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Wardrobe Malfunctions and the Measurement of Internet Behaviour  [PDF]
Roland Pfister
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23042
Abstract: The wardrobe malfunction – an unanticipated exposure of bodily parts in the public – has become a prevailing issue in concerts, shows and other celebrity events that is reliably reported by the media. The internet as the fastest source for celebrity gossip allows measuring the impact of such wardrobe malfunctions on the public in-terest in a celebrity. This measurement in turn allows conclusions about intention, motivation, and internet be-haviour of a wide variety of internet users. The present study exemplifies the use of an innovative non-reactive measure of active interest – the Search Volume Index – to assess the impact of a variety of internet-related phe-nomena, including wardrobe malfunctions. Results indicate that interest in a celebrity increases immediately af-ter such an event and stays at a high level for about three weeks (the wardrobe plateau). This special form of ce-lebrity gossip thus meets a constant interest of a substantial proportion of internet users.
Your Unconscious Knows Your Name
Roland Pfister, Carsten Pohl, Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032402
Abstract: One's own name constitutes a unique part of conscious awareness – but does this also hold true for unconscious processing? The present study shows that the own name has the power to bias a person's actions unconsciously even in conditions that render any other name ineffective. Participants judged whether a letter string on the screen was a name or a non-word while this target stimulus was preceded by a masked prime stimulus. Crucially, the participant's own name was among these prime stimuli and facilitated reactions to following name targets whereas the name of another, yoked participant did not. Signal detection results confirmed that participants were not aware of any of the prime stimuli, including their own name. These results extend traditional findings on “breakthrough” phenomena of personally relevant stimuli to the domain of unconscious processing. Thus, the brain seems to possess adroit mechanisms to identify and process such stimuli even in the absence of conscious awareness.
Review Essay: Wissen, Subjekt und Politik Review Essay: Knowledge, Subjectivity and Politics Ensayo: Conocimiento, subjetividad y política
Thomas Pfister
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2010,
Abstract: Die besprochene Monografie interessiert sich besonders für Manifestationen von Subjektivit t in der Wissensgesellschaft. In einem ersten Teil verfolgt die Studie, wie die diskursive Ordnung der Wissensgesellschaft auch auf der dominanten Konzeption eines unabh ngigen, eigenverantwortlichen und wissensf higen Subjekts beruht. Der zweite Teil untersucht daraufhin am Beispiel von Bürgerkonferenzen zu Themen der Biomedizin, wie sich einzelne Subjekte im Verh ltnis zu dieser diskursiv vorgegebenen Subjektivit tsvorstellung verhalten und selbst als Subjekte konstituieren. Dabei kommt vor allem diese zweite Teilstudie zu wirklich neuen und überraschenden Einsichten. Allerdings wird ihr im Vergleich zum ersten Teil zu wenig Raum gew hrt, um ihr volles Potenzial zu entfalten. Angeregt durch die Diskussion von JUNGEs Buch werden zwei weitere Punkte diskutiert. In einem ersten Schritt muss die Wissenschaft an sich noch etwas genauer betrachtet werden, da diese eine entscheidende Rolle in denjenigen Aushandlungsprozessen spielt, in deren Rahmen die Wissensgesellschaft geschaffen und ausgestaltet wird. Daraufhin wird ein Politikbegriff n her bestimmt, der zwar umfassend, zugleich aber nicht zu allgemein sein soll. Daher wird vorgeschlagen, Politik als graduelles Ph nomen zu verstehen, das zwar allgegenw rtig sein mag, in bestimmten Situationen aber besonders deutlich zutage tritt. Um Politik im Kontext einer Pluralisierung des Wissens zu analysieren wird empfohlen, sich auf Situationen zu konzentrieren, in denen Agency und agonistischer Widerstreit sichtbar werden. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1003207 The main interest of the study reviewed in this essay is in manifestations of subjectivity in the knowledge society. The first part demonstrates how the discourse on a knowledge society also constructs the dominant notion of an autonomous, self-reliant and intellectually capable subject. Then, the book traces how individuals act and constitute themselves in response to the discursive call for specific forms of subjectivity, focusing on a set of citizen conferences on biomedical issues. It thus, especially in its latter part, provides original and surprising insights, but this part is given too little space compared to the first part, leaving the reader wanting more. The essay then engages in a broader debate, discussing two further points in addition to the insights of the review. First, it scrutinises the function of science, which plays a key role in those negotiations where the knowledge society is constituted and shaped. Secondly, it seeks to refine the notion of politic
Warum macht Fliegen glücklich? Why does Flying Raise the Spirits?
Gertrud Pfister
querelles-net , 2005,
Abstract: Berufliche Orientierungen von Pilotinnen weckt gro e Erwartungen, die leider nur teilweise eingel st werden. Es erm glicht Einsichten in die Berufsbiographien von Pilotinnen und in das Gendering“ des Berufsfelds, gibt aber auf zentrale Fragen, u.a. nach den Barrieren, die Frauen den Weg an die Spitze versperren, keine befriedigenden Antworten. So bleibt auch offen, warum Fliegen glücklich macht. Berufliche Orientierungen von Pilotinnen (Occupational Orientation of Female Pilots) awakens great expectations that are unfortunately only partially redeemed. The text offers greater insight into the career biographies of female pilots and into the “gendering” of the occupational field. It does not give satisfying answers to central questions, among these as to the barriers that bar women’s way to the top. Thus, why flying makes people happy remains an open question.
Frauen am Himmel Women in the Sky
Gertrud Pfister
querelles-net , 2008,
Abstract: Evelyn Zegenhagen hat ohne Zweifel das am besten recherchierte Buch über die Geschichte des Frauenfliegens und über die Rolle der Pilotinnen in der Geschichte der Luftfahrt zwischen 1918 und 1945 vorgelegt. Mit einem unglaublichen Forschungsaufwand hat sie viele Lücken in der vorliegenden Forschung zu diesem Thema geschlossen und erstmalig Biographien von Segelfliegerinnen und deren Chancen und Probleme aufgearbeitet. Damit gew hrt sie Einblicke in einen Bereich der Luftfahrtgeschichte, der neue Perspektiven, nicht nur im Hinblick auf die Beteiligung von Frauen, er ffnet. Umfangreiche Quellenstudien erm glichten es zudem, die Lebensl ufe bisher weitgehend unbekannter Fliegerinnen zu rekonstruieren und bereits bekannte und gut dokumentierte Biographien um neue Facetten zu erg nzen. Zegenhagen hat den Anspruch, die Fliegerei der Frauen im zeitgen ssischen Kontext zu betrachten und neben den individuellen Chancen auch die strukturellen Bedingungen zu berücksichtigen, ohne Frage eingel st. Without a doubt, Evelyn Zegenhagen has presented the best-researched book published on the history of female flight and on the role of female pilots in aviation history between 1918 and 1945. This amazing achievement of research has closed many gaps in current research on the subject. The author has also processed, for the very first time, the biographies of female gliders and the chances and problems they encountered. She thus delivers insight into and opens up new perspectives on the subject of aviation history, not only in relation to female participation. Her comprehensive study of the sources also reconstructs the lives of unknown female pilots and adds new dimensions to those biographies that have already been well documented. Zegenhagen has definitely fulfilled her wish to view the flight of women in a contemporary context and to account for the structural conditions in conjunction with the individual possibilities for women.
Líderes femininas em organiza es esportivas - Tendências mundiais
Gertrud Pfister
Movimento , 2003,
Abstract: la presente investigación tiene por objetivo discutir el liderazgo femenino en organizaciones deportivas. Para eso recurre a un análisis de datos cuantitativos de algunos países occidentales con comprobado destaque en el campo deportivo (Alemania, Dinamarca, Estados Unidos de América y Australia), subrayando que, en términos de cargos de dirección en instituciones deportivas, las mujeres todavía no lograron el mismo status que los hombres. Teniendo como referencia teórica los estudios de género la investigación pone en relieve que, mismo con el ran avance que las mujeres han tenido en el mundo del deporte, cuando el tema es el liderazgo y los cargos directivos, todavía hay mucho por conquistar.
South Africa’s Post-Apartheid Foreign Policy Towards Africa
Roger Pfister
Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography , 2000,
Abstract:
Governing the knowledge society: Studying Lisbon as epistemic setting
Thomas Pfister
European Integration Online Papers , 2009,
Abstract: This paper is interested in the role of knowledge as resource, medium and product of governance as well as in ways of studying knowledge and processes of knowledge construction in EU governance. Its particular focus in this context is on the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) and the Lisbon Strategy. Based on a discussion of accounts of policy learning, governmentality and Science and Technology Studies (STS), the paper claims that studying Lisbon could be about much more than the effectiveness and the legitimacy of the OMC. Accordingly, it calls for a two-fold extension of the scope of analysis: First, investigations should feed back into reflections about the broader picture. Here, the political space of Lisbon can be analysed in terms of indirect government under the conditions of a knowledge society. Second, in order to achieve a larger picture the analysis should be extended downwards to the everyday practices within (and beyond) the different OMCs where knowledge is produced and through which the epistemic culture of Lisbon is governed and constituted. While this move away from the meso-level of institutions is mainly motivated by a review of governmentality, STS can provide the necessary theoretical and methodological guidance to put such a comprehensive perspective into empirical practice.
Graph states and carrier-envelope phase squeezing
Olivier Pfister
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We outline a new class of continuous-variable graph states that can be useful to describe entangle- ment, and also multimode squeezing, in an optical frequency comb. We show that a particular case of such states coincides with the squeezing of the carrier-envelope phase, or of the total intensity, of a mode-locked laser. We then discuss the experimental issues related to measuring the quantum noise of the carrier-envelope phase of a frequency comb and show that this can be carried out by use of quantum heterodyne multiplexing, a technique that may be useful to measure multipartite entanglement as well.
Mixed Symmetry Solutions of Generalized Three-Particle Bargmann-Wigner Equations in the Strong-Coupling Limit
Winfried Pfister
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1007/BF02821059
Abstract: Starting from a nonlinear isospinor-spinor field equation, generalized three-particle Bargmann-Wigner equations are derived. In the strong-coupling limit, a special class of spin 1/2 bound-states are calculated. These solutions which are antisymmetric with respect to all indices, have mixed symmetries in isospin-superspin space and in spin orbit space. As a consequence of this mixed symmetry, we get three solution manifolds. In appendix \ref{b}, table 2, these solution manifolds are interpreted as the three generations of leptons and quarks. This interpretation will be justified in a forthcoming paper.
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