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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 498 matches for " Rubina Asad "
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Rubina Asad,Shariqa Jubeen,Shahid Iqbal
Academic Research International , 2013,
Abstract: Industrialization is considered to be one of the most important tires of economic development in Pakistan. However, rapid unplanned industrialization without social and environment impact assessment is creating serious problems for human environment. Worse and directly affected in this process are the industrial workers,who are directly exposed to physical and social environment of the industry. This study “Effects of Industrial Environment on Health Status of Workers” was designed to examine the effects of industrial environment on health status of workers. Major objective of research project was to explore the impact of social and physical environment of the industry on the health status of the workers. This study was conducted at Noon Sugar Mill Bhalwal. Two hundred and fifty respondents were selected from various departments by using multistage simple random sampling. A well-structured questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. The chi- square test was applied to test the relationship between variables of hypothesis. Results of this study clearly indicated that health status of the workers was affected by the industrial social and physical environment. Workers were found suffering from psychological problems like anxiety and depression and also reported problems dueto night shift work, little salary and noisy environment. Majority of workers reports having a difficult relation with the boss. They also hold the opinion that the supervisor does not take care for the workers. The research recommends that facilities related to health, education etc. should be provided to all workers and physical work load should be decreased.
Unusual Case of Idiopathic Membranous Later Developing Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma  [PDF]
Rubina Naqvi
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2014.43016
Abstract: A 30-year-old male presented to nephrology services as a case of nephrotic syndrome and membranous nephropathy was found on renal biopsy. He was treated for this pathology with steroid and cytotoxic drugs and remained in remission for 3 years and then presented with non Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency of bacterial vaginosis inpatients presenting with vaginal discharge in Gynaecological outpatient department. Place and Duration ofStudy: From July 2001 to April 2002 in the Gynaecological clinic of Unit-II at Services Hospital. Subject andMethods: Five hundred patients with vaginal discharge were selected for study. They were evaluated usingclinical composite criteria, whiff test, pH metry and microscopy for clue cells on wet mount. Bacterial vaginosiswas diagnosed if any three of the four characters were present Results: The overall frequency of bacterialvaginosis was 27%, 70% had coital frequency of more than twice a week and 40.7% had history of abortions.Conclusion: Bacterial vaginosis was the commonest cause of vaginal discharge in women attending theGynaecological clinic.
Teaching Bioethics to Medical Technology Students in Pakistan
Rubina Naqvi
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Incorporating ethics education in curriculum of medical technology students and highlighting the importance of teaching the subject to this particular population in this part of world are our aims. At SIUT we have a school with name of "Zain ul Abidin" school of Biomedical Technology, which is supposed to award B.S. degree in 5 sub-specialties that is hemodialysis, radiology, laboratory sciences, operation theater technology and intensive care technology. This school is affiliated by Karachi University. The students entering in school have done fellow in science (F.Sc.)with pre-medical group, thus have background knowledge of biology, physics, chemistry, languages, religion and Pakistan studies.Here for B.S. included in their curriculum are the subjects of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, pathology, Islamiat and English for all and then related sub-specialty topics to each group for example student in hemodialysis group more exposed to nephrology topics etc.I planned to add ethics with subjects, which are common to all specialties and designed curriculum.Curriculum was approved (after minor changes), from Karachi University and I started teaching ethics to these students. This paper highlights methods and tools of teaching and evaluation and results observed. This will be the first examination in bioethics from medical technologists, at university level in the history of country.This is a great achievement in country to start teaching bioethics to medical technologists. Karachi University has implemented the same curriculum to other medical technology schools affiliated with University.
The eye health programme in Dera Ghazi Khan district, Pakistan
Rubina Gillani
Community Eye Health Journal , 2005,
Abstract: In planning for eye care services in Pakistan in 1997, the following factors were taken into account: * Blindness prevalence rate of around 2% * More than 70% of the communities live in the rural districts while almost the same proportion of ophthalmic services are based in urban areas * Presence of a reasonable public health care delivery infrastructure in Pakistan * Potential in district eye units but significant gaps in equipment, physical space, appropriate clinical skills and management systems * The need for cost-effective and sustainable ways to reach the remotest communities. Strengthening cataract services was prioritised as a first step to addressing the problem. All ophthalmologists from the public sector district hospital were trained in extra capsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens (ECCE+IOL) implantation and provided with operating microscopes and instruments. It soon became apparent that, for real impact, a more comprehensive approach was required. A comprehensive district eye care programme was designed in partnership with the government in 2001. Twenty-two districts were chosen for the delivery of the programme, 19 districts have so far been included.
Effect of Kinetic Parameters on I-129 Activity from Fuel to Coolant in PWRs  [PDF]
Rubina Nasir
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2017.74022
Abstract: Effect of kinetic model parameters on fission product (I-129) activity from fuel to coolant in PWRs has been studied in this work. First a computational model was developed for fission product release into primary coolant using ORIGEN-2 as subroutine. The model is based on set of differential equations of kinetic model which includes fuel-to-gap release model, gap-to-coolant leakage model, and Booths diffusion model. A Matlab based computer program FPAPC (Fission Product Activity in Primary Coolant) was developed. Variations of I-129 activity in Primary Heat Transport System were computed and computed values of i-129 were found in good agreement and deviations were within 2% - 3% of already published data values. Finally, the effects of coolant purification rate, diffusion constant and gas escape rate on I-129 activity were studied and results indicated that the coolant purification rate is the most sensitive parameter for fission product activity in primary circuit. For changes of 5% in steps from 10% to +10% in the coolant purification rate constant (Β), the activity variation after 200 days of reactor operation was 23.1% for the change.
EXAFS Studies of Ruthenium Based Double Perovskite ALaMnRuO6 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba)  [PDF]
Rubina Shaheen, Javaid Bashir, Muhammad Nasir Khan
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2012.31004
Abstract: Room and liquid nitrogen temperatures Mn K-edge extended X-ray fine structure (EXAFS) studies were carried out on powder samples of ALaMnRuO6 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) perovskites. The EXAFS analysis of Mn K-edge spectra showed MnO6 octahedra are distorted. Among the three perovskites, the polyhedral distortion is highest for SrLaMnRuO6 (Δ = 1.4 × 10–3). For CaLaMnRuO6 (Δ = 0.5 × 10–3) and BaLaMnRuO6, (Δ = 0.7 × 10–3), the smaller values of distortion parameters indicate that the MnO6 octahedra are relatively regular and undistorted in the latter two systems. In SrLaMnRuO6, MnO6 distortion appears to be of orthorhombic (Q2) type whereas for CaLaMnRuO6 and BaLaMnRuO6, the distortion is of tetragonal or Q3 type. The Mn-O distances as determined from the EXAFS measurements, increases with the increase in the size of the divalent cation. No structural changes occurred in the local environment around Mn atom when the temperature was lowered from room to liquid nitrogen temperature.
Balancing Profession, Family and Cultural Norms by Women Dentists in Pakistan  [PDF]
Rubina Mumtaz, Sheze Haroon Qazi, Sadia Sajjad
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.65013
Abstract: “Feminization of dentistry” in Pakistan is clearly visible in the gender distribution of an average dental class that boasts of 70% - 80% female students. Yet after graduation, many of these women choose not to pursue their careers, resulting in a void of practicing dentists in the country, despite an exponential increase in private sector dental colleges. This phenomenological designed qualitative study aimed to investigate the reasons behind this dynamic. Fourteen in-depth interviews’ and two focus groups’ discussion from a rich and diverse sample of 20 purposively selected working and non-working, younger and older women dentists from the cities of Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar and Abbottabad obtained data to achieve saturation. All interviews were audio recorded with consent, transcribed verbatim, transcripts analyzed and coded into themes and sub-themes. Respondent validation and investigator triangulation ensured validity and credibility of findings. The core finding is that a support system is an essential pre-requisite facilitating a woman dentist to pursue her career; the primary driver for this support is “economic need”. This core factor circuitously interlinks three peripheral themes, which are 1) traditional gender roles dominate, restricting women dentists from pursuance of career, especially if they have a strong economic base; 2) becoming a dentist enhances social capital and lucrative marriage prospects, lending to the concept of “doctor brides” which becomes a prime reason for choosing this education. Practicing the profession becomes secondary, especially when the marital union is with a well-to-do family; 3) life stage priorities with respect to motherhood is a barrier to full time career pursuance and if economic needs are met, most prioritize motherhood over profession. In conclusion, the average graduating dentist is female, from an expensive private sector dental college, affordable by the socio-economically privileged class; she often marries into an equivalent or higher SES class based on her “doctor” title. Since “economic need” is a dominant determinant of pursuance of career, a majority of women dentists opt for the luxury of choosing not to work. Recommendations include revision of policies for admission into dental colleges and retentive protocols on renewal of license to practice.
Quantum Key Distribution with Qubit Pairs  [PDF]
Mohd Asad Siddiqui, Tabish Qureshi
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2014.43014

We propose a new Quantum Key Distribution method in which Alice sends pairs of qubits to Bob; each is in one of four possible states. Bob uses one qubit to generate a secure key and the other to generate an auxiliary key. For each pair he randomly decides which qubit to use for which key. The auxiliary key has to be added to Bob’s secure key in order to match Alice’s secure key. This scheme provides an additional layer of security over the standard BB84 protocol.

Towards Knowledge Management in RE Practices to Support Software Development  [PDF]
Mamoona Humayoun, Asad Masood Qazi
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2015.88040
Abstract: Requirement engineering in any software development is the most important phase to ensure the success or failure of software. Knowledge modeling and management are helping tools to learn the software organizations. The traditional Requirements engineering practices are based upon the interaction of stakeholders which causes iteratively changes in requirements and difficulties in communication and understanding problem domain etc. So, to resolve such issues we use knowledge based techniques to support the RE practices as well as software development process. Our technique is based on two prospective, theoretical and practical implementations. In this paper, we described the need of knowledge management in software engineering and then proposed a model based on knowledge management to support the software development process. To verify our results, we used controlled experiment approach. We have implemented our model, and verify results by using and without using proposed knowledge based RE process. Our resultant proposed model can save the overall cost and time of requirement engineering process as well as software development.
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