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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27602 matches for " Robert Valentine "
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Quand le film raconte l’image. Variations cinématographiques autour de La Cène de Léonard de Vinci
Valentine Robert
Cahiers de Narratologie , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/narratologie.956
Abstract: Partant de l’hypothèse qu’au cinéma, un plan travaillé à la manière d’un tableau engage, non pas un arrêt du récit, mais un enrichissement de la logique narrative linéaire du film par une sémiotique tabulaire et des jeux de références intermédiales, cet article analyse le cas exemplaire et récurrent des plans qui reconstituent en tableau vivant La Cène de Léonard de Vinci. Christus (Giulio Antamoro, 1914-1916), Ben Hur, a tale of the Christ (Fred Niblo, 1925) ou Quo Vadis (Mervyn LeRoy, 1951) y sont explorés, ainsi que d’autres productions qui replacent la composition du Cenacolo à la fois en une phase et une stase dramatique et esthétique du récit christique. Des films tels que Viridiana (Luis Bu uel, 1961) sont aussi évoqués, qui font appara tre la composition comme une pause allégorique d’un récit contemporain, enrichi sur un plan énonciatif, symbolique et iconographique. Based on the hypothesis that in the cinema, a shot worked in the style of a picture doesn’t “stop” the storyline but expands the linear narrative with tabular semiotics and artistic references, this article analyzes the exemplary and recurring case of the shots which reconstitute Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper as a “living picture”. Christus (Giulio Antamoro, 1914-1916), Ben Hur, a tale of the Christ (Fred Niblo, 1925), Quo Vadis (Mervyn LeRoy, 1951) and other movies are investigated, that replace the famous Cenacolo as both a phase and a stasis of the Christlike narrative. Films like Viridiana (Luis Bu uel, 1961) are mentioned too, where da Vinci’s composition occurs like an allegorical extension of a contemporary story, enriched both symbolically and iconographically.
Harmonization of the Educational Sub-Systems of Cameroon: A Multicultural Perspective for Democratic Education  [PDF]
Valentine Banfegha Ngalim
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.55043

This study explains that lack of harmonization is responsible for the problems of equity and quality education in Cameroon. The objective of this paper is to inquire whether the discrepancies in achievement levels of students from the two sub-systems of education in Cameroon can be traced in lack of harmonization. To attain this objective, a mixed research method of quantitative and qualitative data collection was used to diagnose the problems of lack of harmonization in the educational sub-systems of Cameroon. Some of the problems highlighted include, lack of equity and quality education in both general and technical secondary schools. This paper therefore, exploits Dewey’s democratic theory of education, James Banks multicultural theory of education and the system theory in order to emphasize the importance of harmonization in educational development of Cameroon. A critical perspective is recommended for the process of harmonization. This emphasizes harmonization in a multicultural context. In order to produce democratic citizens for a democratic and multicultural society, a blending of values must recognize and preserve the differences that exist. That is, the experiences of learners, aptitudes and cultures must be given recognition.

Yolanda of Flanders: Latin Woman Potentate of the Roman Empire  [PDF]
Valentine J. Belfiglio
Advances in Historical Studies (AHS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ahs.2018.71003
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to construct a personality profile of Yolanda, a Latin woman potentate of the Eastern Roman Empire. The key question the author is addressing is whether or not the personality profile of Yolanda can serve as a guide to the personality traits of modern women as political leaders. The most important information in this article is the influence of family, religion, schooling, class, status, experiences, and social contacts upon the psychological development of Yolanda. The main inference in this paper is that there may be similar attributes and circumstances that facilitate the election of women to chiefs-of-state in modern countries. This article was written within the context of constructivism and feminist international relations theory.
Monitoring Virologic Responses to Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adults in Kenya: Evaluation of a Low-Cost Viral Load Assay
Sumathi Sivapalasingam, Beatrice Wangechi, Fatuma Marshed, Maura Laverty, Shaffiq Essajee, Robert S. Holzman, Fred Valentine
PLOS ONE , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006828
Abstract: Background A key advantage of monitoring HIV viral load (VL) in persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the ability to detect virologic failure before clinical deterioration or resistance occurs. Detection of virologic failure will help clarify the need for enhanced adherence counseling or a change to second- line therapy. Low-cost, locally performable alternates to expensive VL assays are needed where resources are limited. Methodology/Principal Findings We monitored the response to 48-week ART in 100 treatment-na?ve Kenyan adults using a low-cost VL measurement, the Cavidi reverse transcriptase (RT) assay and gold-standard assays, Roche RNA PCR and Bayer Versant HIV-1 RNA (bDNA) assays. In Altman-Bland plots, the mean difference in viral loads between the three assays was small (<0.5 log10 copies/mL). However, the limits of agreement between the methods exceeded the biologically relevant change of 0.5 log copies/ml. Therefore, the RT assay cannot be used interchangeably with the other assays to monitor individual patients. The RT assay was 100% sensitive in detecting viral loads of ≥400 copies/ml compared to gold-standard assays. After 24 weeks of treatment, viral load measured by the RT assay was undetectable in 95% of 65 patients with undetectable RNA PCR VL (<400 copies/ml), 90% of 67 patients with undetectable bDNA VL, and 96% of 57 patients with undetectable VL in both RNA PCR and bDNA assays. The negative predictive value of the RT assay was 100% compared to either assay; the positive predictive value was 86% compared to RNA PCR and 70% compared to bDNA. Conclusion The RT assay compared well with gold standard assays. Our study highlights the importance of not interchanging viral load assays when monitoring an individual patient. Furthermore, the RT assay may be limited by low positive predictive values when used in populations with low prevalence of virologic failure.
Inhibition of Translation Initiation by Protein 169: A Vaccinia Virus Strategy to Suppress Innate and Adaptive Immunity and Alter Virus Virulence
Pavla Strnadova?,Hongwei Ren?,Robert Valentine,Michela Mazzon?,Trevor R. Sweeney?,Ian Brierley?,Geoffrey L. Smith
PLOS Pathogens , 2015, DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005151
Abstract: Vaccinia virus (VACV) is the prototypic orthopoxvirus and the vaccine used to eradicate smallpox. Here we show that VACV strain Western Reserve protein 169 is a cytoplasmic polypeptide expressed early during infection that is excluded from virus factories and inhibits the initiation of cap-dependent and cap-independent translation. Ectopic expression of protein 169 causes the accumulation of 80S ribosomes, a reduction of polysomes, and inhibition of protein expression deriving from activation of multiple innate immune signaling pathways. A virus lacking 169 (vΔ169) replicates and spreads normally in cell culture but is more virulent than parental and revertant control viruses in intranasal and intradermal murine models of infection. Intranasal infection by vΔ169 caused increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, infiltration of pulmonary leukocytes, and lung weight. These alterations in innate immunity resulted in a stronger CD8+ T-cell memory response and better protection against virus challenge. This work illustrates how inhibition of host protein synthesis can be a strategy for virus suppression of innate and adaptive immunity.
Developing Trust In Virtual Software Development Teams
Journal of theoretical and applied electronic commerce research , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-18762010000200004
Abstract: today globally distributed software development has become the norm for many organizations and the popularity of implementing such an approach continues to increase. in these circumstances a strategy often employed is the use of virtual software development teams. due to the collaborative nature of software development this has proved a difficult and complex endeavor. research has identified distance in its various forms as an important factor which negatively impacts on global software development and on virtual software team operation in particular. in this context, the aspects of distance have been defined as temporal, geographical, cultural and linguistic. a key element for the success of any team based project is the development of trust and cooperation. each aspect of distance can negatively impact on the development of trust and hamper cooperation particularly in the virtual team environment. an additional factor which this research identified is the importance and negative impact fear plays. the serious implications of these factors are due to the need for dependence on asynchronous and online communication which is inherent to global software development and the operation of virtual software teams in particular. the findings presented here are the results from four independent studies undertaken over a twelve year period which consider each of these issues. having identified the problems associated with trust and communication, how these issues were successfully addressed and managed on a multimillion dollar project which was heading for failure is outlined.
Knowledge and attitudes towards breast cancer among women in Rombo district, Kilimanjaro region
G Valentine
Dar Es Salaam Medical Students' Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To assess knowledge and attitudes towards breast cancer among women aged 30 years and above in Rombo district Kilimanjaro region. Design: A descriptive,cross- sectional study Setting: Rombo district, Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania. Results: Of the 150 women who participated in the study, 64.7% had either never been to school or not completed primary school. 17(11.3%) had knowledge on the presenting features of breast cancer at early stages of the disease. About 11 % knew at least one of the predisposing factors of breast cancer while 89% knew nothing on it. Fifty percent were in dilemma on whether one can detect lumps (mass on breast) at home, 33.3'% said it can not be done at home while 16.7% knew it can be done at home. 53% could not tell whether breast cancer is curable or not, 28% said it is incurable while 19% knew it is curable if detected early. For those who claimed it is not curable, their reasons were curse (24%), most of the patients died (31 %) and once one gets it must kill her (45%). Recommendation: The findings show that there is a need to educate the community on breast cancer.
Erz hlhandlungen: Geschichten vom Leben und Lieben (in) der falschen Geschlechtsrolle Narrative Acts: Telling Tales of Life and Love with the Wrong Gender Actos narrativos: Contando relatos de amor y de vida con el género equivocado
James Valentine
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: Dieser Beitrag illustriert die M glichkeiten performativer Sozialwissenschaft am Beispiel des weltweit ersten Projektes ffentlicher multimedialer Erz hlungen einer nationalen LGBT-Community (LGBT = Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender). Zumeist werden Stimmen aus dieser Community nicht geh rt, verborgen oder unterdrückt, Bilder und Darstellungen bleiben oft stereotyp und diskriminierend – eben Konstruktionen "von au en". Viele, die dieser Gemeinschaft zugeh ren, haben soziale Exklusion und Marginalisierung erfahren, ihre Geschichten wurden ignoriert oder verzerrt. Ihr Leben und ihr Lieben wurde vielfach als "falsch" charakterisiert, "falsch" in medizinischer und moralischer Hinsicht. OurStory Scotland wurde initiiert, um die Geschichte(n) und die Erfahrungen von Menschen aus der LGBT-Community in deren eigenen Worten und mit deren eigener Stimme zu erforschen, festzuhalten und zu pr sentieren. Hierzu werden Action Research und performative Socialwissenschaft verbunden. Der Ansatz ist partizipativ und emanzipatorisch; er legt das Wissen einer Community frei und entwickelt es zugleich in unterschiedlichen Weisen erz hlerischer Performances. Hierzu wurden (Erz hl-) Methoden inspiziert, die für Mitglieder marginalisierter Gruppen und für deren Coming-out bedeutsam sein k nnten. Die Erz hlhandlungen, die dann für die Pr sentation der eigenen Stimme(n) hinzugezogen wurden, kommen aus unterschiedlichsten Traditionen und geh ren verschiedenen Gattungen zu. Hierzu geh ren beispielsweise Einzeiler ebenso wie Niederschriften l ngerer Episoden, Oral-History-Interviews, Gruppenerz hlungen, Geschichten, die mit und durch Bilder erz hlt werden, Formen visuell-textlichen Coming-outs, "Supporting Stars"-Modelle als Alternative zu konventionellen Familienstammb umen, Dramatisierungen und Ceilidh Dancing. Die Geschichten, die so entstanden sind, wenden sich gegen fixierte und stereotype Identit t(en) und enthüllen die Zentralit t des Erz hlens für das eigene Leben. Sie illustrieren zugleich die Nützlichkeit eines performative action social research sowohl für eine Gemeinschaft, die über sich selbst forscht als auch für die Pr sentation und Verbreitung dieser Forschung und ihrer Ergebnisse. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802491 This presentation provides an illustration of performative social science through the world's first project to focus on multi-media storytelling with a nationwide LGBT community for public representation and museum archiving. Where voices are unheard, hidden or suppressed, the images and representations of a community may be stereotyped and discriminatory,
International Influences on the Australian Economy in the Interwar Years
Tom Valentine
Economic Analysis and Policy , 2012,
Abstract: This paper examines the role of global factors in the Australian economy in the interwar years. In particular, it evaluates the impact of export prices on the Australian rate of inflation, the rate of growth of the economy and the unemployment rate.In the first analysis inflation is decomposed into two sources-one due to the growth of wages and the other due to the growth of non-wage income. The latter depends strongly on the growth in export prices. A macroeonometric model shows that export prices affected economic growth and the unemployment rate which was also negatively related to wages and the tariff rate. The increase in the latter was a poor policy option. It also appears that the Depression was imported into Australia via the fall in export prices rather than the drop in share prices.
The Interface Between Intellectual Property Rights and Competition in Developed Countries
Valentine Korah
SCRIPT-ed , 2005,
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