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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 298321 matches for " Rocío Pe?alta?Catalán "
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Le Corbusier, an Architect on the Way to the East: Impressions and Drawings
Rocío Pealta CATALáN
Studii de Stiinta si Cultura , 2013,
Abstract: In May 1911, the architect known as Le Corbusier, set out on a journey to the Eastern part of Europe and he finally arrives to Constantinople. This travel, which can be placed in the romantic tradition of the Grand Tour, will have an important influence on his future work. In his adventure across the Mediterranean and Eastern Europe, the architect will set the starting point for the creation of a modern architecture based on the analogies and the re-reading of the universal patterns guessed in the classic art.
La ville en tant que corps : métaphores corporelles de l’espace urbain
Rocío PealtaCatalán
Trans : Revue de Littérature Générale et Comparée , 2011,
Abstract: Une des métaphores classiques consiste à comparer la ville au corps, à un organisme vivant. La ville est, en effet, un être vivant qui grandit, change, se modifie en fonction des événements historiques, sociaux, politiques, culturels, etc. Ainsi, plusieurs noms et qualificatifs du domaine de l’anatomie humaine sont appliqués à la ville, comme par exemple le c ur de la ville, le centre névralgique ; les artères ; les parcs, jardins et espaces verts deviennent les poumons de la grande ville ; et le marché, d’après le titre du roman d’émile Zola, devient Le Ventre de Paris. Quelques sémioticiens, comme Roland Barthes ou Italo Calvino, font allusion à cette conception de la ville en tant qu’être vivant. D’autre part, la métropole postmoderne appara t comme un espace déshumanisé, un lieu dépourvu d’affectivité, qui a perdu sa signification anthropologique, ce qui est à l’origine du terme non-lieu de Marc Augé. Una de las metáforas clásicas consiste en comparar la ciudad con el cuerpo, con un organismo viviente. La ciudad es, en efecto, un ente vivo, que crece, cambia, se modifica en función de los acontecimientos históricos, sociales, políticos, culturales, etc. Asimismo, son numerosos los nombres y calificativos relacionados con la anatomía humana que se aplican a la ciudad: como, por ejemplo, el corazón de la ciudad, el centro neurálgico; las arterias; los parques, jardines y zonas verdes se convierten en el pulmón de la ciudad; e incluso existe el vientre de la ciudad,el mercado, según el título de la novela de émile Zola El vientre de París. Algunos semiólogos, como Roland Barthes o Italo Calvino, hacen alusión a esta concepción de la ciudad como ser vivo. Por otra parte, la metrópoli posmoderna aparece como un espacio deshumanizado, un lugar vacío de afectividad, que ha perdido toda carga antropológica, originando lo que Marc Augé denomina no-lugar .
Glaucoma: 100 preguntas más frecuentes
María del Rocío García Catalán
Archivos de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Oftalmología , 2011,
Abstract:
Effectiveness of a psycho-educational group program for major depression in primary care: a randomized controlled trial
Rocío Casa?as, Rosa Catalán, Jose Luis del Val, Jordi Real, Sergi Valero, Miquel Casas
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-230
Abstract: The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a psychoeducational program, which includes aspects of personal care and healthy lifestyle, in patients with mild/moderate depression symptoms in Primary Care (PC).In a randomized, controlled trial, 246 participants over 20 years old with ICD-10 major depression were recruited through nurses/general practitioners at 12 urban Primary Care Centers (PCCs) in Barcelona. The intervention group (IG) (n=119) received a group psychoeducational program (12 weekly, 1.5 h sessions led by two nurses) and the control group (CG) (n=112) received usual care. Patients were assessed at baseline and at, 3, 6 and 9 months. The main outcome measures were the BDI, EQ-5D and remission based upon the BDI.231 randomized patients were included, of whom 85 had mild depression and 146 moderate depression. The analyses showed significant differences between groups in relation to remission of symptoms, especially in the mild depression group with a high rate of 57% (p=0.009) at post-treatment and 65% (p=0.006) at 9 month follow up, and only showed significant differences on the BDI at post-treatment (p=0.016; effect size Cohen’s d’=.51) and at 6 and 9 month follow-up (p= 0.048; d’=.44).In the overall and moderate sample, the analyses only showed significant differences between groups on the BDI at post-treatment, p=0.02 (d’=.29) and p=0.010 (d’=.47), respectively.The psychoeducation group improved significantly on the EQ-5D at short and long-term.This psychoeducational intervention is a short and long-term effective treatment for patients with mild depression symptoms. It results in a high remission rate, is recommended in PC and can be carried out by nurses with previous training. In moderate patients, group psychoeducation is effective in the short-term.Clinical Trials.gov identifier NCT00841737As depressive disorders are major public health problems with a prevalence of major depression in Europe of 8.56% [1] and, strikingly, 5-16
Simulación en oftalmología Simulation in ophthalmology
Ana M. Mu?oz-Hernández,Rocío García-Catalán,Enrique Santos-Bueso,Consuelo López-Abad
Archivos de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Oftalmología , 2011,
Abstract: Casos clínicos: Se exponen 4 casos de pacientes simuladores: una ni a de 9 a os, adoptada, con pérdida visual binocular; una ni a de 10 a os con baja visión y problemas familiares y escolares; una mujer de 22 a os que alegaba pérdida de visión monocular tras un accidente de tráfico, y una mujer de 30 a os con afectación de su visión tras cirugía refractiva. En ninguno de los casos las pruebas estructurales y funcionales mostraron alteraciones que justificaran la afectación. A través de exploraciones específicas de la función visual se llegó al diagnóstico de simulación en todos los casos. Discusión: La pérdida visual de causa no orgánica es un problema común en oftalmología. Cuando el sujeto es consciente de la misma y pretende obtener algún beneficio se trata de una simulación. En el caso de los ni os no existe dicha intencionalidad, sino posibles problemas psicosociales y psiquiátricos asociados. Clinical cases: Four cases of patients simulating eye problems are reported. The patients included: an adopted 9 year-old girl complaining of bilateral visual loss, a 10 year-old girl with school and family problems complaining of decreased visual acuity, a 22 year-old female mentioning unilateral visual loss after a car accident, and a 30 year-old female complaining of decreased visual acuity after refractive surgery. Structural and functional tests were performed on all 4 patients and none of the tests revealed any pathological findings. The 4 cases were diagnosed as patients simulating ophthalmological symptoms. Discussion: A non-organic cause of visual loss is a common problem in Ophthalmology. Simulation is the diagnosis used when an adult consciously tries to obtain some kind of benefit without proven pathology. In the case of children, obtaining benefit is not their intention, but psycho-social and psychiatric problems are frequently associated in these cases.
Examen Clínico Objetivo Estructurado como instrumento para evaluar la competencia clínica en Pediatría. Estudio piloto
Gamboa-Salcedo, Tamara;Martínez-Viniegra, Norma;Pe?a-Alonso, Yolanda Rocío;Pacheco-Ríos, Aarón;García-Durán, Rocío;Sánchez-Medina, Jerónimo;
Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México , 2011,
Abstract: background. assessment is an essential component of the teaching-learning process that stimulates and leads learners towards their goals and allows teachers to ascertain whether the students have acquired the necessary knowledge and clinical skills to be professionally competent. in medicine, the ideal assessment method does not exist; therefore, the use of several assessment instruments is advised; among them, the objective structured clinical examination (osce) has proven its advantage assessing clinical skills. the aim of this work is to describe the experience of teachers and learners developing and applying an osce in a children's hospital. methods. twenty osce stations were designed and applied in a pilot study. the assessment criteria for each station were defined. individual marks were recorded and means for each station and year of residency were calculated (two first-year residents, seven second-year residents and 11 third-year residents). results. the osce lasted 2 h and 20 min. overall, 12 stations were accredited. the overall mean was 6.53, standard deviation (sd) 0.62; the mean for first-year residents was 6.13 (sd 0.43), for second-year residents 6.26 (sd 0.60) and 6.76 for third-year residents (sd 0.59). conclusions. the osce isa valid and reliable method that permits an integral evaluation of clinical competence. the experience with this instrument has been limited to assessing postgraduate students. this study, however, shows that it is a useful tool that may be valuable for resident pediatricians and their professors.
Espacio Estudiantil:De La Historia Como Propuesta Para Un Mejor Futuro
Nelly Rocío Pe?aranda
Historia Crítica , 1995,
Abstract:
Esofagitis herpética en el ni?o inmunosuprimido
Blanco Rodríguez, Gerardo;Pe?a Alonso, Yolanda Rocío;Penchyna Grub, Jaime;Trujillo Ponce, Adrián;Espinosa Rosas, Plácido;Madri?án Rivas, Jorge;
Boletín médico del Hospital Infantil de México , 2004,
Abstract: introduction. herpetic esophagitis is mainly observed in immunocompromised patients; before 1985 most cases were diagnosed at autopsy but this has changed with the introduction of endoscopy. material and methods. clinical charts of immunocompromised patients (n =137) in which an endoscopic procedure was practiced, from january 1992 to june 2002 were reviewed period; age, gender, symptoms, oral lesions, main disease, endoscopic histopathological findings, were reviewed. results. herpetic esophagitis was found in 12 of 137 cases, 6 were females; age varied from 14 months to 15 years; main disease was leukemia in 5 cases, a solid tumor in 5, kawasaki's disease in 1, and renal transplant in 1. main symptoms observed were dysphagia and syalorrhea; in 10 cases oral lesions were present. esophageal ulceration and white plaques were observed in the endoscopic study and the characteristic changes of herpes virus infection were observed in the histopathological study. conclusion. we present 12 cases of herpetic esophagitis in immunocompromised children in whom syalorrhea and dysphagia were the main symptoms.
Redes neuronales artificiales en la estimación de la evapotranspiración de referencia
Cervantes-Osornio, Rocío;Arteaga-Ramírez, Ramón;Vázquez-Pe?a, Mario Alberto;Quevedo-Nolasco, Abel;
Revista mexicana de ciencias agrícolas , 2011,
Abstract: artificial neural networks represent a vast research field, since they have demonstrated application in various fields of science. its ability to cope with nonlinearities in several different phenomena and work in the estimation or forecast meteorological variables, which act directly and indirectly in reference evapotranspiration and actual evapotranspiration, have led to this work development. the aim was to present a literature review on artificial neural networks for reference evapotranspiration estimating and related variables, including: theory and artificial neural networks foundations and backpropagation algorithm, some similarities and differences between traditional statistical models and artificial neural networks, applications of artificial neural networks in reference evapotranspiration estimating and variables associated with the prospects of artificial neural networks in agroclimatic variables prediction. static neural multilayer networks, are so far the most common in reference evapotranspiration estimation and a change in applying artificial neural networks of dynamic type trend looms.
Reference Evapotranspiration Estimation by Hargreaves Priestley-Taylor and Artificial Neural Networks Models
Cervantes-Osornio Rocío,Arteaga-Ramírez Ramón,Vázquez-Pe?a Mario Alberto,Ojeda-Bustamante Waldo
Ingeniería, investigación y tecnología , 2013,
Abstract: Resulta costoso medir directamente la evapotranspiración de referencia (ET0) con un lisímetro, y al no contar con esta información se utilizó el método de Penman-Monteith modificado por la FAO (ET0 FAO-56 P-M) para su cálculo. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue realizar una comparación de modelos empíricos como el de Hargreaves, Hargreaves calibrado y Priestley-Taylor, con el modelo de redes neuronales artificiales función de base radial (RNA BR), con las mismas variables de entrada, en la estimación de la ET0 FAO-56 P-M. Las estimaciones de ET0 se evaluaron en cuatro estaciones climáticas del Distrito 075, Valle del Fuerte en Sinaloa, México. Las RNABR3 y RNABR7 utilizaron las mismas variables de entrada (o menos) que los métodos convencionales de HARGC y P-T, respectivamente. Los RMSE de HARGC y P-T en el ajuste, variaron de 0.7092 a 0.7848 y de 0.4178 a 0.8207, y en la validación de 1.1898 a 0.6914 y de 0.3800 a 0.6889, respectivamente. De las RNABR3 y RNABR7 sus RMSE en el ajuste fueron de 0.5295 a 0.6737 y de 0.3574 a 0.4809, y en la validación de 1.3096 a 0.6254 y de 0.3470 a 0.4919, respectivamente. Los RMSE obtenidos en el ajuste y en la validación de las RNABR3 y RNABR7 definieron que éstas fueron mejores en la estimación de la ET0 FAO-56 P-M que los métodos convencionales.
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