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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1454 matches for " Role "
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The Relationship among Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, Role Overload and Job Stress of Chinese Middle-Level Cadres  [PDF]
Zhou Yongkang, Zeng Weixi, Hu Yalin, Xi Yipeng, Tan Liu
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2014.31003
Abstract: This research aims to explore the relationship among role conflict, role ambiguity, role overload and job stress of middle-level cadres in Chinese local government. Through a questionnaire survey of 220 cadres, the results showed that time pressure was significantly correlated with role conflict and role overload; job anxiety and job stress were significantly and positively correlated with role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload; role ambiguity had a significant and positive effect on job anxiety and job stress; role conflict and role overload had a significant and positive effect on time stress, job anxiety and job stress.
Role Expansion: Implications of the Security Role Expanding into the EHS Function  [PDF]
Wanda D. Minnick, Jonathan D. Cunkelman
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.53010
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the perception of safety professionals regarding the expansion of their role into security functions. One hundred eleven returned surveys from practicing safety professionals in the manufacturing, oil and gas, and construction industries were examined. Fifty seven percent of respondents agree with role expansion into security and twenty three percent of participants do not. Thematic patterns emerged from their comments and are provided. The remaining twenty percent of respondents fell into a category of “it depends” and the provided reasons suggest other variables that could have influence. A Chi square test for independence indicated that role expansion is independent of industry type; suggesting there is agreement for role expansion into security functions regardless of industry type. Another primary finding is that although the majority of safety professionals agree with role expansion, security coursework is currently not required in a review of accredited occupational safety and health program curricula. This suggests recent graduates may not be formerly prepared for the security elements of their role and should seek or be offered additional training.
The Role of the Pharmacist in Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis  [PDF]
Celia Moffat Joel Matyanga
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2014.53029

Pre-exposure prophylaxis is a new HIV prevention method that has shown to be effective in HIV uninfected persons at very high risk of HIV infection. It involves daily use of truvada in combination with other proven methods of HIV prevention. The aim of this paper is to discuss the various roles that pharmacists play in pre-exposure prophylaxis to maximize therapy.

Nurse Managers Stress and Coping  [PDF]
AChiharu Miyata, Hidenori Arai, Sawako Suga
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.511101
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to gain insight into nurse managers’ stress experiences and coping strategies in order to better support them. Design: A qualitative exploratory descriptive research design was used in this study. Subject: Fifteen nurse managers participated in this study. Results: Three descriptive themes related to nurse managers’ occupational stress were identified: role overload, loneliness, and role conflict. We also identified three descriptive themes that contributed to their stress management: sufficient support and advice, taking mental breaks while off duty, and individual coping strategies. Conclusions: Our study proposes two recommendations to reduce nurse managers’ stress. First, for nurse managers who experience work overload, hospitals should support them in learning how to work efficiently and how to manage their response to work demands. Second, nurse managers’ primary stressors were loneliness and role conflict. Nurse managers are known to juggle multiple demands from the hospital nursing director and staff nurses. Although it is difficult to eliminate the role conflict, nurse managers should be guided on how to manage conflicting demands, the hospital nursing director and staff nurses.
Future role expectations of undergraduate Chilean students [Expectativas de roles futuros de estudiantes universitarios en Chile]
Nureya Abarca Melo,Naisa Gormaz Vargas,Pedro Ignacio Leiva
Universitas Psychologica , 2012,
Abstract: This study reviews the future roles expectations in a sample of 522 young undergraduate students in Santiago, Chile. In order to do that it was ad- ministered the adaptation of the instrument (The Life Role Salience Scales [LRSS]; Amatea, Cross, Clark & Bobby, 1986) that assessed men’s and women’s personal expectations concerning life roles: occupational, mari- tal, parental and homecare roles. As well the level of Valoric Conservatism (VC) was measure (Contreras & Plaza, 2004), and socio-demographic data. Regression analysis showed a male’s bigger preference for work and marital roles than women. VC influenced the expectations for marital, parental and home-care roles, but it didn’t influenced work role.
Predator-Prey Dynamics: The Role of Predators in the Control of Problem Species
Tashi Wangchuk
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2004,
Abstract: A study was conducted to look at the relationship betweenpresence and numbers of wild dog (Cuon alpinus) andpresence and abundance of wild boar (Sus scrofa). This wascorroborated with scat analysis to get percentage of the preyconsumed by wild dogs and other predators. A preliminarynationwide presence-absence survey of C. alpinus populationshowed that with the exception of Trashigang, SamdrupJongkhar and Pemagatshel, all the other dzongkhags reportedpresence of wild dogs. Wild dog density was then comparedwith relative wild boar density using a simple linearregression analysis.A negative relationship between increasing wild dog numbersand decreasing wild boar density was detected. The R2 valuefor the regression was 0.60 — meaning that about 60% of therelative amount of variance in wild boar density is explainedby the number of wild dogs present in an area. Theunexplained 40% could be due to other factors such ashabitat conditions, food availability, control measures, otherlarge predators, diseases, and so on.An analysis of variance (ANOVA) carried out on therelationship gave a significant value (F= 12.30 >> Fs = 0.007),meaning that the average number of boars in the differentstudy areas are significantly different from each other, or thatdifferent pack sizes of wild dogs have significantly differenteffects. The slope of the regression line was negative 0.1. Thusfor every unit increase in wild dogs presence there is a 0.1unit decrease in relative wild boar density.About 37% of wild dog diet consists of domestic animals suchas cattle and horses. The other 63% is wildlife. Of this 63%,65 numbers of scat found contained wild boar remains. Thisindicates that from the wild herbivores preyed, about 58% ofwild prey consumed are wild boar. Overall, includingdomestic animals, wild boars make about 36% of the wilddog’s diet.In terms of resource partitioning based on sign densities, thethree predators (tiger, leopard, and wild dog) avoid conflictwith wild boars by using different habitats and throughengaging in vastly different hunting behaviour. For instance,leopards have more fixed and stable home ranges, closer tohuman habitation while tigers have larger home ranges butwell away from any human settlement. Wild dogs are moretransient and travel frequently over a large distance; theirhome ranges overlap with that of tigers and leopards. Sincetheir presence is fleeting, they rarely come in conflict with theother predators.
The Role of Fair Value Accounting for Investment in Securities: Evidences from the Chinese Stock Exchanged Market  [PDF]
Li Jing, ParkSang Kyu
iBusiness (IB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2010.24054
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the relevance of fair value accounting measurement for investment in securities. We use three measurements for fair value: net asset based on fair value per share (FV), fair value adjusted amount per share (FVAD) and fair value adjusted investment gain and loss in earnings per share (HOLDG). Our sample is composed of Chinese listed companies from period 2006 to the end of 2008.the empirical result show that First, there are the relevance between stock price and fair value measured information. Second, the explanation power of fair value measures for stock price fluctuation in the listed companies, Third, There are distinct relativity between volatility of return of stock and fair value measured information.
Pupils’ Perceptions of the Teacher’s Changing Role in E-Learning Physics Classroom Instruction  [PDF]
Joel K. Kiboss
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.11006
Abstract: This article explores the pupils’ view of the teacher’s changing role as a result of the implementation of an innovation that involved electronic learning measurement lessons in a developing country, namely Kenya. 118 randomly pupils enrolled in schools that could be visited conveniently in Nakuru district, Kenya were exposed to an electronic learning program (ELP) in physics. The ELP physics module was developed from a physics course dealing with the concept of measurement. The content was based on the Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) approved syllabus for science education, science textbooks and other relevant materials. Part of the investigation was to determine the effect of the ELP physics module on pupils’ perspectives of the teacher’s role during the physics course. The participants were interviewed at random using the Pupils’ Interview Guide (PIG). A selected group of pupils’ own expressions were also analyzed. The results showed that the conceptions of the pupils who were exposed to the e-learning program and those not so exposed differed remarkably. For, the pupils in the experimental condition depended more on their peers and the program while their counterparts in the traditional class were more dependent on the teacher. The study concludes that the use of ELP module to support conventional physics instruction can have substantial advantages over other approaches.
Gender differences in recognising depression in a case vignette in a university student population: Interaction of participant and vignette subject gender with depressive symptomatology  [PDF]
Junko Andou, Toshinori Kitamura
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.34041

Objective: Gender difference in depression prevalence may be explained by variation in the recognition of depression due to differences in gender identity. Method: We distributed one of four questionnaires describing fictional cases of Major Depressive Episode (MDE) (2 predominant symptom types × 2 case vignette subject genders) to 72 students. Participants were asked whether and how much they thought the subject in the case was emotionally as well as somatically ill. They were also administered the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale and the Ito Sex Role Scale. Results: Participants scoring high in gender identity communion and ideal gender roles communion and delicacy were more likely to identify the vignette subject as ill. The severity of somatic illness was rated more highly for the case of predominantly somatic symptomatology. The recognition of severity of psychological illness was influenced by two interactive terms: the gender of the vignette subjects x gender of the participants and predominant symptoms x gender of the vignette subjects. Recognition of MDE case vignettes as indicating illness, particularly psychological illness, was more likely when the participant was female, scored highly in femininity, or was of the gender as the case subject. Conclusion: These findings may be concordant with the self-schema theory.

Analysis and Design of Main Roles in Educational Games about Forestry Basic Knowledge  [PDF]
Min Qiu, Ruigai Li, MingSheng Chen
iBusiness (IB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2013.51B014
Abstract: With the progress of the game production technology, educational games become a developing trend in the field of
education. As the soul of the game, the role of the game to a large extent influences the effect of educational games.
This paper details the analysis and design process of roles about forestry basics educational games. According to the
various elements of the project needs and virtual environments, ultimately the roles are divided into the main role, assisted
role and the role of attack, and detailed design for all kinds of roles.
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