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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 229597 matches for " Roy R. Gal "
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INVESTIGACIóN EN EL PREGRADO DE MEDICINA: CARACTERíSTICAS DE LOS TRABAJOS PRESENTADOS AL XXV CONGRESO CIENTíFICO NACIONAL DE ESTUDIANTES DE MEDICINA, CUSCO 2011
Roy R. Vásquez-Sullca,Edén Galán-Rodas,Cristian Díaz-Vélez
CIMEL. Ciencia e Investigación Médica Estudiantil Latinoamericana , 2011,
Abstract:
The Origin of [OII] in Post-Starburst and Red-Sequence Galaxies in High-Redshift Clusters
Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Alice E. Shapley,Dale D. Kocevski,Roy R. Gal,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/716/2/970
Abstract: We present the first results from a near-IR spectroscopic campaign of the Cl1604 supercluster at z~0.9 and the cluster RX J1821.6+6827 at z~0.82 to investigate the nature of [OII] 3727A emission in cluster galaxies at high redshift. Of the 401 members in the two systems, 131 galaxies have detectable [OII] emission with no other signs of current star-formation, as well as strong absorption features indicative of a well-established older stellar population. The combination of these features suggests that the primary source of [OII] emission in these galaxies is not the result of star-formation, but rather due to the presence of a LINER or Seyfert component. Using the NIRSPEC spectrograph on the Keck II 10-m telescope, 19 such galaxies were targeted, as well as six additional [OII]-emitting cluster members that exhibited other signs of ongoing star-formation. Nearly half (~47%) of the 19 [OII]-emitting, absorption-line dominated galaxies exhibit [OII] to Ha equivalent width ratios higher than unity, the typical value for star-forming galaxies. A majority (~68%) of these 19 galaxies are classified as LINER/Seyfert based on the emission-line ratio of [NII] and Ha, increasing to ~85% for red [OII]-emitting, absorption-line dominated galaxies. The LINER/Seyfert galaxies exhibit L([OII])/L(Ha) ratios significantly higher than that observed in populations of star-forming galaxies, suggesting that [OII] is a poor indicator of star-formation in a large fraction of high-redshift cluster members. We estimate that at least ~20% of galaxies in high-redshift clusters contain a LINER/Seyfert component that can be revealed with line ratios. We also investigate the effect this population has on the star formation rate of cluster galaxies and the post-starburst fraction, concluding that LINER/Seyferts must be accounted for if these quantities are to be meaningful.
The Violent Youth of Bright and Massive Cluster Galaxies and their Maturation over 7 Billion Years
Bego?a Ascaso,Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Roy R. Gal,Dale D. Kocevski,Nicholas Rumbaugh,Gordon Squires
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu877
Abstract: In this study we investigate the formation and evolution mechanisms of the brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) over cosmic time. At high redshift ($z\sim0.9$), we selected BCGs and most massive cluster galaxies (MMCGs) from the Cl1604 supercluster and compared them to low-redshift ($z\sim0.1$) counterparts drawn from the MCXC meta-catalog, supplemented by SDSS imaging and spectroscopy. We observed striking differences in the morphological, color, spectral, and stellar mass properties of the BCGs/MMCGs in the two samples. High-redshift BCGs/MMCGs were, in many cases, star-forming, late-type galaxies, with blue broadband colors, properties largely absent amongst the low-redshift BCGs/MMCGs. The stellar mass of BCGs was found to increase by an average factor of $2.51\pm0.71$ from $z\sim0.9$ to $z\sim0.1$. Through this and other comparisons we conclude that a combination of major merging (mainly wet or mixed) and \emph{in situ} star formation are the main mechanisms which build stellar mass in BCGs/MMCGs. The stellar mass growth of the BCGs/MMCGs also appears to grow in lockstep with both the stellar baryonic and total mass of the cluster. Additionally, BCGs/MMCGs were found to grow in size, on average, a factor of $\sim3$, while their average S\'ersic index increased by $\sim$0.45 from $z\sim0.9$ to $z\sim0.1$, also supporting a scenario involving major merging, though some adiabatic expansion is required. These observational results are compared to both models and simulations to further explore the implications on processes which shape and evolve BCGs/MMCGs over the past $\sim$7 Gyr.
No Evidence of Quasar-Mode Feedback in a Four-Way Group Merger at z~0.84
Dale D. Kocevski,Lori M. Lubin,Brian C. Lemaux,Roy R. Gal,Christopher D. Fassnacht,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/703/1/L33
Abstract: We report on the results of a Chandra search for evidence of triggered nuclear activity within the Cl0023+0423 four-way group merger at z ~ 0.84. The system consists of four interacting galaxy groups in the early stages of hierarchical cluster formation and, as such, provides a unique look at the level of processing and evolution already under way in the group environment prior to cluster assembly. We present the number counts of X-ray point sources detected in a field covering the entire Cl0023 structure, as well as a cross-correlation of these sources with our extensive spectroscopic database. Both the redshift distribution and cumulative number counts of X-ray sources reveal little evidence to suggest that the system contains X-ray luminous active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in excess to what is observed in the field population. If preprocessing is under way in the Cl0023 system, our observations suggest that powerful nuclear activity is not the predominant mechanism quenching star formation and driving the evolution of Cl0023 galaxies. We speculate that this is due to a lack of sufficiently massive nuclear black holes required to power such activity, as previous observations have found a high late-type fraction among the Cl0023 population. It may be that disruptive AGN-driven outflows become an important factor in the preprocessing of galaxy populations only during a later stage in the evolution of such groups and structures when sufficiently massive galaxies (and central black holes) have built up, but prior to hydrodynamical processes stripping them of their gas reservoirs.
The X-ray-Optical Relations for Nine Clusters at z = 0.7-1.1
Nick Rumbaugh,Dale D. Kocevski,Roy R. Gal,Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Chris D. Fassnacht,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/124
Abstract: We use Chandra observations of nine optically and X-ray selected clusters in five different structures at z ~ 0.7-1.1 from the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large-Scale Environments (ORELSE) survey to study diffuse X-ray emission from galaxy clusters. X-ray gas temperatures and bolometric rest-frame luminosities are measured for each cluster in the sample. We present new redshift measurements, derived from dataobtained using the Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph on the Keck 10-m telescope, for two clusters in the RX J0910 supercluster at z ~ 1.1, from which velocity dispersions are measured. Dispersions for all clusters are combined with X-ray luminosities and gas temperatures to evaluate how the cluster properties compare to low-redshift scaling relations. We also measure the degree of substructure in each cluster by examining the velocity histograms, performing Dressler-Shectman tests, and computing the offsets between the X-ray emission center and optically-derived centroids. We find that only two clusters show clear indications of being unrelaxed, based on their scaling relations and other dynamical state diagnostics. Using our sample, we evaluate the redshift evolution of the L_x-T relation and investigate the implications of our results for precision cosmology surveys.
The Origin of [OII] Emission in Recently Quenched AGN Hosts
Dale D. Kocevski,Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Alice E. Shapley,Roy R. Gal,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/737/2/L38
Abstract: We have employed emission-line diagnostics derived from DEIMOS and NIRSPEC spectroscopy to determine the origin of the [OII] emission line observed in six AGN hosts at z~0.9. These galaxies are a subsample of AGN hosts detected in the Cl1604 supercluster that exhibit strong Balmer absorption lines in their spectra and appear to be in a post-starburst or post-quenched phase, if not for their [OII] emission. Examining the flux ratio of the [NII] to Halpha lines, we find that in five of the six hosts the dominant source of ionizing flux is AGN continuum emission. Furthermore, we find that four of the six galaxies have over twice the [OII] line luminosity that could be generated by star formation processes alone given their Halpha line luminosities. This strongly suggests that AGN-excited narrow-line emission is contaminating the [OII] line flux. A comparison of star formation rates calculated from extinction-corrected [OII] and Halpha line luminosities indicates that the former yields a five-fold overestimate of current activity in these galaxies. Our findings reveal the [OII] line to be a poor indicator of star formation activity in a majority of these moderate-luminosity Seyferts. This result bolsters our previous findings that an increased fraction of AGN at high redshifts are hosted by galaxies in a post-starburst phase. The relatively high fraction of AGN hosts in the Cl1604 supercluster that show signs of recently truncated star formation activity suggest AGN feedback may play an increasingly important role in suppressing ongoing activity in large-scale structures at high redshift.
Serendipitous Discovery of an Overdensity of Lyman-Alpha Emitters at z~4.8 in the Cl1604 Supercluster Field
Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Marcin Sawicki,Crystal Martin,David J. Lagattuta,Roy R. Gal,Dale Kocevski,Christopher D. Fassnacht,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/700/1/20
Abstract: We present results of a spectroscopic search for Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) in the Cl1604 supercluster field using the extensive spectroscopic Keck/DEIMOS database taken as part of the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large Scale Environments (ORELSE) survey. A total of 12 slitmasks were observed and inspected in the Cl1604 field, spanning a survey volume of 1.365x10^4 co-moving Mpc^3. We find a total of 17 high redshift (4.39 < z < 5.67) LAE candidates down to a limiting flux of 1.9x10^(-18) ergs/s/cm (~0.1L* at z~5), 13 of which we classify as high quality. The resulting LAE number density is nearly double that of LAEs found in the Subaru deep field at z~4.9 and nearly an order of magnitude higher than in other surveys of LAEs at similar redshifts, an excess that is essentially independent of LAE luminosity. We also report on the discovery of two possible LAE group structures at z~4.4 and z~4.8 and investigate the effects of cosmic variance of LAEs on our results. Fitting a simple truncated single Gaussian model to a composite spectrum of the 13 high quality LAE candidates, we find a best-fit stellar velocity dispersion of 136 km/s. Additionally, we see modest evidence of a second peak in the composite spectrum, possibly caused by galactic outflows, as well as evidence for a non-trivial Lyman-alpha escape fraction. We find an average LAE star formation rate density (SFRD) of ~5x10^(-3) M_solar/yr/Mpc^3 with moderate evidence for negative evolution in the LAE SFRD from z~4.6 to z~5.7. We measure a best-fit luminosity function generally consistent with measurements from other surveys at similar epochs. Finally, we investigate any possible effects from weak or strong gravitational lensing induced by the foreground supercluster, finding that our LAE candidates are minimally affected by lensing processes.
The Assembly of the Red Sequence at z~1: The Color and Spectral Properties of Galaxies in the Cl1604 Supercluster
Brian C. Lemaux,Roy R. Gal,Lori M. Lubin,Dale D. Kocevski,Christopher D. Fassnacht,Elizabeth J. McGrath,Gordon K. Squires,Jason A. Surace,Mark Lacy
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/745/2/106
Abstract: We investigate the properties of the 525 spectroscopically confirmed members of the Cl1604 supercluster at z~0.9 as part of the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large Scale Environments (ORELSE) survey. Using extensive Keck LRIS/DEIMOS spectroscopy in conjunction with ten-band ground-based, Spitzer, and HST imaging, we investigate the buildup of the red sequence in groups and clusters at high redshift. Nearly all of the brightest and most massive red-sequence galaxies are found within the bounds of the clusters and groups. Despite the prevalence of these red-sequence galaxies, we find that the average cluster galaxy has a spectrum indicative of a star-forming galaxy, with a star formation rate between those of z~1 field galaxies and moderate redshift cluster galaxies. The average group galaxy is even more active, exhibiting properties indicative of a starburst. The presence of massive, red galaxies and the high fraction of starbursting galaxies suggest that significant processing is occurring in the group environment at z~1 and earlier. There is a deficit of low-luminosity red-sequence galaxies in all Cl1604 clusters and groups, suggesting that such galaxies transition to the red sequence at later times. Extremely massive (10^12) red sequence galaxies are also absent from the Cl1604 clusters and groups. We suggest that such galaxies form at later times through merging processes. There are also large populations of transition galaxies at intermediate stellar masses present in the groups and clusters, suggesting that such masses are important in the buildup of the red-sequence mass function at z~1. Through a comparison of the transitional populations present in the Cl1604 clusters and groups, we find evidence that massive blue cloud galaxies are quenched earliest in the most dynamically relaxed systems and at progressively later times in dynamically unrelaxed systems.
The Evolution and Environments of X-ray Emitting Active Galactic Nuclei in High-Redshift Large-Scale Structures
Nick A. Rumbaugh,Dale D. Kocevski,Roy R. Gal,Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Christopher D. Fassnacht,Elizabeth J. McGrath,Gordon K. Squires
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/746/2/155
Abstract: We use deep Chandra imaging and an extensive optical spectroscopy campaign on the Keck 10-m telescopes to study the properties of X-ray point sources in five large-scale structures at redshifts of z ~ 0.7-0.9. We first study X-ray point sources using the statistical measure of cumulative source counts, finding that the measured overdensities are consistent with previous results, but we recommend caution in overestimating the precision of the technique. Optical spectroscopy of objects matched to X-ray point sources confirms a total of 27 AGN within the five structures, and we find that their host galaxies tend to be located away from dense cluster cores. More than 36% of host galaxies are located in the `green valley', which suggests they are a transitional population. Based on analysis of OII and Hd line strengths, the average spectral properties of the AGN host galaxies in all structures indicate either on-going star formation or a starburst within ~ 1 Gyr, and the host galaxies are younger than the average galaxy in the parent population. These results indicate a clear connection between starburst and nuclear activity. We use composite spectra of the spectroscopically confirmed members in each structure to separate them based on a measure of the overall evolutionary state of their constituent galaxies. We define structures as having more evolved populations if their average galaxy has lower EW(OII) and EW(Hd). The AGN in the more evolved structures have lower rest-frame 0.5-8 keV X-ray luminosities (all below 10^43.3 erg s^-1) and longer times since a starburst than those in the less evolved structures, suggesting that the peak of both star formation and AGN activity has occurred at earlier times. With the wide range of evolutionary states and timeframes in the structures, we use our results to analyze the evolution of X-ray AGN and evaluate potential triggering mechanisms.
Obscured Starburst Activity in High Redshift Clusters and Groups
Dale D. Kocevski,Brian C. Lemaux,Lori M. Lubin,Roy R. Gal,Elizabeth J. McGrath,Christopher D. Fassnacht,Gordon K. Squires,Jason A. Surace,Mark Lacy
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/38
Abstract: Using Spitzer-MIPS 24um imaging and Keck spectroscopy we examine the nature of the obscured star forming population in three clusters and three groups at z~0.9. These six systems are components of the Cl1604 supercluster, the largest structure imaged by Spitzer at redshifts near unity. We find that the average density of 24um-detected galaxies within the Cl1604 clusters is nearly twice that of the surrounding field and that this overdensity scales with the cluster's dynamical state. The 24um-bright members often appear optically unremarkable and exhibit only moderate [OII] line emission due to severe obscuration. Their spatial distribution suggests they are an infalling population, but an examination of their spectral properties, morphologies and optical colors indicate they are not simply analogs of the field population that have yet to be quenched. Using stacked composite spectra, we find the 24um-detected cluster and group galaxies exhibit elevated levels of Balmer absorption compared to galaxies undergoing normal, continuous star formation. A similar excess is not observed in field galaxies with equivalent infrared luminosities, indicating a greater fraction of the detected cluster and group members have experienced a burst of star formation in the recent past compared to their counterparts in the field. Our results suggest that gas-rich galaxies at high redshift experience a temporary increase in their star formation activity as they assemble into denser environments. Using HST-ACS imaging we find that disturbed morphologies are common among the 24um-detected cluster and group members and become more prevalent in regions of higher galaxy density. We conclude that mergers are the dominant triggering mechanism responsible for the enhanced star formation found in the Cl1604 groups, while a mix of harassment and mergers are likely driving the activity of the cluster galaxies.
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