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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 81579 matches for " Rosa Maria Scanavini Pavan "
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Forsberg′s maneuver influence in forearm Korotkoff sounds audibility – a cross-sectional study
Rosa Maria Scanavini Pavan,Solange Cristina Denzin Rosa,Edna Moura Arcuri
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2006,
Abstract: Blood pressure measurement in forearm is a polemic issue due Korotkoff sounds inaudibility in the radial artery. This study aimed to verify if a procedure proposed by Forsberg et al, named here Forsberg′s maneuver, could facilitate auscultation on the forearm. We performed a transversal study in 101 subjects at UNIARARAS, always take into consideration the ethic and administrative procedures. Blood pressure was recorded in the radial pulse by two nurses avoiding observer and equipment errors, using cuff width of 40% of forearm circumference. After a traditional measurement the subject was asked to clench the right fist, and also to compress forearm below the cuff using the left hand. After 1 minute the segment has relieved and another BP measurement was recorded. The differences observed between the two measurements (80.0% vs 99.0%) indicate a favorable result of the proposed procedure (p=0,0087), increasing auscultation success, despite lower rate of audibility than that observed by Fosberg et al .
Diagnósticos de Enfermagem em trabalhadores hipertensos de uma empresa de transporte urbano coletivo
Rosa Maria Scanavini Pavan,Ivana Maria Passini Sodré Siviero,Vanessa Pellegrino Toledo,Erika Cristiane Marocco Duran
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2005,
Abstract: O presente trabalho consistiu da análise, através de estudo exploratório, dos diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes em trabalhadores hipertensos de uma empresa municipal de transporte urbano na cidade de Araras/SP. O trabalho foi conduzido por graduandos e enfermeiras docentes de uma universidade do interior paulista, durante o ensino prático de sistematiza o da assistência de enfermagem. Foram atendidos 205 trabalhadores adultos efetivos da empresa e utilizado o histórico de enfermagem, sendo destacadas a entrevista de enfermagem e o exame físico direcionado para a hipertens o arterial, doen a cr nica que se caracteriza pelo aumento dos valores das press es sistólica e/ou diastólica, afetando cerca de vinte milh es de brasileiros. Foram identificados os três diagnósticos (déficit de conhecimento sobre a doen a; distúrbio do padr o de sono e nutri o alterada, com ingest o maior do que as necessidades corporais) por padr es de respostas humanas (conhecer, trocar, mover). A característica definidora levantada foi a verbaliza o do problema de falta de conhecimento sobre a doen a – mesmo alguns trabalhadores já tendo recebido orienta es médicas a respeito, e os fatores relacionados foram a falta de experiência prévia com esta patologia, baixa escolaridade e desinteresse quanto a maiores informa es sobre a hipertens o arterial. Diante desses resultados, tornam-se prementes mais estudos direcionados à maior efetividade de propaga o de informa es sobre a doen a e incentivos à detec o precoce, bem como aos procedimentos preventivos e à ades o aos tratamentos que possibilitar o a todos uma vida com qualidade e sem riscos.
Medida da press?o arterial no bra?o e antebra?o em fun??o do manguito
Arcuri, Edna Apparecida Moura;Rosa, Solange Cristina Denzin;Scanavini, Rosa Maria;Denzin, Gesiane de Salles Cardin;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002009000100006
Abstract: objective: to identify and compare arm and forearm blood pressure measurements using appropriate cuff sizes versus a usual standard cuff. methods: a cross-sectional comparative study was used. blood pressure was measured in 103 individuals using a 0.40 cuff width and 0.80 cuff length on both segments and followed by a measure with a usual standard cuff after one minute. arm and forearm circumferences were measured at the middle point. results: significant differences indicated overestimation of diastolic blood pressure in the forearm. these differences were lower than differences reported in other studies. korotkoff sounds were improved after forsberg's maneuver. conclusion: although, we found an overestimation of diastolic blood pressure in forearm, other studies suggest that the use of appropriate cuff sizes in the forearm derive more accurate measures of diastolic blood pressure. there is a need to study further measurements of blood pressure in the forearm.
Discursos híbridos nas memórias das licenciaturas em ciências em uma institui??o universitária
Rosa, Maria Inês Petrucci;Pavan, Adriana Cristina;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132011000100006
Abstract: this work investigates the memories of a university with a tradition in teacher education, about the curricular changes that have happened during the last decade. for this, professors of science teacher education programs were interviewed, in a methodological approach influenced by the notion of remembering and narrative by w. benjamin. their speech showed a hybridism of discourse produced in the disciplinary fields which were disputed space during curricular change.
Immunochemical Fecal Occult Blood Test for Detection of Advanced Colonic Adenomas and Colorectal Cancer: Comparison with Colonoscopy Results
Bianca Rosa Viana Freitas,Cristiane Kibune Nagasako,Celia Regina Pavan,S?nia Letícia Silva Lorena,Fabio Guerrazzi,Cláudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy,Maria de Lourdes S. Ayrizono,Maria Aparecida Mesquita
Gastroenterology Research and Practice , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/384561
Abstract: Background. Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) have been used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in several countries. There is lack of information concerning diagnostic performances of this method in Brazil. Methods. Patients scheduled for elective colonoscopy provided one stool sample one week before colonoscopy. The accuracy of a qualitative FIT for detection of CRC and advanced adenomas was determined. Results. Overall 302 patients completed the study. Among them, 53.5% were high risk patients referred for screening or surveillance. Nine (3%) CRCs and 11 (3.6%) advanced adenomas were detected by colonoscopy. Sensitivity and specificity for CRC were, respectively, 88.9% and 87.6%. For advanced adenomas, sensitivity was 63.6% and specificity 87.6%. Conclusion. Our results showed good sensitivity and specificity of the FIT for detecting advanced neoplasias. This method may be a valuable tool for future screening programs in Brazil. 1. Introduction Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide [1, 2]. Over the last years there has been an increase in the reported incidence in Brazil, with estimates for 2012 of 26.2 new cases/100.000 for men and 25.6/100.000 for women in the regions with higher incidence rates [3]. In addition, analysis of CRC mortality in five Brazilian capitals showed an increasing and constant trend over the period of 1980–2009 [4]. The adenoma-carcinoma pathway is considered to be responsible for the majority of CRC [5]. Recent data from a long-term follow-up study showed that removal of adenomatous polyps was associated with a 53% reduction in mortality from CRC [6]. Considering the decrease in CRC incidence and mortality associated with population screening for CRC and precancerous lesions [7] guidelines in several countries recommend that adults from the general population at average risk should start screening at 50 years of age [1, 8, 9]. One of the proposed screening strategies is the survey with high sensitivity (≥70%) fecal occult blood test (FOBT). The traditional method to detect fecal occult blood has been the guaiac-based test (G-FOBT) that detects the peroxidase-like activity of hemoglobin. Although G-FOBT screening has been shown to reduce CRC incidence and mortality [7], the sensitivity of this method in detecting CRC and advanced adenomas has been shown to be low [10]. Another disadvantage of the G-FOBT is that it requires dietary restriction, since it is not specific for human blood and can produce false-positive results when red meat and fruits or vegetables containing
Can Purified Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Supplementation Act Blood Pressure Levels in Untreated Normal-High Blood Pressure Subjects with Hypertriglyceridemia?  [PDF]
Maria Leonarda De Rosa
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2012.32031
Abstract: Omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) from fish and fish oils appear to protect against coronary heart disease: their dietary intake is in fact inversely associated with cardiovascular disease morbidity/mortality in population studies. Recent evidence suggests that at least a part of this protective effect is mediated by a relatively small but significant decrease in blood pressure (BP) level. In fact, omega-3 PUFAs exhibit wide-ranging biological actions that include regulating both vasomotor tone and renal sodium excretion, partly competing with omega-6 PUFAs for common metabolic enzymes and thereby decreasing the production of vasoconstrictor rather than vasodilator and anti-inflammatory eicosanoids. PUFAs also reduce angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, angiotensin II formation. We retrospectively evaluated the long-term effect of a omega-3 PUFAs supplementation on the blood pressure level of 91 hypertriglyceridemic subjects with untreated normal-high blood pressure that were prescribed a 3 grams omega-3 PUFAs supplementation in order to improve their plasma lipid pattern. After 24 months of treatment, systolic blood pressure (SBP) meanly decreased by 2.6 +/- 2.5 mmHg (p = 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) by 1.4 +/- 3.1 mmHg (p < 0.001), while basal heart rate decreased by 4.1 +/- 4.6 bpm (p < 0.001). Both SBP and DBP reduction were significantly related to the baseline SBP (p < 0.001) and DBP (p < 0.001), respectively. Diastolic blood pressure change was also inversely related to the patient’s age (p = 0.004). No significant difference was perceived in the metabolic syndrome subgroup. In our retrospective study, highly purified omega-3 PUFAs long-term supplementation is associated with a significant reduction in SBP, DBP, and basal heart rate in hypertriglyceridemic patients with normal-high blood pressure. The main determinants of the omega-3 PUFAs anti-hypertensive effect appear to be the basal blood pressure level and age. Future research will clarify if omega-3 PUFAs supplementation could improve the antihypertensive action of specific blood pressure lowering drug classes and of statins.
Evaluation of the dental arch asymmetry in natural normal occlusion and Class II malocclusion individuals
Scanavini, Paulo Estev?o;Paranhos, Luiz Renato;Torres, Fernando César;Vasconcelos, Maria Helena Ferreira;Jóias, Renata Pilli;Scanavini, Marco Antonio;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512012000100016
Abstract: objective: to verify the presence and degree of asymmetry of dental arches in brazilian individuals with natural normal occlusion and class ii, divisions 1 and 2 malocclusions. methods: the study evaluated the symmetry of the maxillary and mandibular dental arches of 180 pairs of dental casts, divided into: group i = 60 pairs of natural normal occlusion individuals; group ii = 60 pairs of class ii, division 1 malocclusion individuals; and group iii = 60 pairs of class ii, division 2 malocclusion individuals. a device was used to measure dental midline deviation and the canine tip in the dental arches (in degrees). it was also verified the distance of the upper canines from the palatal suture, intercanine distance, and anteroposterior upper and lower first molar position. results: dental arches of individuals from all groups presented asymmetry, regardless of the presence of malocclusion. group i showed a lower asymmetry degree in relation to groups ii and iii. the asymmetry in groups ii and iii was similar. conclusion: the dental arches of individuals with natural normal occlusion and with class ii, division 1 and division 2 malocclusions showed asymmetry. the asymmetry degree was higher in the mandibular dental arches than in the maxillary dental arches in all 3 evaluated groups.
Peri-implantitis and periodontitis: Use of bacteriological test in dental practice  [PDF]
Francesco Carinci, Rosa Maria Gaudio
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2013.13010
Abstract: Peri-implantitis has been defined as an inflamematory condition involving dental implants, surrounding mucosa and bone, which lose supporting bone. Although high success rates for endosseous implants have been reported, failures occur, and some implants are lost or removed. At least 10% of the failures have been suggested to be the result of peri-implantitis. One of the major causes of the peri-implantitis is the bacterial colonization of implant surfaces but additional risk factors such as periodontitis, poor oral hygiene, tobacco consumption, prepost operative therapies and genetic susceptibility should be considered. In the present study a real-time PCR bases assay was designed to detect and quantify red complex species, then used to investigate 307 periodontal pocket samples from 127 periodontitis patients and 180 controls. Results demonstrated a significant higher prevalence of red complex species and increased amount of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Treponema denticolain periodontal pocket of periodontitis. Since a higher risk of peri-implantitis occurs in periodontally affected patients, detection and treatment of bacteria is a fundamental objective to ensure dental implant survival.
A intolerancia comprometendo a saúde da família
Maria de Fátima Borges Pavan
Saúde Coletiva , 2010,
Abstract:
A longitudinal study in atypical Cri-du chat profile: A single case report  [PDF]
Maria Rosa Pizzamiglio, Cristino Volpe, Laura Piccardi
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.22027
Abstract:

Background: Cri-du-Chat Syndrome (CdCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a severe mental delay, minimal verbal abilities and severe learning difficulties. Methods: Here, we report two neuropsychological assessments of an Italian girl (FS) with CdCS who was affected by a moderate mental delay. The first assessment was made at 2.3 years and second at 6.5 years. Results: Her cognitive profile was characterized by a discrepancy between social-communicative and visual-motor skills. Specifically, her linguistic skills were better than her ability to copy a drawing or play with a set of building blocks. FS showed good lexical competence in both comprehension and production. Differently, her grammatical skills (i.e. comprehension and production) were somewhat defective. Conclusion: The FS’s case, due to her moderate mental delay and her preserved linguistic skills, allowed investigating some aspects of this syndrome never explored before.

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