oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 270 )

2018 ( 350 )

2017 ( 351 )

2016 ( 552 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 211732 matches for " Rosado Martín "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /211732
Display every page Item
Epidemia de neumonía asociada a ventilación mecánica en Mérida, Yucatán
Zaidi,Mussaret; Martín,Gloria; Rosado,Rilke;
Salud Pública de México , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36341999000700008
Abstract: objectives. to determine the main epidemiological, clinical, and microbiologic characteristics of an outbreak of ventilator-associated pneumonia at an intensive care unit in yucatan. material and methods. an 11-month prospective and observational study was designed to determine incidence, mortality, potential reservoirs, etiologic agents and antibiotic susceptibility patterns. results. the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia was 74%. the crude mortality rate was 88% compared to a 19.5% expected-mortality rate. gram-negative bacteria were isolated from 98% of the cultures, of which 46% were susceptible to third generation cephalosporins, 59% to fourth generation cephalosporins, 70% to ciprofloxacin and 100% to imipenem. klebsiella pneumoniae and pseudomonas aeruginosa were isolated from some of the ventilator circuits and the sink. conclusions. the high incidence of pneumonia and associated mortality in our intensive care unit may be attributed to the absence of infection control measures and the high prevalence of multiresistant organisms which is related to antibiotic abuse.
Epidemia de neumonía asociada a ventilación mecánica en Mérida, Yucatán
Zaidi Mussaret,Martín Gloria,Rosado Rilke
Salud Pública de México , 1999,
Abstract: OBJETIVO. Determinar las principales características epidemiológicas, clínicas y microbiológicas de una epidemia de neumonía asociada a ventilación mecánica en una unidad de cuidados intensivos en Mérida, Yucatán. MATERIAL Y MéTODOS. Se dise ó un estudio prospectivo y observacional de 11 meses para determinar incidencia, mortalidad, reservorios potenciales, agentes etiológicos y sus patrones de sensibilidad antimicrobiana. RESULTADOS. La incidencia de neumonía asociada a ventilador fue de 74%. La mortalidad cruda fue de 88%, comparada con una mortalidad esperada de 19.5%. Se aislaron bacterias gramnegativas en 98% de los cultivos, de las cuales 46% fueron sensibles a cefalosporinas de tercera generación, 59% a cefalosporinas de cuarta generación, 70% a ciprofloxacina y 100% a imipenem. Se aislaron Klebsiella pneumoniae y Pseudomonas aeruginosa de algunos circuitos del ventilador y el lavado. CONCLUSIONES. La elevada incidencia de neumonía y la mortalidad asociada en esta unidad de cuidados intensivos se pueden atribuir a la falta de medidas de control de infecciones y a una elevada prevalencia de gérmenes multirresistentes que se relaciona con el uso desmesurado e irracional de antibióticos.
Role of different kinds of dialysis in the treatment of refractory heart failure  [PDF]
Consolación Rosado, Rosario Manzanedo, Carmen Felipe, Bego?a Alaguero, Amelia Fildago, Carlos Chacón, Jesús Martín
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2014.71004
Abstract: Cardiorenal syndrome is a severe and potentially lethal disease in which heart and kidney failures coexist. The classic treatment with loop diuretics is ineffective due to the resistance of the kidney to those drugs, which requires the use of other therapies, such as extracorporeal ultrafiltration and peritoneal dialysis. This last technique is useful both in the acute treatment of acute heart decompensation and the chronic management of heart failure, because it improves heart function by reducing the volume overload, which in turn contributes to improving the kidney function with a limited number of side effects, which makes it the technique of choice for the treatment of diuretic-resistant heart failure. In this review, we present a description of the different kinds of cardiorenal syndrome, as well as the different treatments that are used, with special attention to the different modalities of peritoneal dialysis.
La programación de actividades de educación ambiental en el control de vertebrados invasores en las islas de Espa a y Portugal
P. Miguel Martín,R. Paredes Gil,F. J. Guerra Rosado
Ecosistemas , 2004,
Abstract: La dimensión social del problema de las especies introducidas en islas constituye un tema complejo que involucra a un conjunto de colectivos e intereses muy variados. Por ello, los programas de educación ambiental relacionados con este tema deben dise arse desde una perspectiva global que vaya más allá de las actuaciones aisladas y que tenga en cuenta la diversidad de destinatarios involucrados. En el marco del Proyecto LIFE2002NAT/CP/E/000014 denominado "Control de vertebrados invasores en islas de Espa a y Portugal" hemos aplicado un método sistemático de programación de actividades de educación ambiental para dise ar tres programas diferentes y complementarios sobre este tema, definiendo para cada caso la caracterización de los destinatarios específicos así como los objetivos, actividades y criterios de evaluación.
Importancia del agua en la hidratación de la población espa ola: documento FESNAD 2010 Importance of water in the hydration of the Spanish population: FESNAD 2010 document
C. Iglesias Rosado,A. L. Villarino Marín,J. A. Martínez,L. Cabrerizo
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: Para cualquier persona sana, la sed es una guía adecuada para tomar agua, excepto para los bebés, los deportistas y la mayoría de las personas enfermas y ancianas. En estos casos conviene programar momentos para ingerir agua, ya que la gran demanda y los mecanismos fisiológicos que determinan la sed en estas situaciones pueden condicionar desequilibrios en el balance hídrico con importantes consecuencias para la salud o el rendimiento físico o intelectual. Nuestro organismo posee una serie de mecanismos que le permiten mantener constante el contenido de agua, mediante un ajuste entre los ingresos y las pérdidas. El balance hídrico viene determinado por la ingestión (agua de bebida, líquidos, agua contenida en los alimentos) y la eliminación (orina, heces, a través de la piel y de aire espirado por los pulmones). El fallo de estos mecanismos y las consiguientes alteraciones del balance acuoso, pueden producir graves trastornos capaces de poner en peligro la vida del individuo. En el presente documento se analizan las evidencias en cuanto a los factores que condicionan las necesidades hídricas en las diferentes etapas de la vida y situaciones fisiológicas, así como las consecuencias de un desequilibrio en el balance hídrico en diferentes situaciones. Una correcta hidratación la podemos conseguir mediante nuestra alimentación y el uso de agua u otras bebidas. Aunque el agua es la bebida por excelencia y representa la forma ideal de reponer nuestras pérdidas e hidratarnos, debemos de ser conscientes de que, desde el principio de los tiempos, hemos buscado otras fuentes de líquidos con capacidad de hidratación. En las últimas décadas ha aumentado el consumo de diferentes bebidas, proliferando las bebidas con azúcar. Dado que el consumo excesivo de azúcar se ha relacionado con la obesidad y otras enfermedades crónicas, es evidente que debe racionalizarse el uso de estas bebidas calóricas especialmente en ni os. En este documento se presentan todas estas consideraciones en cuanto a la hidratación, y se realizan diferentes recomendaciones al respecto. For any healthy individual, thirst is an appropriate sign to drink water, except for babies, sportsmen, and most of ill and elderly people. In these instances, it is convenient to schedule appropriate times to drink water since great demands and the physiological mechanisms that determine thirst in these situations may condition water unbalances with important consequences for health and the physical and intellectual performance. The human body has a number of mechanisms that allow keeping constant the water conten
Tabaquismo en pacientes hospitalizados
Nieto García,M. A.; Abdel-Kader Martín,L.; Rosado Martín,M. M.; Carriazo Pérez de Guzmán,A.; Arias Jiménez,J. L.;
Anales de Medicina Interna , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S0212-71992003000700004
Abstract: objective: to asses the knowledge and attitude about smoking habit of in-patients in order to detect the sanitary activities that could help to decrease the prevalence of smoking. material and methods: cross-sectional observational study of random sample (n=395) of in-patients of university hospital virgen macarean, seville, spain. participation rate was 89% (n= 350) and the interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed with epidemiological and clinical additional data. results: sixty per cent of in-patients were smokers or former smokers. there were statistically significant differences in smoking distribution by age, gender, education, socio-economic level and admission diagnosis. etiologic relationships between tobacco smoking and lung cancer or chronic lung disease were known by more than 90% of in-patients but other smoking?s health effects were not so well known: larynx (86%), oesophagus (86%) and oral cavity (81%) cancer, coronary heart disease (82%) and low birthweight (78%). forty-five per cent of smokers began to smoke before the age of 15 and an additional 40% at 15-19 year. forty-six per cent of smokers tried to leave this habit without success in spite of receiving medical advice of leaving smoking (61%) and the recommendations of family and friends (60%). conclusions: preventive campaigns against tobacco smoking must include pharmacological and psicological treatment for current smokers because an important proportion of them try to leave this habit without success.
Papel actual del antígeno prostático específico y otros marcadores en el diagnóstico del cáncer de próstata
Gómez Veiga,F.; Ponce Reixa,J.; Barbagelata López,A.; Fernández Rosado,E.; González Martín,M.;
Archivos Espa?oles de Urología (Ed. impresa) , 2006, DOI: 10.4321/S0004-06142006001000014
Abstract: objectives: to evaluate the current role of psa as a diagnostic method for prostate cancer, as well as to analyze possible new markers. methods: we perform a bibliographic review for psa, and its molecular forms, as a marker to define the presence of prostate cancer. we review the factors related to psa modifications, predictive models, or the current controversies about the usefulness of its cutpoint to define the risk of prostate cancer or the marker itself. we analyze possible new markers and the most interesting work lines in the development of new markers. we used medline for the bibliographic search. results: available data confirm that psa has a high sensitivity; although specificity is low, mainly in the ≤ 10ng/ml range, it may be increased with the use of various molecular isoforms, ratios or predictive models. nevertheless, it is true that despite such studies it is difficult to increase specificity, so biopsies are reduced. currently we have new markers, some of them already marketed, others in development, which seem to improve the specificity of psa (isoforms, use of molecular biology). conclusions: psa is still the standard marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer. it is important to improve the specificity; therefore we need new predictive models or new isoforms that help us to do a better selection of candidates for biopsy. there are various promising research lines with new markers, but there is not ideal substitute for psa yet.
Prevalencia de diabetes en una población adulta de Madrid (Espa?a): studio MADRIC (MADrid RIesgo Cardiovascular)
Rosado Martín,Javier; Martínez López,Ma ángeles; Mantilla Morató,Teresa; Dujovne Kohan,Isidoro; Palau Cuevas,Francisco Javier; Torres Jiménez,Rosa; García Puig,Juan; ,; ,;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2011.09.013
Abstract: objective: to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glycemia in an adult population living in madrid (spain). methods: in this cross-sectional, population-based survey, we studied 1,344 adults aged 31-70 years, randomly selected from the population living in 14 primary care districts of the madrid region. all participants underwent a clinical evaluation that included a clinical interview, physical examination and fasting blood analysis (glycemia, cholesterol and triglyceride levels). the participants were considered to be diabetic if they had been previously diagnosed with diabetes by their general physician or had a fasting glycemia > 126mg/dl without a previous diabetes diagnosis. impaired fasting glycemia was defined as fasting glycemia between 100mg/dl and 125mg/dl in non-diabetic participants. results: the sex- and age-adjusted prevalence figures for diabetes and impaired fasting glucose were 6.6% (95% ci: 5.9-8.7) and 14.1% (95% ci: 12.1-15.8), respectively. a substantial proportion of diabetic patients [17.2% (95% ci: 10.9-23.5)] had not been previously diagnosed. the variables independently associated with diabetes were age, male gender, abdominal obesity and hypertension. conclusions: our prevalence figure for diabetes is similar to those reported in other spanish regions. the high frequency of impaired fasting glucose is worrisome, particularly when combined with obesity, as this association confers a high risk for developing diabetes mellitus.
Un método experimental para lesionar un nervio periférico y evaluar conductualmente la recuperación y el efecto de tratamientos restaurativos
González Gay,Olivia Teresa; Almaguer Melián,William; Gómez Fernández,Lázaro; Báez Martín,Margarita Minou; Bergado Rosado,Jorge Alberto;
Revista Cubana de Investigaciones Biom??dicas , 2011,
Abstract: the paper describes a simple method to injure the peripheral sciatic nerve by clamping, along with a behavioral test to asses the lesion and its recovery using the gait on a metallic grid. sciatic nerve lesion impairs the displacement of the animals on this surface as demonstrated by the significant increase in the escape latency towards the room cage and the increased number of stance failures with the injured leg. using this method we assessed the effect of post-injury administration of compvit b? (vitamin compound) and orotic acid (a pyrimidine-nucleotide precursor) on the recovery of injured nerve. both treatments and its combination, improved significantly the recovery of injured nerve compared to controls treated with saline solution.
Enfermedades periodontales durante el embarazo y su asociación con parto prematuro y bajo peso al nacimiento: Evidencias y controversias
Alonso Rosado,A.; Pérez Gómez,R.M.; Criado Pérez,L.; Duque Alonso,N.; Hernández Marcos,C.; Hernández Martín,M.; Lorenzo Rodríguez,V.; Martín Mu?oz,F.; Otín Reixa,I.;
Avances en Periodoncia e Implantología Oral , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S1699-65852010000200004
Abstract: pregnancy involves physiological changes which, although not meaning a risk in itself for either the mother's or the baby's health, may lead to the development of new pathologies, including periodontal disease. this bibliographical revision compiles the conclusions drawn by different publications about the relationship between periodontal disease and low-weight preterm births, highlighting variable results.
Page 1 /211732
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.