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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 111592 matches for " Rui Zhang "
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Withholding Tax of Financial Capital Income in a Global Economy
Rui Zhang
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009,
Abstract: In a world of globally integrated financial markets and high capital mobility, how to collect effective taxation of cross-border income has become problematic under international tax practices. A feasible method to solve the puzzle is to collect withholding taxes at source. This paper compares Chinese withholding taxation with other countries in the world from the aspects of tax base, taxpayers and tax rates. With such comparison analysis, it provides some helpful suggestions to improve Chinese withholding tax system.
A Three-Stage Optimization Algorithm for the Stochastic Parallel Machine Scheduling Problem with Adjustable Production Rates
Rui Zhang
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/280560
Abstract:
Optimal Dynamic Resource Allocation for Multi-Antenna Broadcasting with Heterogeneous Delay-Constrained Traffic
Rui Zhang
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1109/JSTSP.2008.922470
Abstract: This paper is concerned with dynamic resource allocation in a cellular wireless network with slow fading for support of data traffic having heterogeneous transmission delay requirements. The multiple-input single-output (MISO) fading broadcast channel (BC) is of interest where the base station (BS) employs multiple transmit antennas to realize simultaneous downlink transmission at the same frequency to multiple mobile users each having a single receive antenna. An information-theoretic approach is taken for characterizing capacity limits of the fading MISO-BC under various transmission delay considerations. First, this paper studies transmit optimization at the BS when some users have delay-tolerant ``packet'' data and the others have delay-sensitive ``circuit'' data for transmission at the same time. Based on the convex optimization framework, an online resource allocation algorithm is derived that is amenable to efficient cross-layer implementation of both physical (PHY) -layer multi-antenna transmission and media-access-control (MAC) -layer multiuser rate scheduling. Secondly, this paper investigates the fundamental throughput-delay tradeoff for transmission over the fading MISO-BC. By comparing the network throughput under completely relaxed versus strictly zero transmission delay constraint, this paper characterizes the limiting loss in sum capacity due to the vanishing delay tolerance, termed the delay penalty, under some prescribed user fairness for transmit rate allocation.
Optimal Power Control over Fading Cognitive Radio Channels by Exploiting Primary User CSI
Rui Zhang
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: This paper is concerned with spectrum sharing cognitive radio networks, where a secondary user (SU) or cognitive radio link communicates simultaneously over the same frequency band with an existing primary user (PU) link. It is assumed that the SU transmitter has the perfect channel state information (CSI) on the fading channels from SU transmitter to both PU and SU receivers (as usually assumed in the literature), as well as the fading channel from PU transmitter to PU receiver (a new assumption). With the additional PU CSI, we study the optimal power control for the SU over different fading states to maximize the SU ergodic capacity subject to a new proposed constraint to protect the PU transmission, which limits the maximum ergodic capacity loss of the PU resulted from the SU transmission. It is shown that the proposed SU power-control policy is superior over the conventional policy under the constraint on the maximum tolerable interference power/interperferecne temperature at the PU receiver, in terms of the achievable ergodic capacities of both PU and SU.
On Peak versus Average Interference Power Constraints for Protecting Primary Users in Cognitive Radio Networks
Rui Zhang
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: This paper considers spectrum sharing for wireless communication between a cognitive radio (CR) link and a primary radio (PR) link. It is assumed that the CR protects the PR transmission by applying the so-called interference-temperature constraint, whereby the CR is allowed to transmit regardless of the PR's on/off status provided that the resultant interference power level at the PR receiver is kept below some predefined threshold. For the fading PR and CR channels, the interference-power constraint at the PR receiver is usually one of the following two types: One is to regulate the average interference power (AIP) over all the fading states, while the other is to limit the peak interference power (PIP) at each fading state. From the CR's perspective, given the same average and peak power threshold, the AIP constraint is more favorable than the PIP counterpart because of its more flexibility for dynamically allocating transmit powers over the fading states. On the contrary, from the perspective of protecting the PR, the more restrictive PIP constraint appears at a first glance to be a better option than the AIP. Some surprisingly, this paper shows that in terms of various forms of capacity limits achievable for the PR fading channel, e.g., the ergodic and outage capacities, the AIP constraint is also superior over the PIP. This result is based upon an interesting interference diversity phenomenon, i.e., randomized interference powers over the fading states in the AIP case are more advantageous over deterministic ones in the PIP case for minimizing the resultant PR capacity losses. Therefore, the AIP constraint results in larger fading channel capacities than the PIP for both the CR and PR transmissions.
On Active Learning and Supervised Transmission of Spectrum Sharing Based Cognitive Radios by Exploiting Hidden Primary Radio Feedback
Rui Zhang
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: This paper studies the wireless spectrum sharing between a pair of distributed primary radio (PR) and cognitive radio (CR) links. Assuming that the PR link adapts its transmit power and/or rate upon receiving an interference signal from the CR and such transmit adaptations are observable by the CR, this results in a new form of feedback from the PR to CR, refereed to as hidden PR feedback, whereby the CR learns the PR's strategy for transmit adaptations without the need of a dedicated feedback channel from the PR. In this paper, we exploit the hidden PR feedback to design new learning and transmission schemes for spectrum sharing based CRs, namely active learning and supervised transmission. For active learning, the CR initiatively sends a probing signal to interfere with the PR, and from the observed PR transmit adaptations the CR estimates the channel gain from its transmitter to the PR receiver, which is essential for the CR to control its interference to the PR during the subsequent data transmission. This paper proposes a new transmission protocol for the CR to implement the active learning and the solutions to deal with various practical issues for implementation, such as time synchronization, rate estimation granularity, power measurement noise, and channel variation. Furthermore, with the acquired knowledge from active learning, the CR designs a supervised data transmission by effectively controlling the interference powers both to and from the PR, so as to achieve the optimum performance tradeoffs for the PR and CR links. Numerical results are provided to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed schemes for CRs under different system setups.
Cooperative Multi-Cell Block Diagonalization with Per-Base-Station Power Constraints
Rui Zhang
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: Block diagonalization (BD) is a practical linear precoding technique that eliminates the inter-user interference in downlink multiuser multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. In this paper, we apply BD to the downlink transmission in a cooperative multi-cell MIMO system, where the signals from different base stations (BSs) to all the mobile stations (MSs) are jointly designed with the perfect knowledge of the downlink channels and transmit messages. Specifically, we study the optimal BD precoder design to maximize the weighted sum-rate of all the MSs subject to a set of per-BS power constraints. This design problem is formulated in an auxiliary MIMO broadcast channel (BC) with a set of transmit power constraints corresponding to those for individual BSs in the multi-cell system. By applying convex optimization techniques, this paper develops an efficient algorithm to solve this problem, and derives the closed-form expression for the optimal BD precoding matrix. It is revealed that the optimal BD precoding vectors for each MS in the per-BS power constraint case are in general non-orthogonal, which differs from the conventional orthogonal BD precoder design for the MIMO-BC under one single sum-power constraint. Moreover, for the special case of single-antenna BSs and MSs, the proposed solution reduces to the optimal zero-forcing beamforming (ZF-BF) precoder design for the weighted sum-rate maximization in the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC with per-antenna power constraints. Suboptimal and low-complexity BD/ZF-BF precoding schemes are also presented, and their achievable rates are compared against those with the optimal schemes.
The application of hidden markov model in building genetic regulatory network  [PDF]
Rui-Rui Ji, Ding Liu, Wen Zhang
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.36086
Abstract: The research hotspot in post-genomic era is from sequence to function. Building genetic regulatory network (GRN) can help to understand the regulatory mechanism between genes and the function of organisms. Probabilistic GRN has been paid more attention recently. This paper discusses the Hidden Markov Model (HMM) approach served as a tool to build GRN. Different genes with similar expression levels are considered as different states during training HMM. The probable regulatory genes of target genes can be found out through the resulting states transition matrix and the determinate regulatory functions can be predicted using nonlinear regression algorithm. The experiments on artificial and real-life datasets show the effectiveness of HMM in building GRN.
Combined Control Allocation and Sliding Mode Control in the Dynamic Control of a Vehicle with Eight In-Wheel Motors
Combined Control Allocation and Sliding Mode Control in the Dynamic Control of a Vehicle with Eight In-Wheel Motors

Rui Zhang,Chengning Zhang
- , 2017, DOI: 10.15918/j.jbit1004-0579.201726.0109
Abstract: An eight wheel independently driving steering (8WIDBS) electric vehicle is studied in this paper. The vehicle is equipped with eight in-wheel motors and a steer-by-wire system. A hierarchically coordinated vehicle dynamic control (HCVDC) system, including a high-level vehicle motion controller, a control allocation, an inverse tire model and a lower-level slip/slip angle controller, is proposed for the over-actuated vehicle system. The high-level sliding mode vehicle motion controller is designed to produce desired total forces and yaw moment, distributed to longitudinal and lateral forces of each tire by an advanced control allocation method. And the slip controller is designed to use a sliding mode control method to follow the desired slip ratios by manipulating the corresponding in-wheel motor torques. Evaluation of the overall system is accomplished by sine maneuver simulation. Simulation results confirm that the proposed control system can coordinate among the redundant and constrained actuators to achieve the vehicle dynamic control task and improve the vehicle stability.
An eight wheel independently driving steering (8WIDBS) electric vehicle is studied in this paper. The vehicle is equipped with eight in-wheel motors and a steer-by-wire system. A hierarchically coordinated vehicle dynamic control (HCVDC) system, including a high-level vehicle motion controller, a control allocation, an inverse tire model and a lower-level slip/slip angle controller, is proposed for the over-actuated vehicle system. The high-level sliding mode vehicle motion controller is designed to produce desired total forces and yaw moment, distributed to longitudinal and lateral forces of each tire by an advanced control allocation method. And the slip controller is designed to use a sliding mode control method to follow the desired slip ratios by manipulating the corresponding in-wheel motor torques. Evaluation of the overall system is accomplished by sine maneuver simulation. Simulation results confirm that the proposed control system can coordinate among the redundant and constrained actuators to achieve the vehicle dynamic control task and improve the vehicle stability.
Aerodynamics and Flight Dynamics of Free-Falling Ash Seeds  [PDF]
Rui Fang, Yanlai Zhang, Yanpeng Liu
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.54B012
Abstract:
Samaras or winged seeds spread themselves by wind. Ash seed, unlike other samaras, has a high aspect ratio wing which can generate enough lift force to slow down descent by rotating about the vertical axis and spinning around its wing span axis simultaneously. This unique kinematics and inherent fluid mechanism are definitely of great interest. Detailed kinematics of free falling ash seeds were measured using high-speed cameras, then corresponding aerodynamic forces and moments were calculated employing computational fluid dynamics. The results show that both rotating and spinning directions are in the same side and the spinning angular velocity is about 6 times of rotating speed. The terminal descending velocity and cone angles are similar to other samaras. Analysis of the forces and moments shows that the lift is enough to balance the weight and the vertical rotation results from a processional motion of total angular moment because the spin-cycle-averaged aer-odynamic moment is perpendicular to the total angular moment and can only change its direction but maintain its magnitude, which is very similar to a spinning top in processional motion except that the total angular moment of ash seed is not along the spin axis but almost normal to it. The flow structures show that both leading and trailing edge vortices contribute to lift generation and the spanwise spinning results in an augmentation of the lift, implying that ash seeds with high aspect ratio wing may evolve in a different way in utilizing fluid mechanisms to facilitate dispersal.
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