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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200583 matches for " Rumana N Hussain "
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Kawasaki Disease presenting with intussusception: a case report
Rumana N Hussain, Gary Ruiz
Italian Journal of Pediatrics , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1824-7288-36-7
Abstract: A 3 yr old Caucasian boy was referred from the accident and emergency department to the paediatric surgical team with a history of acute onset abdominal pain. The pain was central, and associated with fever, non bilious vomiting and the passage of red, jelly-like stools. There was no history of weight loss, jaundice or foreign travel; there was no contact history and no recent change in dietary habits. Other than a mild upper respiratory tract infection, the child was previously fit and well with no relevant medical history. On examination, the child was well nourished; he was miserable and lethargic with fever (38.1°C) and tachycardia (heart rate 120/min). He was warm and well perfused with a capillary refill time of <2 seconds both centrally and peripherally. His abdomen was tender, distended and resonant; bowel sounds were hyperactive and a small, tender, rubbery mass was palpable centrally. An ultrasound scan was undertaken and confirmed the presence of an intussusception. The child underwent a contrast enema; control films showed a filling defect in the ascending colon at the location of the colo-colic intussusception. During a subsequent air enema, air insufflation to a pressure of 120 mmHg was sufficient to reduce the intussusception adequately. The child was kept in hospital overnight for observation.By the following day, the boy's condition had improved with resolution of his abdominal pain; he was able to eat and drink and interact with his parents and staff. However he continued to have a remittent fever to 38.5°C and he remained lethargic and miserable. Subsequently, he developed a diffuse morbilliform rash over the trunk and limbs and cervical lymphadenopathy was noted with an associated congested throat and enlarged tonsils, which was thought to be viral in origin. Blood tests revealed a C-reactive protein 61 mg/L, normal blood count, serum electrolytes, liver function tests and chest X-ray; Ebstein Barr viral serology, blood cultures and urine culture
Prevalence of Dyslipidemic Phenotypes Including Hyper-apoB and Evaluation of Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Normocholesterolemic Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Hossain Uddin Shekhar,Hussain Md. Shahjalal,Rumana Ahmed,Mesbah Uddin
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Diabetic patients are vulnerable to different lethal diseases including cardiovascular disease, which is still ranked as the number one killer disease in the world. In the present study, the vulnerability of diabetic patients to cardiovascular disease was evaluated considering apoB level as a predictor. Randomly selected Bangladeshi 96 type 2 diabetic patients (M = 48, F = 48) and 49 healthy non-diabetic individuals (M = 37, F = 12) were recruited to compare their anthropometric and biochemical features. Among the diabetic subjects 32 were hypercholesterolemic (LDL-C>150 mg dL-1) and 64 were normocholesterolemic (LDL-C<150 mg dL-1). The biochemical parameters compared were total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein B (apoB). The values for the diabetic patients vs. control were: TC, 214±46 vs. 186±18 mg dL-1; LDL-C, 143±40 vs. 120±18 mg dL-1; TG, 192±79 vs.141±33 mg dL-1 and HDL-C, 35±6 vs. 39±7 mg dL-1; with all p value<0.05. The values for the normocholesterolemic diabetic patients vs. control were: TC, 189±28 vs.186±18 mg dL-1; LDL-C, 120±23 vs. 120±18 mg dL-1; TG, 184±84 vs. 141±33 mg dL-1 and HDL-C, 35±7 vs. 39±7 mg dL-1; of which values of TG and HDL-C were significant. Serum apoB level for the diabetic patients vs. control was 1.15±0.28 vs. 0.926±0.25 g L-1 (p<0.05) and the normocholesterolemic diabetic patients vs. control was 1.06±0.26 vs. 0.926±0.25 g L-1 (p<0.05). 47% (n = 30) of the normocholesterolemic diabetic patients had hyper-apoB, of which 22% were hypertriglyceridemic and 25% were normotriglyceridemic. Surprisingly, hyper-apoB was also found in 14% of control. Thus apoB identified the high-risk phenotypes in normocholesterolemic diabetic patients and it should be used to evaluate the lipidic pattern of these patients.
Dietary Pattern and Food Intake Habit of the Underprivileged Children Residing in the Urban Slums
T Chowdhury Turin,N Rumana,N Shahana
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: Nutritional status directly affects the growing up of children in terms of physical and mental development. In the urban slums the underprivileged children lag behind the basic necessary amount of food and nutrition which is likely to lead to their ill development. This study was undertaken to investigate the dietary food intake pattern among urban slum dwelling children attending schools Dhaka city and to examine the association with various social factors.Material & Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study among 396 school going children who are residents of slums in different parts of Dhaka Metropolitan city.Findings: The age of the children were categorized into three age groups; Mean age for the children of age group-1 was 6.51 (±1.01) years, for the age group-2 was 9.24 (±1.09) years and for the age group-3 was 12.5 (±0.91) years. In 77.8 % of the cases the child gets three meals per day but inadequate in amount. In most of the cases the common foods were rice, lentil, potato and green leafy vegetables. The food frequencies reported by the children were; eggs: 1.4 times per week, milk: 1.2 times per week, meat: 0.4 times per week, fish: 2.8 times per week and fruits 2.9 times per week. Those children from families with lower incomes and less educated parents had a dietary pattern which tended to be poor regarding egg, milk, meat and fruit.Conclusion: The diets of these urban slum school children were inadequate for macronutrients and micronutrient, which is a danger for significant nutritional and health implications. The need to develop healthy food supply and habits should be emphasized.
Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Catharanthus roseus with Respect to Chromium Contamination  [PDF]
Rumana Ahmad, Neelam Misra
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515251
Abstract:

A major environmental concern due to dispersal of industrial and urban wastes generated by human activities is the contamination of soil. The release of heavy metals into the terrestrial ecosystem is a major problem. Accumulation of heavy metals in environment and particularly in soil is a serious environmental concern, as the accumulated heavy metal ions can find their way into living organisms via contamination of ground water or food chain. This praxis urgently requires and demands governmental regulations in India. Two samples of sludge were collected from Banthar Industrial Pollution Control Company (BIPCC), UP State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC), Leather Technology Park, Banthar, Unnao, India. In the present study, the phytoremediation potential of Catharanthus roseus, a valued medicinal plant, with respect to chromium has been analyzed. C. roseus was shown to absorb up to about 38% of the amount of Cr present in primary and secondary sludge amended soil through roots and accumulate it to about 22% in leaves. Effect of chromium concentration on the status of antioxidant enzyme peroxidase (POD) and detoxification enzyme glutathione-S-transferase (GST) from C. roseus leaves was also observed and determined. Increased expressions of POD and GST were observed on native PAGE under stress conditions as compared to control. C. roseus can well tolerate low amounts of chromium (and accumulate it to about 22% in leaves) and can, thus, prove useful in the reclamation and remediation of chromium contaminated soil and land.

Vulnerability of Sunflower Germination and Metal Translocation under Heavy Metals Contamination  [PDF]
Rumana Sadiq, Nazimah Maqbool, Bader-Un-Nisa ?, Kauser Parveen, Mumtaz Hussain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2019.105054
Abstract: The germination and metal translocation ability of two sunflower seedlings were compared to identify the cultivar differences towards metal contamination at juvenile stage. The heavy metal treatments include: 0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM Ni, Cd and Pb applied in sand filled pots to Hysun-33 and FH-533 sunflower. The highest germination percentage (79%) and vigor index were recorded for Hysun-33 with no heavy metal treatment. Pb and Cd treatments reduced the growth attributes of 20 days old seedlings of both the cultivars. The Ni translocation effectively enhanced the shoot and root biomass of Hysun-33. The high concentration of 150 and 200 mM Cd and Pb drastically reduced Mn and K contents, vigor, length and biomass of two sunflower cultivars. Among three of the heavy metals, Cd was found more toxic than Pb and Ni. Roots of 20 days old seedlings of Hysun-33 were able to hold more Cd metal and stop its translocation to epigenous parts. Although 150 and 200 mM Ni effects the germination and vigor of sunflower cultivars more than 50 and 100 mM Ni, it is found less toxic in comparison to Cd and Pb. The Cd accumulation in roots suggests that it is physiologically most active sink for Cd metal while epigenous parts of sunflower cultivars are sink for Pb and Ni metal as shoot of sunflower cultivars accumulates high contents of Pb and Ni.
Asymptotically Pseudocontractions, Banach Operator Pairs and Best Simultaneous Approximations
N. Hussain
Fixed Point Theory and Applications , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/812813
Abstract:
Asymptotically Pseudocontractions, Banach Operator Pairs and Best Simultaneous Approximations
Hussain N
Fixed Point Theory and Applications , 2011,
Abstract: The existence of common fixed points is established for the mappings where is asymptotically -pseudo-contraction on a nonempty subset of a Banach space. As applications, the invariant best simultaneous approximation and strong convergence results are proved. Presented results are generalizations of very recent fixed point and approximation theorems of Khan and Akbar (2009), Chen and Li (2007), Pathak and Hussain (2008), and several others.
Multiobjective Duality in Variational Problems with Higher Order Derivatives  [PDF]
Iqbal. Husain, Rumana. G. Mattoo
Communications and Network (CN) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/cn.2010.22021
Abstract: A multiobjective variational problem involving higher order derivatives is considered and optimality condi-tions for this problem are derived. A Mond-Weir type dual to this problem is constructed and various duality results are validated under generalized invexity. Some special cases are mentioned and it is also pointed out that our results can be considered as a dynamic generalization of the already existing results in nonlinear programming.
Sensitivity Analysis to Select the Most Influential Risk Factors in a Logistic Regression Model
Jassim N. Hussain
International Journal of Quality, Statistics, and Reliability , 2008, DOI: 10.1155/2008/471607
Abstract: The traditional variable selection methods for survival data depend on iteration procedures, and control of this process assumes tuning parameters that are problematic and time consuming, especially if the models are complex and have a large number of risk factors. In this paper, we propose a new method based on the global sensitivity analysis (GSA) to select the most influential risk factors. This contributes to simplification of the logistic regression model by excluding the irrelevant risk factors, thus eliminating the need to fit and evaluate a large number of models. Data from medical trials are suggested as a way to test the efficiency and capability of this method and as a way to simplify the model. This leads to construction of an appropriate model. The proposed method ranks the risk factors according to their importance.
Oculo auriculo vertebral dysplasia
Hussain A,Dutta N
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1979,
Abstract:
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