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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3296 matches for " Roberta Manfredi "
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No Race Effect (ORE) in the Automatic Orienting toward Baby Faces: When Ethnic Group does not matter  [PDF]
Alice Mado Proverbio, Valeria De Gabriele, Mirella Manfredi, Roberta Adorni
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.29140
Abstract: It was shown that own (vs. other) race baby faces capture attention automatically whereas other race babies do not (Hodsoll et al., 2010). Other literature provided evidence of an innate preferential response to baby faces (baby schema effect). We investigated whether infant (vs. adult) faces automatically attracted attention (exogenous orienting), and whether this was modulated by ethnicity. 30 students took part in this study. Their task was to decide whether a lateralized target was upright or inverted. Targets were preceded by 400 baby or adult (Caucasian vs. non-Caucasian) faces shortly flashed in the same location, thus acting as spatial cues (valid/invalid). Results showed no effect of the ethnic group but of face age in speeding up RTs to targets preceded by baby faces. Significant costs for invalid locations cued by baby faces were also found (difficulty in disengagement). The data indicate how visual attention is literally captured by baby schema, independent of baby race.
Congenital Unilateral Deafness Affects Cerebral Organization of Reading
Roberta Adorni,Mirella Manfredi,Alice Mado Proverbio
Brain Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/brainsci3020908
Abstract: It is known that early sensory deprivation modifies brain functional structure and connectivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuro-functional organization of reading in a patient with profound congenital unilateral deafness. Using event-related potentials ( ERPs), we compared cortical networks supporting the processing of written words in patient RA (completely deaf in the right ear since birth) and in a group of control volunteers. We found that congenital unilateral hearing deprivation modifies neural mechanisms of word reading. Indeed, while written word processing was left-lateralized in controls, we found a strong right lateralization of the fusiform and inferior occipital gyri activation in RA. This finding goes in the same direction of recent proposals that the ventral occipito-temporal activity in word reading seem to lateralize to the same hemisphere as the one involved in spoken language processing.
Can a course modify the quality of triage in ER?
Nicola Parenti,Andrea Zardi,Roberta Manfredi,Diego Sangiorgi
Emergency Care Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4081/ecj.2009.3.16
Abstract: All international Societies of Emergency Medicine have developed and promote courses on triage methods and guidelines, given their fundamental role in improving initial evaluation of patients in Emergency Department settings. However, as far as we know, few studies analyse the effect of triage courses on the allocation of priority codes. Since 2001, the Intra-Hospital Triage Guidelines have been implemented in Imola, where they are disseminated and illustrated in two-day courses. In this study, we analysed the effect of a two-day triage course on the quality of priority code allocation to patients evaluated at our ER. The Triage Guidelines course appears to improve two of the quality indicators analysed: observance of documentation standards and compliance with Triage Guidelines.
Performance Evaluation of Healthcare Monitoring System over Heterogeneous Wireless Networks  [PDF]
Sabato Manfredi
E-Health Telecommunication Systems and Networks (ETSN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/etsn.2012.13005
Abstract: The wide diffusion of healthcare monitoring systems allows continuous patient to be remotely monitored and diagnosed by doctors. The problem of congestion, namely due to the uncontrolled increase of traffic with respect to the network capacity, is one of the most common phenomena affecting the reliability of transmission of information in any network. The aim of the paper is to build a realistic simulation environment for healthcare system including some of the main vital signs model, wireless sensor and mesh network protocols implementation. The simulator environment is an efficient mean to analyze and evaluate in a realistic scenario the healthcare system performance in terms of reliability and efficiency.
O desenvolvimento da enfermagem na América Latina: uma vis?o estratégica
Manfredi, Maricel;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691993000100004
Abstract: nursing in latin america is facing a number of serious challanges significantly effecting contributions its personnel con make to the health of the people they serve. this article presents an overview of nursing as an important component of the health system in latin america through the prospective and orientation provided by strategic planning. the author, following an analysis of the nursing in the region, identifies several problems and then creates a vision for the future. the article looks at the possibilities of developing and implementing projects and action plans to address the priority problems. it sees strategic thinking as a possible means for nursing to reflect on and maximize its contribution and presence in the solution of the health problems in the current decade and into the next century.
Occupational Exposure and Prevention Guidelines in Dental and Stomatological Settings - Una revisión bibliográfica
Manfredi,Roberto;
Infectio , 2010,
Abstract: a review of the main infectious pathogens potentially transmissible to health care professionals during dentistry and odonto-stomatological procedures is carried out, with particular attention focused on parenteral exposure in the dental, stomatological, and surgical environment. epidemiological issues and specific risk factors are treated systematically based on available literature sources, together with all available, recommended chemo-prophylactic and immune-prophylactic strategies, as updated by the state of the art in this field.
Severe form of psoriasis occurring after peginterferon plus ribavirin treatment, and frequent resort to filgrastim rescue, in a woman treated for a chronic HCV infection
Manfredi,Roberto;
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2010,
Abstract: associated treatment with pegylated interferon plus specific antiviral compounds significantly improved the prognosis of chronic hepatitis c and b, although antiviral drugs (especially interferon and its derivatives) tend to be myelotoxic and also some rescue treatments, like human recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (which are extensively administered in order to correct neutropenia induced by antiviral therapy), may alsobe involved in prompting or exacerbating cutaneous psoriasis and its systemic complications. a representative case report of a woman with a chronic, progressive, hepatitis c, who underwent long-term treatment with combined pegylated interferon plus ribavirin, and resorted to multiple cycles of filgrastim to recover a severe, recurring granuloytopenia caused by antiviral therapy itself, and to maintain an effective dosage of anti-hcv antivirals, developed an extensive and severe cutaneous psoriasis, which improved only after specific cyclosporin treatment. from a pathogenetic point of view, in our case it remains extremely difficult to distinguish the role of pegylated interferon from that of the accompanying ribavirin, from that of the frequently administered granulocyte growth factor (filgrastim), since all mentioned drugs were administered concurrently during many months, and according to the existing literature evidences, all of them have a potential to induce psoriasis as a potential untoward effect in subjects suffering from chronic hepatitis. cyclosporin treatment obtained a stable remission of this last severe cutaneous complication, but the efforts to contain the progression of the underlying evolutive hepatitis c were blunted by the difficult-to-treat genotype 1 hcv infection, and the frequent need to lower drug dosages and/or to interrupt antiviral therapy, because of myelotoxic and later cutaneous complications prompted by anti-hcv therapy itself.
Novel, broad-specrum antimycotic agents: the role of echinocandins today
Manfredi,Roberto;
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica , 2010,
Abstract: the echinocandins show comparable efficacy in the treatment of candidemia and invasive candidiasis. caspofungin and micafungin appear to be similarly efficacious in salvage therapy in aspergillosis; anidulafungin has excellent in vitro activity against aspergillus species but as yet there are no sufficient clinical data for anidulafungin in this disease state. each drug has minor advantages and disadvantages compared to the others of the same classe; however, there are large differences in the approved indications for the different drugs. the formulary selection process should consider the direct and indirect costs of the single agents; the characteristics of the patient population at risk for invasive mycosis, such as frequent use of interacting drugs and the burden of monitoring plasma drug levels of drugs; and the implications of using products for indications which have not been still approved (off-label indications).
“Con el cuidado que de vos confío”: las instrucciones a la virreyes de Indias como espejo de gobierno y enlace con el soberano
Manfredi MERLUZZI
Libros de la Corte.es , 2012,
Abstract:
Alessandra Dino - Licia Callari (eds.), Coscienza e Potere. Narrazioni attraverso il mito
Manfredi Bernardini
Between , 2011,
Abstract: Qual è il senso del mito oggi? Cos’hanno ancora da raccontare le antiche tragedie greche? Cosa possono dirci riguardo alla relazione che lega in maniera inscindibile l’individuo al potere? Sono questi alcuni degli interrogativi cui provano a dare risposta Alessandra Dino e Licia Callari nel testo che raccoglie gli atti del seminario Il mito come evento ciclico nella cronaca del quotidiano. Coscienza e potere, tenutosi a Palermo nell’ottobre del 2008 e che ha visto tra i partecipanti letterati, giornalisti, sociologi, giuristi, docenti di drammaturgia e di filologia.
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