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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 532 matches for " Rousseau "
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图书情报工作 , 2002,
Abstract: ?1998年,www协会发起了-个创新性研究,该研究致力于:为web提供语义和从web实施知识抽取.语义web是web创始人timberners-lee对web发展的愿景.在可扩展标记语言xml、资源描述框架rdf、本体互换语言oil和其他新出现的标准的帮助下,语义web有可能对已经存在的web数据提供更多的结构和意义.这将会引导www发展到-个新的全球性网络:语义web在这个网络上可以发现很多有效的信息.很明显,语义web的实现将会对下-代的数字图书馆产生巨大的影响.
Indicadores bibliométricos e econométricos para a avalia??o de institui??es científicas
Rousseau, Ronald;
Ciência da Informa??o , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-19651998000200007
Abstract: this article consists of two parts: the first part describes the evaluation of a small university. it is based on scientometric data and aims mainly at the evaluation of internationally visible research. the second part shows how an econometric method (dea: data enveloping analysis) can be used to include teaching and other aspects, e.g. fund raising, into the evaluation. both approaches show how a body of bibliometric, scientometric and econometric theory can be applied to real world problems.
The rise of the “artist” in Burkina Faso
R Rousseau
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract: It is only during the last twenty years that contemporary art has found actors in Burkina Faso. Thomas Sankara's revolutionary regime was the first to offer artists a frame to promote and perfect their technique. During the 1980s, the Semaine National de la Culture (National Week of Culture), the Pan-African Film Festival of Ouagadougou (Fespaco), and the Salon International de l'Artisanat de Ouagadougou (Ouagadougou International Handicraft Show) were the only major projects that allowed artists to learn new techniques and to be known. However, because Thomas Sankara's government expected the creators to participate in the revolutionary project, this left them little space for innovation and the expression of their artistic freedom. The early 1990s saw the rise of new events, which at last offered artists a space to practice their art, based on personal inspiration and competence in artistic technique. The Laongo symposium of granite sculpture, PIAMET (an event started by two well-known Burkinabè artists), and Ouaga'Art (organised by the French Cultural Centre of Ouagadougou) thus offered young artists the possibility of discovering the techniques of their colleagues from Africa and elsewhere in the world. However, except the Olorun Foundation, there is no permanent space dedicated to training and artistic exhibition. This lack is a source of obvious problems for the creator who, as a result, may find himself entrenched in a circuit where commercialism seems to dominate artistic research.
L'émergence de l' artiste au Burkina Faso
R Rousseau
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract: L'art contemporain ne trouve d'acteurs au Burkina Faso que depuis une vingtaine d'années. Le gouvernement révolutionnaire de Thomas Sankara est le premier à offrir aux artistes un cadre de promotion et de perfectionnement technique. Dans les années 1980, les SNC (Semaines Nationales de la Culture), le FESPACO (Festival Panafricain de Cinéma de Ouagadougou) ou encore le SIAO (Salon International de l'Artisanat de Ouagadougou) sont les projets majeurs qui ont permis aux artistes d'être identifiés et de s'initier à de nouvelles techniques artistiques. Toutefois, la mission assignée aux créateurs par le gouvernement de Sankara, de participer au projet révolutionnaire, ne laissait que peu de place à l'innovation artistique et à la liberté d'expression des plasticiens burkinabé. Au début des années 1990, de nouveaux événements voient le jour. Ils présentent enfin aux créateurs la pratique artistique sous la forme d'un exercice davantage conditionné par l'inspiration personnelle et la ma trise des techniques artistiques. Le symposium de sculpture sur granit de Laongo, le PIAMET (initiés par deux artistes burkinabé reconnus) ou encore les Ouag'Art (organisés par le CCF de Ouagadougou) ont ainsi offert aux jeunes créateurs burkinabé la possibilité de se confronter aux techniques de leurs collègues d'Afrique et du reste du monde. Cependant, aucun espace permanent n'a depuis été dédié à la formation et à l'exposition des artistes burkinabé, exception faite d'une fondation, Olorun. Ce manque pose des problèmes évidents aux créateurs, qui risquent de s'inscrire dans un circuit où les impératifs commerciaux semblent, trop souvent, dominer la recherche plastique.
案例研究:美国信息学会会刊 |h 指数的时间序列变化
科学观察 , 2006,
Pre-purchase information search and consumer satisfaction
D. Rousseau
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1986, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v12i2.451
Abstract: This survey examines the factors which determine consumer satisfaction with major household appliances. Hypotheses relating to pre-purchase information search, and product satisfaction as well as previous satisfactory store experience and subsequent repurchase behaviour are proposed and empirically tested, using data obtained from 55 consumers who patronized a large Eastern Cape hypermarket. Results indicate that product satisfaction is related more to market place variables than actual search behaviour. Repeat shopping intentions are associated with previous shopping experiences at the particular store, while the latter also contribute to product satisfaction. Marketing implications and future research directions are briefly discussed. Opsomming Hierdie studie ondersoek verbruikerstevredenheid met groter huishoudelike toebehore en die aanleidende oorsake daarvan. Hipoteses wat die verband tussen voorafinligtinginwinningsaktiwiteit en produktevredenheid ondersoek, asook vorige bevredigende winkelondervindings en gevolglike heraankoopgedrag, is empirics getoets met 'n steekproef van 55 verbruikers in 'n groot hipermark in die Oos-Kaap. Die resultate suggureer dat produktevredenheid meer verband hou met markplek-verwante veranderlikes as met inligtingsinwinninggedrag. Herhaalde koopvoornemens is geassosieer met vorige bevredigende koopervarmgs by die betrokke winkel terwyl laasgenoemde ook bydra tot produktevredenheid. Bemarkingsimplikasies en toekomstige navorsingsriglyne word ook kortliks bespreek.
Identifying criteria of consumer awareness: A pilot study
Deon Rousseau
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 1991, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v17i3.528
Abstract: This article describes the development of a theoretical model from which certain criteria of consumer awareness were identified and tested in an empirical study involving a cross-cultural sample of 436 consumers. Results revealed five criteria of consumer awareness viz bargain hunting, general consumer knowledge, product knowledge, information search and price consciousness. These criteria differed across socio-economic race groups in terms of their importance. The implications of the findings for furthering the consumer movement in South Africa and follow-up research in the field are also discussed. Opsomming Hierdie artikel beskryf die ontwikkeling van 'n teoretiese model waaruit sekere kriteria van verbmikersbewustheid geidentifiseer en getoets is in 'n empiriese studie op 'n tussen-kulturele steekproef van 436 verbruikers. Die bevindinge toon vyf kriteria van verbruikersbewustheid nl. winskopie- jagter, algemene verbruikerskennis, produkkennis, inligtinginwinning en prysbewustheid. Hierdie kriteria het verskil tussen sosio-ekonomiese rassegroepe ten opsigte van belangrikheid. Implikasies van die bevindinge vir die bevordering van die verbruikersbeweging in Suid-Afrika en voortgesette navorsing in die veld word ook bespreek.
Strategic Perspectives: Clausewitz, Sun-tzu and Thucydides
Richard Rousseau
Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This article illustrates the nature and function of strategy in military affairs. The main argument of the article is that strategy is a bridge connecting military power with political purpose. Strategy and military power are not alike, nor is strategy the actual application of power. Similarly, strategy is not policy. Strategy should be seen as a “theory of success.” Strategy is the source of operational plans intended to convert nominal military capability into useful performance against the enemy. To illustrate the nature and function of strategy, the article reflects on the behavior of Winston Churchill s British government in the summer of 1940. The second part of the article considers eight classic works on different aspects of strategy.
Indicadores bibliométricos y econométricos en la evaluación de instituciones científicas
Ronald Rousseau
ACIMED , 2001,
Abstract: Este artículo consta de 2 partes. La primera describe la evaluación de una peque a universidad a partir de datos cienciométricos, con el objetivo principal de analizar la investigación con visibilidad internacional. La segunda parte muestra cómo un método econométrico (DEA: data enveloping analysis) puede aplicarse entre otros aspectos como medio de evaluación para determinar los recursos disponibles. Asimismo se demuestra cómo un cuerpo teórico que combina la bibliometría, la cienciometría y la econometría puede aplicarse a problemas concretos. This article consists of two parts: the first part describes the evaluation of a small university it is based on scientometric data and aims mainly at the evaluation of internationally visible research. The second part shows how an econometric method (DEA: data enveloping analysis) can be used to include teaching and other aspects, e.g. fund raising, into the evaluation. Both approaches show how a body of bibliometric, scientometric and econometric theory can be applied to real world problems.
Competing Geopolitical Interests of China, Russia and the United States in Central Asia and the Caspian Region
Richard Rousseau
Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: China and the United States have increased their role in Central Asia since the 1990s. Beijing was the driving force behind the creation of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which is considered by many to be an especially dynamic regional forum, with special relevance to Central Asia, not only in terms of trade, energy and security issues but as a political force that can be used to change the dynamics of the region. The increase of Chinese influence implies a progressive displacement of Russia, the traditional regional power, from its position of dominance. Russia s interests seem increasingly to be diverging from those of China in that part of the world, despite an apparent atmosphere of mutual understanding in their relations since the beginning of the 21st century. In this article, the actions and interests of China, Russia and the United States in the spheres of trade, energy and state security are reviewed and analyzed with regards to the Central Asian-Caspian region.
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