OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721




2017 ( 16 )

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2015 ( 107 )

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匹配条件: “Roberta Cardoso” ,找到相关结果约9172条。
Multidetermina??o do comportamento alimentar em humanos: um estudo de caso
Abreu, Paulo Roberto;Cardoso, Luciana Roberta Donola;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722008000300012
Abstract: traditionally the study of anorexia nervosa has followed the diagnostic criteria of manuals as dsm with focus on topographic description of problem-behaviors. in doing that, none or little attention has been devoted to the functionality of behaviors in their contexts. humans can stop eaten under the control of many events. so, the psychiatric model that brings a nosologic proposal only in the nomotetic characterizations couldn't be enough on the phenomenon evaluation. this case study of a 12 years old boy shows different diagnostic features normally related in the present data.
Uso de substancias na adolescência e problemas familiares
Malbergier, André;Cardoso, Luciana Roberta Donola;Amaral, Ricardo Abrantes do;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2012000400007
Abstract: this study aimed to evaluate the association between substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs) and family problems among 965 adolescents from 50 public schools in two cities in s?o paulo state, brazil, in 2007. the drug use screening inventory (dusi) was used for data collection. use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs was associated with a negative assessment of the family relationship, lack of monitoring/support, and psychoactive substance use by family members (p < 0.05). adolescents that reported having used alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs had more family problems than those who did not consume any substance (p < 0.001). adolescents that used alcohol and tobacco (p = 0.028) and illicit drugs (p < 0.001) reported having more family problems than those who used only alcohol. the results highlight the importance of awareness of alcohol and tobacco use by adolescents, since such use was associated with significant family impairments, similar to illicit drug use.
O consumo de álcool como fator de risco para a transmiss?o das DSTs/HIV/Aids
Cardoso, Luciana Roberta Donola;Malbergier, André;Figueiredo, Tathiana Fernandes Biscuola;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832008000700015
Abstract: context: in brazil, 74.4% of the population has used alcohol at some point in their lifetime cebrid/unifesp, 2005). the consumption of this substance has been related to sexual behavior risks and the contraction of stds, including hiv/aids. objetives: this paper intends to review the literature on sexual behavior risks and alcohol abuse. methods: a literature review in the databases medline and lilacs from the year 2000 to 2007 was made using the keywords sexual behavior risk, hiv and aids, alcohol use, abuse and dependence. results: data shows that men (heterosexuals and homosexuals), adolescents, immigrants, and sex professionals are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior (sex without a condom) associated with alcohol use. women tended to engage in this type of behavior on a less frequent basis. conclusions: the use of alcohol associated with sexual behavior proved to be a risk factor for the transmission of sdt/hiv/aids as the use of condoms tends to be less frequent when alcohol is consumed before or during sexual relations. the place where alcohol is consumed and the amount ingested also appear to be important factors for this association.
Análise dos pólipos colorretais em 3.491 videocolonoscopias
Santos, José Mauro dos;Felício, Felipe;Lyra Junior, Humberto Fenner;Martins, Maria Roberta Cardoso;Cardoso, Fern?o Bittencourt;
Revista Brasileira de Coloproctologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-98802008000300005
Abstract: introduction: the resection of colorectal polyps is an important role in decreasing the incidence of colorectal cancer. the objective of this study is to determine the incidence of polyps, histological type, malignant transformation rate and the appearance of new polyps in patients that underwent videocolonoscopy for a wide range of indications in the coloproctology service of the caridade hospital in florianópolis - sc. mehtod: retrospective analysis of 3,491 patients submitted to videocolonoscopy from january 2002 to october 2006. the incidence of colorectal polyps by sex and age, histological types and the presence of adenocarcinoma were determined. familial polypoid syndromes, unresected polyps and patients whose pathology records were incomplete or had been lost were excluded. results: polyps were found in 1,046 (29.96%) out of 3,491 videocolonoscopies, totaling 1,899 polyps in 865 patients. 53.94% of patients were male and 46.06% female, and 58.46% of them aged over 60 years. the histological analysis of 1,579 colorectal polyps showed that 31.54% were tubular adenomas, 14.19% tubulovillous adenomas, 1.65% villous adenomas, 36.03% hyperplasic polyps, 7.22% inflammatory polyps and 7.85% of other histological types. 24 (1.52%) polypoid adenocarcinomas and 18 (1.14%) adenocarcinoma focci in adenomas were observed. conclusion: the incidence of polyps in the studied sample was high, with adenoma being the most frequent histological type, with risk of malignization of 1.14% and polypoid adenocarcinomas in 1.52%. patients with colorectal adenomas must be followed-up due to the increased likelihood of the appearance of new lesions.
História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos: um balan?o de 12 anos de circula??o ininterrupta
Benchimol, Jaime L.;Cerqueira, Roberta Cardoso;Martins, Ruth B.;Mendon?a, Amanda;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702007000100011
Abstract: the article analyzes the trajectory of história, ciências, saúde - manguinhos since it was first released in 1994. this multidisciplinary journal opens its pages to unpublished, peer-reviewed articles, images, documents, interviews, and other material that address issues and important figures in the history of medicine, public health, and the life sciences. approaching from the perspectives of health and of historiography, the article explores the context in which the journal was born and discusses the daily workings of a scientific editorial office. tables and graphs illustrate variations in the topics submitted for publication, acceptance and rejection rates for articles, the geographical origin of authors, and how the profiles of contributors and readers of the print and online versions differ in terms of their areas of interest.
Sequencing of simple sequence repeat anchored polymerase chain reaction amplification products of Biomphalaria glabrata
Caldeira, Roberta L;Carvalho, Omar S;Lage, Regina CG;Cardoso, Paula Cristina M;Oliveira, Guilherme C;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762002000900006
Abstract: simple sequence repeat anchored polymerase chain reaction amplification (ssr-pcr) is a genetic typing technique based on primers anchored at the 5' or 3' ends of microsatellites, at high primer annealing temperatures. this technique has already been used in studies of genetic variability of several organisms, using different primer designs. in order to conduct a detailed study of the ssr-pcr genomic targets, we cloned and sequenced 20 unique amplification products of two commonly used primers, caa(ct)6 and (ca)8ry, using biomphalaria glabrata genomic dna as template. the sequences obtained were novel b. glabrata genomic sequences. it was observed that 15 clones contained microsatellites between priming sites. out of 40 clones, seven contained complex sequence repetitions. one of the repeats that appeared in six of the amplified fragments generated a single band in southern analysis, indicating that the sequence was not widespread in the genome. most of the annealing sites for the caa(ct)6 primer contained only the six repeats found within the primer sequence. in conclusion, ssr-pcr is a useful genotyping technique. however, the premise of the ssr-pcr technique, verified with the caa(ct)6 primer, could not be supported since the amplification products did not result necessarily from microsatellite loci amplification.
Granulomatose de Wegener: relatos de casos
Pereira, Ivana Cardoso;Zacharias, Leandro Cabral;Zagui, Roberta;Santo, Ruth;Matayoshi, Suzana;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492007000600024
Abstract: wegener granulomatosis (wg) is characterized by a classic triad of granulomatous inflammation of the respiratory tract, necrotizing vasculitis and nephritis. the absence of renal disease defines a subset of " limited wg" . approximately 50% of wg patients develop ophthalmic disease. the histopatological study and +c-anca were essential to make a definite diagnosis in these cases.
Disinfection of gutta-percha cones with chlorhexidine
Redmerski, Roberta;Bulla, Joice Renata;Moreno, Tatiana;Garcia, Lourdes Botelho;Cardoso, Celso Luiz;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822007000400013
Abstract: this study investigated the effectiveness of detergent and aqueous solutions of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate in decontaminating gutta-percha cones (gpc) contaminated with bacteria, yeast, or bacterial spores. gutta-percha cones were contaminated with 107-108 colony-forming units per milliliter (cfu/ml) of the following test organisms: staphylococcus aureus, enterococcus faecalis, escherichia coli, or candida albicans. spores of bacillus subtilis were also tested. contaminated gpc were treated with the chlorhexidine solutions for 1, 5, 10, or 15 min. each cone was then transferred to a tube containing saline and the micoorganisms were recovered after homogenization for cfu determination. both detergent and aqueous chlorhexidine solutions were effective in eliminating s. aureus, e. faecalis, and c. albicans cells adhered on the surface of gpc within 1 min of exposure. e. coli was eliminated in 5 min with detergent solution. the bacillus subtilis spores were eliminated by chlorhexidine solutions within 5 min. the results of this study demonstrated that both aqueous and detergent solutions of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate were effective in decontaminating gpc within 5 minutes of exposure.
Effectiveness of different chemical agents in rapid decontamination of gutta-percha cones
Cardoso, Celso Luíz;Redmerski, Roberta;Bittencourt, Nilza de Lucas Rodrigues;Kotaka, Cinthia Regiane;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822000000100016
Abstract: the effectiveness of seven disinfectant compounds used in dentistry for a rapid decontamination of 32 gutta-percha cones adhered with staphylococcus aureus, enterococcus faecalis, escherichia coli strains or bacillus subtilis spores was compared. cones were treated with 2% glutaraldehyde, 1% sodium hypochlorite, 70% ethyl alcohol, 1% and 0.3% iodine alcohol, 2% chlorhexidine, 6% hydrogen peroxide, and 10% polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine, for 1, 5, 10, and 15 minutes. after treatment, each cone was transferred to thioglycollate broth and incubated at 37oc for 7 days. the products were bactericidal after 1 to 5 minutes and, with exception of ethyl alcohol and iodine-alcohol, sporicidal after 1 to 15 minutes of exposure. results suggest that chlorhexidine, sodium hypochlorite, polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine, hydrogen peroxide, and glutaraldehyde were the most effective products in the decontamination of gutta-percha cones.
Prevalência de respiradores bucais em crian?as de idade escolar
Felcar,Josiane Marques; Bueno,Izabele Rafael; Massan,Ana Carolina Silva; Torezan,Roberta Pereira; Cardoso,Jefferson Rosa;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000200020
Abstract: the objective of this article is to identify the prevalence of mouth breathing in children from an elementary school. 496 questionnaires were answered by 1st and 4th grade children's parents or sponsors in order to identify mouth-breathing. there were questions about habits, sleeping, behavior, eating, personal care and breathing. mann-whitney and the chi-square tests were used to compare the variables between mouth-breathing and nose-breathing among the groups. to measure the exposure effect of the explanatory variables on mouse breathing, the test of logistic regression was used and its magnitude was calculated through odds ratio. the statistical significance was set at 5%, and the rate of returned questionnaires was 84.5%. the prevalence of the mouthbreathing over this population was 56.8%. the average age was 7 years old (6-9). there was no significant statistical difference between genders, considering 49.1% male and 50.9% female. the final model of logistic regression identified the variables dribble, sleeps well (negative association) and snores as factors that predict the occurrence of the mouth-breathing. the prevalence of mouthbreathing was similar to related in the literature. the variables dribble, sleeps well (negative association) and snores may be factors that predict the occurrence of mouth-breathing.

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