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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 50933 matches for " Rodison Roberto Santos "
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The republic, the king and freedom – about the text “the republic…” by Condorcet A república, o rei e a liberdade – sobre o texto “A República...” de Condorcet
Rodison Roberto Santos
Semina : Ciências Sociais e Humanas , 2011,
Abstract: Este artigo trata da concep o de República de Condorcet expressa no discurso: Uma República ou se um rei é necessário para a conserva o da liberdade? Este discurso foi proferido na Assembleia Federal dos Amigos de Verdade e publicado pelo Círculo Social, possivelmente em 1793. Condorcet neste discurso define muito claramente o seu conceito de República, com uma configura o de poderes legislativo e executivo e cumprindo a vontade do povo. Trata-se de preservar a liberdade do povo, garantindo o regime republicano em toda sua amplitude, contrário ao regime monárquico. This paper discusses Condorcet’s concept of Republic expressed in the speech: A Republic or if a king is necessary for the preservation of freedom. This speech was given in the Federal Friends of the Truth Assembly and published by Social Circle, possibly in 1793. In this speech, Condorcet very clearly defines his concept of Republic, constituted of legislative and executive powers and fulfilling the will of the people. This is to preserve the freedom of the people, protecting the Republican regime in all its amplitude, contrary to the monarchy.
Comparison of quality of life between hemodialysis patients waiting and not waiting for kidney transplant from a poor region of Brazil
Santos, Paulo Roberto;
Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-28002011000200008
Abstract: introduction: there are few data about the quality of life (qol) level among patients undergoing hemodialysis (hd) and not eligible for kidney transplant. objective: the qol level was compared between hd patients waiting and not waiting for kidney transplant. methods: we included 161 end-stage renal disease patients undergoing hd, during april, 2009. all patients were older than 18 years old, had been on hd at least three months, and had no previous transplantation. to measure qol, the sf-36 was used. we also collected data about death and transplants in the 12 months after april, 2009. qol scores were compared by analysis of variance with covariates. results: patients not awaiting transplantation were older (53.7 versus 36.3 years old; p < 0.001), more often had diabetes (15.8 versus 4.7%; p = 0.032) and hypertension (35.5 versus 12.9%; p < 0.001), and had no lupus (0 versus 4.7%; p = 0.001). they also presented lower creatinine levels (11.5 versus 13.5 mg/dl; p = 0.001) and were submitted to a lower dose of dialysis, estimated by kt/v (1.6 versus 2.0; p = 0.026). patients not awaiting transplant died more often in the following 12 months (21.1 versus 5.9%; p = 0.005). adjusted mean scores were lower among patients not awaiting transplant regarding six dimensions of qol: functional capacity (42.0 versus 53.4; p = 0.022), physical limitation (29.9 versus 49.2; p = 0.030); pain (45.0 versus 64.0; p = 0.003), social aspects (56.3 versus 75.9; p = 0.003), emotional aspects (45.1 versus 79.0; p = 0.001), and mental health (50.1 versus 64.3; p = 0.004). conclusions: patients undergoing hd and not awaiting transplant are at risk of poor qol level, mainly regarding role-emotional and role-physical aspects. we recommend psychological approaches and physical rehabilitation for this group of patients.
Planejamento do pre?o de venda
Santos, Roberto Vatan dos;
Caderno de Estudos , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-92511997000100005
Abstract: este estudo apresenta um modelo de decis?o de pre?o de venda tendo como base um novo enfoque para o "target-price" ou "pre?o-alvo". descreve e enfatiza os conceitos de pre?o-alvo de mercado e pre?o-alvo de "contribui??o". neste sentido, parte do principio de que as principais abordagens existentes de decis?o de pre?o, orientados: pela teoria econ?mica, pelos custos e pelo marketing. n?o s?o satisfatórias, pois tratam o problema com parcialidade ou com ênfase excessiva em algumas variáveis criticas. um modelo conceitual de decis?o de pre?os de venda, que incorpora os pontos fortes e as contribui??es de cada abordagem, é proposto dentro de um contexto estratégico, sob o enfoque sistêmico e ao mesmo tempo, buscando superar as limita??es de aplicabilidade dos modelos existentes.
Acondicionamento e coleta de resíduos sólidos domiciliares e impactos na saúde de crian?as residentes em assentamentos periurbanos de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil
Moraes, Luiz Roberto Santos;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2007001600024
Abstract: this paper presents a study on the bagging and collection of household solid waste and the health implications for children. the research was conducted in nine human settlements on the outskirts of salvador, bahia state, brazil. intestinal nematode infection, predominantly involving ascaris lumbricoides, trichuris trichiura, and hookworms, was used as an epidemiological indicator in 1,893 children from 5 to 14 years of age. the study also included diarrhea incidence and nutritional status as shown by anthropometric indicators in 1,204 children less than 5 years of age. there was a higher prevalence of the three nematodes in children living in households without proper bagging/isolation and collection of household solid waste as compared to those in areas with regular garbage collection and adequate isolation of solid waste. the differences were statistically significant when other socioeconomic, cultural, demographic, and environmental risks factors were considered in the analysis. similar results were also observed for epidemiological indicators, diarrhea incidence, and nutritional status.
O papel do fisiologista desportivo no futebol: para quê & por quê?
Silva, Paulo Roberto Santos;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922000000400008
Abstract: sports physiology is still considered a relatively new specialty in soccer. small wonder, thus, that a sports physiologist, with his function and formation, is a personage unknown to most people engaged in this sport, for they are unable to characterize his role as a specialized professional in a soccer team. so it is important to lay stress on the fact that the work of such specialist in this area is directly connected with the trainer, as he performs, among others, duties like: 1) team work, conveying constant information about the players’ functional condition to the technical commission; 2) systematic evaluation of the athletes; 3) longitudinal follow-up to the functional adaptation resulting from the training to which athletes are submitted; 4) investigation and reflection capacity regarding several aspects of the soccer (football) game. consequently, it is logical to infer that a sports physiologist requires ample knowledge of the scientific methodologies about functional evaluation and sport training, apart from specific mastery of bioenergetic concepts aimed at the soccer (football) game, so as to allow to identify the kind of effort and, starting from there, adequate methods for the development of the soccer (football) players’ training program. in conclusion, the sports physiologist is essentially a professional concerned with health, whose function is more and more educational and intended to contribute to the improvement of the scientific information that every community must possess about several health aspects of the human body and, particularly, about the performance of exercises.
Depression and quality of life of hemodialysis patients living in a poor region of Brazil
Santos, Paulo Roberto;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462011000400005
Abstract: objective: to determine the correlation between depression and quality of life (qol) of patients in hemodialysis (hd). method: one hundred and sixty six patients over 18 years of age who had been in hd for at least three months and had no history of transplant. qol was assessed using the sf-36. to categorize depression, a score > 10 was used on the 10-item version of the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (ces-d). comparisons between depressed and nondepressed patients were performed using the chi-square test, student's t-test, and mann-whitney test. multiple regression was performed to assess the predictive variables of patients' qol. results: symptoms of depression were found in 13 (7.8%) patients. the only variable that differed among depressed patients was qol. depressed patients presented lower scores in vitality (40.7 vs. 57.3; p = 0.010), role-emotional (25.6 vs. 62.5; p = 0.006), and mental health (50.1 vs. 65.4; p = 0.023). regression analysis demonstrated that depression was a predictor of role-emotional (or = 0.981, ci = 0.967-0.996; p = 0.010) and mental health (or = 0.970, ci = 0.946-0.996; p = 0.022). conclusion: depressed patients experience a poor qol because, in addition to their chronically affected physical aspects, they also feel limited in the mental dimensions, which usually have the highest score among non-depressed hd patients.
Rela??o do sexo e da idade com nível de qualidade de vida em renais cr?nicos hemodialisados
Santos, Paulo Roberto;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302006000500026
Abstract: background: the stagnant mortality rate of the last decade and the increased prevalence of aged people among hemodialysis patients motivated the present study to determine the relation of gender and age with the quality of life (ql) of patients with chronic kidney failure treated with hemodialysis. methods: from the sample of 107 individuals who underwent regular hemodialysis in a dialysis unit in the interior of the state of ceará, brazil, the medical outcomes study questionnaire 36-item short form health survey (sf-36) was used to assess quality of life. pearson's correlation coefficient was used to calculate and to test the linear correlation between age and the score generated by the sf-36. the score for gender was compared by the t test and the mann-whitney when indicated. results: there was no difference between the score related to gender. there was no negative and linear correlation between age and the dimensions of ql named: physical functioning (r=-0.289, p=0.003), physical role (r=-0.224, p=0.020), body pain (r=0.252, p=0.008), general health (r=-0.245, p<0.001), vitality (r=-0.334, p<0.001) and social functioning (r=-0.270, p=0.005). there was no correlation between age and the dimensions: role of emotions (r=-0.149, p=0.125) and mental health (r=-0.158, p=0.103). conclusion: gender did not correlate with the level of ql among chronic hemodialysis patients, while there was a linear and negative correlation between age and the dimensions relating to the physical aspect of the ql.
óxido nítrico sintase: estudo da sua atividade em fetos de coelhos com hérnia diafragmática provocada cirurgicamente, com e sem ligadura traqueal
Maria Roberto dos Santos
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1999,
Subalternidades e media es: a express o do “eu” na pós-modernidade e o papel da mídia
Darlan Roberto Santos
ECCOM , 2010,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to present, of form reduced, some questions argued in intitled project of research The paper of the professionals of the media in the process of emergency of subordinate groups. From a boarding on “I” post-modern, identify the implications of the memorialist writing in the present time, characterized for elements as the paper of mediator of the professionals of the medias and the emergency of subordinate groups. In our work, we mobilize some examples that help in them to delineate this scene, such as the works: Por que n o dancei, of Emeralda do Carmo Ortiz; Estamira, of Marcos Prado, and O doce veneno do escorpi o, de Bruna Surfistinha, among others.
La Wiki-Webquest: Una Actividad Colaborativa En La Asignatura De “Nuevas Tecnologías Aplicadas A La Educación”
Roberto Santos Fernández
REDU : Revista de Docencia Universitaria , 2011,
Abstract: RESUMEN Las instituciones de educación superior están sufriendo un proceso de reconversión buscando su adaptación a las características del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. Uno de los cambios más importantes, a los que debe hacer frente su profesorado, consiste en una reorganización metodológica diferente de sus clases. Por ello, es necesario pensar en nuevas fórmulas en la formación del profesorado. Como resultado de esta necesidad, decidimos organizar la asignatura de Nuevas Tecnologías Aplicadas a la Educación, de la Facultad de Educación de Valladolid, empleando una metodología activa, el IBL, apoyada en una plataforma Wiki, proponiendo a nuestro alumnado una serie de actividades que debían realizar colaborativamente. En este trabajo, presentamos una de esas actividades, la elaboración de una Wiki-WebQuest. A partir de la descripción de esta actividad, pretendemos mostrar algunas luces y sombras sobre su puesta en práctica (la versatilidad y flexibilidad de la plataforma, la posibilidad de colaboración entre la universidad y la escuela, la falta de adaptación de algunos contenidos al nivel curricular del curso concreto, la falta de asesoramiento del profesorado al alumnado de primaria sobre el uso de estas nuevas herramientas, etc.) Esta actividad fue desarrollada a partir de la colaboración con contextos educativos reales (dos centros de primaria), sirviendo de caso de estudio para dise ar una Wiki-WebQuest. Asimismo, también colaboraron dos asignaturas de la titulación de Magisterio (Didáctica General y Metodología del Idioma Extranjero), con el objetivo de enriquecer el proceso de aprendizaje. ABSTRACT European Higher Education Institutions are involved in a deep reform in order to adapt themselves to the far reaching set of reforms posed by European Higher Education Area. One of the main changes their teachers have to face up consists on the methodological restructuring of their classes. Thus, it is necessary to reflect on new teacher education methods. This is what we have been proposing within a mandatory undergraduate course on ICT (Information and Communication Technologies applied to Education) to preservice teachers at the College of Education in the University of Valladolid (Spain). The course relies on an Inquiry Based Learning (IBL) approach supported by a Wiki-based environment adapted to the needs of the course. A set of collaborative activities is presented to our students by using this technology. In this article we introduce one of those activities, the elaboration of a Wiki-WebQuest. From this activity, we pretend to show s
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