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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 204465 matches for " Rosario; Laborín-álvarez "
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Factores psicosociales relacionados con el consumo doméstico de agua en una región semidesértica
Arreguín-Moreno,Rocío Haydee; Román-Pérez,Rosario; Laborínlvarez,Jesús Francisco; Moreno,José Luis; Valdez,Elba Abril; Valenzuela,Blanca;
Salud Pública de México , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342009000400009
Abstract: objective: to analyze psychosocial factors related with domestic water consumption in hermosillo, sonora, a semidesert region in northwestern mexico. an intentionally selected sample of 198 people (79 men and 119 women) from a higher education institution was used to evaluate the theories of rational action and self-efficacy. material and methods: a scale with the psychosocial factors to be analyzed and likert-type items was applied. results: the age mean was 35 years old. a positive moderate association was found between the diverse factors, particularly between intention-norm, beliefs-intention, beliefs-self-efficacy, attitude-intention, attitude-self-efficacy, and self-efficacy-intention. conclusions: despite the fact that the sample characteristics do not allow results to be generalized, the study shows the usefulness of the psychosocial factors that were analyzed and suggests the possibility of including them in educational programs that promote careful water use at home.
Logro y tasas de riesgo en alumnos de alto y bajo desempe?o escolar en el nivel medio superior en Sonora
Vera Noriega, José ángel;Huesca Reynoso, Luis;Laborín álvarez, Jesús Francisco;
Perfiles educativos , 2011,
Abstract: this paper offers a specification of the multinomial models that allow to establish the probabilistic profiles of the so-called "high and poor school performance students" taking into account the data base of students of the assessment that was carried out by the national educational assessment institute of the state of sonora (instituto de evaluación educativa del estado de sonora, ieees) in 2006-2007 to the different subsystems of higher secondary education in sonora, mexico. the results show that the student who attend classes in the afternoon and the intake of alcoholic drinks tend to belong to the poor school performance groups, whereas the high school performance students are related with a richer cultural patrimony, a good average note and the discussion about previous readings; nevertheless, the pedagogical techniques that have been implemented by the teachers and utilized by the students do not guarantee that students will reach to join the high school performance group.
Logro y tasas de riesgo en alumnos de alto y bajo desempe o escolar en el nivel medio superior en Sonora
José ángel Vera Noriega,Luis Huesca Reynoso,Jesús Francisco Laborín álvarez
Perfiles educativos , 2011,
Abstract: En este artículo se ofrece una especificación de modelos multinomiales que permiten determinar los perfiles probabilísticos de estudiantes denominados "de alto y bajo desempe o" escolar considerando la base de datos de alumnos de la evaluación realizada por el Instituto de Evaluación Educativa del Estado de Sonora (IEEES), 2006-2007, a los diferentes subsistemas de educación media superior en Sonora, México. Los resultados indican que el turno vespertino y el consumo de bebidas alcohólicas se relacionan con la pertenencia al grupo de bajo desempe o escolar. Los de alto desempe o presentan relación directa con el patrimonio cultural, su promedio actual y la discusión de lectura previa; sin embargo, las técnicas pedagógicas implementadas por parte del docente, así como las utilizadas por parte de los alumnos no garantizan la adhesión al grupo de alto desempe o.
Ejercicio de la autoridad en maestros rurales de educación primaria
José ángel Vera Noriega,Jesús Francisco Laborín álvarez,Jesús Tánori Quintana
Revista Intercontinental de Psicología y Educación , 2006,
Abstract: El objetivo del presente trabajo consiste en descubrir la relación que existe entre el ejercicio de autoridad y las variables atributivas de 206 maestros multigrado que laboran en cinco municipios ubicados al sur del estado de Sonora, México. Se aplicó una escala que mide en dos factores control instruccional autoritario y democrático el estilo de ejercer la autoridad dentro del aula por parte de los docentes. Los resultados obtenidos por medio de pruebas no paramétricas (U Mann-Whitney y Kruskal-Wallis) describen, en general, que existen diferencias por edad del maestro y por características de la escuela (unitaria y multigrado).
Autoconcepto, locus de control y orientación al éxito: sus relaciones predictivas en adultos mayores del noreste brasile?o
Vera Noriega, José Angel;Dominguez Guedea, Miriam Teresa;Laborín álvarez, Jesús Francisco;Albuquerque, Francisco José Batista;Seabra, Magno;
Psicologia USP , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642007000100008
Abstract: the objective of this work is to analyze predictive relationships between the locus of control, self-concept and the orientation toward achievement in 123 seniors’ residents from jo?o pessoa, paraiba brazil. their ages are between 60 and 93 years olds, the half of them was masculine sex and the other half was feminine sex. the used instruments were: locus of control, self-concept and orientation toward achievement scale, plus a social-demographic questionnaire. analysis of regression were used, fi nding diverse predictive relations between personality aspects, confi rming the explanatory power of the variables locus of internal and external, autoconcepto positive and negative control and avoidance to failure.
Composición del Locus de control en dos ciudades latinoamericanas
Laborín álvarez,Jesús Francisco; Vera Noriega,José ángel; Durazo Salas,Francisco Fernando; Parra Armenta,Erik Misael;
Psicología desde el Caribe , 2008,
Abstract: the locus of control is a personality trait linked to the attribution people make concerning their success and failures. research in nations and societies has demonstrated that there exist general and particular characteristics about control perception, where culture plays an important role. the initial objective was to know the factorial composition about locus of control in two groups located in hermosillo, sonora méxico (n=600) and jo?o pessoa, paraíba. brazil (n=600); then, to establish the differences of the construct between the groups concerning the attribute variables: age, education level, occupation and city. the results show three dimensions in the two groups: internal, affiliation and external locus of control. the general data suggest that the population samples of the cities make control judgements related with efforts and personal work, affiliation to collectives and groups of interest as the basis for explaining their success and failures.
Composición del locus de control en dos ciudades latinoamericanas
Jesús Francisco Laborín álvarez,José ángel Vera Noriega,Francisco Fernando Durazo Salas,Erik Misael Parra Armenta
Psicología desde el Caribe , 2008,
Abstract: El locus de control es un rasgo de personalidad vinculado con la atribución que hacen los individuos acerca de sus éxitos y fracasos. Los estudios en diferentes naciones y sociedades han demostrado que existen características generales y particulares respecto a la percepción de control y donde la cultura juega un papel importante. Se partió del objetivo de conocer la composición factorial del locus de control en dos poblaciones, Hermosillo, Sonora (México) (n=600) y Jo o Pessoa, Paraíba (Brasil) (n=600); y establecer las diferencias en cuanto a dicho constructo en ambas poblaciones con respecto a las variables atributivas: edad, escolaridad, ocupación y ciudad. Los resultados revelan tres dimensiones comunes a las dos poblaciones: locus de control interno, locus de control afiliativo y locus de control externo. Los datos en general hacen ver que las muestras poblacionales de las ciudades hacen juicios de control en relación a los esfuerzos y el trabajo personal, en la afiliación a colectivos y grupos de interés como los fundamentos de explicación para éxitos y fracasos.
Locus de control, autoconcepto y orientación al éxito en adultos mayores del norte de México
José ángel Vera Noriega,Jesús Francisco Laborín álvarez,Miriam Teresa Domínguez Guedea,Erik Misael Parra Armenta
Ense?anza e Investigación en Psicología , 2009,
Abstract: Con el objetivo de llevar a cabo una comparación sobre locus de control, orientación al éxito y autoconcepto en adultos mayores del norte de México, se entrevistó a 226 personas a osas con distintas características, a quienes se aplicaron distintos instrumentos, así como un cuestionario que incluía datos de ingreso, educación, estado civil, vivienda y alimentación. Los resultados muestran que los adultos mayores que viven con pareja y trabajan reportan una mayor frecuencia diaria de contactos con vecinos y compa eros que las que no trabajan y no tienen pareja. Además, con la edad se decrementó el autoconcepto positivo, ocurriendo lo mismo con el locus de control externo y la evitación al éxito. Finalmente, al aumentar el ingreso aumentó el locus de control interno y la orientación al éxito, y disminuyó la evitación al éxito. Los resultados se discuten en términos de un modelo de redes sociales, en donde las variables fundamentales son la percepción que tiene el adulto mayor de apoyo hacia los demás y el mantenimiento de sus capacidades físicas y cognitivas.
Diagnosing Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis with the XpertMTB/RIF. The Risk for Rifampin Susceptible Cases  [PDF]
Brenda Zaragoza, Rafael Laniado-Laborín
Journal of Tuberculosis Research (JTR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jtr.2017.53017
Abstract: Setting: Tuberculosis clinic in México. Objective: Since the Xpert®MTB/RIF does not detect resistance to isoniazid, our objective was to emphasize the need for additional drug susceptibility testing. Design: A prospective study. All patients with an Xpert®MTB/RIF and a positive tuberculosis culture with drug susceptibility testing were included. Results: 70 patients were included. Forty-two (60%) had a history of previous treatment for TB. Fourteen patients (20%) had a strain resistant to isoniazid (H), twelve of them (85.7%) with a history of TB treatment in the past vs. 2 (7.1%) among new cases (p = 0.028). Four patients (5.7%) had resistance to rifampin (R); three of them were previously treated cases. Additionally, six patients with a negative Xpert test (8.6%) had a positive MGIT culture; three of them were resistant to H (the 3 were poly-resistant). Two patients with a positive Xpert®MTB/RIF test without R resistance were phenotypically multidrug-resistant. Conclusion: Isoniazid resistance is associated with overall increased treatment failure, relapse, and acquired multidrug resistance in patients treated with regimens containing only first-line tuberculosis drugs. It is urgent that national TB programs implement the necessary infrastructure to complement the Xpert®MTB/RIF results with DST either by phenotypic or genotypic methods.
Orienta??o e evita??o ao êxito em uma popula??o do nordeste Brasileiro
álvarez, Jesús Francisco Laborín;Noriega, José Angel Vera;de Albuquerque, Francisco José Batista;Pimentel, Carlos Eduardo;Dantas, Alessandra Patrícia de Araújo;
Psico-USF , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-82712006000200009
Abstract: an adjusted version of the mexican scale of achievement and avoidance orientation was used in a population of paraíba to obtain it's construct validity and also the differences related to gender, age, religion, political position, school age, and income. a sample of 600 people (equal number of male and female subjects) was used and divided into three groups according to their ages: 14-22, 23-35, 36-60 years old. the factor analysis with oblimin rotation presented three components for achievement orientation and two other ones for avoidance achievement. women presented higher scores for insecurity towards achievement and lower scores for competitiveness and work. as for the age group differences, youngsters presented higher scores for the avoidance achievement and competitiveness dimensions. besides that, the subjects who attend the last grades of elementary school had higher scores for competitiveness and also for insecurity toward achievement. as far as single-married significant differences in scores could be found.
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