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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 183108 matches for " Rodolfo Carvalho de Azevedo "
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LASERTERAPIA DE BAIXA INTENSIDADE E RECUPERA O MUSCULAR EM FADIGA: ENSAIO CLíNICO CONTROLADO
Rodolfo Carvalho de Azevedo,Felipe Sampaio Jorge
Perspectivas Online : Biológicas e Saúde , 2011,
Abstract: A fadiga do músculo esquelético é um fen meno decorrente da execu o de atividades constantes por umdeterminado período de tempo suficiente para promover um declínio na capacidade de gera o de for a.Torna-se interessante, portanto, estudar estratégias terapêuticas que visem retardar o aparecimento dessefen meno. Esse estudo busca verificar se o uso do Laserterapia de baixa potência promove alguma respostana recupera o muscular em quadro de fadiga. Esse é um estudo caracterizado como um ensaio clínicorandomizado do tipo cruzado, onde foram analisados 9 indivíduos do sexo masculino com idade entre 18 e30 anos. Na 1a semana do estudo foi feita uma coleta com uso de eletromiografia de superfície(EMG),associada com dinamometria isométrica e com uso de interven o da laserterapia ou placebo conformerandomiza o. A segunda semana foi restrita para descanso, sendo feita uma nova coleta na terceira semanade estudo seguindo os mesmos parametros da 1a semana. Foram encontradas diminui o no nível de for a nomomento pós (p< 0,05) tanto na utiliza o do laser quanto do grupo placebo. Analisando-se o recrutamentomuscular verificou-se uma diminui o no momento pós no grupo placebo (p<0.05) e no grupo onde houveirradia o do laser n o houve diferen a em compara o ao momento pré, mantendo o recrutamento domúsculo por mais tempo. De acordo com o desenho experimental empregado neste estudo e com ospresentes achados, verificou-se que a utiliza o do laser de baixa potência em quadro de fadiga foi capaz depromover a manuten o do recrutamento muscular durante protocolo de avalia o.
Caries experience in young children with congenital heart disease in a developing country
Elizangela Lins Cavalcanti Pimentel,Vitor Manuel Pereira Azevedo,Rodolfo de Almeida Lima Castro,Luciana Carvalho Reis
Brazilian Oral Research , 2013,
Abstract: Oral care is frequently suboptimal in children from developing countries, especially those suffering from severe systemic diseases. The aim of the present study was to analyze the oral epidemiological profile of 3-to-5-year-old children with congenital heart disease. Dental and medical records of children evaluated at the Dental Service of the National Institute of Cardiology, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were reviewed. Caries experience was reported using the dmft index. Negative behavior towards dental management was recorded. The sample consisted of 144 children aged 4.41 ± 0.95 years. The mean dmft value was 5.4 ± 4.9, and 80.5% had at least one caries lesion. Dmft index was greater in the presence of cyanotic cardiac disease and in children with negative behavior. An increase in the “missing” component of the dmft index was also found in children using medicine on a daily basis. A higher caries experience was associated with children whose fathers had only an elementary education. In conclusion, children with congenital heart disease had high levels of caries experience at a young age. Cyanosis, negative behavior, daily use of medicine, one-parent family and the educational level of fathers seem to influence caries experience in children with congenital cardiac disease.
Prevention of acute coronary events through the Mediterranean diet
Azevedo Arthur de Carvalho
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 1999,
Abstract:
Salvaguarda do acervo documental da Reserva Florestal Ducke - Manaus-AM: registros de uma experiência
Freire, Eliane Oliveira de Lima;Azevedo, Rodolfo Almeida de;
Ciência da Informa??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-19652010000200009
Abstract: the ducke forest reserve (reserva florestal ducke) is one of the most important research bases of the national research institute of amazonia (instituto nacional e pesuisas da amaz?nia - inpa). although this reserve stands out in the scientific milieu, the documents produced and accumulated during its existence were disorganized. by undertaking an intense collection of documents, these archives were rescued and safeguarded. in the present article, the results of this experience are related. the safeguarding of the document patrimony of the ducke reserve was undertaken in three stages: first - collecting documents; second - putting the material collected into digital notation; and third - the compilation of research instruments. having collected and organized the material, a source of edition was carried out as well as two documentary and bibliographic catalogues the documentary patrimony of the ducke reserve presented multiple possibilities of thematic studies based on the contents of the documents. in this sense, some thematic annotations were made about the documents, emphasizing the following: adolfo ducke, creation of the reserve, infrastructure, research, illegal occupation, degradation versus preservation of the botanical garden. finally, the results of this research are expected to disseminate and facilitate public access to the documents on ducke reserve and consequently reveal hidden and forgotten facts along its existence.
O discurso evolucionista e a prática involutiva: um estudo empírico sobre o impacto de mudan?as tecnológicas sobre o desenho do trabalho em call centers
Azevedo, Marcia Carvalho de;Caldas, Miguel Pinto;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552005000300003
Abstract: call centers are increasingly catching the attention of practitioners and academic researchers studying work design and labor processes. while the former tend to depict such centers as hightech, organic organizations, the latter - at least those with a more critical view of organizational reality - seem to be unveiling a different condition, marked by a mechanicist design. this paper follows a more critical stream of research, using data from a four case comparative study to understand work design transformation brought on by technology in call center environments. results indicated that the evolutionist discourse is limited: in general, technology implementations in call centers investigated led to more machanicist organizations. however, at one center, the new technology was used to transform work in the opposite direction, leading to a more organic structure. hence, the study reinforces the argument that not only technology, but also the manager conception of work and how such technology is implemented, are important to determine the evolution or involution of work design at call centers.
Política de combate à pobreza no Brasil, concep??es e estratégias
Azevedo, Darana Carvalho de;Burlandy, Luciene;
Revista Katálysis , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-49802010000200007
Abstract: this article concerns the debate about anti-poverty policy in brazil and analyzes the relations between concepts of poverty and interventions adopted to address it. the article begins with a review of the principal conceptual approaches to poverty, based upon which it analyzes how policy strategies implemented in the country affect the multiple determinants of the situation. the paper is highlighted by a discussion of the effectiveness of universal and or focused strategies. it demonstrates that the difficulties in implementing policies based on an understanding of poverty as a multidimensional problem weaken the consolidation of criteria of social justice and disregard the potential for integrated policies to achieve these principles.
A Solu o de Controvérsias na OMC
Ana Cristina Azevedo de Carvalho Felix
Prim@ Facie , 2002,
Abstract: Uma das principais inova es que a Organiza o Mundial do Comércio trouxe, ao sercomparada com o GATT, seu antecessor, foi um novo sistema de solu o de controvérsias, visando àresolu o das disputas relativas à aplica o e interpreta o dos acordos da OMC. Além disso, orompimento de regras acordadas ocorre freqüentemente, ensejando um poder que exija o seu cumprimentoou, quando houver dano incessável pelo retorno à conduta exigida, que obrigue o causador do dano àdevida repara o ao lesado. Assim, a mera existência de regras n o assegura às partes a consecu o deseus objetivos, sendo necessário for a para implementá-las, a qual pode ser alcan ada pelo sistema desolu o de controvérsias.
Análise de Competências Individuais e Organizacionais Associadas à Prática de Gest o do Conhecimento Analyses of Individual and Organizational Competences Associated with Knowledge Management Practice Análisis de Competencias Individuales y Organizacionales Relacionadas con la Práctica de Gestión del Conocimiento
SORDI, José Osvaldo de,AZEVEDO, Marcia Carvalho
Revista Brasileira de Gest?o de Negócios , 2008,
Abstract: RESUMO A pesquisa realizada abordou aspectos críticos ao processo de gest o do conhecimento a partir da análise de conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes requeridas aos indivíduos trabalhadores do conhecimento e às organiza es responsáveis pela gest o do processo. No presente trabalho, desenvolveu-se uma caracteriza o do processo de gest o do conhecimento e conceituaram-se os trabalhadores da informa o e do conhecimento. O conceito de competência foi discutido e especialistas no assunto emitiram pareceres sobre competências críticas ao processo de gest o do conhecimento. Os pareceres foram organizados e analisados por intermédio do método Delphi. Os resultados alcan ados agregam valor ao contexto da administra o por abordarem um recurso extremamente importante às organiza es – o conhecimento – e por corroborarem com o seu processo de gest o. A pesquisa identificou aspectos críticos abrangentes e compatíveis com os atuais desafios das organiza es, direcionando a gest o do processo a temas importantes como: o colaborador capaz de criar; a organiza o capaz de converter conhecimento individual em conhecimento organizacional; o compartilhamento do conhecimento enquanto ainda tácito; a maximiza o do uso do conhecimento organizacional; a gera o e preserva o de informa es e conhecimentos de qualidade entre outros importantes tópicos a serem observados por trabalhadores do conhecimento e por administradores responsáveis pelo processo de gest o do conhecimento. ABSTRACT The research analyzed critical aspects of the knowledge management process, based on the analyses of knowledge, abilities and attitudes required to individual knowledge workers and to organizations responsible for the management process. In the present work a characterization of the knowledge management process was developed and information and knowledge workers were defined. Competence concept was discussed and specialists gave opinions about critical competences to knowledge management process. The opinions were organized and analyzed by the Delphi method. The results aggregate value to the management context by discussing an extremely important resource to organizations – knowledge – and because they support its management process. The research identified wide critical aspects that are compatible with current organizational challenges, directing the process management to important themes as: the worker able to create, the organization able to convert individual knowledge into organizational knowledge, knowledge sharing while still tacit, the maximization of organizational knowledge use
Description of socioeconomic and demographic profile of young women vulnerable to infection by human papillomavirus and risk behavior in a school in Rio de Janeiro  [PDF]
M.C. de Melo Pessanha Carvalho, Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz, Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511246
Abstract: Background: HPV is one of the main sexually transmitted diseases, especially among the female population. This is an important etiologic agent for the development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. It is considered a public health problem, since young women are the most vulnerable group to this virus. Therefore, it is important that the socioeconomic and demographic profile of these women and their risk behaviors are known, so that it is possible to contribute in reducing infection occurrences in the studied population. Objectives: To describe the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and investigate the behavioral sexual-affective aspects of risk of adolescents and young students from Rio de Janeiro/Brazil when tackling HPV infection. Methods: A group composed by 128 individuals susceptible to HPV—classified as adolescent women and young women who are students at a high school in one unity of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The studied period was from May to November. A quantitative descriptive approach was used, in which data were highlighted in variables, divided into economic, demographic and behavioral characteristics. Data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and organized by descriptive statistics performed by simple frequency (%). Results: The age range of the young women who have the possibility of being infected with HPV was from 15 to 25. The focused family income among these young women was up to 2 minimum wages. The risk behavior detected in 37.5% of adolescent women and in 43.8% of young women is that these women never used condoms in sexual intercourse. Conclusion: The research showed that the studied women are vulnerable due to risk behavior practices that may lead to the virus acquisition. More focuses on educational actions of preventive measures regarding HPV infection should be emphasized, favoring a lower incidence of human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer.
Schistosoma mansoni: Phytochemical Effect on Aquatic Life Cycle  [PDF]
Ronaldo de Carvalho Augusto, Gabriela Friani, Maurício Carvalho de Vasconcellos, Maria de Lurdes de Azevedo Rodrigues, Clélia Christina Mello-Silva
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2015.56017
Abstract: Background: Two aspects need to be considered for schistosomiasis control: morbidity and transmission. In this context, many soluble substances have been tested and Euphorbia milii latex is one of the most promising Brazilian molluscicides. Phytochemical studies involving simulation of the applicability of this latex on all aquatic forms of the S. mansoni life cycle are rare in the literature. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of E. milii latex on S. mansoni in the egg, miracidium and different developmental stages in Biomphalaria glabrata. Methods: The laboratory study was designed to simulate the different forms of exposure of the life cycle stages of S. mansoni to the LC50 of E. milii latex; we tested the exposition from four situations of S. mansoni contact with the latex and observed the exposure on different snails’ infection stage too. All snails were analyzed weekly for cercarial shedding and reproductive biology. Results: The results showed that contact of S. mansoni eggs and miracidia with the LC50 of E. milii negatively influenced the development of the parasite life cycle in the intermediate host, with consequent reduction of cercarial shedding. The exposure of infected snails affected the reproductive biology and cercarial shedding in all intra-mollusk development stages of S. mansoni, but the reduction was greater in the first, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth weeks of infection. The LC50 of E. milii latex had toxic action on eggs and miracidia, and the number of cercariae shed by snails during the study period declined by about 80%. Conclusions: We can conclude that the use of natural biodegradable compounds containing low concentrations of substances already characterized as having eco-toxico- logical potential can be an important tool to reduce the transmission of Schistosomiasis.
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