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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 232202 matches for " Robert L. Shuler "
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On Dynamics in a Quasi-Measurement Field  [PDF]
Robert L. Shuler
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.41018

A general theory of inertia tends to be circular because momentum and therefore inertia are taken as assumptions in quantum field theories. In this paper we explore instead using position uncertainty to infer inertia with mediation by quasi-measurement interactions. This method avoids attachment to the reference frame of the source masses and is thus completely relativistic, overcoming a conflict between historical theories of inertia and relativity. We investigate what laws of motion result, and whether natural explanations for equivalence and dark energy emerge.

The Twins Clock Paradox History and Perspectives  [PDF]
Robert L. Shuler Jr.
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.512108

The twins or clock paradox has been a subject of lively discussion and occasional disagreement among both relativists and the public for over 100 years, and continues to attract physicists who write papers giving new analyses or defending old ones, even though many physicists now consider the matter only of educational interest. This paper investigates the number of papers, which is increasing, and trends in explanations, some of which are now targeted at professional physicists and other of which are targeted at optical or radar visualization rather than problem solving. Observations of students indicate that the latest techniques help but only somewhat. An analysis is made of 21 previous treatments appearing in the education related American Journal of Physics, Einstein’s discussions and several other pedagogical papers. A new memory aid for simultaneity transformation is given that puts it on a par with “time dilation” and “length contraction” for quick and easy problem visualization. The point of view of a trailing twin is introduced to show how simultaneity changes account for missing time in the turnaround. Length contraction is treated on equal footing with time dilation, and Swann’s insight into clocks is extended to lengths. Treatments using the conventionality of simultaneity are seen as equivalent to choice of co-moving frames. Responses to difficult questions are suggested which avoid being dismissive, and engage students’ critical thinking.

Internet of Things Behavioral-Economic Security Design, Actors & Cyber War  [PDF]
Robert L. Shuler, Billy G. Smith
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2017.72003
Abstract: Using security incident history we identify threats to and using the IoT and other ubiquitous devices emerging since 2012, gaining widespread recognition in 2016, and only lightly addressed in either IoT security literature or the press. We show the IoT has likely already been used in cyber war between major powers. The new threats, most notably “hijack,” are larger than previous threats combined, but only mildly affect suppliers, and only a few clients. Using a successful behavioral-economic model we show that traditional mitigation places responsibility on un-affected parties and likely will not work. For suppliers, there are profit-conflicted motives, as the new threat rides on a profit vehicle. The new threat circumvents conventional security architecture at a behavioral level. We analyze each actor-target pair and evaluate technical strategies. More effective technical strategies are suggested where old ones are overmatched by the budgets, technical prowess or regulatory power of hostile actors, or the technical nature of the threats. Consolidated action may be needed, but regulation is difficult because of conflicts of interest within the national security community.
Effect of Skin Pigmentation on Near Infrared Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Luke Couch, Mellisa Roskosky, Brett A. Freedman, Michael S. Shuler
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2015.612086
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of skin pigmentation regarding Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) tissue oxygen saturation values (StO2). The study examined NIRS values in individuals with varying skin pigmentation on the anterior compartment of the lower leg and volar forearm to determine if correlation exists among three NIRS devices, the EQUANOX, Casmed, and INVOS. Skin pigmentation was measured on the anterior lower leg (AL) and volar forearm (VF) of participants using a noninvasive colorimeter that employed reflective spectroscopy to produce a quantitative value for erythema (skin “redness”) and melanin (skin pigment). Muscle oxygenation was measured using three oximetry devices with sensors placed in the same areas. The EQUANOX device showed no significant correlation with skin pigmentation, while the Casmed and INVOS devices showed moderate and significant correlation with skin pigmentation, respectively. Different devices have different abilities to remove confounding variables, such as skin pigmentation and erythema, which may affect clinical decision-making, and affect the use of NIRS technology.
“Can It Read My Mind?” – What Do the Public and Experts Think of the Current (Mis)Uses of Neuroimaging?
Joanna M. Wardlaw, Garret O'Connell, Kirsten Shuler, Janet DeWilde, Jane Haley, Oliver Escobar, Shaun Murray, Robert Rae, Donald Jarvie, Peter Sandercock, Burkhard Schafer
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025829
Abstract: Emerging applications of neuroimaging outside medicine and science have received intense public exposure through the media. Media misrepresentations can create a gulf between public and scientific understanding of the capabilities of neuroimaging and raise false expectations. To determine the extent of this effect and determine public opinions on acceptable uses and the need for regulation, we designed an electronic survey to obtain anonymous opinions from as wide a range of members of the public and neuroimaging experts as possible. The surveys ran from 1st June to 30 September 2010, asked 10 and 21 questions, respectively, about uses of neuroimaging outside traditional medical diagnosis, data storage, science communication and potential methods of regulation. We analysed the responses using descriptive statistics; 660 individuals responded to the public and 303 individuals responded to the expert survey. We found evidence of public skepticism about the use of neuroimaging for applications such as lie detection or to determine consumer preferences and considerable disquiet about use by employers or government and about how their data would be stored and used. While also somewhat skeptical about new applications of neuroimaging, experts grossly underestimated how often neuroimaging had been used as evidence in court. Although both the public and the experts rated highly the importance of a better informed public in limiting the inappropriate uses to which neuroimaging might be put, opinions differed on the need for, and mechanism of, actual regulation. Neuroscientists recognized the risks of inaccurate reporting of neuroimaging capabilities in the media but showed little motivation to engage with the public. The present study also emphasizes the need for better frameworks for scientific engagement with media and public education.
Heinrich’s Fourth Dimension  [PDF]
Robert L. Collins
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2011.11003
Abstract: In this article, the author uses accident data readily available from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics to create a New Incident Pyramid, a modern day equivalent of Heinrich’s Triangle. This historical data is then combined with generally accepted statistical methods to show that the relationship between incident types first envisioned by Herbert William Heinrich in 1931 has a fourth dimension, time. Using statistical analysis methods derived from both a Binomial distribution and a Poisson distribution, this analysis will show how information derived from these accident summaries can be used to predict potential future events. The obvious conclusion reinforced by this analysis will be that the future date for potentially fatal accidents can only be delayed by focusing on accident prevention strategies that address all incidents without regard for the type of resulting injury. This analysis can be used by safety professionals to predict potential future outcomes for their establishments which can then be used to better communicate the need for improvements in accident prevention programs.
Discrete Scale Relativity and SX Phoenicis Variable Stars  [PDF]
Robert L Oldershaw
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2011.12006
Abstract: Discrete Scale Relativity proposes a new symmetry principle called discrete cosmological self-similarity which relates each class of systems and phenomena on a given Scale of nature’s discrete cosmological hierarchy to the equivalent class of analogue systems and phenomena on any other Scale. The new symmetry principle can be understood in terms of discrete scale invariance involving the spatial, temporal and dynamic parameters of all systems and phenomena. This new paradigm predicts a rigorous discrete self-similarity between Stellar Scale variable stars and Atomic Scale excited atoms undergoing energy-level transitions and sub-threshold oscillations. Previously, methods for demonstrating and testing the proposed symmetry principle have been applied to RR Lyrae, δ Scuti and ZZ Ceti variable stars. In the present paper we apply the same analytical methods and diagnostic tests to a new class of variable stars: SX Phoenicis variables. Double-mode pulsators are shown to provide an especially useful means of testing the uniqueness and rigor of the conceptual principles and discrete self-similar scaling of Discrete Scale Relativity. These research efforts will help theoretical physicists to understand the fundamental discrete self-similarity of nature, and to model both stellar and atomic systems with one unified physics.
Integration of the Classical Action for the Quartic Oscillator in 1 + 1 Dimensions  [PDF]
Robert L. Anderson
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.410A3014

In this paper, we derive an explicit form in terms of end-point data in space-time for the classical action, i.e. integration of the Lagrangian along an extremal, for the nonlinear quartic oscillator evaluated on extremals.

Dynamic Transverse Deflection of a Free Mild-Steel Plate  [PDF]
Robert L. Bish
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2013.39037

The problem analytically investigated is that a thin free plate of mild-steel struck at normal incidence by a flat ended rigid rod moving at high velocity. As in quasi-static deformation by extended slip, the strain-rate tensor is solenoidal and under dynamic loading conditions the Tresca yield criterion is modified so that the solenoidal property replaces the hypothesis of a viscoplastic overstress. Overstress then arises from inertial body forces and the high magnitudes found, in the following, for these forces are due to the influence of the propagating boundary. Two new theorems are proven. These theorems show that the deflection in the plate is entirely transverse, even in the case of indefinitely large punch deflections, and that the lines of equal transverse deflection in the plate are also principal lines of stress and strain-rate, as are the lines of steepest descent. A formula is obtained giving the inertial force opposing the punch as a function of the time and the theoretical deflection profile on a plate deformed by a flat-ended punch of circular section is presented. The stresses in the plate are then analyzed and it is shown that the stress inside the boundary in the direction of propagation, equals ρc2where ρ is the mass density of the plate material and the boundary wave propagates at speed c which, it is shown, is equal to one-half of the velocity of elastic waves of rotation in the solid concerned.

Green’s Function for the Quartic Oscillator  [PDF]
Robert L. Anderson
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/am.2016.714135
Abstract: In this paper, a quantum mechanical Green’s function \"\"?for the quartic oscillator is presented. This result is built upon two previous papers: first [1], detailing the linearization of the quartic oscillator (qo) to the harmonic oscillator (ho); second [2], the integration of the classical action function for the quartic oscillator. Here an equivalent form for the quartic oscillator action function \"\"?in terms of harmonic oscillator variables is derived in order to facilitate the derivation of the quartic oscillator Green’s Function, namely in fixing its amplitude.
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