Abstract:
Laplace operators on metric graphs give rise to Klein-Gordon and wave operators. Solutions of the Klein-Gordon equation and the wave equation are studied and finite propagation speed is established. Massive, free quantum fields are then constructed, whose commutator function is just the Klein-Gordon kernel. As a consequence of finite propagation speed Einstein causality (local commutativity) holds. Comparison is made with an alternative construction of free fields involving RT-algebras.

Abstract:
In this article we propose a quantum version of Shannon's conditional entropy. Given two density matrices $\rho$ and $\sigma$ on a finite dimensional Hilbert space and with $S(\rho)=-\tr\rho\ln\rho$ being the usual von Neumann entropy, this quantity $S(\rho|\sigma)$ is concave in $\rho$ and satisfies $0\le S(\rho|\sigma)\le S(\rho)$, a quantum analogue of Shannon's famous inequality. Thus we view $S(\rho|\sigma)$ as the entropy of $\rho$ conditioned by $\sigma$.

Abstract:
This article provides sufficient conditions for positive maps on the Schatten classes $\mathcal J_{p}, 1\le p<\infty$ of bounded operators on a separable Hilbert space such that a corresponding Perron-Frobenius theorem holds. With applications in quantum information theory in mind sufficient conditions are given for a trace preserving, positive map on $\mathcal J_{1}$, the space of trace class operators, to have a unique, strictly positive density matrix which is left invariant under the map. Conversely to any given strictly positive density matrix there are trace preserving, positive maps for which the density matrix is the unique Perron-Frobenius vector.

Abstract:
Within the context of piecewise linear manifolds we establish reflection positivity with a Hilbert action given in terms of the Regge curvature and a cosmological term. Using this positivity a Hilbert space for a quantum theory is constructed and some field operators and observables are given. The set-up allows to introduce time reversal though no time exists. All constructions are non-perturbative.

Abstract:
This article provides an attempt to extend concepts from the theory of Riemannian manifolds to piecewise linear spaces. In particular we propose an analogue of the Ricci tensor, which we give the name of an Einstein vector field. On a given set of piecewise linear spaces we define and discuss (normalized) Ricci flows. Piecewise linear Einstein metrics are defined and examples are provided. Criteria for flows to approach Einstein metrics are formulated. Second variations of the total scalar curvature at a specific Einstein space are calculated.

Abstract:
We consider a Laplace operator on a random graph consisting of infinitely many loops joined symmetrically by intervals of unit length. The arc lengths of the loops are considered to be independent, identically distributed random variables. The integrated density of states of this Laplace operator is shown to have discontinuities provided that the distribution of arc lengths of the loops has a nontrivial pure point part. Some numerical illustrations are also presented.

Abstract:
In the present article magnetic Laplacians on a graph are analyzed. We provide a complete description of the set of all operators which can be obtained from a given self-adjoint Laplacian by perturbing it by magnetic fields. In particular, it is shown that generically this set is isomorphic to a torus. We also describe the conditions under which the operator is unambiguously (up to unitary equivalence) defined by prescribing the magnetic fluxes through all loops of the graph.

Abstract:
In this article we prove an upper bound for the Lyapunov exponent $\gamma(E)$ and a two-sided bound for the integrated density of states $N(E)$ at an arbitrary energy $E>0$ of random Schr\"odinger operators in one dimension. These Schr\"odinger operators are given by potentials of identical shape centered at every lattice site but with non-overlapping supports and with randomly varying coupling constants. Both types of bounds only involve scattering data for the single-site potential. They show in particular that both $\gamma(E)$ and $N(E)-\sqrt{E}/\pi$ decay at infinity at least like $1/\sqrt{E}$. As an example we consider the random Kronig-Penney model.

Abstract:
We prove that the integrated density of surface states of continuous or discrete Anderson-type random Schroedinger operators is a measurable locally integrable function rather than a signed measure or a distribution. This generalize our recent results on the existence of the integrated density of surface states in the continuous case and those of A. Chahrour in the discrete case. The proof uses the new $L^p$-bound on the spectral shift function recently obtained by Combes, Hislop, and Nakamura. Also we provide a simple proof of their result on the Hoelder continuity of the integrated density of bulk states.

Abstract:
In this article we continue our analysis of Schroedinger operators with a random potential using scattering theory. In particular the theory of Krein's spectral shift function leads to an alternative construction of the density of states in arbitrary dimensions. For arbitrary dimension we show existence of the spectral shift density, which is defined as the bulk limit of the spectral shift function per unit interaction volume. This density equals the difference of the density of states for the free and the interaction theory. This extends the results previously obtained by the authors in one dimension. Also we consider the case where the interaction is concentrated near a hyperplane.