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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 183298 matches for " Rodolfo de Alkmim Moreira Nunes "
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EXERCíCIO FíSICO E PLASTICIDADE NEUROGêNICA: BENEFíCIOS RELACIONADOS àS FUN ES MENTAIS DO IDOSO
Vernon Furtado da Silva,Luis Henrique Brand?o Ribeiro,Rodolfo de Alkmim Moreira Nunes,Juliana Cavalcante
Perspectivas Online : Biológicas e Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Relaciona alguns comprovados efeitos do exercício sobre vários fatores do bem estar físico e mental do idoso,buscando-se evidenciar estes benefícios com mudan as cerebrais vistas a partir de uma série de processos emecanismos específicos. Estabelece-se uma inter-rela o destes efeitos com fun es bio-estruturais e biooperacionaisdo cérebro sobre as ineficiências comportamentais advindas do processo de envelhecimento eproblemas organicos a ele relacionados. Busca-se mostrar todo e qualquer comportamento como resultado deprocessos neurotransmissores integrando-se em ordem funcional. Analisa-se a neurogêse como o principalfen meno da plasticidade cerebral, visualizando-a como uma referência para a formula o de métodos e técnicasde reabilita o de várias doen as e desordens do comportamento motor e cognitivo, principalmente algumasrelacionadas ao processo de envelhecimento. Evidências que d o suporte a discuss o e andamento do trabalhoadvêm de pesquisas realizadas com humanos e n o humanos. Estas últimas est o mostradas em um maiorpercentual.
Princípio da responsabilidade objetiva vigente nas normas antidoping e os direitos humanos dos atletas: uma abordagem crítica
Cunha,Renata da Cruz; Nunes,Rodolfo de Alkmim Moreira; Novaes,Giovanni da Silva; Knackfuss,Maria Irany; Miranda,Hênio Ferreira de; Cavalcanti,Francisco Ivo Dantas;
Motricidade , 2008,
Abstract: back ground: the human lives in search of overrun at all levels, whether professional, emotional or in their interpersonal relationships. in the middle of sports this search becomes more visible, because hundredths of seconds can make the difference between the podium and the failure. journals at any moment announces a new case of a positive doping in several sports. objective: analyse the processes judged for doping in the stjd of the brazilian athletism and verify if the pronounced sentences are in accordance with the brazilian constitution and with the universal declaration of the human rights. materials and methods: 18 cases were reviewed by the use of prohibited substance, between the years 2003 to 2006 by the stjd of athletism. results: of the 18 cases examined only 3 were acquitted by the stjd, however, these three, two have met suspension for two years, in order that wada, not satisfied with the results asked the international federation (iaaf) to analyze them, and after guided them to the court of arbitration sports (cas). conclusion: the rule of objective responsibility are not in accordance with the brazilian constitution and with the universal declaration of the human rights, leading athletes to respond irrespective proven their guilt.
O protagonismo da crian?a no cenário hospitalar: um ensaio sobre estratégias de sociabilidade
Moreira,Martha Cristina Nunes; Macedo,Aline Duque de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000200033
Abstract: in this article we discuss chronic disease and its impacts upon childhood. we discuss the experience of providing play activities for hospitalized children as a strategy to ensure their freedom to make choices and to question values. we discuss the notion of socialization as being different from sociability. we discuss the interactionist perspective of child sociology and discuss conceptually the use of play activities as a tool for humanizing relations. we conclude that there is a need for further investigations approaching children as subjects of expression and point to the potential of play as an instrument of humanization.
A hospitaliza??o e o adoecimento pela perspectiva de crian?as e jovens portadores de fibrose cística e osteogênese imperfeita
Mello,Daniele Borges de; Moreira,Martha Cristina Nunes;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000200022
Abstract: the present article intends to discuss the results of a study completed in a hospital located in the municipal district of rio de janeiro, considered most prominent for child, adolescent and woman's health. we analyzed the meanings of hospitalization and chronic illness in childhood and adolescence through the perspective of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis and osteogenesis imperfecta during their hospitalizations in order to explore their experience and communicative possibilities as knowledgeable informants. hence, we privileged the observation and the construction of their productions through games, using drawings and/or story-telling as a relevant approach to childhood and adolescence contents. the data collected signify the acquisition and knowledge production capacity of children and adolescents concerning their illness processes.
Validade de equa??es antropométricas para estimar a massa muscular em idosos
Rech, Cassiano Ricardo;Dellagrana, Rodolfo André;Marucci, Maria de Fátima Nunes;Petroski, Edio Luiz;
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano , 2012, DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2012v14n1p23
Abstract: the objective of this study was to compare skeletal muscle mass (smm) in older adults as estimated by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (dxa) and three predictive equations. a total of 180 older adults (120 women and 60 men) aged 60 to 81 years were studied. appendicular smm was measured by dxa and estimated using predictive equations based on anthropometric measures, age, race, and gender. agreement between methods was evaluated by the paired t-test, pearson's correlation coefficient, and dispersion error. the prevalence of sarcopenia estimated with the different methods was compared using the kappa coefficient, sensitivity, and specificity. no difference was observed in mean smm estimated by the predictive equation of lee et al. and dxa (p>0.05), with a high correlation between methods in men (r=0.90; p<0.001) and women (r=0.86; p<0.001). the prevalence of sarcopenia did not differ between methods (dxa = 33.3% vs. equation = 36.1%), with high agreement between methods (kappa = 0.74; p<0.001) and high specificity (89%) and sensitivity (86%). the results indicate agreement between dxa and the predictive equation of lee et al. for estimation of smm and prevalence of sarcopenia in older adults.
A evolu??o histórica dos conceitos de transtorno de humor e transtorno de personalidade: problemas no diagnóstico diferencial
Campos, Rodolfo Nunes;Campos, Jo?o Alberto de Oliveira;Sanches, Marsal;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832010000400004
Abstract: background: the concepts of mood and personality disorders have faced countless changes over the last decades. historically, these concepts have been built in parallel, that is, mood and personality disorders have been considered as independent disorders with respect to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. recently, however, new proposes on the nosological conceptualization of these disorders have raised the question of a possible overlap between these nosological entities, making the differential diagnosis between these disorders difficult at times. objectives: to carry out a literature review on the evolution of mood and personality disorders concepts under a historical perspective, focusing on diagnostic-related issues. method: a comprehensive medline literature search (1990-2007) was conducted. results: contrarily to the concept of mood disorder, which seems to be stable and relatively unchanged since its first description, the concept of personality disorder shows considerable variation over the different literature findings. thus, both groups of disorders have been conceptualized not only in a categorical point of view but also according to a dimensional approach. the last one may be at least partially accountable for the difficulties sometimes observed in the differential diagnosis of these disorders. discussion: the differential diagnosis between mood and personality disorders may still represent a serious problem in clinical settings, and can not be completely clarified in light of available evidence. a better understanding of the pathophysiological basis of these disorders, as well as the more accurate identification of their biological markers can help redefining their concepts and their nosological current status.
Mudan as na vida das pessoas com les o medular adquirida
Soraia Dornelles Schoeller,Rodolfo Nunes Bitencourt,Maria Tereza Leopardi,Denise Pires de Pires
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: A les o medular é uma deficiência física de grande impacto pessoal e social. é grave e incapacitante. O objetivo geral deste estudo foi compreender quais s o os impactos da les o medular na vida da pessoa por ela acometida. Investigaram-se também algumas características das pessoas, realiza o das atividades da vida diária, a vida antes da les o e os recursos procurados no momento da les o. Trata-se de estudo de abordagem qualitativa, exploratória e descritiva. Os participantes foram pessoas com les o medular há mais de dois anos. A coleta de dados baseou-se em entrevista semiestruturada. Os resultados da pesquisa mostraram que a pessoa divide sua vida entre antes, durante e depois da les o, revivendo o momento gerador diversas vezes. A família é essencial na (re)adapta o da pessoa. é necessário que o enfermeiro aprimore os conhecimentos sobre les o medular e seus cuidados, para fornecer suporte à pessoa, sua família e equipe de saúde.
Valididy of the anthropometric equations for the estimated muscle mass in the elderly. DOI:10.5007/1980-0037.2012v14n1p23
Cassiano Ricardo Rech,Rodolfo André Dellagrana,Maria de Fátima Nunes Marucci,Edio Luiz Petroski
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2012,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to compare skeletal muscle mass (SMM) in older adults estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and three predictive equations. A total of 180 older adults (120 women and 60 men) aged 60 to 81 years were studied. Appendicular SMM was measured by DXA and estimated using predictive equations based on anthropometric measures, age, race, and gender. Agreement between methods was evaluated by the paired t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and dispersion error. The prevalence of sarcopenia estimated with the different methods was compared using the kappa coefficient, sensitivity, and specificity. No difference was observed in mean SMM estimated by the predictive equation of Lee et al. and DXA (p>0.05), with a high correlation between methods in both men (r=0.90; p<0.001) and women (r=0.86; p<0.001). The prevalence of sarcopenia did not differ between methods (DXA = 33.3% vs equation = 36.1%), with high agreement between methods (kappa = 0.74; p<0.001) and high specificity (89%) and sensitivity (86%). The results indicate agreement between DXA and the predictive equation of Lee et al. for the estimation of SMM and the prevalence of sarcopenia in older adults.
RETIRADA DOS SUPLEMENTOS MICROMINERAL E/OU VITAMíNICO DA RA O DE SUíNOS EM FASE DE TERMINA O. CARACTERíSTICAS DE CARCA A E VIDA DE PRATELEIRA DA CARNE SUíNA
Rom?o da Cunha Nunes,Rodolfo Nascimento Kronka,Cristiano Sales Prado,Albenones José de Mesquita
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2006,
Abstract: O experimento foi conduzido para estudar os efeitos da retirada dos suplementos micromineral e/ou vitamínico sobre as características de carca a e vida de prateleira da carne de suínos. Foram utilizados 24 suínos híbridos, na fase de termina o, dos 110 aos 145 dias de idade, com peso médio inicial de 61,94 kg e peso ao abate de 100,68 kg. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 2x2, foi analisada a retirada dos suplementos micromineral e/ou vitamínico, com quatro tratamentos e seis repeti es cada. N o foi observada diferen a (P>0,05) para espessura de toucinho, comprimento de carca a e peso de carca a. N o houve diferen a (P >0,05) no rendimento de carca a dos animais que consumiram ra o com ou sem suplemento micromineral, entretanto os animais que receberam ra o com suplemento vitamínico apresentaram maior rendimento (P < 0,05) do que aqueles que n o receberam. Para a área de olho de lombo, ocorreu intera o, sendo que a suplementa o mineral melhorou o rendimento para os suplementados com vitaminas n o tendo efeito para os n o-suplementados. A vida de prateleira da carne n o apresentou diferen a (P > 0,05) para coliformes fecais, mesófilos e psicotróficos no dia zero e quinto dia após o abate. Pode-se concluir que a retirada dos suplementos micromineral e/ou vitamínico da ra o de suínos na fase de termina o afetou o rendimento de carca a e a área de olho de lombo. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Carca a, microminerais, suplemento, vida de prateleira, vitaminas.
Problematiza??o e racionaliza??o discursiva dos processos produtivos em organiza??es
Lima, Clóvis Ricardo Montenegro de;Lima, José Rodolfo Tenório;Moreira, Fernanda Kempner;
JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management , 2010, DOI: 10.4301/S1807-17752010000300008
Abstract: in this article, the academic questioning and rationalization of productive processes in organizations are discussed. the organizational dynamics in luhmann's theory of systems that emphasize the relationship of the system with its surroundings is also discussed. this theory allows for the analysis of organizations complexity, including their dynamics and processes.the concept of organizational autopoiesis is highlighted in this study. the discussion of quality improvement and innovation of production processes is based on pedagogical issues of the organizations. the possibilities of habermas' communicative action theory is discussed, especially in the form of discursive rationalization of complex organizational processes in conclusion, discursive rationalization may be important to build effective and integrated organizations through an ethical and sympathetic basis.
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