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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 148411 matches for " Rosana F. Sampaio "
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Challenges for the advance of physical and occupational therapy research Desafios para o avan o da pesquisa em fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional
Rosana F. Sampaio,Tania F. Salvini
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/s1413-35552011000500001
Abstract:
Envelhecimento e trabalho: um desafio para a agenda da reabilita??o
Sampaio, Rosana F.;Augusto, Viviane G.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552012000200003
Abstract: background: the rapid aging of the workforce has motivated the development of studies that seek to maintain good health conditions, work ability, autonomy and the social integration of workers. objectives: to present the theoretical framework, available measurements and models for promoting work ability. discussion: in the field of rehabilitation, the sedimentation of the conceptual model of the ability to work has a normative role and may be useful for assessing whether a person has a temporary or permanent loss of capacity as well as for defining a specific rehabilitation program. the concept may further help determine different aspects, both internal and external to the person, that could result in improved or restored work ability. conclusion: in order to enhance the available measurements, propose new interventions for promoting work ability and to further its use as an outcome measure in rehabilitation, it is necessary to assume that the predictors relate to the individuals, their work and their life outside of work in dynamic interactions that require analytical methods which account for the multidimensionality of the construct.
Chronic pain profile: An interaction between biological and psychosocial factors*  [PDF]
Marcus A. Alcantara, Rosana F. Sampaio, Mariana A. P. Souza, Fabiana C. M. Silva, Renata N. Kirkwood
Pain Studies and Treatment (PST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/pst.2013.12003
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To Identify subgroups of workers with chronic pain based on the interaction of different pain dimensions (sensory, affective, evaluative and mixed), depression, beliefs regarding pain, physical incapacity and socio-demographic-clinical data. METHODS:An observational cross-sectional study was carried out with a convenience sample made up of 115 patients with work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMD). The participants answered the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Survey of Pain Attitudes, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and a form for socio-demographic and clinical data. RESULTS: Four distinct subgroups were identified, two of which reported pain of a sensory-affective nature and two reported predominantly sensory pain. The individuals in subgroups I and III reported higher levels for all variables analyzed, while the first cluster had the highest mean scores. The subgroup II exhibited moderate degrees of physical disability and a high sick leave index, although the members of this group were less depressed and less dependent upon analgesics. Lower levels of pain, physical disability and depression were associated to subgroup IV, which also had the greatest proportion of males. Beliefs were similar among the subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with moderate to strong chronic pain associated to sensory and affective components exhibited a higher degree of disability and depression. The results suggest that the chronification process of pain and its functional consequences vary between individuals and are influenced by emotional factors.
Escala de Locus de controle da dor: adapta??o e confiabilidade para idosos
Araújo, Louise G.;Lima, Débora M. F.;Sampaio, Rosana F.;Pereira, Leani S. M.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552010000500014
Abstract: contextualiza??o: a dor é considerada uma experiência multidimensional e muito prevalente em idosos. o locus de controle da dor tem se tornado fundamental para entender como percep??es, expectativas e cren?as individuais se relacionam a comportamentos, atitudes, enfrentamento e aderência dos idosos frente às condi??es de saúde e propostas de tratamento. estudos focados na adapta??o e confiabilidade de instrumentos s?o necessários para os profissionais de saúde. objetivos: realizar a adapta??o transcultural, para o brasil, do instrumento pain locus of control scale (forma c da multidimensional health locus of control ) e avaliar sua confiabilidade intra e interexaminadores em uma amostra de 68 idosos comunitários, com dor cr?nica n?o oncológica. métodos: a adapta??o transcultural da escala foi feita conforme metodologia padronizada por beaton et al. (2000)*. para análise estatística, foram usados os coeficientes de correla??o de pearson (ccp) e de correla??o intraclasse (cci) (p<0.05). resultados: a média de idade dos idosos foi de 69,6±5,5 anos, predominando mulheres, de baixa renda e escolaridade. o tempo médio de evolu??o da dor foi de 10,2 anos, e o principal diagnóstico clínico foi a osteoartrite. a confiabilidade da escala mostrou-se adequada com correla??o de regular a muito forte (ccp=0,60 a 0,93) e de moderada a quase perfeita (cci =0,60 a 0,93), principalmente nas subescalas de controle ao acaso e de profissionais médicos e de saúde. conclus?o: após as adapta??es e as adequa??es da escala para aplica??o em idosos, verificou-se sua aplicabilidade e confiabilidade adequadas na amostra estudada.
Incapacidades laborales: problemas en la reinserción al trabajo
Sampaio, Rosana F.;Navarro i G., Albert;Martín M., Miguel;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1999000400015
Abstract: this cross-sectional study was conducted on permanently disabled workers assisted by the center for occupational rehabilitation (crp) in belo horizonte, minas gerais, brazil, to evaluate factors associated with their chances of readmission into the labor market. a logistic model was used to investigate workers' acceptance into the professional rehabilitation program and their return into the market. the most decisive factors for their acceptance were age, presence of repetitive strain injury (rsi), and educational level. the most favorable situation was that of workers with rsi under 40 years of age and with average schooling (75.6%). results showed that young male workers with high educational levels were the ones with the best chances of rejoining the market (90.9%). a controversial issue relates to workers' acceptance and program results. in order to be accepted, the worker had to display a given age and educational profile. workers with rsi had this profile, but once accepted they were the ones with the greatest difficulty in rejoining the work force. in addition, discrimination against female workers was observed, despite their characteristics being similar to those of males.
Agir em empresas de pequena e média dimens?o para promover a saúde dos trabalhadores: o caso do setor de alimentos e bebidas
Assun??o, Ada A.;Sampaio, Rosana F.;Nascimento, Licia M. B.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552010000100009
Abstract: objectives: to describe working conditions in small companies in the food and beverage sector and to assess the health and the work ability of the selected workers. methods: social security data and records from periodic medical examinations were analyzed. for the observations of the work conditions, we used a data sheet created specifically for this study to apply the short ergonomic assessment. for the survey, the work ability index (wai) and the nottingham health profile (nhp) were used. results: the following risk factors and distress-generating situations were observed: manual transport of loads; work performed while standing and in production lines; improvised workbenches; hazardous facilities; and poorly maintained machines. most of the workers were male with a mean age of 32 years. the mean wai score was 43 (sd=4.25), suggesting good work ability. musculoskeletal diseases were the conditions most frequently diagnosed and the most frequently self-reported symptoms. according to the nhp, the workers' general health status could be considered good. conclusions: despite the relevance of small companies in the national economy, many of them are family-based and lack the capital needed to invest in infrastructure and productive processes. furthermore, the lack of knowledge about occupational health and safety puts employees at risk. positive results were discerned following the present study that included investigation, training and intervention to support small companies, which are generally excluded from broader social actions. the results could be documented through the longitudinal monitoring of the companies.
Beliefs about the use of baby walkers
Chagas, Paula S. C.;Mancini, Marisa C.;Tirado, Marcella G. A.;Megale, Luiz;Sampaio, Rosana F.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552011005000015
Abstract: objectives: to understand the opinion of the parents about the baby walker and compare the age of gait acquisition between infants that used a walker and those that did not. methods: in this quali-quantitative study, an interview involving a semi-structured questionnaire was carried out with 26 parents, 14 of whose infants used the equipment (bwg) and 12 of whose infants did not (nbwg) prior to gait acquisition. after extensive content analysis, categories for interpreting the results emerged. for data triangulation, the age of gait acquisition was documented by weekly telephone contact. student's t-test was used for comparison between groups with a significance level of α=0.05. results: the following categories were identified in the parents' reports: a) information about the baby walker; b) doubt/decision to use it vs. certainty about not using it; c) beliefs about the use of a baby-walker; and d) benefits and harm from use. the age of independent gait acquisition did not differ between groups (p=0.837): bwg initiated gait at 376.17 (sd=32.62) days and nbwg did so at 378.75 (sd=27.99) days. conclusions: the beliefs and feelings that permeate the decision to use a baby walker illustrate the different rationales adopted by parents about the role of this equipment in the child's development of gait and autonomy. the use of a baby walker did not influence the age of gait acquisition. the results broaden the understanding of choices that influence child-rearing practices prior to gait acquisition.
Fatores associados ao retorno ao trabalho após um trauma de m?o: uma abordagem qualiquantitativa
Cabral, Lúcia H. A.;Sampaio, Rosana F.;Figueiredo, Iêda M.;Mancini, Marisa C.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552010005000004
Abstract: objectives: to describe workers who returned to work after a hand injury and to analyze the factors associated with this outcome three years after discharge from rehabilitation. methods: an observational, cross-sectional study was carried out with triangulation of quantitative and qualitative methods. the quantitative analysis used a database with sociodemographic, functional and clinical information on 35 individuals who were classified into two groups (return/no return to work). multivariate analysis was conducted using the cart (classification and regression tree) algorithm to assess the predictive value of four models, thereby identifying workers who had returned or not returned to work. using the results from the statistical analysis, a semi-structured form was prepared for interviews, which were conducted with seven workers randomly selected from the sample. results: out of the 35 workers who participated in this study, 30 returned and five did not return to work. the majority were male, married and of low educational level, and the mean age was 37 years. the variables with the greatest predictive power were grip strength, occupational performance scores, occupational category and age. the qualitative analysis confirmed the multifactorial nature of the return to work and demonstrated that the presence of a professional to follow-up the process, adjustments to the workstation and working hours (to enable treatment continuity) and also accident benefits may contribute to a successful return. conclusions: this study showed the complexity of the return to work by workers with hand injuries, highlighting a number of factors associated with this outcome and the importance of individualized assessment centered on the worker.
Factorial analysis of the Multidimensional Health Locus of control scale: form C for elderly
Pereira, Leani S. M.;Araújo, Louise G.;Sampaio, Rosana F.;Haddad, Jo?o P. A.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552011005000013
Abstract: background: pain is a multidimensional experience. locus of control is an important factor related to chronic pain experience and treatment. there is a gap in the literature when discussing issues related to pain evaluation in elderly. objectives: to analyze the factorial structure, intra and inter-rater reliability of the brazilian version of the pain locus of control scale - form c for elderly with chronic pain living in the community. methods: one hundred and eighty one elderly individuals (71.5±6.8 years of age) answered a clinic and social-demographic questionnaire and the ploc-c scale. a factorial analysis with varimax rotation of the ploc-c scale was performed. the scalewas applied twice by two observers to evaluate the intra and inter-rater reliability analyzed using pearson's correlation coefficients. results: the factorial analysis of the 18 item ploc-c scale revealed six factors. four items (1 and 6 from the chance locus of control subscale; 2 and 4 from the internal locus of control subscale) migrated toward unpredictable factors in the original factorial structure. analysis with the removal of the four items demonstrated a better factorial structure and higher levels of internal consistency (α=0.836 and 0.669) and reliability (intra-examiner: r=0.65 and 0.93; inter-examiner: r=0.82 and 0.92) when compared to the complete subscales. the variance explained was of 48.7% for the 18 items and 62.4% for the 14 items scale. conclusion: the results demonstrate a better applicability of the reduced scale on the sample. the reduced version may contribute to greater knowledge and consequently better chronic pain management in the elderly.
Efeito moderador do risco social na rela??o entre risco biológico e desempenho funcional infantil
Mancini, Marisa C.;Megale, Luiz;Brand?o, Marina B.;Melo, Ana Paula P.;Sampaio, Rosana F.;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292004000100003
Abstract: objectives: to assess the impact of preterm birth and family socioeconomic status (ses) as they relate to functional and routine tasks performance in three years old children. methods: cross-sectional study including 40 children distributed into four groups according to biologic risk variables of high and low social risk. children's abilities and independence were assessed by the standardized pedi functional test in the areas of: self-care, mobility and social function. two-way anova tested the interaction effect between biologic and social risks, and main effects of individual risk factors. results: significant interaction factors in mobility functional ability and independence in social function were demonstrated between preterm and at term children with low ses. preterm children scored lower in the two aspects of functional performance. there were no significant differences in the groups of children with high ses in the evaluated areas. conclusions: social risk (moderating factor) changed the relationship between biologic and mobility abilities and social function independence. the interaction of biologic and social factors, and not only the presence of a sole risk factor impacts functional performance in three year old children. the results points towards increasing therapeutic actions favoring children exposed to biologic and social risk factors.
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