contrastante com a masculinidade "viril" e protetora do coletivo próprio (na o, grupo étnico). Os discursos feministas sobre a violência sexual na guerra, que reclamam a interven o militar para proteger os direitos das mulheres, fracassam porque n o apontam para o rol das institui es militar
Creativity And Chaos While Waking And Dreaming
Dr. Stanley Krippner,Dr. Ruth Richards,Dr. Frederick David Abraham
Lumina , 2010,
Abstract:
A prospective study of the sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic performance of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, highly sensitive C-reactive protein, soluble E-selectin and serum amyloid A in the diagnosis of neonatal infection
J David M Edgar, Vanessa Gabriel, J Ruth Gallimore, Stanley A McMillan, Judith Grant
BMC Pediatrics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-10-22
Abstract: 219 consecutive serum samples were taken from 149 infants undergoing sepsis work up in a neonatal intensive care unit. Clinical diagnosis was established in a prospective manner, blind to the results of the study measurements. Infants were classified by an experienced paediatrician as infected or not-infected, one week after presentation. Classification was based on clinical presentation, routine laboratory and radiological investigations and response to therapy. The infected group were sub-classified as (a) culture positive infection or (b) culture negative infection. sICAM-1, sE-selectin, hsCRP and SAA levels were determined from stored serum samples after diagnosis was established. Further sub-group analysis of results was undertaken according to early or late onset of infection and preterm or term status. Statistical analysis utilised Mann Whitney U test and ROC curve analysis.There were significantly increased serum levels of sICAM-1, hsCRP, E selectin (p < 0.001) and SAA (p = 0.004) in infected infants compared with non-infected. ROC curve analysis indicated area under the curve values of 0.79 (sICAM-1), 0.73 (hsCRP), 0.72 (sE-selectin) and 0.61 (SAA). ROC curve analysis also defined optimum diagnostic cut-off levels for each measurement. The performance characteristics of sICAM-1, hsCRP and sE-selectin included a high negative predictive value (NPV) for culture positive infection and this was enhanced by combination of all 4 measurements. Clinical subgroup analysis suggested particularly high NPV for early onset symptoms, however further studies are required to elucidate this finding.All four study measurements demonstrated some diagnostic value for neonatal infection however sICAM-1, hsCRP and sE-selectin demonstrated the highest NPV individually. The optimum diagnostic cut off level for hsCRP measurement in this study was much lower than currently used in routine clinical practice. Use of a combination of measurements enhanced diagnostic performance, demons
Do oral aluminium phosphate binders cause accumulation of aluminium to toxic levels?
Ruth Pepper, Neil Campbell, Magdi M Yaqoob, Norman B Roberts, Stanley L-S Fan
BMC Nephrology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-12-55
Abstract: HD patients only treated with Reverse Osmosis(RO) treated dialysis water with either current or past exposure to Alucaps were given standardised DFO tests. Post-DFO serum Al level > 3.0 μmol/L was defined to indicate toxic loads based on previous bone biopsy studies.39 patients (34 anuric) were studied. Mean dose of Alucap was 3.5 capsules/d over 23.0 months. Pre-DFO Al levels were > 1.0 μmol/L in only 2 patients and none were > 3.0 μmol/L. No patients had a post DFO Al levels > 3.0 μmol/L. There were no correlations between the serum Al concentrations (pre-, post- or the incremental rise after DFO administration) and the total amount of Al ingested.No patients had unexplained EPO resistance or biochemical evidence of adynamic bone.Although this is a small study, oral aluminium exposure was considerable. Yet no patients undergoing HD with RO treated water had evidence of Al toxicity despite doses equivalent to 3.5 capsules of Alucap for 2 years. The relationship between the DFO-Al results and the total amount of Al ingested was weak (R2 = 0.07) and not statistically significant. In an era of financial prudence, and in view of the recognised risk of excess calcium loading in dialysis patients, perhaps we should re-evaluate the risk of using Al-based phosphate binders in HD patients who remain uric.The importance of preventing hyperphosphataemia is well established and its management is outlined in the bone and mineral metabolism section of the K-DIGO [1]. The evolution of phosphate binder therapy in patients with chronic renal disease has followed an interesting pattern over the past 35 years. Historically, aluminium salts were used to treat hyperphosphataemia, but safety concerns about accumulation and toxic effects including osteomalacia and encephalopathy meant there was a switch to calcium based binders (carbonate or acetate) [2].However, the accumulation of aluminium was found in dialysis patients at a time when haemodialysis was conducted against water that mig
Respiratory rehabilitation with abdominal weights: a prospective case study  [PDF]
Stanley John Winser, Priya Stanley, George Tarion
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.25061
Abstract: Objective: Abdominal weights was used to strengthen the diaphragm of a C6 ASIA (A) tetraplegic subject with the aim of studying the long term effect of the technique as a part of respiratory rehabilitation. Setting: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Study Design: Prospective case study. Material and methods: The peak EMG amplitude of the diaphragm (DIA), intercostals (INT) and sternoclidomastiod (SCM) were assessed using a surface EMG and inspired lung volume (ILV) was assessed using an adjustable portable spirometer. The measurements were repeated after 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of inspiratory muscle training for a period of 15 minutes daily, 6 days a week for 12 months. Results and discussion: Peak amplitudes recorded by the EMG of DIA and SCM muscles showed a progressive increase, INT muscle did not show a consistent change. INV showed a gradual rise from 1772ml to 2760 ml over the study period. These values have the following significance: 1) Use of abdominal weights as a part of respiratory rehabilitation has beneficial long term effects; 2) In patients with tetraplegia, respiratory muscles in particular the diaphragm, are trainable in terms of muscle efficiency; 3) The improvement in the muscle efficiency obtained during the early rehabilitation can be maintained or improved using simple non sophisticated exercises like abdominal weights post discharge. Conclusions: Abdominal weights can be used as an effective adjunct to pulmonary rehabilitation in improving the efficiency of diaphragm on a long term basis, thereby reducing the risks associated with pulmonary complications.
Leadership and Faith in a School Tragedy: A School Principal’s Perspective  [PDF]
Ruth Tarrant
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.55051
Abstract:

On April 15, 2008, six students (aged 16 years) and one teacher (aged 29 years) from a New Zealand school lost their lives in a river canyoning tragedy. The present study investigated the school principal’s perspective of how he led his school through the tragedy, and the role of faith in the school’s coping. The school principal was interviewed two years after the event. The school’s Christian foundation was the fundamental source of strength and guidance for the principal, as well as for students, staff, teachers, and families in the immediate aftermath of the tragedy and in the two years following (i.e., to the time of the present study), the Christian culture of the school guiding decision-making. Support from outside the school (e.g. critical incident support; teaching support from other schools; social support from community agencies and civic leaders) also played an important role in assisting the school through the tragedy, particularly in the immediate aftermath of the event. Further studies are required that allow the voices of children, families and school staff to be heard regarding leadership strategies that impact on them through a disaster.

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